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PRINCETON, N. J. 



Collection of Puritan Literature. 



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A PLEADER TO THE NEEDER WHEN A READER. 



c: 

1 




AS all, my friend, through wily knaves, full often suffer wrongs, 

Forget not, pray, when it you've read, to whom this book belongs. 

Than one Charles Clark, of Totham Hall, none to't a right hath better, 

A wight, that same, more read than some in the lore of old W«eA-letter. 

And as C. C. in Essex dwells — a shire at which all laugh — 

His books must, sure, less fit seem drest, if they're not bound in calf ! 

Care take, my friend, this book you ne'er with grease or dirt besmear it ; 

While none but awkward puppies will continue to " </o//'s-ear" it ! 

And o'er my books when book-irarms "«*«&," I'd have them understand, 

No marks the margins must de-facc from any busy " hand /" 

Marks, as re-marks, in books of Clark's, when e'er some critic spy leaves, 

It always him so wasp-iah. makes, though they're but on the ^'/-leaves ! 

Yes, if so they're used, he'd not de-/<v to deal a fate most meet — 

He'd have the soiler of his quires do penance in a sheet ! 

The Ettrick Hogg — ne'er deemed a bore — his candid mind revealing, 

Declares, to beg " a copy" now's a mere_pre-te.r? for stealing ! 

So, as some knave to grant the loan of this my book may wish me, 

I thus my hook-plate here display, lest some such " fry" should dish me ! 

— But hold, — though I agaia declare wira-holding I'll not brook, 

And " a sea of trouble" still shall take to bring book -worms " to book'" 






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E N G LA ND S 

BEAUTY 

In feeing 

K I N g 

CHARLES 

the SECOND 

Reftored to MAJESTY. 

breached by T ho. Reeve. D. D. in the Pafifli 
Church of Waltham-t^bbeyin the County of Ejfex. 

I have broken the bends of jour yoake , and made you goe 
upright. Levit. 26. 13. 

■In that day Teill I raife up the Tabernacle ofDzvidythat is fallen, 
and clofe up the breaches thereof and I "bill raife up the ruines 
thereof and Vill build it as in the dayes of old. Amos 9. 1 1 . 

Surfumztrfm fworum ftumbwm ferutttur fontet, Euripid. 



LONDON, 

Printed by I. R. for theAuthour, 1661. 




To the mo ft Potent , and Puifftnt 

MONARCH 

CHARLES the II 

KING 

of GREAT 

BRITAIN.&c 



Dread So ve"Raign, 

Od hath given us a Sight , the 
Sight of your Se//.How many 
aking eyes where there once 
to fee You ? how many ra- 
viflied eyes may there be 
now to behold You ? Every 
one could not prefent fuch a Sight i no, He in 
Heaven, A 2 (2^- 




f 'top en 
Li. 



THE EPISTLE 
%ejl\tuit Tatriis Androgeonafocis^ 
Hath reftored You to your Fathers Throne to 
be looked upon as a glorious SpeSiacle. We 
faw for many years nothing but the horrid 
faces of ftrangeRulers,and now we have your 
Face of true Majefty to blefs our eyes with , 
^?\ — forma tum-Vertitur oris . 

Antiquum, in Buten. 

Oh that we had good eyes in our heads to 
difcern the difference of Obje&s ,• what a 
change is this , that whereas we faw nothing 
butUfurpers in their Barbaroufnejfe, Our eyes do 
now fee a i\jng in bis Beautie} Your abfence was 
the Bane , Your prefence is the Beautie of the 
Nation. To apply all this Bzautie to Your Self, 
perhaps would be judged flattery , therefore 
have I endeavoured to fliew Your three King- 
domes, that there is a derivative Beauty in 
Yon, namely that your Majsftie is our Beautie. 
¥ov how is a Nation obfeured if it hath not a 
King in it e and how is it illuftred , if it hath a 
King reigning in Royal Splendour and Impe- 
rial dignity ? I wifh that there be no ill Judges 
ofB^wfreintheLand , and that there be none 
which are ready to ftrike at the face of Beau- 
tie. , It doth grieve me , that when you have 

brought 



DEDICATORY, 
brought delight to the eyes of Millions , and 
put peace into all hands, yet that there fliould 
be left amongft us fome glaring eyes , and me- 
nacing hands. The Jefuit to iuch may refigne 
his malicious eyes, and mifchievous hands. 
What need thofeKing-vexers andGad-flyes 
of Monarchs plot treafons , and kindle diflen- 
tions, when we have Incendiaries, and State- 
troublers of our own ? 

Ah pudeatj eerie pudeat. * — f[°? eM 

For is it not an infamy that a Reformed 
Church fliould agree with the Church of i{ome 
in the Gun-room ? that men fliould caft out 
Popery at the portal , and take it in at the 
pofterne ? Which of thefe are the better. Sub- 
jects ? 

Jr cades ambo , ' mnu 

Both of them can level at Kings. For the ho- 
nour of religion then thefe muft ever hereafter 
lay afide diffentions , and lay down armes a- 
gainft Kiugs,or elfe there will not onely be the 
treacherous and fatal Jefuit, but the odious 
and ominous Proteftant. For confeience fake 
therefore I truft a King fhall not need to fear 
a frighting, or a fighting Proteftant. For muft 
a face of Majefty lmileupon all Defigners , 

or. 



THE EPISTLE 
or "Beauty efpoufe it felf to every Corrival , or 
elfe fhall there be weapons drawn to force fa- 
vour and affe&ion? this is bad morality , and 
worfe divinity. For where did they learn this? 
fure I am not in Scripture , for that faith 
Fear God^and honour the Kjng^ andladvertife thee 
to take heed to the Brings Qommandment^ and that in 
refpeSl of the Oath of God. Therefore men muft 
feem to have no reverence to Gods lawes,nor 
dread of perjury,or elfe their brainsmuftleave 
plotting,and their hands leave braining. They 
may find thefe grounds of confpiracy in old 
Achitophel, or new Mariana, but confident I 
am, that they cannot in the Old Teftament,or 
the new. Except then they would burn their 
Bibles , and make Humour their Holy writ 
they muft confume to aflies fuch principles 
and pra&ifes. We have been ftiamed enough 
farre and nigh for fuch paradoxes andiirata- 
gemes,and curfed be they which do renew the 
nextfcandaL The honour of the Church, and 
the Beauty of the Kingdomc are then gone. 
Have Proteftants aspioft Papifts (heathed up 
their fwords,and fhall Protefhnts againft Pro- 
teftants unfheath theirs ? what againft their 
fellow- Profe flours? what againft their natural 

King ? 



DEDICATORY. 
Xing? oh inexorable, oh incorrigible King-haters ? 
Men have been mad, and fome diftempers we have 
lately found, but furely this phrenzy will not al- 
wayes laft. Let them look your Majefty through, 
and what occafion can they find in you ofdi/guft, 
diftaft, orfomuchasdifcontent ? So far as I can 
perceive your Majefty doth but feek your Native 
Right, the eftabliflied Religion , the fundamental 
Lawes,the Honour of the Higheft,the freedome of 
the meaneft, the welfare of the Nation , the Peace 
of the Kingdome,and they may fee as well as I that 
your graces are confpicuous,your qualifications e- 
minent, your carriage affable , your Government 
mild,your counfailes prudent, your a&ions Heroi- 
cal,your life fpotlefs, and your confeience fincere, 
except therefore they would have an Angel to 
reign over them, where can they have in flcfii and 
blood a moredefired man ? what heart then can 
have a rancorous thought againft fuch a King ? No, 
I hope to fee all your Enemies blufli at their caufe- 
lefs anger, andfenfelefsfpight; yea to fall down at 
your Roy all Feet , and repent that they have been 
fo inconfiderate,and weep that they have been fo 
unkind. Bear but with their former failings, & par- 
don that which is paft (as what cannot that Royal 
Heart of Yours that is the living fpring of clemen- 
cy 



THE EPISTLE DEDICATORY. 
cy wafhoutof your remembrance? ) and methink 
your Majefty fliould have felt the laft of animofl- 
ties , and triumphs j people will not alwayes kick 
againft the pricks, and run upon the fpeares fpoint 
of divine lawes, but do that which God hath obli- 
ged them to, even honour your Perfon , acknow- 
ledge your Authority, fubmit to your Edifts , ad- 
mire your Perfe&ions , and be knit to you in the 
adamantine chains of Fidelity and Loyalty , that 
this wafted Country may once again become a 
flourifhing Nation, and the Kingdom of Triumphs. 
Thus in all Humility proftrating my Self at your 
Majtfties Royal Feet , and Praying for your long 
Life, your increafe of Princely Honours,your lad- 
ing Peace , and everlafting Bliffe , fubmifllvely J 
take leave, and reft 

Your Majeftics 

Devoted SubjeB in all unjiained } and 
inviolable Loyalty 

T h o. Reeve. 




ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 




Efay 33. 17. 

Thine eyes /bull fee the King in his Beauty. 

Ere is Senacherib in a fury , and Hez,ekiah in a fray ; 
Senacherib was guilty of much rapine , and he would 
authorize his robberies under Gods broad feale ; for 
thus faith his Commilfioner General, Ami now come 
up without the Lord against this place to destroy it? the Lord f aid 
to me , Go up against this Land, and deftroy it. 2 Kings 18. 25. 
fo that,prcy is piety, and rapacity is religion,the Lords name muft 
be the Patent to the mod injurious courfes in the world. The 
Lords caufe, and the Lords Commiffion , the Lords banners , and 
booties mult be cried up in the moft favage depredations. Se- 
nacheri^s hod: is confecrated by Rabfhakjh to be an Army of 
Saints, this fame hallowing of Camps (where fouldiers diverfe 
times are little better then Scorpions) is but an old Paradoxe of 
Rabfhakcbs military Divinity ; that as the old Sequefhatours j or 
Seifeis upon Delinquents eftates, calt men out of their houfes, and 
faid, Let God be glorified Ef.66'. 5; So thefe in the fear of God, 
and by the impulfe of the Spirit change governments , behead 
Kings, plunder Countries , and cut throats. Did not the Lord fet 
them on work ? Did they any thing but by a call from Heaven ? 
every fliarking Trooper can lay , 

mihi Phoebus Apollo 

Pr<edixit y 

What eaufe had Sanac he- 
rib to invade, or infeft Jury? caufe ? Highway-mans provocation; 
he had a mind to take a purfc , and this was all the offence which 

B he 



Virg. 3, 



I am taught from above to ad as I do 



4 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY: 

he could pretend. He harraiTed an innocent Nation without the 
leail grievance , for Wo be to thee which fpoyledfl , and wen not 
fpoyled, and deal ft treacheroufly, when thou, wert not dealt tre ache - 
rouflywlth\ v.i. But the fword is drawn, what rhallilisath it up > 
fhall parley? no, oppreftion is too venemous a Cockatrice to be thus 
charmed ; Senacherlb is deaf to all Accommodation , he muft be 
his own Arbitratour , or elfe no pacification will be confented to. 
MeflTengers are fent, but they might have ftaydat home, EmbafTa- 
dours are difpatched, but 

Skat. 6 • raplunt conamlnaventi, 

Tfcb. They do but poure their treaties into the ayrc, they do return not 
with articles of agreement in their hands, but with briniih tears in 
their eyes. Behold the Mejfehgers fhallcry without, the Embajja- 
dours jhall weep bitterly, v. 7. And what then are the confequents 
of this fiuitlefle mediation? what but wofull skars?Refolve fuch an 
implacable enemy, 

Venturum excidlo LybU , — ■-- 
To come to the utter deftiuilion of the Land. Then have at Tra- 
vellers , Merchants , Nobles,Monuments , Kings Palaces , Kin^s 
Parks, Kings Woods, neither highwayes, ft ree.s, fields , forrefts 
are free from danger. There is nothing to be fecn a!l the Country 
over, but the lufulleftface of mifery , that mans eye could behold, 
Rabfhakehfaid, that he did come from God, but if all the Eume- 
nldts had made him Captain General, could he have been the Au- 
thour of more difmal outrages ? No place, right , calling,covenant, 
matter, or man were regarded ; for The high-wayes lay wafb, the 
waf-faring man ceafeth , he hath broken the Covenant , he hath 
dtfpifed Cities, he regardeth no man, and tJye earth mourncth,and 
fangu'fheth, Lebanon is ashamed and hewen down, Sharon is like 
a wilder n?fs, and Bafhan, and Carmel fhake off their fruit s. v. ,2.$, 
Calamity enough, but is this mifery cndlefs? No,God whofe nam: 
had becnabufed , his covenant violated and his people oppreffed, 
tt bi\ doth look down upon their mthes-, and rife up for their re* 
dreffe, Now will I rife faith the Lord , now will I be exalted , now 
will I lift up my f elf V.i o. Though a long time their coiki ive- 
ments had been fuccesfull, yet at laft their policies rhould be fnarcs, 
t\\c\ tn*eif defigns fetters, yea , they {"hbuld'but kindle a -fire to burn 
thvir fclvcs to anhcSp for yc [hall conrehe chafe , and bring forth 

flnbble^ 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 3 

ftubble,your breath as fire fhall devour you. The people fhall he a* 
t fa burning of lime, as thornes cut up fin all they be burnt In the 
fire. V.i 1. 1 2, yea the judgement {hall be lb terrible, that it iliall 
be the bruit of the earth, 

Rumor iV, er magnum fermonibus occupM orbem, Ovid.6. 

For Hear ye that are far off, what I have done , and ye that are Me '« 
near acknowledge my might. V.i 3. It's true , Temporizers and 
Neiicers had fad apprchcnlicns , as if this dolefull ftate could never 
be altered, they cry out, 

Funditus occidimus,nec habetfortuna regrejfum. ©M 1 * 

We arc utterly undone , and the profpcrity of the Nation can ne- *™ ttd ' 
ver hare a return; ,the fire is kindled, and all will be confumed in 
this wading flame. The [inner s in Sion fhall be afraid, fearfulnejfe 
hath furpri fed the hypocrites, who amongst us fhall dwell with the 
devouring fire ? who amongst: pu fhall dwell with the everlasting 
burnings? V.i 4. Bit fhall there be no more aufpicious thing to be 
expected by the righteous ? yes, they that have not wavered in this 
time of tryal , but have done , and fpoken that which do become 
true Patriots, and fincere ProfeiTours,which neither were difmayed 
with accidents, nor have followed the hurle in State , not lurched 
any thing out of the common cafualty , nor brained men with the 
pole-axe of the a^e , but had lived like fteady , invariable , 
& incorrupt perfons , not skilled in thepinching,and bribing arts 
of the times , but tender over mens eftates , and bloud , thefe men 
iliall have ample, and ftable felicity , for He that walkjth rightc- 
oujly, and hath fpoken uprightly, he that defpifeth the gaine of op- 
prejjion , and hath fhaken his hands from taking of bribes , that 
floppeth his eares from hearing of bloud, and fhutteth his eyes from 
feeing of evill, He fhall dwell on high , his place fhall be the muni- 
tion of roekj, bread, fhall be given him, and his waters fhall be fur e. 
V.i 5. 1 6. Well,hcrc are phdges for the peoples happinefle , but 
vv'.-iu newes for the King? What mull he alwayeslive in Rrcights? 
no , his enemies iliall be difpevfed ftrangely, and he in a miracu- 
lous manner refbred. Senacherib came in upon the fpurre, but he 
iliall be drawn back with a hook. Senacherib fhall vanifh , and 
He^ekiah than appear ; He fhall be looked upon as a King , and 
as a King in pomp and fplendouf , the age iliall be ratifhed to fee 
his Majeiikk eflate , and be in a trance to fee a depreiTcd Prince 

B 2 raifed 



4 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

raifed up to the height of fublime dignity , for they {"ha II not on- 
ly fee him a King, but a King in his Beauty. Thine eyes fhall fee 
the King in his Beauty. 

In the Text confider with me, 



1 . The opening of a Cabinet , or a Thine eyes fhall fee 

clear manifestation, I 

2. The Gemmc prefented , ? The King 

3 . The luftre of the fame , J In his Beauty. 



Firft, for the opening of the Cabinet , or the clear manifesta- 
tion, Thine eyes (hall fee. Gods Cabinet had been fruit , but he 
would unlock it , people had lived in the daik , and though they 
might hope for much , yet for the prefent they difcerned nothing, 
but this black sky fhould not alwayes laft , there fhould come a 
time of light and fight , though thy eyes do not fee, yet thine eyes 
fhall fee. Thine eyes (hall fee. From hence obferve, that thefweet- 
neffe of a bleffingis in the actual fruition ofthefame,\\ot to have 
it promifed, but prefented, not hoped for, but enjoyed. 

Ovid. longa mora est nobis, qua gaudia differt, 

Retarding, which doth delay a bleiTing,is very iikfome to us, 

y mt , t i h&vTefiimv, y.inofli ve'u%, 

Iliai.t. To expect long, and at laft to return empty is tedious, and vcxa- 

Tetrarck. tiov.s. Nunquam exfetlatio tranquillitafque fimul cohabitant. 

dial, i io. Long waiting, and fatisfaclion do never dwell together. The hope 
that is deferred doth afflict the foul. The brests of confolation 
yield tis no fweetneffe , till we milk^ out, and be delighted with the 
abundance of glory. Lf.65. n. Efpoufals do not fatisfy a bride, 
but actual wedding.The Israelites had many a fad grone till they 
entred the Land of Canaan , and Noah till the Arke refted upon 
the Mountains of Ararat. Better is the fight of the eyes , then the 
ypandring of the defire. Ecclef.<5. o. The wand ring of the defires 
is pain, and grief , but the feeing with the eyes is contentment, 
therefore David praifed God that he fet one upon his Throne , his 
eyes feeing it. i Kings i. 48. And God did comfort up his dear 

•Ma/.itj. people , that their eyes fhould fee , that God would be magnified 
from the border of Ifrael. Senfiblc comforts are moft fatisfactory, 

not 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 5 

no: thofe which have their prediction, but their production, fuch 
as are come to an accomplithment , and are brought to eye-fight. 
Thine eyes fhall fee. 

1. This doth fltevv firft that God Is the God of fights, the thing ~*N l * 
that it hid he can bring forth to light. Job 28. 11. He canfhew 
wonders in tlje Heavens , and the Earth. Joel 2. 28. yea fo de- 
light our cares, and affect our eyes , that we fhall {land in a kind 
of amazement , and fay, Who hath heard fuch a thing ? and who 
hath feen fuch things. E{.66. 8. How great arc his jignes? how 
mighty are his wonders? Dan. 4. 3. oh then we that are all for rare 
things, and ttrange fights,wh-y do we not cleave clofe to God ? is 
there any which can fo dazle our eyes ? Is not he the God of ob- 
jects ? yes , he is the^reat ©*«rt^Tfyy©*,Wonder-\voikei, dedit 0- Mfr 
cutis, quodvix comprehendere potest oculu*. He hath given fo pf ratm 
much to the eye , that the eye cannot comprehend it. If we would triumiie. 
be Spectatours of bright things , then we fhould never feparatq our rum. 
felves ftom him who doth make every thing to fhine with radiant 
beames, no, we fhould frui Deo, f cut luce oculm , enjoy God, as ^«£« l*- 
the eye doth the light. If we provoke the- eyes of his glory , he will de c . iVlt * 
yex our eyes with fad fights, but if we do that which is acceptable " 
in his eyes , he will do that , which fhall be delegable to our eyes. 
We are enemies to the joy of our lives , and not worth the eyes in 
our heads, which do incenfe God; for this is that which do hinder 
us from many glorious things, which we might behold. Doth God 
ufually tranfport. the wicked? no,they fcarce fee an admirable thing 
in their life-time; the extafying fights are for the righteous , they 
are the pure eyes which fee ravifhments , God doth referve his 
prime Objects for his Hidden Ones, for them that are unto him as 
the apple of his eye, or cleanfed eyes , let us then be the pleafurc of 
his eyes, becaufe he is the God of our Objects; it is he that faith , I 
will delight thy fenfes , it is he that faith , Thine eyes fhall 
fee. 

Secondly, this doth {hew us that we may depend upon God for *• 
wonders, the eyes of all things look^ufon thee, and they may,for he 
is the God of the eyes , and hath the curious , and marvellous . 
fights for them. The pictures. with orient colours do hang in his 
gallery, the exquifite ,polifhed, elaborate matter-pieces arc to be 
feen in his Providence. Totm manm eft ? He is all hand. Dens i# ^ 



una 



CIO 



6 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

Dknyf.ie HH a existent ia omnia prahabet. God in his one exiftcncy hath the 
Div.nom. anticipation of all things which can be (hewn. Totam perfect lo- 
Jiquln. nem e jf en Ai in fe contlntt. He doth include the perfection of every 
18.3.4. a. being in himfelf. For other things it may be faid that unumquod- 
2- ffWt eft bonum fuo bono , Every thing is good by his own proper 

B ^- and particular good , but God hath goodnefte in hirfi not by way 
oflimitation, determination, order, fpecies, ormeafuie;butby in- 
divifion, eminency , and exceife , he being the Ab(lra6t of all the 
Dionyf.de concrete excellencies in the world, for he is not hoc , ant hoc , fed 
Vivm. omnia, this, or that, but all things. He is Immerfz vlttutis v\vens % 
c *' & pot ens , The living, and powei full thing of an unlimited virtue. 
Hilar 1%. There is in God unlverptatis admlrabllis pulchrltudo, the admi- 
re Trin. rable beauty of the whole univetfe , therefore thofe things which 
^iug.in come from him are not onery good, but valde bonajvery good. God 
Zybir. then can thew us better things , and greater things i and brighter 
things, then ever we yet beheld. If potent man (as thou thinkeft) 
can make thee fee itrange things, what can the Omnipotent God ? 
he can prefent to thee terrible things (that is, admirable things) 
which thou lookedfi not for, even fill thy eyes with Wonders ; that 
thouihalt fay , whence come the fe Objects £ who ever thought tt> 
have feen fuch things ? oh the mysteries of Divine Providence! oh 
the fplendour of Gods- ablings '.The like was never feen in Ifrael, 
Mat. 9.3 ?. they were all amazed, and glorified God,faylng,ivC ne- 
ver f aw it on this fort. Maik 2.12. who is llkj unto the oh Lord 
simongfb the Gods f who is Hhjunto thee , glorious in holineffc, 
fearfu'l inpraifes, doing- wonderf?hzod.i 5. 1 1 . As if there were 
not in the whole wovld tongues lowd enough to fing. out Gods 
praifes,or eyes bright enough to fee the admiration which (hine in 
his works. When thou feerr nothing but tears, God can moke thee 
fee triumphs ; when thou fecit nothing but Chains, God can make 
thee fee Crown*; when thou feerr nothing but Wounds , God can 
make thee fee Wonders.He is notonely 'jebovah-Sbalom,the Lord 
our P e ace. Jud.*. 6. 2 4.0V Jehovah- Nlffi, the Lord our banner, but 
Jehovah-Jlreh , our feeing God, or the God that will forefee for 
■us, for the Lord feet h, or will fee for us. What flialt thou not fee, 
if the Lord will but fay , Thine ryes ft all fee ? Thou flialt fee a 
change of all thy .miftrics , an end of all thy try i Is , all thy old 
difa-fters are gone , God will create all things new things. If.45- 



ENGLAND'S BTAUTY. 7 

1 9. and call thee by a new name, If.6 2.2. and build new gates to 
the Hottfeofthe Lord. Jer.26. 10. and unto the Jewes fhall arifc 
a new light, and joy, and gladneffe, and honour .Efttr.8. 1 6. let not 
the faces of thy prefent enemies too much daunt thee, for the Egy- 
ptians whom thou haft feen to day , thou (halt fee no more here- 
after. Exod.14. 1 3. Let not the afflicted condition of profeilion 
too much perplexe thee, for thou irialt fee Jehofhuah put off his fil- 
thy garments , and behold a fair Diademe let upon his head , and 
rich garments put upon his back. Zach.3 . 4.5 . Let not the fcattered 
ftoncs of Sion too much trouble thee , for thou fhalt/^ Sion have 
her ft ones laid with Carbuncles, and her foundations with Saphlrs, 
her very windows fhall be made of Emeralds , and all her gates 
of (hiningftones. If.54.11. 12. thou fhalt/Ve Jerufalema quiet 
habitation, the City of folemnltles,and fet up as thepralfe of Na- 
tions. Talk not too much of the bloud , and hunger , and flavcry 
which have been endured in the Nation , for ye fhall not fee the 
fword,and famine, and yoak^any more ; be not fo much dejected 
to fee the lamp of religion even extinguished, for what fee sir thox> 
and If aid I looked , and behold , a Candleftlck^all of gold ^ and a 
bowle upon the top of It , and feven lamps, and feven pipes to the 
lamps , and two olive trees, the one on the right fide of \tbe bowle, 
and the other on the left fide of the bowle to empty themfejr'jss Into 
the pipes .Zach.4.2 .3 . After a grievDUS defoiation , there may be a. 
glorious reftauration; afcer thou hail feen as fad lights as mans :y::s 
can look.upon, th?u maift fee as charing , dehghtfull fights as 
mans eyes can behold ; thou maift fee a new face, a new fafhion, a 
new form, a new frame , a new Church , a new State , God may 
bring forth thefirft Dominion , ralfe up the Tabernacle of David 
that if fallen, clofe up breaches, and build It as In the dayes .of old. 
Amos 9.1 1 . fhe that was called Defolate, Forfaken, may be called 
Heplozslbah, Beulah , my Delight is In her, or my amiable fpoufe. 
If.6 2 . 4. fhe that hath been quenched to the laft fpark may prone 
a firebrand In the fheaf. Zach.12. 6. fhe that hath been duink.n 
with miferks may turn to be a cup of poyfon to all them that art 
roundabout her. Zach.12. 2.. fhe that have lain a?nongsb the 
puts may havefilver wings given her, and feathers like gold .Pf. 6 X . 
1 3. Sion that hath been beaten with instruments of iron may a- 
rJfeand threfh. Micili 4. j 3. Jeiufalem that lay in the dull may 

hay j. 



V 



% ENGLAND'S BEAUTY; 

have her old old waft places repaired,cjr foundations laid for many 
generations. EC. 5 8. 12. When the Sun of a Churches profperity 
hath part the Meridian line , and it is even about to fet, yet God 
can make the fhadowes to ret vim back^ many degrees, as he did up- 
on the Dyal of Ahaz, j when a grievous drought hath remained 
many years amongft the Saints, God can make a little cloud to ap- 
pear, and though at firft it be no bigger then a mans hand, yet iii 
time it may overfpread the whole heavens , and there may follow 
after it a great rainc,as it happened in the dayes of Achab;wt have 
never feen our Lift of favours , if God pleafeth not to reft rain his 
Providence : for when our hand is paft working , can Gods hand 
effect nothing ? yes, Arife, arife^ put onftrength oh Arm of the 
Lord, arlfe as in the old time , as in the generations that are paft. 
Art not thou the fame that cut in pieces Rahab ? and wounded 
the Dragon? If. 5 1 . 9. God cannot be maftered with the greateft 
difficulty , all State-tricks, and politick defignes are to him but as 
rotten cords, and fpiders webs. K now e sir thou not me , faith the 
Lord f The Lord is a man of war, his name is Jehovah, Exod. 1 5. 
3. Oh he, which meafure the wateis in his fift , fpan the heavens, 
comprehend the duft of the earth in a meafure , weigh the moun- 
tains in fcales, and the hils in a balance, which doth dry up rivers, 
cleave the rocks , break the heads of the Dragons , which doth ac- 
count all the Inhabitants of the earth but as grafhoppers to him, 
and doth but look upon the earth , and he maketh it to tremble, 
what can refill: his will? or oppofe his power ? no, after thou haft 
fpent out a life in groanes and tears , he can adorn thee with ta- 
brets; afcer thou haft been wafted with wars, and thine own dwel- 
ling-place hath caft thee out,he can lead thee into thine own houfe, 
and make thee fit under thine own vine,and thine own figge-tree 
in peace. Rely upon this God then , and expe£t Wonders from 
him; when thy eye-bals have aked to behold any thing that is com- 
fortable, and nodiing thou coiildft difcern , though thy eyes were 
ready to fall out. Dcut. 28. 6 5. yet then he may tell thee 
that happy fights are at hand , yea fay unto thee , Thine eyesfhall 
fee. 

Thirdly , this doth iliew that God is to have the honour of all 
rich bleffings. Doth this appertain to man ? 2 Sam. 7. 19. t0 man 
to gratify the world with fights ? no, it is Sod onely that faith, 

Thine 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTV. 9 

thine eyes (hall fee. Oh then that we are apt to turn our eyes the 
wrong way,even to fixe them upon man,rather thenGod/ For man 
we fee,and think that by him we onely fee , that none prefents ob- 
jects to our eyes, but this Inferiour Deity. Thus we commit Idola- 
try with rhefc petty-gods , and facrifice to-thefe earthly Numcns; 
as if we would bury all the honour of happy things in du/t-heaps, 
or make the Sun-glafle more excellent then the Sun it felf. This 
hath been mans dim fight ever to fee nothing but the face be- 
fore us, or to magnify the dream in ftead of the Spring-head , fo 
that whereas we fhould adore God , we have mens perfons in ad- 
miration. Jude 11. and for giving him in Heaven the juft glory 
of all his free favours wc beftow upon men flattering titles. Job 
32.22. whereby in (lead of afcribing praife to the true Authour 
of our felicity, wc deify the Crcature;this hath alwayes been mans 
vanity, or rather impiety to worfoip at the wrong Altar, or facri- 
ticc to our own nets, and to burn incenfe to our own yaine,juft as 
Hellefpontius who would needs hare Xerxes to be Jupiter in the NerodU.7. 
ihape of a Perfian, or the Athenians, who becaufe Demetrius Po- 
liorcetes won Munychia from Caffander , whereby they were freed 
from the Macedonian tyranny, would needs have him received into SabelL 
the number of the gods, and appointed a particular Pricfi: tofacri- 1.7, 
fice to him, faying, that he was the onely god to them that was a- £»««<*• 
waken , and all the reil of the gods were afleep ; and Tribonian, ** r . 
who becaufe Justinian had been very fuccesfull in all his enter- „£„'■ 
prifes called him an immortal creature , promifing him that he 
iliould never dye , but carry hisflefh with him into heaven. But 
when man hath plaid the Parafite never fo long with his fellow- 
creature, is it man that is the principal Agent ? no, God knows, he 
cannot of himfelf make one hair white, or blacky God is fuch an *'Mo? 
abfolute former of all things , thattft? pluvi<e gutta h coelo cadat l6 ' . 
nififuo nutu, not a drop of rain can fallout of the clouds , but by ^ r' tH ' 
his appointment ; therefore of all bldfings Deus author , &fautor y Bern. 
God is the Founder , and Fofterer. What then? fhall man be wor- S<xrate: t 
flapped? no Thus diis , Incenfe both belong to God , it is the good 
will of him that dwelt in the bufh. Deut.3 3.16. which doth make 
every thing profperous to us. Set afide Gods affifrance; what can 
the feeble arm of man do? no, He hath wrought all our works for 
us.l{.l6.i2.I will magnify my felf (faith the Lord) and Sane ?/- 

c fj 



io- ENGLAND'Si'BEAUTY. 

fy my [elf y and will be known in all Nations. Ezech. 2 8.2 3. In 
thine hand U power and fire ngth , and in thine hand it is to make 
great, and to give fire ngth unto all. 1 Chron.2 9 .12. Can we fee 
any thing of our ielves , till God hold a blefling to our eyes ? no, 
When God (hall bring again Sion , then fhalt they fee eye to eye 7 
If.52.8. Then, and not till then.Here then is your Archite&oni- 
cal Agent, therefore we ought to afcribe greatnefe to him* Deut. 
32 .3. and fpeak^of the glorious honour of his Mivefty^and his won- 
drous works. Pf.145.5. For will (Sod ever endure any to fit in 
his Throne 5 and weare his Crown ? no , he made Nebuchadnezzar 
to go graze amongft the hearts for this, and for this he threw Lu- 
cifer out of Heaven. Away then ,wi:h the cryes, and ingeminated 
praifes that are given to men , let not thefe be lo much as fpoken 
of, till God hath had the fn ft : fong , the new fong,and his fong of 
degrees ; praife not man at all , till ye have praifed God in the 
Higheft; no, let God have his Hymncs before Man hath his Pane- 
gy ricks; And thus indeed, when God hath had his worfhip, man 
may have his honour , for man is Gods Subftkute , or Delegate, 
whereby Bleflmgs are conveyed , therefore we may blefTe thefe in 
God, or under God; we are not to make them Gods , but we may 
make them Gods ferviceable Deputies;, howfoever we muft remem- 
ber to give the prime and principal reverence , veneration and a- 
doration to God , becaufe man cannot lhew us a fight , nor bring 
to our view (of himfelf) the leaft thing , which can delight and 
afFe& the eye-fight, no,it is God onely,that doth fay,and can fay, 
Thine eyes fh all fee. 

Fourthly , this doth exhort us to wait patiently for Gods pre- 

fenting of Obje6ts;for he doth not fay thine eyes do fee,but Thine 

eyes (hall fee. God obferveth his own moments for blci"fings,his hand 

of bounty muft not be wrefted , nor his bowels of compaflion 

*er,Ser. wrung; arc favours to be compelled? or gratuities conftrained ? no, 

d • £L r ^ is ^ i mmo ^ e fty > a paffidn u P on compaflion. Qpkawd toleran- 

w. dum^quicquid operandum, pondus diet , & aflus fufiinendafunt. 

Greg, Every thing is to be endured, every thing waited for,we muft un- 

hom.11. dergo the heat, & burthen of the day before we catch at a blerTing. 

inEvang. ^ ft^jy Profeffour , if he cannot have his defires inftantly fatif- 

dhrhts ^ cc *> non V ror uat ad exceffum murmur atlonis , muft not break out 

frxlu, into the exceffe of murmuring. Accelerating defires are ill guides 

•' faid 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. n 

fa id Socrates , rafh defires are as bad as rafti fouldiers , Feflinatio th$> 
improvida eft & c&ca. Too much fpccd is both improvident, and ^ ecad - 
blind; therefore faith the faithful! , We haved waked for the in 
the way of thy judgements. If.2<5. 8. that is they were not too ea- 
ger to have the judgement over tilJ'God thought it fit. As the huf- 
bandman doth wait for the precious fruits of the earth , fo jfhould 
wc for Gods precious favours. We muft not rip up the dugge for 
milk , not force the child out of the womb till the hour of delive- 
rance be come , not launch forth till the tide be come in, not defire 
to taft of fiuits till Gods Sun-beams have ripened them; a fair hand 
muft be written leifurely, a curious picture is long in the drawing ; 
it is the torment of reiigion to be too paffionate upon blcffings, 
they arc fickChriftians which are williing for light before the day- 
ftarre do appear. Tiue Saints hatch mercies, and donor defire to 
hear the bird chit ping , till the fhell be broken ; and they endure 
their winter-agues patiently , till the running of the bloud at 
fpring-tide. None entertain favours with more fervour, nor expect 
them with more faith. And this is according to the rule , for He 
that bel'ieveth fhall not make hafie.l{'.iS.i6. It is a tumult againft 
Heaven to with to be happy before Gods time , thefe unfeafonable 
defires are both -irrational., and irreligious. Such importunate fui- 
tors are troubled with Rachels impatience, who muft have chil- 
dren at her own call , or clfe fhe is ready to dye. Thefe are thofe 
which would drink wine out of the green clufters , or be efpoufed 
to Gods favours before the Virgins are man iageablc: But can God 
endure fuch a rape upon his bldlings ? or that men fhould break 
open the doors upon him for an almes > Thefe arc fturdy Begcr ars 
indeed , and fitter to be carried to the whipping-poft , then to re- 
ceive Boones. The (till child doth deferve two breads, but the cla- 
morous child doth fcarcely defeive to be fed at all. Wraftlc as 
much as ye will for blcflings , but do not feek to get them with 
chiding and^ raving ; that is a bad tongue which is ftridulent a- 
gainft Gid , which would make him a Dcbtour rather then a Do- 
nour.Thou muft endure to have thy faith to be tried, as well as de- 
lire to have thy wants lupptyed ; thou muft live with expectation, 
till Gods time of exhibition come ; for the Vifion is yet for an ap- 
pointed time, though it tarry, wait. Habbac. 2 . 3 . It is ajj» to limit 
the HolyoneofJfraeL Pf.78.41.to confine (Sod to our own fea- 

C 2 |bnc 



12 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

Tons, orpun&ilioes. As if (Sod muftfccd us according to our 
own appetites, or elfe we are ftarved , or he muft deliver us when 
we call for freedome, or elfe he does put a [word into our enemies 
hands to flay us. Exod. 5.2 1 .Is not this the general cry, wc are not 
helped, we ihall not be helped; we do not fee, we ihall not feepyes, 
then the cafe is remedileffe, all is given over, as loft. Oh what adoc 
had we not long fince to quiet the penfive / and to filence the 
difcontented / Our cnemi:s perfecution was not worfe then our 
friends inipatience; nor the defpight of the one, then the defpair 
of the other. Oh our Gavery hath thus long continued , we arc a 
lofi people, This is of the Lord , why jhould we wait upon the Lord 
Any longer} 2 Kings £.33. What do our Statef-men comfort us ? 
do our pulpits bid us hope for better times > both of us feemed but 
as Impoftours to them; Sure I am,for our felves,that if we preached 
unto them , that upon true repentance they might yet expect a re- 
demption out of all miferies, they were ready to deride us,and defy 
us, and to count us feditious, yea to call us Templc-Lunaticks, and 
infatuated, and intoxicated Royalifts. But hath not God lliamed 
this incredulous generation?yes,and taught them confidence in the 
midft of exigents. Affiance is the bed: Diet-bread to live upon in 
tribulation. 

Hopes feeds the exiled. Whatfoever fad Progno(ticks there be for 
the prefent, yet 
Th&criu Coelxm adhuc volvltur , 

Heave* is yet turning about. The Poles fland not more firmely, 
then Gods decrees ; the accede of the Sun to die Tropicks is not 
more certain, then the morion of Gods unchangeable purpofes.Can 
Gxi for ever foi fake the uue members of the Church ? no Hell- 
gates fhall not prevail again ft them. This is unto me as the waters 
of Noah. If. 54.9. The promifes of God are yta,avd Amen. That 
which h not now apparent may afterwards be manifeftcd , that 
which is not now feen may 1:1 a fhoit time be feen, Thine eyes fhall 
fee. 
$ . Fifthly, this doth (hew the high joy that there ought to be upon 

the enjoyment of a fight. Was it but laid, Thine eyes fhall fee^nd 
do thine eyes fee ? then where are thine eyes ? had thou the defire 
of thy eyes , and is there not the delight of thine eyes ? oh yes, the 

light 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 13 

light of the eyes rejoyceth the heart, Prov. 15. go. For wherefor c 
hath God made the feeing eye, but that when it doth fee , what it 
would fee, it Should fee it with a tranfportment I then the eyes 
Should be lift up to Heaven , and they Should look upon the Au- 
thour with an exultation ; then there Lhould be the magnifying 
tongue for the feeing eye, and a thankfull heart for the joyfull 
fight ; then there Lhould be p:aifc for the fmit of Divine Provi- 
denee,and bleffing for a bhlling. For docs God vilic us,and are we 
not fenfible of his prefencef does he put an Object to our eyes, and 
know we not what it is to be Eye-witneffes of his goodnefle , and 
kindneffefwhat ftupid Spc£tatours are we? how blind are our eyes? 
then we deferve not fuch a prefent, nor to have fcen fuch a mercy. 
Contempt, penury , thraldome had been fitter for us to have looked 
upon, tfacn peace, fafety, profperity. Do ye thus requite the Lord 
oh foolifh people} thus, for breaking your yoake, ridding you from 
hard bondage, and fctting your feet in a large place? Hath he filled 
your land with fongs, and can ye not hear ? hath rie replenished 
the Nation with aftoni (liable fights,and can ye not fee ? Is this 
your entertainment ofbleflings? is this your glee upon mercies ? I 
find more fparkles , and glowing incentives then thefe in the brcfts 
of Heathens ; the jEgincts when they returned from Troy, their 
kindred which never thought to have feen them again (lb many viut. 
of their fellows being dcLtroyed, with the wars , and tempefts) o- Grscan. 
pened their doors to them , and well-comed them home with fo- 4"*A 
lcmneFea{ts,and facrificed Sixteen dayes to Neptune with dances. 
The Grecians which had been a long time in the wars of Cyrus^ ViC jf: 1 ;. 14 ' 
when they had liberty to return home to their own Country, they Bl t0 ' u 
no fooner came to the light of the Euxine Sea, but they Shouted as 
if they would have Shaken down the woods. FUmimus by the 
found of Trumpet proclaiming liberty to the Coritithhns,Euboiaiis jfJJ? 
Phoccnfes, Locrcnfes , Achaians , and the grcateft part of Greece, 
when they expected nothing but bondage, their acclamations were 
fo loud that they were heard from the Ifthmian games to the Sca- 
fhore ; and have we neither heart-it rings, nor tongue-flrir.gsto 
make melody upon fuch occafions? where then is our grace ? where 
is our zeal ? know we not what it is to come out of a Correction- 
houfe ? know we not what it is to lay aiide fetteis ? oh that God 
Should deliver fuch a people, as underftand not the worth of liber- 

ty.'. 



1+ ENGLAND'S BEAUTY.. 

ty / or bleffe fuch a people as have not eyes to fee the bleffing '5 
what?fenfelefTe in what we do feel? and blind in what we do fee > 
can there be more flinty hearts ? and atrofied eyes? But thus it is, 
we are fick for many things when we want them , and furfeted 
when we do enjoy them ; we would give millions for them when 
they are abfent, but fcarcely a gale of praifes for them , when they 
are prefent; as fweet things periih with the taft , fo happy things 
with the fight ; we look on them once , and never caft an eye to- 
wards them after. We are much the better for Gods favours, but 
what is he the better for our intereft in them ? Who would think, 
that this were the Land, where God had fhot out his arrow of deli- 
verance,brought people out of horrible (la very ,broken the ftaffof the 
wicked, hath given the anfwer of peace , commanded the bloudy 
fword into the fcabbard, raifed up a hill of bleffings,lighte«l*up his 
candle, made a waft ground to flouriih again as the rofefVVhat ho- 
noyr hath God for all thefe large mercies ? what but a few fmiles 
and frolicks , rantings and chantings , fcaftmgs and plumings, a 
little good language, and a little good ftudying of old principles ? 
are there fewer riots, oathes, bribes, frauds in the Nation then for- 
merly ? what confeiences are renewed , or hearts changed by the 
fenfeof all thefe bleflings? what.? are the Church, or the Univerfi- 
ties, or the captives, or the poor the better for the change of the 
times .? Do every one now emulate who iriall be the nobler Bene- 
faclour? or exceilmoft in pious works ? where are the Characters 
of our thankfulneflepor the monuments that we have raifed up to 
Gods blelfings? Are there many of thefe hallowed portions offered 
up to Heaven ? are there many of thefe religious Dedications ? no, 
I am afraid that in ftead of the fruit of the BleiTing,there is nothing 
but the benefit and advantage of it minded , to lay hold on rich 
offices , and to fall to trading with a kind of eagernefle , and to 
build Banquetting-houfes for Libertines to recreate themfclves 
together ; but there is not a trowel yet provided for God , nor a 
Caivcr fpoken to fct up a graven piece to Heaven. Where then 
is our eying of Gods blcifing? no,we did fee it, but we did but de- 
fire a glance of it , we have viewed it enough , we are weary with 
looking on it. But if we be no better Obfervers of Objects, is there 
not a defect in our eye-fight? yes,there is either a diftemper in the 
Conjunctive of the eye, or fome tubercle in our eye-lid ,' or fome 

ob- 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. is 

obftru&ion in the primal , there is either a phthifis, or Strabl[mns % 
or Hippos, whereby an Ophthalmy, JEgilops , Pl&hia, MydriafiS) 
or Cataract is gotten into tfie eye , for we cannot fee what we did 
fee, .we cannot fee, what is yet plainly to be feen. Oh therefore let 
us betake our felves to fome good Oculift , that we may recover 
our fight, for it is a ihame to be fo bad-fightcd in difecrning blef- 
(ings. There are many which maligne us this happineiTe, their eyes 
rowle to the corners that they might not look upon it, there is this 
OchIpu nequam in the head of every Sedtary, or Phanatick ; now 
though there be llthiajts-^ox epiphora in our Adverfaries , fothat 
they feem like goggle-eyed, or fquint-eyed perfons looking with a 
diftortion upon our profperous condition , yet £hall there be ern- 
phlfma, or myopia in us that we fhould be dark-eyed , or narrow- 
eyed in feeing our own felicity ? no, that which we defired to fee 
with fo much vehemence , let us now look upon it intenfively ; oh 
let us embrace that Rachel with all manner of affection, for which 
we endured fo many years of hardship to obtain her. Oh that our 
God went at a great price with us, that we would weigh him out a 
National gratitude according to the value of his favours , that our 
apprehennon were as fignal as his goodnefs/ We can never Arithme- 
tically requite him, let us give him fome Geometrical proportion. 
Let us confpire together to fend him a bountifull prefent, yea fay, 
here Lord take a freewill-offering for the benefit of our liberties, 
liYeSjConfciences. Thou haft given us a Kingdom-redemption,ac- 
cept of a Kingdom-retribution.Oh that we knew how to retaliate/ 
to weigh out God a recompenfe according to the jfhekcl of the 
Sanctuary / that every one of us would ftrive who fhould have the 
moll devout heart, or the moft thankfull hand.Will we be fparing 
tofucha munificent God? can there ever be enough given for fuch 
Halcyon-dayes? What have ye gained by them? ihall God rife up a 
loofer? no,lct the extenfion of our commemoration, and remunera- 
tion anfwer the latitude of (Sods benevolence and benediction, h 
becometh well the juft to be thankfully then what degree of thank- 
fulneffc do we owe to God Almighty? ye that arc ftricl in your 
engagements, and deftre to fatisfy every man to a Dencere,rcmem- 
ber your obligation to Heaven, and pay God his debt,his prclerva~ 
tion-debt. The felicity of the Nation is manifeft, the piety of the 
Nation is tried ; We are the happyeft people upon earth 5 let us be 

the 



j6 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

the holyeft people upon earth ; wherefoever Gcd hath his fpiritual 
race, let the Englifh-man be the Saint ; Let every one of the Re- 
formed Church, be a transformed Proteftant. It is a fhame, that 
here fliould be a Libertine, or that any Sectary , or Papift (liould 
excell us in purity. Gods mercies require more innocency at our 
hands , the brightneflfe of his favours oblige us to brightnefle of 
fan£tity,yea that the Kingdom all over (hould ihine in the radian- 
cy of grace. Oh therefore let us enamel our bleflings , and as we 
have reigning mercies amongft us , fo let us fet a Crown upon the 
head of them. Let here be the new creatures, the children of light, 
the lively ftones,the feed of the blefTed, the trees of righteoufneiTe, 
the people that are partakers of the divine nature , that have a lot 
amongft them which are fan&ified , that are bought from men, 
men that this world is not worthy of,yea let the whole Land be 
turned into a Kingdom of Priefts. We ought to do this for our 
very fights fake , our Objects do require us to be fuch Ornaments, 
and our mercies fuch Mirrouvs. What fhould be feen in us, when 
fo much is feen by us? We fee that which we did not fee , we fee 
that, which we were once afraid we fhould never have fcen;Though 
we be now in fruition , and our eyes do fee , yet let us remember 
how remote this happinefTe was , at what a diftance the Object 
was placed from us , we had it but in expectation, or our greateft 
propinquity to it was in a promife,the fight referved to the future, 
Thine eyes fh all fee. 

2 Part. The Kin*. 

o 

I have done with the opening of the Cabinet, I now come to 
take out the Gemme. Seeing there is a fight I would fain fee what 
it is ; Is it the beft of the Nation > then I wipe mine eyes to look 
upon him. Hath he been. hid in a cloud? then it will be pleafure to 
fee him, when God does prefent him. Hath he not for many years 
been feen, and is now the feeing time come ? then I can no longer 
with-hold mine eyes from him ,no I paifionately dedrc to fee the 
King. Thine eyes foall fee the King, The King. From hence ob- 
ferve, that A King is the perfettion of all earthly Objetls. Of all 
defireable and delectable Sights that this world can afford, a 
King is the fplendonr of them. Thine eyes (hall fee the King. 

He 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 17 

He is publici decoris I amp as, the lamp of public^, bright n?fe; Cceli- CafnoL 
turn egregitts labor , the Mafter- piece of the divine Artlfan;Ex- ^" eC y a ** 
cubitor communis jalutis^l\\z Watch-man,o: Sentinel of the com- Matthias 
monfafctv; magnum regn'i columen, the great pillar of the King? *4grit- 
dom; o^'w®- tyoo-®*, the heavenly dew to water a Nation; Caput t<»s. 
quod ab alto providet , The head which from above doth provide w ,ll ~ 
for multitudes ; OcuIhs innate corpori, the eye fee in the head to Henr ^ 
look for the 'generr 1 good ;Perittts Gubemator,t\\e skilful! Maninjer Homer. 
which doth prefer ve the whole birk from periling; P^.v/7/^ reipu- Greg, in ^ 
bliCit^thz ftay,or fuppocter, uvon which hang the weight of a whole P*P°**h* 
Commonwealth;/^^ qui urit,cr lucempr&betff\\z fire w r hich doth ^ j e 
burn up all the wicked^and doth give light to all the Godly .Yea,the ojf.reg. 
Ancients knowing the high benefit of fuch a fupreme Governour PhUo 
know not how to beftow Elogies > and Encomiafticks- enough up- **^ e 
on him ; And doth not Scripture concur with thefe , and fet out a C ^* m 'j e 
King with as great luftre ? yes, / have [aid ye are Gods, Pf.82.6. uf' a y u r 
As if a Kin£ were Giowm, the Medal , wherein Gods own Image g>-ad.6. 
is rcprefented, Alte r Dens In terris, another God upon earth. For Procop.ix 
(me think) I fee in a King a fcmblance of Gods infinite being, his Gene f- Zm 
quickening fpi-it, his out-ft retched arm,and his glorious Majefty. rer ^£ 
He is not the Divinity , but a SynopGs of the Divinity , ''ty*>tfst $ chryfoft. 
0fO7?j7®-, a God exemplified, or effigiated. Why are Kings Go p r o- 
mifed to Abraham, Kings (hall come out of thy loines, and 10 pro- 
phefied of by 'Jacob, Judah (hall have a Scepter, and fo pafiionate- 
ly defired by the people, Give us a King^wd fo confirmed by God 
Almighty, by an Inftitution, an Oath, and by the holy oyle, yea, 
why is God himfelf called the great King, the King of glory, and 
the King of K'ings , if there were any thing upon earth more emi- 
nent then a King ? As it is the grcatcft curfe upon earth to want a 
King ; For many dayes fhall pajfe in Ifrael without a King. Hof.3. 
4. and becaufe we feared not the Lord, therefore we have no Ki,:g. 
Hof.10.3. So it is the greateft blefling to have a King , for the 
(ho ut of a King is amongst thejn. Num. 2 ^.21. and the Lord hath 
given yon a King. I Sam. 12.15. and, IVhy do ft thou cry out ) is 
there not a King in thee } Micah 4. 9. as if a King weijS jjici c, all 
were well. When I read of fo much reverence, & awfuil fubje: 1 
enjoyned to Kings , that we muit fubmit to them for the Lords 
fak?<> an ^ not reft ft them for fear of damnation , that we mult not 

D 



18 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

provohjjhem to wrath , not ft and in an evil thing againft them, 
not curfe them in our bed-chambers ; how do I think that Kings 
are prjceleUely tendered by God Almighty , and that they are his 
chief Favourites/yea,wherefore does he command fo many prayers 
and (applications .to be made for them , and that with a f**A<$w, 
efpecially, as if he would have the lips of a whole Nation to facri- 
fice for their fafety and welfare , if Kings were not the principal 
perfons, which God had under his proteSion,and tutelage ? Well 
then if either Gods love,or his lawes , his titles, or his priviledges, 
his million, or commiflion, his confecration, or confervation , his 
impreffe, or his Image, his watchfull providence, or his irefull ven- 
geance concerning Kings be to be regarded , we cannot imagine 
any perfons more confpicuoas or precious , excellent or eminent 
then Kings. No,mans eyes can fee no more exquifite, and magnifi- 
cent Creature upon earth then a King , for Thine eyes (hall fee the 
King, 
mtyptic* 1 .This ferves fiift to fliew us the high frns of this Nation,which 
for many years deprived us of this happy fight .Did we not provoke 
the eyes of Gods glory ? yes, we maydifcern it by the judgement 
upon our eyes, We faw not a King. God is deeply incenfed,when 
he doth take away the Diademe. Lzech.2 1. 26. and people have 
been Tranfgredours to purpofe , when it may be faid to them, 
Where is thy King that fhould help thee in all thy Cities ? Hof.i 3. 
I o. yea, when the Crown is fallen from their head , they may cry 
wo unto us roe have finned. Lament. 5. 16. Have they not broken 
Gods Lawes grievoufly , when the breaker fh all come up before 
them, and lay hold upon him thatfitteth in the Throne, fo that the 
King fh all go out before them , and the Lord fhall be upon their 
heads ? Micah.2. 1 3. oh God is ready to difannullthe Covenant, 
which he made with his people , when he doth breakjhis ftaffe of 
Beauty. Zach.i 1 .10. would to God then, that we were as fenfi- 
ble of our Sins as our Sufferings , and our wickedneffc , as our 
wretchedneffe. We loft the fight of a King for our guilty eyes,and 
have we not gained the fight of him again with the frm: crimi- 
nal eyes ? have we fo minded and mortified , revieved and re- 
nounced our known corruptions , that we welcomed the King into 
a cleanfed Land ? were there none but Penitents , which fetched 
kirn in ? It is true, that though there be corruption in the wound, 

yet 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 19 

yet there is health in the medicine , but do not we cany our old Uvuht- 
ulceus about us , infomuch that though we have been wounded, fffiwut 

ve refute to apply a plaifte forcure,fo that our former botches '» we ^«- 
itmaiding, wc hrve bat broUgbt home the King to a LiZeihouk? **J ur ^ d ' 
Oh that we had had as mi:ch defire to renew our consciences, as to chryf.de 
renew ate State , and to take away the cords cf our iniquity, as to^ar/.}, 
take oft our fetteis, and to fee the face of Chiift, as to lee the face No;, qui 
of the King; hut I doubt,that there have been few of thefe defires, JyJJJ^. 
or few of thefe eyes; we had eyes to look onely to our deliverance, bUg ar i ' 
not to our duties,to the change of cur miferies, not of our manneis^aww 
*Lycon the fcholar otStraton could fpeak fo eloquently that he was ***«'*- 
callcd Glycon, (tact fpcech, but he wrot fo haiilrly , that no man ']j£ m * 
would read what he penned ; So we are curious Rhetoricians tOserm.de 
fpeak of good things , but the worft Sciibes in the world to write drcumcif. 
out accurately in our conventions , what we have delivered ele-* Ztert. 
gantly with our tongues, What we were at the beginning of our ••!• 
miferies the fame we are ft ill, and have gotten no more mortifica- 
tion by palling through variety of calamiues,then fillies do get in- 
to them any fait tail by fwimming a long time in brackillr Sea- 
wateis, or then Eunomns did get any purging from his corrupt hu- ^ollo** 
mours,by taking two and twenty potions of Hellebore. Oh inflext- .^Xar 
ble. hearts f oh fruitleiTe judgements / It were well therefore , that 
we would difperfe that cloud that kept the light of the Sun fo long 
from us;do we lufYer thefe thieves to range up,and down at liberty, 
till they have robbed us once more of our Gemme? This had ne^d 
to be the contrite Land , when our impenitency hath done us fo 
much mifchief. Oh kt us know the trefpatfe by the puniiliment; 
our fins fti ipt us of much honour, and left the Land naked , when 
they plucked the R :>be of Majefty from the back of it. Let us know 
at laft that our Sins are old Chafers , when they drove a King 
out of the Land , it is a judgement to be deprived of a King, 
when i: is an happinefle to fee a King. Thine eyes (hall fee the 
King. 

Secondly, this doth fhew that the want of a King is the Inlet of 2 
all infelicity. For how can that Land be happy, where the eyes do 
not fee a King? no, then fervants ride on horfeback^. io.Ecclef.7. 
The people fhall be opprejjed every one of another \and every one of 
his neighbour , the children fhall pre fume againft the ancient , and 

D z the 



zo ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

the vile again ft the honourable. If. 3 . 5 . for v hen the Kings are 
fallen, Hof.7. 7. all welfare fall with them, then prefcntly they are 
mlxt with fir angeworfhip strangers devour their fire ngth^& gray 
hairs are here and there upon them, Hof.7. 8. 9. vea > ™ben Princes 
are hanged up by the hand,then the young are taken to grind, and 
the children fall under the wood , the Elders ceafe fram the gate, 
and the young men from their fongs, the joy of their heart is gone, 
and their dance is turned into mourning. Lament. 5.1 2,1 3,14,1 5. 
nay God doth no fooner remove the Crown, but the Kingdome is 
no more the. fame it was, then prefently God overturn, overturn,o- 
vert urn. Hitch. 2 1 .26.27.when the true Shepherd is removed,then 
there is nothing to be feen in the Nation,but the instruments of a 
foolifh Shepheard,oi fuch a Shepheard, which will not look^for the 
thing that is los~h, nor feeh^ the tender Lambs, nor heal that which 
& hurt , nor feed that which ftandetb up } but he (hall eat theflefh 
of the fat, and tear their clawes in pieces. Zach. 11. 15.16. Take 
away fuch a Shepheard , and the poor flock goeth to woefull deso- 
lation , for Arife oh Sword upon my Shepheard, and upon the man 
that it my fellow , that is, Gods immediate Vicegerent, and what 
then } and the fheep are f can ere d, and God turn his hand upon the 
little ones y And in all the Land faith the Lord two tarts therein 
(hall be cut off \ and ^.Zach. 1.5.7. 8.S0 tnat where a King is want- 
ing, whit but diforder,diftra£t.ion, devah:a:ion,and defolation is to 
be expected? And have not we had experience of it? yes,fofoonas 
a King was^one, how did eveiy one wear the Crown , and fit in 
&fc* Ch'iir of State ? peafants were Princes, and Mechanicks Mo- 
- T^rcHs- never fuch a fpnwue of new Lords, nor a litter of upftart 
lldiejs«feeni paradoxus were principles, and Sanctity was little bet- 
ter then South-fo ying.,the Temple Was £ kind of THng-room,liber- 
cy v s Ier ; £;.nng,free trade was purcha£ngD:lmquents E(tates,and 
allegiance was conspiracy. Were there eve<- lb many fundamen.al 
'Ldwes overthrown^} many families rmn:d,fo many millions fpent, 
fo many bowels torn out in five hundred years wirhinthis Realm, 
• s there were in this Inort fpace'of King-routing ? alas confcienccs, 
e(tatcs,priviledges, Speeches, looks, affections, labours, lawes , lives 
fyere all fu bjecl: to the will of the intuiting Conquerour. So that as 
SabeU. Pyrrhus faid of Sicily in rcfpe£t of the Romans , * and Carthagi- 
».^£*.4. nians , fo might it be faid of this Land in refpc&pf our faftious 

Rulers, 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. fi 

Rulers,it was but the Stage where mad men plaid their pri&ts'^nd 
as Ate is faid to be caufe of all the labours of Hercules , fo our e- 
je6ting a King was the Original of all the miferics of the Nation. 
In thofe dayes when there was no King in Ifrael , every man did 
that, which was good in his own eyes. judg. i J.6. and we found it, 
for humour was then order,power was law,and divination was the 
Divinity of the times.The Fox-burrow of Triers took away mens 
gifts, the Cutpurfc-hall of a Committee of Indemnity took away 
mens lights, and the bloudy Shambles of an High Court of Julticc 
took away mens heads.Oh fad age of arbitrary commands / oh dif- 
malReigne/oh miferable Realm without a King / will ye ever 
engage again to be ruled without King,or Houfe of Lords ? will ye 
ever be ready to take an oath of Abjuration again againft a Tingle 
Perfon ? Then be ye for my part fingle, and lingular , defperatc, 
and wilful! Bondmen. For it is to make the whole Nation a 
Have to be deftitutc of a King, the prefence of a King being ' 
the prefervation of a Kingdome , for Thine eyes (hall fee the 
King. 

Thirdly , this doth ferve to exhort us to be chearfull Seers. For 3. 
have ye got a King again to look upon ? 

vifum mirabile Cunclis. _ Vn g- 

It is a fight that the eyes of a whole Nation might behold with ad- 
miration. Do ye not bleife your eyes then, that ye are feeing that, 
which ye have been fo long feeking for ? Do ye not know -a hat yc, 
could not fee,what ye would have feen,what ye do fee? Do the de- 
light of a Kingdom grieve you f doth the defre of your eyes offend 
you? Have ye not what can be feen? can ye fee a better ? If thine 
eye then offend thee plucky it out , pluck out that evil g'.aucome out 
of thine cye.The eye vs the light of the body. Have ss clear an eye, 
as can be to fee fo bright an Object. Is there a difeafed eye here ? 
oh cure the malady. Are there any moles here ? away with fttch 
Blinkardsrarc there any Bats here ? away with fuch unLicky birds;- 
Did the fight of Oitiiches offend you , and fhall not the figh: of a . . 
Phoenix pleafe you ? Every man is delighted when he doth fee the deUtlatur 
light, and what is a King,but the Light of our eyes? The eye doth cum /«- 
receive the beams of the Sun in afpiritual manner, & fo do ye the m e* vi- 
fight of a King, that glorious Sun. Was Jacob fo delighted when deat - 
lie heard that his Son Jofeph was alive, that his heart failed <liim, ®™°l s f 

and 



2i ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

and hisfplrlt revived} Gen.2 5,27.28. Were the Israelites fo af~ 
feiled when they heard that the Arke (which had a long time 
been kept captive amongft the Philiftines) was returning,that tl ; 
left their wheat-harveft to look upon the Arke? 1 .Sam.e*. 1 ? . ■• 
the Jewes mShttfhan fo tranfported that Haman-s bloody decree 
was rcverfed , that it caufed joy and gladnefje amongst them , and 
they kept a Feaft^ and a good day} 9.E(ter 2 2 .then what great me- 
lody and feftivity may it be to us that we have our Jofeph to look 
upon, our Arke gilded within and without to behold , and a day 
of Purlin to keep for a deliverance from the favagell decree , that 
the malice of man could invent ? Oh that we have opportunity to 
commemorate thefe tbings,that we have the happinefs with our eyes 
freely to fee them / was it a joyfull thing once to hear of a King, 
- . and ihall it not be much more joyfull \ofee a King} yes, the fen fe 
fuslerfe- of fight is much more per feti then that of hearing. If your eyes 
fthreft then ihould not take pleafure in that which was once fo comfor- 
auditu. table to your eares , your eyes are wonderfully diftant from your 
Tlotmus. eares ^ as f hales &i$i. Oh then that all the hearts of the Kingdoms 
fhould not fpring with joy,that all the feet of the Kingdom fhould 
not leap with Triumph , that all the eyes of the Kingdom liquid 
not gaze with pleafure to fee fuch a folacing, fatisfying,triumphant 
Object prefented to the fight / Ye have not now a King living, 
or honoured beyond Sea , or counted worthy of a Crown by very 
flrangers which converfed with him , but the faces of his own peo- 
ple arc blevTed with the fight of him; he is come towards you,he is 
come near you, he is come home to you. And what went ye out to 
fee} nay what is brought into your Throne to fee ? Can there be a 
more bright, amiable, dclecl:able,fplendid,illu{tiious, fupereminent, 
matchleiTe, majeftical fight for the eyes of a whole Realm to look 
upon then a King} no, Thine eyes (hall fee the King. 

Fourthly , this ferves to exhort all to makj a King Royal. And 
4* how Royal?but in being your felves Loyal?How ishe a King with- 
out Royalty? and how are ye Subjects without Loyalty ? The He- 
brewes have a Proverb ; that a man fyouldfly out of that King- 
dom, where a King is not obeyed. And doubtlcnc no Nation fliaken 
with a Quag-mire, or tofTed with an Earth-quake is more dange- 
rous to (land upon. Rebellions arc the burning feavers of Realmes j 
the Deluges of States , the Eclipfes of Nations , the Hericanoe s 

of 



ENGLAND'S BTAUTV. 23 

of Kingdoims.Rebellion is as the fin of Witchcraft ,Sam. \ 5 .2 $ . for 
then all the Magicians arc at woik , and ufing all the preltigiatory 
inventions of their black Art. Simon Magtts,Balaam,Jannes and 
Jambres had not more pernicious rules, and practiics , then thele 
State-witches, they are like the BythU in Scyt hi a, which had four 
apples of the eye in their heads , and killed all which they looked ™' ' 7 ' 
upon with their angry eyes. Traitouis upon earth are but the difci- 
ples of Judas, or the State-rtudents of Achitophel , or the Spirits 
that karn their afpiring Art of Lucifer. Goodly pedagogues that 
they are trained under, if I would have an Academy of Hell fet up, 
I" would have Traytours there commence , and become Graduates. 
The Law taught no fuch principles.No,77tf Fathers children mufi 
bow down before him that is in chief authority. Gen.49. 8. Wh* 
can lay his hand upon the Lords anointed, and be guilt lefft} 1 .Sam. 
26. p. and against a King there is no rijing up. Prov.30.3 1 . The 
Gofpel hath no fi'ch Maximcs. No, let every foul be fubjett to the 
higher powers , for there is no power, but of God , and the powers 
that be- are ordained of God.Whofoever therefore rejifleth the power 
rejifteth the Ordinance <$God , and they whieh refift (hall receive 
to themf elves damnation. Rom.i ^.i.i.Put them in remembrance 
that they befubjetl to principalities, and powers , and that they be 
obedient. Tit. 3. 1. Submit your f elves unto every Ordinance of 
man for the Lords fake , whether it be to the King as Supreme. 
1 Pet. 2. 1 3. Woe be to them J hat walkjn the gain- faying of Corah. . 
Jude 1 1. Seditions are works of the flefh. Gal. 5. 20. Defpifersof 
Government , and thofe which fpeak^evi I of dignities are called 
Dreamers, which defile the flefh. Jude 8. Traytours, heady high- 
minded men are putamongft the wickedeft people of the moft pe- 
rilous times. 2. Tim. 3. 4. Oh then that men live under a King 
fomenting fedition, gendring treafon , yea that count it a part of 
their Divinity to call fircbiands, and fire Beacons, and ftrike up 
drums, and difplay colours , and fhoot off warning-pieces againft 
their Soveraigns , that if they have not a plyablc King, they will 
fright him into Accommodation, if they have not a King accord- 
ing to their own mind, they vrill fight him into their bent, this is 
Pole-axe-religion , Gunpowder-Divinity. Howcanthefc profeffe 
the name of God? take a Bible into their hands?prcach the Gofpel ! 
of peace? be ghoftiy Fathers at the hour of diflolution > or prepare 

men 



24 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

men for Gods judgement fear ? They which fhould teach all the 
Land obedience,do they teach nothing but mutinies,infurrecfcions, 
tumults, factions, defections, confpiracy, difloyaky ? Thou which 
fayss~b thou knoweft Gods will, and allowesl of the things that are 
excellent, and perfwadefi thy felf , thqt thou art a guide of the 
blind , and a light to them that are In darkneffe , an inflrucler of 
them that lack^dlfcretlon, a teacher of the unlearned, which haft 
the form of knowledge, and of the truth in the Law. Thou which 
teachefl another ,teachefl thou not thy fe If? Rom. 2.1 8, 1 9,20,21. 
If thou thy feif been 1 a Wolf,how wilt thou get Lambs ? Chrift ne- 
ver fent his Meifengers to be Mutter-matters, or Matter-Gunners. 
A Preacher of all others fhould be the great Phyfician , Breach- 
clofer, Peace-maker upon earth;Chrifts patience,the Marty: s afhes, 
the coimfel cf peace in his lips , and the blelfed Sacraments in his 
hands fhould teach him this. As he is a Watch-man he fhould not 
be a Match-man , as he is a Matter-builder , he fhould not be a 
Mafter-pioner, as he is an Angel of the Churches , he fhould not 
be an Angel of the bottomleffe pit. Is rebellion any of the fincere 
milk which fhould be fucked out of his bigfts ? any of the pure 
oyle which fhould burn in his lamp?any of the fat tbings,and fined 
things at his fumptuous Featt ? any of the fragrant fmels amon^tt 
bfs fweet odours ? Is this for Chritt to be the Star, the Vine , the 
Shepheard, to ride upon a white Horie,and to hold the four winds 
in his hand? Is this for Chrift to eat butter , and bony , not to 
cry, nor caufe his voice to be heard in the ftreets,to weare a feame- 
lcffe coat, and to be led dumb before the fhearers? where is Chrifts 
innocency, meekneflc , his rebuking his Difciples for calling for 
fire from Heaven, his commanding St Jeter to put up his fword in 
any of thefc things ? If the weapons of our warfare be not carnal, 
2 Cor. 1 o.4.thcn why are fpi ritual men fo aclive in 2 carnal war- 
fare ? thefc may prophefy in Chrifts name, but it is to be doubted 
whether they fhall not be turned off with a Nefclo vos , I know 
ycu not. In it is vain to talk of the profound myfteries of Chritt, 
when thefe depths of Sathan are amongtt them. All the drugs in 
their fhop arc fufpe6ted by this one box of Aconite. Thefe may 
have Chritts Croffc often in their mouths, but did they ever lay it 
upon thci r ihouldcrs ? they may have drunk of his new wine, but 
can they drink his fpungc full of vinegar ? they may hold his keyes 

in 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 25 

in their hands , but can they endure to put hisyoak about their 
necks ? they have preached things upon the houfe-top, lut can they 
put their mouths in the duft ? they can fhew their confident faces 
to Congregations, but can they give their backs to the fmiters,and 
their cheeks to the nippers , and not hide their faces from fhame 
and fritting ? no, they may be men of very great parts,but I doubt 
"not of very great patience. God is io tender of the peace of the 
Church , that he do;h charge the daughters of Jerufalem by the 
'roes, and hinds, that they filrre not up , norvpakjnhis love untlll 
(he pleafe. Cantic.3.5. but pleafe , or not pleafe, upon the lead: 
difcontent they care not to waken and fright her too ; if ihc will 
not awake of her felf they will blow trumpets in her ears,and make 
her open her eyes with a peale of Ordnance. So that they feem *Quomodo 
not to be Preachers of pacification , but Le6turers,under the flag of convenit^ 
defiance, and Chaplains of the Gun-roome. Now whatfan£tity ° E P hori 
can there be, where there is fedition ? what conference where there tot J" ve ' 
is conlpiracy ? they which care not to violate a manifeft precept, d^e.qiii" 
whatlawes of God can they be thought truly to dread f this is zfuam 
"fin fo odious that the very Heathens have abhorred it. When the 'Pfa* P* m 
*Ephori would have committed the ftrength of their Country into m *w- * 
the hands of a rebellious Leader, faith Agis , why do ye trufl him tfj t - m 
with any thlng^tvho hath betrayed his own Country ? When Clll- Lacon. 
con had betrayed the Prlennenfes as he nVetchcd to receive his Ifta m4- 
meat, Theagenes cut off his hand , faying , thou (halt not have a nu *■■ 
right hand to betray another City. When Archldamus woul4jL ff f^ 
have inticed Nlcostratm to betray his Country,oh faith he, boafb n am c i v i- 
no more of thy high pedigree , for thou feemeft not to be of the tatentjEr 
flock^ of Hercules , becaufe thou dost tempt me to fo bafe a thing. **f>l*$* 
How iharply did Artaphernes reprove HiftUtu for making the c 'f' 
fhoe of rebellion for thclonians , that Arlfiagoras might put it H end. 
on. Xerxes becaufe Arlbar^anes rebelled againft him, he took 1.6. 
him,& crucified h'un.Apollonldes becaufe theStymphallans rebelled $*idar. 
a^ainlt Caffanderjnz fubduing them burnt them ail to a fhes. ;£*»/- Diod - 
i&bwr after he had conquered ? erf em taking many Romans which ']?' » 
had been Rebels again/I their own Country, he caufed them to be MexJL.^ 
trampled to death by Elephants. The Amphytlions after the battel ci$. 
with Xerxes taking the PhocenfesvAio hadfided with the enemy **»/«*»'* 
rgainft the Grecians, and robbed the Temple of Apollo y they flcw/? p * w ** 

E many 



26 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY, 

many of them , rafed three of their prime Cities , caufing thein to 
dwell afterwards in villages,^ laid a taxe of threefcore talents year- 
ly for the repairing the Temple. Oh then that that fin which hath 
been held a horrid crime amongft Heathens iliould be accounted 
a prime virtue amongft Chriftians / is it not a (liame that the light 
of Nature fhould iliine brighilier then the light of the Gofpelfis it 
not a fcandal that God fhould provoke luch Profeflburs to jealou- 
fy by a foolifti Nation? Shall Gentiles teach Chriftians Divinity? 
how will thefe juftify their felves at the laft day , when the Hea- 
thens fhall rife up in judgement againft them ? If ye are then to 
look upon a King , as a King , beware of Salomons winking eye, 
hlm\< When ye have not faithful eyes to look upon a King,ye will foon 
in iQhan. ^ ave treacherous feet, yea amiffls oculisfruflrafunt pedes , if your 
eyes have loft their reverence to a King , your feet will foon have 
loft their obedience to him.I tiuft our King hath none about him, 
which are troubled in their eye-fight, if he fhould,thenthofe which 
have bad eyes , will foon have bad hearts. I wifh them all to have 
good optick nerves , good Cryftalline humours,good vifory fpirits. 
Pity it is, that there iliould be any vermine at Court,any fpiders 
hanging upon the Kings rafters , that there iliould be any bad 
tongues nigh to the Kings eares , any bad eyes nigh to the Kings 
face;no,though there may be fome diftempered fights in the King- 
dome, yet it were fliame and horrour , if there ihould be a Poly- 
phemus , and a Cyclop, howfoever a Tlrejias and a Hypfea. What 
they which eat the Kings bread, and are fworne to preferve the 
Kings perfon,not clear-fighted to fee his honour? then they defervc 
neither the eyes in their heads , nor the necks on their ilioulders. 
The Furclfer is the fitceft Oculift to cure fuch bbud-lhotten eyes. 
And as I would take all bad eyes out of the Court,fo my defire is to 
free the Kingdome from fuch bad-fighted people. Rebellion is an 
high defect in the eye of Subjection , therefore let all beware how 
they comply with the fand-blind , ftark-blind generation , for If 
the blind lead the blmd both mil fall into the ditch. Therefore if 
there be a King , then amongft you give him the reverence and 
light of his Name , that is , be ye Loyal to him. Do ye 
all then make a Covenant with your eyes not to looh^ upon a maid y 
that beautifullDamofelofdifloyalty ; if flie with her ftir fpeech 
can make you to yield , and with her flattering lips intice you to 

ftep 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. t 7 

ftcp in to her, ye go like an oxe to the (laughter , and like a fool to 
the flocks of correction, till a dart doth ftrike through your liver, 
or ye be as a bird, which hafteneth to the fnare, not .knowing that 
it is for your life. Beware therefore that ye do not commit for- 
nication with that noted proftitute , ilie will bring you to a morfcl 
of bread, and hunt for your precious life; howfoever a wound, and 
di (honour ye {hall get , and your reproach fTtall never be wiped 
away. Keep therefore a chad: heart to your own Bridegroom, and 
feek not after ft range fleih. If ye do commit uncleanneffe, ye may 
thank your wandring eyes, and your eyes full of adultery, Monar- 
chy is that Government, which ye ought to be efpoufed to. Look 
therefore where ye (hould look, and fee whom ye (hould fee, and 
that is a King; See him to be a King , and fee him,as a King ; for 
that duty is that which mull compleat the delight of my Text,T7?/W 
eyes frail fee the King. 

Fifthly, this doth lerve to reprove thcmjvhicb would quite ta^e 
a Kirg out of the world, which would not have one King for any 
eye to look upon ; thefe arc the right Bafiliskes to tting to death 
the Bafiiic calling. "Bewtels a King (hall be fo farre from being 
/3«crx? , the foundation of a Commonwealth, that he {hall be /Wi/** 
the mifchief , and deftru6tion of a Commonwealth. Good Com- 
monwealth-men they are in the mean while, which take away the 
honour and Ornament of a Commonwealth. For a King in a 
Commonwealth is like the heart in the body , the root in the tree, 
the Spring in the ftream, the Eagle in the skye , the Sun in the fir- 
mament, & thefe pink-eyed people look upon a King not only with 
difdain, but defiance. Ntque mel, neque apes ; They like not Tryphofo 
the hony of Government , nor the Bee that (hould afford it them. 
This wild colt that he might not be backed at all neigheth up and 
down in the world againlt the Rider, and faith , Tolle calcar take Ariftoph* 
away the very Spur. To fuch a King is an hcart-gripe,an eye-fore, 
yea they can look upon their Fawnes, and Satyres, An^kjms, and 
Zanz,ummims, Arbahs, and Afhbibenobs with more delight then 
upon a King.What need have we of a King? what doth a: King a- 
mongft us? They have cried themfelves fo long to be the free-born 
people of England , that they would not onely be free in refpect 
of liberty , but free in refpec"t of So veraignty . Oh this fame Mo- 
narchy (fay they) is the great bondage of the world/ Xing-fhip, 

£ 2 and 



28 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

Virgil, and Gofpel-fhip cannot {land together. Cur non Mopfe? why not 
brother of Chrift? How can Chrift be a King here, when he faith, 
that his Kingdom is not of this world ? doubtlefife thefe perfons 
make thcmfelves Angels which expect Chrift to Reign over them? 
Why may not Kings here exercife authority,when Chrift fuffered 
them ? He paid tribute to C<efar y and wifhed all men to give unto 
Cdfarjhe things that are Cafars. Why do he himfelf often com- 
pare himfelf to a King , and call himfelf the King, of Kings , if 
there fhould be no fuch thing as a King ? Was is not prophefied, 
that Kings fhould be nourfmg fathers to the Church} yes, and in 
the time of the Gofpel, it is laid, that Kings fh all hate the whore^ 
and eat herflefh, and burn her wlthfire.Kty. Ij.i6. and that not 
onely the people which are faved fhould w all-in the light of the 
new Jerufalem, but that the Kings of the earth fhould bring glo~ 
ry^and honour to if. Rcv.2 1:24. In what one place of the whole 
Scripture is it faid that there fhall be no Kings?no,I find it not in 
Holy writ, but in holy fancy,in the Ac-Is of the Pragmatical. I be- 
lieve the religion of the buftncile is rapine , that fuCh might fhare 
amongft them the Crown-Land, & every Mechanick might fit in 
a Chairc of State; goodly Domination we fhould have under fuch 
Kings, their free Monarchy would be as good as their free Mini- 
ftcry. But let them leave fulminating againft Kings, for I do not 
find in the whole Bible one thunder-bolt caft at the calling. If 
Scripture be their Rule , I do not fee there but that Kings may as 
well enjoy their Robes, as they their unlaced Jackets. The Gofpel 
doth take away from none propriety, nor from Kings Prerogative. 
Chrift knew that Kings would' be the beft Guardians to his 
Church,for from whom hath Christianity received more fuffrage 
and Patronage, favour and furtherance , promotion and propaga- 
tion then from Kings? who were greater Fofter-fathers to Religion, . 
then Conflantine, Theodofus, Justinian, Gratian^Tlberlus the fe- 
cond,Theophil?is y and many others ? oh thefe were the great Pil- 
lars to fupport the building , the Torch-bearers of faith , the high 
Stewards in Chrift Court , and the high Chamberlains to the 
fpoufe of Chrift jefus. The Church had never more Sovereignty, 
then by thefe pious Princes wearing the Crofs upon their Crowns. 
When Kings had the .command of the Churches mint , there was 
coine truly, ftimped, we had fince little elfc but Alchy my 5 when 

thefe; 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. i 9 

thefe Fathers begat Children to God Almighty we had a lovely 
Progeny , we have had fince too many Harmaphrodites. Allnd 
fceptrttm, allud pleBrum. It is one thing to be a good Monarch, 
another thing to be a good Minftrel , vulgar fpirits are not fit for 
publick Government. Quid caco cum fpeculo ? What fhould a 
blind man do with a glaffe ? fo what fhouldan ignorant Plebeian 
do with the glaife of Magistracy? fell crocoton ? (hall the Moufe- 
catcher weate the Robe of honour ? Alia Menecles, alia Porcel- 
lus. The Tradef-man doth (peak of one thing, and the Prince of 
another. What then? is not every man fit to be a Prince, and yet 
are there men apt to pull down Princes,that Kings being (tripped, 
Canvas-coat might -weare the Robe ? Alas , efqullla non nafcitur 
rofa, there muft be an indoles for Government. What then? fhall 
we have Princes blown away with a whirle-wind ? no,Chrift can- 
not fpare them ; He which doth give lavves for Princes to be re- 
verenced' doth not make them Out-lawes^ Chrift will not lofe his 
chief, and beft fervant out of his Family. Chrift doth find Princes 
{o beneficial to him, that his Kingdom , and their Kingdom iliall 
fall together. And yet thefe Larves of profeffion, Hob-goblins of 
Chriftianity,Zanies of the Gofpel, Decoyes of faith,and Cacoda% 
mons of a Church ,. what a clamour do they r a if e in the world to 
pull down all Princes. But they which are Arch-Diffembleis in o- 
ther things, which fay they are all fpirit , and yet we find them 
rank flefh;which fay they muft not fight , and yet they are ever 
with a fword in their hands ; which fay they muft turn the other 
cheek alfo , and yet arc ever anon fifting our cheeks-;, which fay 
that they deftre nothing but liberty of confeience, & yet their pra- 
6tife hath been to infkveall them which are not of their own con- 
feience; which fay that they would pofferTe the earth as the meek, 
and yet have poneffed the earth as the furious ; thefe men as they 
have been equivocal in all other things , fo much more in this of 
Government^,. for they would have no Kings, that Beggars might 
be Kings, not to carry thename,but to exercife the power of Kings 
to the height. To get the Scepter into their hand how turbulent, 
and truculent have they beert ? Germany hath felt enough of them 
by the uproars which were raifed by Thomas Munt&er^ohn Buck- 
hold, David George Bernard Knlpper 'doling, &c. but the faddeft 
Tragedy hatb been referved to be a£ted upon our Stage.. Who 

have 



to ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

have rifled houfes, and fteyned the land with bloud more then the 
Anabaptifts , Levellers and fifth Monarchy-men ? In all the wars 
who were more forward and fierce then thefe? whofc voyces were 
louder ? whofe fwords were {harper ? who have fhewn more rage 
againft the Kingdome, and more rancour againft Kings? Are not 
thefe the men, which chafed away our Dread Soveraign Charles 
the firft of blcffcd memory from his Court ? which fought againft 
him to the laft firoke? which when they had taken him prifoner car- 
ried him up & down the Land in Triumph Pplucked him to prifon, 
when he was ready to be reftored to his Throne , which fet up an 
High Court of Jufticc againft him , arraigned him , cried out for 
Juftice againft him, condemned him, and the faddeft word which 
ever was fpoken in Chriftendom,beheaded him? Are not thefe the 
men which did voce that our Dread Soveraign Charles the fecond 
of bleffed prefence ftiould never return to his Throne, and when to 
aftonifhment he was voted in, was there not their great Champion 
with his Myrmidons at his heels at Edge-hill,what in him and his 
Iay,to keep him out? & when by Miracle he was brought into the 
Nation , were not thefe the men which have been continually 
murmuring, and mutining and breaking out intobloudy attempts, 
thrcatning at one time that they would deftroy the King, and all 
the Royall race , and aiTayling at another time to have blunder- 
buffed both King and Kingdome? Yet is it not to be feared, that 
the wild beaft of the Forreft fhall be let loofe to range again?fhall 
we hardly believe the Tiger to be cruel , till he hath gorged him- 
felf with a general {laughter ? Are fuch to be won with kindneffe? 
or reclaimed with clemency? No, I am afraid that they are Cockjt- 
trices, that will never be charmed.And yet fome mortified man,or 
other will be pleading for thefe felf-denying brethren, faying this 
will be the laft of their praclifes , and therefore pardon that which 
ispaft. Pardon ? what till they dafh out our brains with a pardon 
in their hands? Is it pity to fpare vermine, Leopards, Crocodiles? 
Beware of Sauls pity in fparing A gag till the Kingdom be rent 
away for him,or of Ahabs pity in fparing Benhadad , till life go 
for life, i Kings 20. 42.^Such prodigious male-contents are omi r 
nous, and if they be not timely & feverely punifhed,they threaten 
a bloudy fate to the whole Nation , that the King fhall be made „i 
Sacrifice ,. and the Kingdom a whole Burnt-offering. Wrr * 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 31 

laft wind-up of fuch a connivence will be , mox [ciemtu melius Tl**> 
vate , In a fhort time we may know better , then if any Prophet 
foretold it. Poft rem devoratam ratio ? When all is devoured, Seneca t 
fhall we then confult how to prcferve our felves?ls not the hazard 
at this time great ? yes , men cannot eat with comfort , nor trade 
withfafety, nor walk with onfidence,nor fleep with quiet fo long 
as the Canaanite is in the Land. The Kingdom cannot have peace 
till the head of Sheba be caft over the walls. Let us not truft 
their foft fpeeches, till they have made us fpeechle(fc,nor their pak 
faces,till they have made us look with grifly faces.I read of Maho- 
metane Hemiits which lived in woods as men dead to the world , 
till they had gotten difciplcs enough about them,and they fet upon 
the King of Fez,, and Morocco, and deprived him both of Crown KnalUiln 
and life. So this critical, hypocritical generation willfo long in- 7" J?J 
fatuate us with their tender confeiences till they cut in pieces our *J' ^ 
tender heart-lid ngs. Robes,and Rochets, Stars,and Collars of S.S. 
look to your felves, if they give but one twitch more at you , they 
will do their beft to pluck them quite off, and then deride you for 
your Indulgence. Look not to their pretences , but to their Para- 
doxes, not to their Magical charmes, but to their bloudy Maximes. 
Shall we never know their tenets till we have learned them with 
friivered skuis , nor underhand their principles till they be printed 
upon the Countrycs dead carkafTes ? They which want good man- 
ners we fhall find little morality from them ; they which will not 
ftir their hats to us,they are (taking at our heads; they which have 
nothing but Thou in their mouthes,they do count us bafe , and tell 
us by that fcorning word, that they are ready to fhew themfelves 
barbarous. A little of their fa vage nature is made apparent,but they 
have [even abominations in their hearts , which were never yet 
difcovered to the world. Thus much we may evidently, and expe- 
rimentally conclude concerning them , that they would deftroy all 
Lawye s,gibbet all Nobles, crucify all Bifhops,rmd decoll all Kings, 
and for a fair tsyles fake fliall we fuffer thefe Panthers to go fcot- 
free ? (hall chey cut our throats with aenigmaes ? and wring off our 
necks with Hieroglyphicks ? Ah this fame new Monarchy doth 
threaten to root out all old Monarchies / and thefe fame Anaba- 
ptifts will hazard to rebaptize the Land in her own blood. What 
do they dream of, and what may we dread but a general Maffacrc? 

Are 



3 z ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

Are our wounds then fcarce healed, and Shall we tender fuch ftah- 
beis ? Is common bloud-fhed daily puniShed with death, and i"hall 
we Spare fuch incorrigible Murthereis? If they could but repent, I 
would teare the heart out of my bofomeif it fhould want mercy 
towards them. If Saul would become Paul, I would -then embrace 
him as a convert,as a Saint; all the ha vocks which have been made 
in the Church j and the cruel outrages for me fhould be forgotten, 
and forgiven; but when their principles are no King, no lawes, no 
Miniftery,nofuperiority,no propriety, I cannot count th'efe ten- 
der consciences, nor carry a tender confeience towards rifeemi. Till 
they 1 enounce their opinions, I do renounce them , and cannot 
think but all their fair words do but prepare , and fore-run (what 
in them ly) a foul day c They may make themfelves inftantly Se- 
cure , if they pi cafe , they would have made us abjure all Kingly 
Government to be lawfull , if they will but abjure that as an exe- 
crable opinion,and give reall aSTurances, that they abhorre it,then 
all anger,and fear is at end,but if they perfift in thisTragical tenet, 
I know not how to pity them , which pity none but themfelves ; 
till this be done all their Declarations are but Incantations, 

Fiflula dulce canit > 

The pipe indeed doth play fweetly,but it is at the Fowlers lips, and 
let the Birds look to their necks. If they will give us no pledges 
of their converfion , and fidelity , I know not why we Should put 
any confidence, or affiance in. them; for the queftion then isonely 
this, whether the fecurity of Confpiratours , or the fecurity of the 
Nation be more requisite ; whether it were better to prefervethe 
lives of lawleffe Malccontents, or the life of a lawfull King ; if the 
Sages of the Nation can fave themfelves, let them Save them ; but 
if all true-hearted Subject live in daily fright of them,it were bet- 
ter that they fhould groane under juStice , then that we Should 
groan our laft. Becattfe [entence again ft anevill worsts not 
executed fpeedily , therefore the hearts of the children of men are 
fully fet to do evill. JEcclef. 8. 1 1 . Vnto the horfe belongeth a whip, 
and to the ajje a bridle , a»d a rod to the fools bacl^. Prov.2 6\ J. 
If the wicked be worthy to be beaten, the Judge (hallcaufe him to 
ly down, and to be beaten before hi* face. Deut.2 5.2. Well, if for 
all this thefe muft live , and live with this cancer in their brefls, or 
rather with this fteelctto in their conScienci-s , yet let them go live 

where 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. . 31 

where they may do no mifchief,and may not be a continual Dread. 
Seeing they are fo ready to fight againft their own Country-men, 
fend them to fight againft the great Turk;or they which are fo fet 
upon killing, let them be conveyed into fome Ifland , where they 
may turn Huntfmen to kill wild beafts, for according to their pre- 
fent principles , they are fitter to go live amongft Savages , and 
Wolves then amongft men of morality , and Chriftianity. Or yet 
further if the mercy of the Land muft be the mifery of the Land , 
that here they mult continue if not to our death (perhaps) yet to 
our terrour, then let all beware how they do confort with them, or 
in the leaft manner comply with them , for they are the pcfts of 
States,and prodigees of Nations , they approve of no Government* 
they reject all Kings.And can there be greater Monfters in humane 
fociety, then iuch fword-men againft authority, and Headfmen to 
Kings? no, thefe are the worft eyes that can be in the head of a 
Nation, becaule the beft eyes do delight in the prefence of a King, 
and count it an happinlTe to fee a King, for Thine eyes (ball fee the 
King, 

5. Part, In his Beauty. 

Now let us come to the luftre of the Gemmc , the Beauty of the 
King , Thine eyes (ball fee the King in his Beauty, From hence 
obferve , that the glorious King is the King (bining in thefplex- 
dour of his Royalties; not onely when an excellent title,but excel- 
lent Majesty is added to />/V#.Dan.4 # 36.not onely when the Land 
is the Land of his inheritance , but the Land of his Dominion. 
2 Chron.8. 6. no: onely when he hath the chief place amongft 
men , but when he hath the chief power amongft men , when he 
doth rule over men. 2 Sam. 2 2. 3. It is not the Crown , but the 
Crown-right, which doth make a King, othenvife Kingfhip is but 
nohilisfervitusy a noble kind of fervitude. Nihil beatumjine li- p w* 
bertate. Nothing can be called bleffed without liberty. Magni- re *\ '*' 
ficence without juft power is but a golden chain. When the title r 'l\ 
is with one, and the command with others , this is rather to look Erafm.in 
upon Kings,then to live aKing.Therefore was it faid of Vefpafian^ **pofh. • 
that when newes was brought him concerning the accidents which ^ ietWttn 
had happened x<yVitellins , that a certain Majesty #rofe in his c 'y* 

F countc- 



34- ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

countenance, which was never [e en before ,which did fore-tell, that 
ere long he fhould be Emperour.Thc Majefty of a Kiflg then is the 
ttue Inauguration of a King, for what is Majefty,but Major pote- 
fias, the greater power ? Deprive a Kiijg then of his Royal power, 
and men had as g^od pluck the Crown from his Head , this is truly 
Crimen Ufa MajeFtatis, that though men never touch the Kings 
Perfon, yet they touch his Ma jefty, and this haughtinefle of it felf 
is high treafon. If I be a Father where is my honour ? So if there 
be a King, where is his Royalty ? Thofe things , which do imme- 
diately pertain to a King fhould have an inherent dignity in them y 
Valer. m, 7 ea > it i s not fitting rtliquias Regis jacere inhonoratas , that the 
/.3.C i. very Reliques of a King inould remain without honour , as PW. 
Maximum faith concerning Perfes. Trafe as, though a great Prieft 
in Rome was accufed,becaufe he was not prefent in the beginning 
Tacit. of the yearto take the folerrm Oath to the Emperour , nor did ap- 
1. 16. pear at the publication of the publick vowes for his health. So any 
thing which tends to the diminution of a Kings honour is repre- 
henfibile,and criminal. Cicero pleading for Deiotarus a King,faith, 
Tull.QYdt. Semper in hac civitate regium nomen fanflum fuit. The name of 
fro Deio- a King was ever holy in this City. So that is the beft City and 
utQi Country, where the name of a King is mod Sacred, & the perfon 
of a King moft reverenced. Wherefore doth the Scripture hy^Fear 
God, and honour the King, i Pet. 2. 17. but that God would have 
a King to be honoured, as well as himfelf to be feared? There was a 
cultome in Lacedemonia that men fhould rife up to none but the 
tieracli- K'mo^iTid the Ephori, and doubtleffe a dirtincl veneration do be- 
cedem. ' ^ 0I1 o t0 Kmp. He that doth take away from a /Gng his prepoten- 
rej>. cy and Supremacy had as good fteal the Crown Jewels. The Voon, 

that is the /<Ting of Japonia had a ponyard lying on the one fide 
of his Throne , and a bow and arrowes on the oth?r fide of his 
loh.M: Throne, to fhew that they which did wound the icings honour 
tdlM. were fit to be difpatched out of the world , and I think that our 
Kings have a Scepter, and a Sword for the fame end. Facilem fe 
Calliflrat. pr&beat Princeps , fed contemni non patiatur. Let a Prince fihew 
inuX 1. himfelf affable t0 the people , but let him not furfer himfelf to be 
contemned. For if he hath loft his dignity, he is a Xmg,but with- 
out Royalty. An arrogant Courtier, or an infolent Statefman that 
is too bold with the .Kings power is next to a Rebel > which doth 

fight 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 35 

fight againft him with an armed hand. A wife counfcl is requi- 
site for a JGng , but counfcl had need have in it two grains of 
modefty to one of direction. If it troubled David fo much that he 
had cut off the lap of Sauls garment,then how may it trouble them 
which cut off half of the Robe of Majefty , Authority Principe Tacit.I.t. 
nata eft ex metu & admiratione. The authority of a Piince isnnnaL 
begotten of fear , and admiration. When a -King then hath loft 
his dread and reverence he is but a painted Sun. Vulgm facile in- iUCurt ¥ 
folefcit. The vulgar is apt to grow infolent, but this audaciouf- 
neffe is to be rcprefted. Therefore Ariftotle would not have too Ar \ai % %i 
much honours given to Subjects , left they fhould hold themfelves^ /*v. 
Compeers with their Vrince.Periculofuw femper eft nomen priva- c.\ i. 
ti hominis fupra principle attolli, It is ever pciillous for the name ^ t0 ' c ?p % 
of any private man to be equalled , or preferred before the Prince. "' 

Majeflas in Principe eftvelut anima regni. Majefty in a Prince Seneca. 
is as it were the foul of the Kingdom. Ouam tut a navigatio eft y l.i> de 
uhi naut& gubernatori non pare ant } what fafe fay ling is there cie . m ' 
where the Mariners do not obey the Ship-Mafter ? Contempt is^ *° CA * v 
as great a feeds-man of rebellion as he tied, for the one is begotten hifior. 
of ambition as Well as the other of difcontent. It was contempt 
which raifed up Arfacesa°a.in{\ Sardan*palus,Dion againft -D/0- 
nyjiusfyrtu againft Aflyages, and Senthes againft Amadocns, oh 
it is an heavy thing when , 

fubverfa jacebit Tlttt.in 

Priftina Ma]es~bas foliorum, Rom - **' 

When the Majefty of Thrones come to be fubverted. Cotumix *{?£ b 
Quayle faith Hefychiiu doth come of kotI&> ,and fyy^both which y revi £„ 
words do fignify a bird , as if a Quayle were the bird of birds, rituram, 
now one of thefe Quayles righting with many birds remaining inqu&vi* 
Conquerour over all , Erothetuthz Procuratour of Egypt bought, rt P nnctm 
and thinking that it was as good in tart, as in fighting, he kild it-W^ 
and eat it , which Augustus Cxfar hearing of, he fent for Ero-^uius 
them and nailed him to a fhipmaft,becaufe for his appetite he had^rew,c 
deftroyed a Victorious Bird. If he were fo feverely punifhed which'"??*™* 
abufed a Royal Bird, then what may they deferve, which abafe,and£ e e fe ^* 
vilipend Royal Dignity }Petrus Crinitus hath a notable difcourfe, v.Crinii 
■ that when Anacharps came to Athens , and faw the Princes hwzl.i.deho- 
onely giving counfcil for things to be done,& the people -decreeing **&•&/** 

F 2 all,*™ * 



36 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

all,he cried out,Oh Commonwealth in afhort time coming to ruin y 
where the Princes pr •of ound things, ayid the people determine them! 
So if a Prince be not Superiour in command ir is to take in pieces 
the joints of a Throne, and to bring down a King that ftiould or- 
der all to the wills of Inferiours.Let as much honour as can be be 
given to faithfull Counfell , but ftill let th: Prerogative be invio- 
lable. It is good advife, if well liftened to , which is given in the 
8 .of Ecckt.i. I advert if e thee to take heed to the KingsCommand- 
ment, and that in refpetl of the Oath of God , becaufe God hath 
precepted, and fwore a whole Kingdom to the Commandement of 
a King.For wherefore is he a King,if he ftiould ftand by to fee his 
Commands vilified, and neglected ? would a mafter of the an vile, 
or theawle, or the frippery wares be thus ufed? Let every one then 
have his iig\\t,honour to whom honour belongeth, Royalty to whom 
Royalty belongeth.If a King doth want his juft authority he is but 
an appellative King. For what is it. to fee a King weare Robes, 
fit m a Throne, bold a Scepter , if he doth want his Sovereignty? 
this is but to fee a King in his Bravery , and not a King in his 
Beauty. In beauty there mud be no skarre,fo in the Government 
no reftraint of juft authority. He is never a compleat King , till 
jt m h. there be inconcuffa Libert as, unfhaken liberty in governing. Leo 
Tetrarcb. ubicunque eft, Leo eft, A Lion wherefoever he be,he is a Lion;fo 
a King wherefoever he be he muft be reigning. The King muft 
give the word to the whole Nation, all muft incline t a* follow hintk 
Judg.9.3 • they rnuft be ** his bidding, r Sam.2 z.i^.At his wor4 
they muft go out, and at his word they muft come /W.Num.27.2 i„ 
They muft move forward,& backward,as he doth give the charge. 
A rcfplendcnt King is he which is Imperial , which is povterfull 
in having his Mandates bbferved , This is a King in his beauty. 
Thine eyes (hall fee the King in his Beauty. 
Abvlic F^ft* tnat tne tr * a ^ °£ BleiTings is in the beauty of them; not the 
' enjoyment of a thing,but the qualification of a thing is that which 
makes it comfortable; many things-are pofTefled, but the heart tafts 
not the true fwectneffe of them, for they come maymed , or defe- 
ct./, 1. 6t.ivc. Tully doth call that Decorum,* comely thing,which hath in 
*jf- it that which is natura confentaneum,a°Yecab\c to the nature of it, 

for if there be not ro *-{c*-«r, that which is convenient, there can- 
not be to tlrtuor, that which is beautiful! ; the Hebricians doe de- 
rive 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 37 

live beauty from congruity , fo that which do come ihort of the Kifdron 
jult aptitudes doth fuffer an high diminution in the nature and ho- a 
nour of a bleifing. And how many of thefe half-faced bldlmgs a ' c C 
aretlicie? as God gives a man wit,and no difcretion ; birth, and 
nogcnciofity of fpirit; gifts,and no faith;zeale,and no confcience; 
do not the Scripture fpeak of fuch unhappy bleffings? yes, of houfes 
without a man, 9. Ii.6. of a womb, but barren, Q.Hof.14. °ffa e p 
without a fhrpheard. Num.27. 1 7. of a man to whom God, hath 
given riches, treafures ,and honour , and he wanteth nothing for 
his fo til of all that it defreth , but Godgiveth him not power to 
eat thereof, but a flranger eat it up. Ecclef.6. 2. how then can 
thefe be proper bletfings ? no, they have a blcmifh , & quod eft de- 
forme nihil ornare potest, That which is deformed nothing (in the 
(late that it is in) can adorne it. Search thy bleffings then,whcther 
they be true bleiTings; thou main 1 enjoy fome things , that may be 
iicknefles to thee , yea cockatrices egges hatched to fting thee to 
death ; a fire not blown may con fume thee in the pofTeiTion of 
them. Job 20. 26. God may caft abominable filth upon thee by 
them. Nahum.2. 6. ye may be able to feaft richly,and your Tables 
may be made afnare, and your prof peri ty a mine. Vi.69^22.. ye 
may be heirs to plentifull efiates , which your progenitours have 
gotten by ufury, bribeiy, extortion , facriledge, and God may lay 
the for row of the Fathers upon the children. Job 2 1 . 19. ye may 
have fortified your felvcs in wicked courfes ,. and drawn in the 
ftrength of the Land to defend you in damnable dengues., and yet 
ye may be cast down in the midst- y Micah d.14. and though ye 
'have had never fo many HeEtors on your fide , yet your puiffant 
Stabbcrs may become pufillanimous,for the flout -hearted arc fpoyl- 
ed , they have Jlept their (leep , aadall the men of might have not 
found their hands. Pf.76.5. ye may have raifed up. falfe worfhips 
in the Nation, and have had notable fuccelTe in beguiling linkable 
fouls, but your forccreffe Je^abel may be call out ?t the window; 
For they (hall prevail no longer , but their madneffe jhall be made 
manifest to all men. 2Tim # 3.£. The t home , and the thistle 
may come upon your Altars. Hof.io. 8. Bleffe not your felves 
then in every thin^ , which doth carry the appearance of a blef- 
fing , for I do read that God docs turn many bleffings into curfes. 
Mal.2.2.. 



3 S ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

To a man that is now called lhiningly happy there may inftant- 
ly come fad changes. Alexander wrot letters in the height of his 
fortunes :o Antipater by a McfTengcr called osfthlittjj Diogenes 
/landing by when the letters were delivered, what faith he , do:h 
Brufon Alexander fend letters by ^Athlim} this doth (hew that he will 
/. 6. be unfortunate, for Athlim ad Athlium per Athlium^ He which 

will be unfortunate doth lent letters to him that may be unfortu- 
nately him, that is named Unfortunate. So a mans welfare that 
wants the complexion ofGods blefling in the face of it,let him com- 
mend it to one of his deareit Complices , yet Athlim carryes the 
meflage , and there is nothing but unfortunate to be expected to 
the man, or his Adherents.Sufpect thy bleflings then,till thou haft 
examined the vifages of them , and thou fmdeft them by God to 
be made truly amiable; elfe they may be too hot for thy hands,thou 
maift drink poyfon in a fweet draught , thou maift (wallow down 
a hook with the bait, the moth may be got into them , the line o£ 
confufion may be ftretchcd over them ; as great heaps as thou haft 
gathered together God may fan in the gate of the Land ; as fair 
locks as thou haft,God may bring his rafour upon thy head;as boy- 
irerous as thou haft been , God may run upon thee like a Gyant ; 
he may blow upon all that thou haft, make thy heels bare,and fend 
thee to go feek thy bread out of defolate places. It is not the blef- 
fingthen, but the Beauty of the blerTing which doth make it tru- 
ly happy; a mifhapen blerTing is like Moab , a vefj ell wherein there 
is no pleafure.]QY.<n.$. 38. God does not alwayes promote men to 
afford them true felicity, no, he raifcs up men for a while at laft to 
make their image defpifed. Pfal.73.20. and to dtaw them from 
their ceiled parlours , where they have been beaking their felves 
by their bright , and fparkling fires, to a cold, daik place , where 
there (hall be neither coals to warm themjior light to ft by. If. 47. 
14. See then how a curfe may purfuc you after all the profpenty 
that ye have enjoyed ; if ye want the comelinclfe of a blerTing, ye 
want the comfort of it , as here it was not enough for God to pre- 
fent as a blefling to his dcareft people,that they lliould have liber- 
ty with their eyes to fee a King, but they fhould fee the King in hU 
Beauty. Thine eyes (hall fee the King in his Beauty. 

Se- 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 39 

Second iy,this doth fhew unto us,that God can give us beaut'ifull 
bleffings , Oh how plenteous is the goodneffe that thou haft laid up 
In flare for them that fear thee I J&ttfftap* pulchra tabemacula, 
O Jacob ! How beaatifull , or goodly are thy tents oh Jacob l and 
thy habitations oh Ifrael I Th: fpark^of the wickjd (hall not fhlne. 
lob. 1 o. 5. but the righteous iliall be a fhinin^ people. Light is 
[own for the righteous , Pf.97. II. A rife oh Jerufalem and be 
bright, If.60.1 . for Gods face do fbine upon his fervams, and his 
candle do fo iliine upon their heads that their very pathes do fhine, 
the beauty of the Lord their God is upon them V(. 90. if yea their 
name is fpread among the heathen, for their beauty , and they are 
made per fell: through his beauty. Ezech. 16.14. Gods bleffings give 
them a fair neck^. Hof. 10. 11. make their faces purer then f now, 
whiter then milk^ , more ruddy then Rubles , or the polifhedSa- 
pA/r.Lam.4.7. yea they are fo adorned,and decked, as if they had 
a beautifull Crown upon their heads. Ezech. 1 6.1 2. oh then that 
we would ferve Go.d in the beauty of hclineffe, what amiable blef- 
lings might we enjoy under him > for , How great is his goodneffe ! 
and how great is his beauty! Zach.9.1 7.that is,the goodneffe of his 
mercies, and the beauty of his benefits; his favour is fplendour , his 
bounty is beauty , Oh that we would be good we fhould find God 
goodnefTe it felf. The hand of the Lord is upon all them that feek^ 
him in goodneffe . Ezra 8. 22. they which feek^the Lord want 
nothing that is good.Vi. 34.1 o. He giveth to all men liberally, and 
reproacheth no manjamzs i.J.He loadeth ns with benefit s.T*{.6%. 
1 9. he will pour out bleffings till there [hall be no room to receive 
them.Mzl.j.io. They which diligently obey the voice of the Lord, 
and obferve, and do all his Commandments, all thefe bleffings (hall 
come upon them, and overtake them. Dcut.28.1 ,2. yea where,and 
in what fhall they not be bleffed? They fhallbe bleffed in the Clty y 
and In the field, in the fruit of their body, and In the fruit of their 
ground , In their basket , and In their dough, and in their ftore- 
houfes, and in all that theyfet their hand unto\the\r enemies that 
rife up agalnSt them (hall fall before them , they fhall come out a- 
gainft them one way, and flee from them f even wayes,they (hall be 
the head,& not the tail, above, and not beneath,be able to lend, and 
not to borrow, yea their God will open his good treafure , and leave 
fttch char aft erlfing markj of his bounty , that all the people of the 

tarth 



4 o ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

earth fh all fee that the name of the Lord k called upon by them, 
and they (hall be afraid of them, Deut.2 8 . i o. or as it in If. 6 1 .p. 
Their feed (hall be known among ft the Gent lles,and their buds a- 
mongft the people. All that fee them,(hali know them, that they are 
the feed , which the Lord hath bleffed. If.d i . 9. yea , it is Gods 
goodneffe which maketh him fo appetible, goodneffe is the proper 
object of his will, as if he had not a will in him , but to communi- 
cate the effluxes of his kindnefTe , and favour to his dear ones ; by 
that he is not onely a free Agent, and fo doth nothing out of ne- 
ccflity , but a liberal Agent, becaufe he does a£r, good with an erai- 
nency. God is love, John 1. 4. becaufe he hath nothing but love in 
, j him, there is praiceptum, Con/ilium, & operatio boni in Deo , Pie- 
t * ,^. cept, counfel , and operation of good in God. Yea,whercas many 
rf.u. other affections are but 411 God interpretatively, according to the 
fimilitude of the erFe&,love is God properly ,and cffentially , for it 
is the fiih 1 motion of his will; yea^ joy and delight,defire and hope 
are not fo properly in God as love , becaufe all thefe are but ema- 
nations of it, they having love for their fpring, or root. It is fuch 
a fweet property , that whercfoever it doth arredl it cannot but be 
difpeifing, and exhibiting , for amare nihil eft , nifivelle bonum 
xKq.io' a ^ lCHt -> t0 l° ve IS nothing but to will good to another. Therefore 
«f.2. love is implanted into God , and hath a neceffary connexion with 
^tfsidet him, for fo long as he is a God,he cannot but be a beneficent God; 
JDe0,Cr a ^ e e ^ €( ^ s °f tn * s l° ve are f° num erous and confpicuous , that the 
T^'pfo memor y °f Gods favours, is worl^enough for all the vertues. Find 
necefsitu- m e out Gods true Favourites , and I wil foon fhew you their rich 
dine con- Largeffes, like Noble-mens children they never walk^ abroad , but 
jim&d. ffoey carr y their Jewel of honour about their neckj. Cleomenes, 
ttyfi- 1 * and PtolomtHs , which had the firnamcs of Euerget<z,vtzxo. never 
tdHper. comparable to our benigne God,for he does exceeding aboundantly 
am.c above all that -we can ask^ or think^there is no end of his goodnefs. 
benig. As Plutarch reports oiTimoleon that he rcjoyced tam immenfam 
comp. Be- mu ltitpidinem hominum vitam agere beatamfua opera , tnat fuch 
nefiao- a mu i t i tu ^ c f men ii ve( l an happy life by his means; fo it is Gods 
memoria ddight that he hath fuch a multitude of Courtiers which are fu- 
fujjiciens 

efladvirtutumlaborem.Cbryf.bom.67. in Gen. Sunt ut divitumfilii qui or natus gratia *u- 
reum monilegc(lant>& nunquam deponunt,veluti nMiutis fignum circumfereme; , ey often. 
tantts.Chryfbom.i.ad Pbilippenfet. 

lteined 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 41 

£tined by hispenfions. Oh then that ye would feive God, what 
mio-ht ye not receive of his bounty?ye might mount upon the high 
places of the earth , the Crownes might then be to Helem. Tiie 
golden phial with rich treafure which JEmllius bellowed upon pj„ # . in 
Tubero for his fervicc in die waragainft Perfeus; the golden hand VaAo M- 
which Boleflaus the third of Hungary gave unto Zellflaus for a "»#* 
hand which he had loft in a fight againft the Moravians ; the Crmtr < 
golden bullock , which Lucius Minutius received for deftroying ^ a ^// # 
Sf. Melius ; the high priviledges , and prefents which Cyrus feat /. s . £«.$< 
to the Arimafp for their.relieving him at an exigent; the infinite Diodor. 
gifts which Xerxes beftowed upon Pythius the Phrygian for en- * f * /,I 7* 
tertaining his whole Army, weie never like to the Donatives , and £n ' ' 
Benevolences which we might receive from God. But here is our 
bafenefle, that we look for every thing that is beautifull , but will 
do nothing which is beautifull , where is our beautifull repentance, 
innoccncy,devotioiij watchf'»lnefTe,medi:ation?alas no,the Apoftlc 
may fay,Ifany things be comely feeJ^afur thofe things ',lut we are 
not for thefe vovft, and fpecious things, whereby we might affe& 
Gods eyes, or enflame his defires towards us ; we are very prompt 
at filthy things, filthy fpcech, filthy Iufts,filthy vomits, filthy lucre 
(our confeiencesare defiled , and our conventions difteined) but 
for doing any thing which might be acceptable and amiable,which 
might plcafe Gods fight, and ingratiate us into his favour,we have 
no skill in it. So that ye fee what it is that does diminish your feli- 
city , and make you walk up and down with your femi-profperity, 
namely , becaufe ye will not be eminently Godly. There is not a 
more aufpicious thing in the world then Religion. Oh ye muft 
fetch welfare into the Nation with your watery eyes, and oended 
knees, and mortified brefts , and cleanfed confeiences, and regene- 
rate fruits ; your zeal in your Churches , and clofets , and bed- 
chambers would do more good, then all counfel-chambers. A few 
penitents, and Saints would be better Patriots then all the States- 
men in the Land. If ye would forfake your brutifh Iives,and fen- 
fual courfes, your hypoenfy, and faition,your Chuich-fpleen,?nd 
LitMrgy.fpignt^reftore your ill-gotten goods , and fac« ilegious pof- 
fefTions, build Hofpitals, ereel: Colledges,found Churches/»ee your 
/hops from fraud,and your Tribunals from bribery,havc left p. ide, 
and mare charity aniongft you , what a glorious Kingdom might 

G yc 



42 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

ye here have ? Is not the Kingdom fo happy as ye could wifli it to 
be f then leave accufing of Governours , and prefcribing of rules, 
and profecuting your feditious bents , and fettle the Nation upon 
the firft foundation ftone upon which it was called a Reformed 
Church. I believe thofe bleflfed Martyrs had in them more purity, 
. then all the Saints that have come after them , it is no good man- 
ners to fay that the fore-Fathers wanted a little of the childrens 
wit, or integrity.Had men paft through their flames,I would think 
they might equal them in fervour and fincerity , but I cannot en- 
dure whole skins to rectify that which their Ancefrours bequeathed 
to after-ages withfuch a flaming facrifice.ThofeMartyrsftakesare 
more precious to me , then all the holocauftsofzeal which I have 
feen upon the Altar fince. I would wifh no other Heaven then 
they do enjoy, nor dedre any purer Religion , then they preached 
to fucceffion out of that flagrant pulpit ; give me Etias mantle, 
which he left behind him , when he was carried away in the fiery 
Chariot. I would think to fee a prime Kingdom, if I could fee the 
primitive Protcftant. There were never fuch fervent Preachers 
fince, neither can we iTr.d fuch Zelots. Away then with the lan- 
guage of Afbdod, and let us fpeak the tme language of Canaan ; a- 
way with pafTion againft innocent Ceremonies , and let us double 
this indignation againft branded hypoCrify , and curfed impiety. 
Let. us renew the Martyrs fanctity , and this Land may be the joy 
of the whole earth. Virtue would adorn the Nation , grace w r ould 
beautify it , let us be bcautifull Saints , and God hath beautiful! 
blefrln^s for us , even a King in his beauty. Thine eyes .(hall fee 
the King \ n his Beauty, 
1, Thirdly , this doth fhew that there is no G over now -amiable , 

-which doth want Beauty. There is no ill face like to an ill Govcr- 
nour, there is no deformed Morian,or Monftcr like unto a wicked 
Ruler when the wicked are in authority the people figh.Vrov.29.2. 
ch it is a wofull thing when Princes are rebellious, and companions 
of thieves. If.i .2 3 .for then They hunt every man his brother with 
4 m.Micah.7.2. and The wicked devour eth the man that is more 
righteous then himfelf. Hap. 1 . 1 3 They pant after the dust of the 
:nnh over the head of the poor, and turn ajidethe way of the meel^. 
Amos '2.7, They drinl^up the de'ep waters, and f ovale the rest with 
r/^Ezccn^.'iS.T* their shim isfomdnhc B.I 'audi af\ the 










ouls 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 4S 

fouls of poor Innocents. Jer.2. 34. when wicked men rife up men 
hide themf elves. Prov.28. 2%. There is a lamentation upon the 
hoHfe-tops.]z\\4% .38 .All faces gather blacknefs. Joel 2.8 .They eat 
their bread with quaking , and drlnkjhelr water with trembling, 
Ezek. 1 2. 2%. Their nights ofpleafurc are turned Into fear. It. 2 1 .4. 
anp! well may they,for not man feemeth then to be the Ruler, but 
fofhe favage Bcaft, a Leopard watcheth over the Cities. Je .j.6.A 
Lion teareth In pieces for his whelps , andflranglethfor his L\on- 
nejfc, and fillet h his holes with prey , and his dens -with ravine. 
Nah.2.1 2. Then nihUabfurdum, quod W/?,nothing isabfu.d,that Thutyi. 
is profitable , and Inlmicl ffiml funt qui llbertatl patroclnantur,^ ' . 
They are counted mod fpightfull againrt authority which do de- foii 1.2. 
fend their liberty. Satellites funt commune maleficlum, The fol- ^ppian. 
diery are then a common bane. Such a Ruler ambltum fuum bra- hide 
ehlo metltur , doth meafure his ambition by his arm,if he doth not od.civ. 
want force, he will want neither title nor tYcafarcOptlmis Invldet, V m ? * 
deterrlmis dtletlatur , He is ever envious againft the worthyes and Get. 
delighted raoft with Mifcreants.Then with CaracalU their fword Herod, 
is their Rent-gatherer , and with Slmomdes they had rather want '-J- 
friends then mony , then they fprinkle (with Mlthrldates their Xt f h%l - '** 
hofpital gods) with bloud,and with Vltelllns they think no odour c< f v<tu 
upon earth fo fweet as the fmell of an enemies carkaflfe. Have not viutanh. 
we had triall fufficient of this. ? yes,men which ftroked us till they V*l* M * 
got upon our backs, & then gave us enough of the fpur; which cried l ^' cz ' . 
up the Gofpel , and made Tradef-men Preachers ; which talked ~- ^ ' 
much of the purity of faith,and brought in blafphemy; which would 
fet up Chriftianity by pulling down Churches, and fill the Nation 
with wildome by deftroying the Univcrfitics ; which would help 
the people to freedome by free quarter , and adminifter juftice by 
taking away the lawes;which would take 1 yranny out of the Lani 
by multiplying Taxes ,and confirm inheritances by fequeftratiohj 
which would convert men without a conference , and draw people 
out of darknelfe by a light within them ; which abhorred ceremo- 
nies, and brought in imaginations , and reformed a Church , by 
plucking out her hea>t; which would fettle us in'pcace by laying us 
in prifon, and fend us to Heaven by climing Gibbets .Now is there 
any Beauty in this Government? as much as there is in a viper,&nd 
k Crocodile. Whenfoever ye have fuch Uilirpevs enter your houfes 

G 2 look 



+4 ENGLAND'S BEAU TV. 

look to have your kcycs vfoiimg out of your hands, whenfocver fuch 
Fxecutioners come expe£t nothing but the loffc of your necks. Oh 
meddle not with them then thai are given to- change Jot not Con- 
federates with them , which would fet up an unlawfull Governour, 
for yr had as good -bring into the Nation a Tormen tour , or an 
Headfman ; an unjuft Ruler can never be amiable, no, the true 
Beamy is in the legitimate Magistrate, the King. Thine eyes jhall 
fee the King in his Beauty. 
4- Fourthly , this doth fiiew that a right King is a rare Beauty. 

For can the eye of man behold a more choice Object, upon earth, 
then alawfull and righteous King ? no, when the righteous are in 
authority the people rejoycej?cov.i<)ii . for fuch an one is the Mi- 
nister of God for good. Rom. i 3. 4. when a King doth reign in ju- 
ftice, and Princes rule in judgement , that manfhallbe an hiding 
place from the wind , and a refuge from the tempeft- y as rivers of 
water in a dry place, and as the (hadow of a roek^in a weary Land, 
the eyes of the feeing (hall not be (hut , and the eares of them that 
hear fh all hearken, thejieart of the foolish (hall under ft [ and kjtow- 
'edge, and the tongue of the ft utter ers jhall Ppeak^diftlnclly, If. 3 2 . 
1,2,3,4. yea, and itfolloweth in the 16,1 7,1 8.v. of that chapter, 
that in fuch a Kings dayes judgement (hall dwell in the depart, 
and juftice fhall remaine in the fruitful! field, the worh^of juftice 
fhall be peace, even the work^ of juftice, and quietneffe, and afju- 
ranee for ever, yea the people (hall dwell in the tabernacle of peace 
and in fur e dwellings, and fafe refting-places. Now thefe words 
though they be fpoken myfttcally of Chrirt, yet literally they are 
meant of "any good King; for a good King how beneficial is he ? 
A King by judgement malntalneth the Countrey. Pro. 29. 4. for 
lie knoweth that he is therefore conftituted King, that he might 
do equity, and right eoufneffe 1. Kings. 10. 9. and therefore is a 
Copy of the Law put into his hand, that he may learne tofeare 
the Lord his God, and keepe all the words of the Law, and the Or- 
dinances. Deut. 17. 19. Such a King will be like David, who fed 
Jacob his people and Jfrael his inheritance, with a faithful I and 
true heart, and ruled them prudently with all his power. Pf. 78. 
7 2 . 1^. Or lil^e Afah who made a covenant with his people to 
[teethe Lord God of his Fathers, with all their heart, and with 
fill their fouL infomnch that he that would not Peek^the Lwd God 

of 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 4 > 

af Ifrael (houid be flayte, whether he be [mallear great •, 3,7;?;/, or 
woman, 2. Chron. 15. 1 2. 1 :. or like Jehofaphat who walked 'in 
the fir ft- wayes of his Fa: her David , and fought the Lord God of ^ *?*. 
his Fathers, and walhjd in his Commandments, and not after the tem T€ ~% 
trade of Ifrael. 2 Ch ; 'oii.i 7. ?, 4. A good King doth chiefly look viroopth 
to have his Throne esltblifhed by right eoufneffe. Prov.2 5. 5. and r f°- V am 
that his people under him may lead a peaceable, and a quiet life in*. & °t~ 
allgodlincffe,and honejh'.i Tim. 2. 2. This is a good King, and in- ^ ri a ,, 3 _ 
deed his worth,, and value is -fcarcely known ; A good King is like Utie. 1. 1 . 
agood Sp.ing,i good mine,a °ood corncr-ftonc,a good Magazine, T 'j^ or in \ 
a good Angel,which made Aristotle to fay,that it were hfXt&tfor$Z nu l utl 
a-City to be governed by the best man , then by the best law , be- u ',. n „ 
caufe his life is a Liw , and th:re need no o:her precept , but his/oj^jfa ■ 
precedent. He is the rare Painter which makjth his while King- cietn , vt~ 
dom a picture drawn out with Orient Colours. Hz is io transformed fu 
into God , that (as Ludovicw Craffus withed his fon) the people ta ™ 



>.m to- 
tart imi-' 

may fee the immortal fudge fitting in him. Which made Paul its y ie ] an c0 , 
Jovius to fay that Kings had distinct eyes from other men,heca.utt brum ho- 
they look out with their Princely eyes minding onely the general **ft*i* 
benefit. Such a Prince doth remedy the crrouvs of former Govern- ffanc 
ments, as Micerlnus did the high enormities of Cheops, and Che- J f r Y \ n a u . 
phren which reigned before him in j£gypt. In fuch an ones Go- regis I* a. 
vcrnment people leave groaning , and there are nothing but Uta tit.i. 
& faufia, pleafantand delightful] things to be feen,at it was faid Sedcnteitt 
of \ Sit alee s ; or all grievances being removed, the Nation livethy i/^JE 
«&*$, w xnm€*tev7*s y without fear,or perplexity ,as it was fa id of C e />.<E- 
the reign of A/cimus. Tiizt wife Governour doth make it his prin- mll.f, 
cipal aut to reftore the ancient glory of a Nation,as Justinian the *«£»»»*- 
great did , or like that famous Tiberius the fecond, he hath no o- cuh ! ff' 
ther Princely ambition in his breft , but that none of his predecef- C p r Jbuma- 
fours might exceed him in piety or felicity. That Prince is fo ho- nam vim 
noured by the people , that like another L.Pifo becaufe he had i^fl. ^ 
done all things for the welfare of the Nation he fhall be iirnamed £?!'"'*« 
Frugl , the Profitable , yea, there are prayers made by the whole H ero A \; 
Land , that fuch an one may not dye childleflfe , left fuch a re- i.z. 
nowned family fhould perifh (as it is faid of Arijbn the King of Diodor.- 

/.I!. 

tod.RhodJ. 19^,29. Sigon.1. lOiicridJmpt SVfigrJfj.lJ}* **hx. ab Alex. /.5.C9. 
&erodotJ t 6> 

La- 



46 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

Lacedemonia) and if God fend an heire , for the Fathers virtues 
they are willing to have the childs name called Demur nthm , the 
peoples Darling; And well may it be fo,for a good King doth take 
his Crown out of Gods hand,and doth wcare it for his honour; his 
heart is in Heaven, and his eye is upon the Church ; he doth fuft 
feek for the purity of religion , and is carefull that faciifices with- 
out blemitli be brought to the Altar;he doth look to conquer rather 
with his bended knees,then his armed hand; he doth love his No- 
bles, and not defpife his Commons ; he doth prefer a penitent be- 
fore a Peere , and a jult. liver before an high-borne Grandee ; he 
doth defire to have his Pdefts undefiled,and his Judges uncorrupt; 
he doth want no Ma jetty , and yet doth abound in humanity;his 
fpeech is gentle, and his hand is foft;he is pafTionate againrt incor- 
rigible finners, and yet companionate to remorfe-full enemies ; he 
grieveth at intemperance, and hateth blafphemy; he liketh neither 
the laughing Proje6tour, nor the weeping Sectary ; : he would have 
his Sanctuary without indevotion , and his treafury without in- 
jury; his watchful confeience is the Squire of his body,and his de- 
precatory petitions hisbefl: Life-guard ; his innocent life is his in- 
graven Image, and his pious examples his richeft Medals ; he doth 
iriine like a Sun himfelf, and doth wiffi to have none but bright 
Stars about him ; next to his own pure heart he doth endeavour to 
have a pure Court ; he doth ftand upon his own prerogative , but 
catch at none of his people liberties ; he had rather gild a King- 
dom, then his Exchequer ; his Crown-land doth fatisfy him better 
then breaking an Inclofure ; he can fee a Vine-yard out of his Pa- 
lace-Window without proclaiming himfelf Owner of it by an A- 
hubs evidence; he would have the liberrl Arts to flourifh,a»d make 
(if it were polTlble) every Mechanick a Lord of a Mannour; he gi- 
vcth all furtherances for free Trade , end quick Merchandire ; he 
hoch affect none but the generous , and fcorn none but the proud; 
he doth commiferate the wanrs of the poor,and he would have the 
rich to build them Alms-houics; he is wife,and not vain glorious, 
valiant, and yet would never fight, chart , and yet not ari Hermit, 
fobcr, and yet no water-drinker, liberal , and yet not profufc ; he 
is ofteneil: at his Chappel, and oft at his Council-Table; he hath a 
lirtcning ear to jui\ petitions, but not to pragmatical motions ; his 
heart is fee upon nothing more then repairing decayed places, and 

erecling 



ENGLANDS BEAUTY. 47 

eroding Monuments*; he would leave behind him a -glorious 
Church , and a fetled Kingdom ;. he doth govern for God upon 
earth , that he may Reign with (Sod in Heaven. Now is not the 
prefence of fuch a King an Heavenly prefent ? hath the rich hand 
of Gcd a dearer pledge of favour to beftow upon his Bofome 
friends ? are all the lplendid Spectacles of a Kingdom like to the 
face of fuch a Prince ? no, doubtlcffe he doth furpaffe them all as 
far as light doth excell darhneffe ; oh then how may all his Sub- 
jects have delight under his fhadow, and clap their hands together 
that they live to fee fuch happy dayes , his name may be pleafure, 
his Reign Triumph , for when their eyes fee fuch a King , they 
fee a King in his Beauty. Thine eyes [hail fee the King In his 
Beauty, 

Fifchly, this doth reprove the blind rage of a Confer at our in 
oppojing fuch a King Joe dothflrike at the Beauty of the Land.Vot 
is there a King in his Beauty} then why do fuch an one endeavour 
to pluck away from the eyes of a Nation the moft glorious fight 
that can be beheld? What would fuch people have? when will they 
be contented ? wherein fhall they find fatisfaetion ? is there any 
thing upon earth,which can keep them long quiet ? for except they 
would have their own wills, be Lords of all Titles,Proa!ratours for 
all general affairs , Di'dtatours to rule all by themfeives : hold the 
helm of States in their hands , order Gods Providence , hold no 
Crown fit to be worn , but that which their well-guiding hands 
fhall fet on, be Supreme, and Kings themfeives, can they defireto 
be more happy ? Do they corned with God , becaufe he hath made 
a people fo bleiled ? may not God' fay to them, as he doth in the 
Gofpel? Is thine eye evil ^becaufe mine is good-} : For if they had not 
evil eyes,and evil heads, and evil hearts,and evil hands,they would 
never thus quarrel with Gods will, and wifdome, and goodneffe. 
What?are they weary of a Banquet? doth a calm oftlnd them ? is 
Sun-nSine grievous to them?is a gemme tmubleiorrie 'to-'them to en- 
joy? is a King in his Beauty vexatious to them h fee? alas poor fick 
eyes, and litigious, refra diary fririts , it is* pity that ye were not all 
Secretaries of State , and that God did no: fend his Decree? to you 
to have your.pregfta , nt approbation. But 'this is mans turbulent, 
. murmuring nature, tltatthe belt things are' divers times the greateft 
grievances , and'ttat tlify -which canny* govern thcrhfelye* muft 

be 



*s ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

be continually querulois againft Ruleis. Te take too much upon 
you faid Corah and his complices. Num. 16.3. why hasl ferved us 
thus>&id the men of Ephraim to Gideonf&A they chocie with him 
(harpty. Judges 8.1 .How (hall he fave us} and they defplfed him, 
and brought him no presents. 1 Sam. 10.27. See thy matters are 
good and righteous , but there is no man deputed of the King to 
hear thee, oh that I were made a Judge In the Land , that every 
man which hath any matter, or controverfy might come to me, and 
I might do hlmjuftlce, faid ^bfalon of Davids Government, 
2. Sam. 1 5. 3, 4. So that there is no Government , or Govemour 
Plnt.in will pleafe many men. Thus ^Arlftodemus liked not the Govein- 
^poph, ment of o/fntlgonus King of Macedonia, becaufe he was :oo libe- 
ral, and the Court oiLyJlmachus muft be found fault with, becaufe 
there were none tut dlfyllabl , men with two (y Habits in their 
jlthin, names (as Bythes, Paris , &c.) which had all the auihoiity under 
/.i4.c.j. him. Augustus Ctfar, becaufe he would never call the Praetorian 
bands fellow-foldiers , but foldiers (he never deflnng to make ufe 
of them , but when he was contained) and becaufe he was ib li- 
idcrob. beral to the Citizens , and rcfpe6tive to the Senatours,and de- 
n.c.j. lighted much in finging, he was by Tlmagenes, Labeo y and P0III9 
and fome others not thought fit to govern. So we have a genera- 
tion of men ftill left amongft us that are apt to afperfe the moft 
meriting Prince , and not onely to ftretch out their flanderous 
tongues , but their barbarous hands to pull him down ; what fava<>c 
waishave we had in this Nation waged in a blind rage , and not 
onely till the Land hath been fprinkled with the bloud of her Na- 
tives , but the Scaffold died with the Bloud of a moft Innocent 
King ? and this King-killing will be a Trade, if God from Heaven 
do not ftrike an horrour , and dread of fuch an impious a6t into 
their hearts. Oh ye wild Furies then confidcr what ye have done, 
confidcr what ye are about to do ; Chriftians ye arc not, are yc 
men ? what ye live in a Country, to appal a Country ? to trouble 
her peace? waft her treafure?to deprive her of the light of her eyes? 
what is a family without a Mafter ? what is a kingdom without a 
King? Repent then for what ye have done , and do not think that 
a pardon keafily gotten $ an A St of Indemnity may fave your 
necks, but it muft be an high expiatory A61 that muft fave your 
fouls • Jf David weptfo bitterly forthemurtherofone^r^, 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 49 

ye had need have Davids penitential teares, and his penitential 
Pfalm for the thoufands that yc have flaiirc , and efpecially for the 
murthcr of that one King that was worth ten thoufand of us. Yc 
have immodeft chcekes if they have no fhame, ye have flinty hearts 
if they have no rcmorfe, as ftupidly as ye parte over fuch a guilt , it 
is well if eighteen years repentance , nay a ftridt penance of your 
whole lives can procure you a reconciliation in Heaven; there is a 
great difference between a difpenfation of your partial Prophets, 
and juftification at the white Throne of the Judge of quick and 
dead. What then? have ye ft ill dry eyes? and will ye {lied no tears? 
yes, fprihgs might gufh out of the rocks, hearts of adamant might 
cleave zfundev.Ahab might go foftly, and Judas out of honour of 
confcicncc might cry out Ihave finned in betraying Innocent Blood. 
If yc have not A h ab s cow{\z\ nations , and Judas'/ eyes , ye will 
have frights, and ftings, and ycllcs enough in Hell. There is yet a 
means ofattoncment,an opportunity of hcalin^jifyc be not of the 
number of them, which have hearts that cannot repent. Rom. 2. 5. 
try what Suppliants, and penitents ye can be,ye had need ^p water 
every Camp , where ye have fought your bloody Battles , and to 
moiftcn the ground of that Scaffold where that execrable murther 
was committed with fhowres of fait water. And if ye can work out 
your peace raife not another war in your confcicnces, if ye can be 
made whole !\n no more. Your fwoidsare fhcathcd,draw them not 
again ; ye are lent home quietly , hang not out a new flag of de- 
fiance/What have ye to do to be Statcf-men? follow your callings, 
and look to take the enormities out of your own lives, what are ye 
to meddle with errours of Government ? no, leave politicks to o- 
thcrs , neither yc , nor your great Maftcrs have any thing to doe 
with a Kings actions, except it be by way of humble advife. For, 
Where the word of a King is there is power , and who (hall fay t» 
him, what dosh thou } Ecclcf.8.3. What have Subjects then to 
defcant upon a KingsGovernmcnt,asif they were his Supra -vi fours, 
and Guardians ? The Lawes of God allow no fuch authority, and 
it is but a State inchantment to fay that the fundamental Lawes 
of this Kingdome have impowred any to call a King to a violent 
account.He hath onely God for his Jndge,and all the people under 
him as Liege-men. Beware therefore of thole puling groanes, oh 
here is a Tick State , come along with us to adminifter phyfick , if 

H the 



5^ ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

the King will not frame up fuch a Government as we defire , we 
will teach him hew to rule by the edge of our fwords. Thefe are 
not Phyficians, but cut-throats. God hath allowed no fuch Para- 
celfians in a Kingdom to cure a Kings diftempers. For if a King 
may not be provoked to wrath,he may not be fo far provoked as to 
fight for his life ; if he may not be fpoken evil of,or curfed,his ma- 
ladies are not to be remedied by cutting orF his head. This is rather 
to be Executioners , then State-Do&ours ; I never yet read , that 
there could be a Lienor, or a Spiculator, or a Cainifexfor a King. 
Let the grcateft Subjects then bufy themfelves in preparing Lawcs 
for the Commonwealth, and not in prefcribing rules to a King; in 
remedying the grievances of the Country , and not in avenging 
grievances , which may be fufpe£t,ed by a King ; in binding the 
people to obedience, and not in bringing a King to account; For 
they are but Subje£t,s,and they cannot adde to themfelves one cu- 
bit above their ftature.Xf ye comply with fuch politicians, ye do but 
pleafe a company of feditious perfons , and incenfe the Nation in 
general, for ye cannot do a greater injury to your Country, nor of- 
fer a greater indignity, and violence to true Patriots , then to di- 
sturb the peace of the Land, and to {hike at a King. For the Kings 
fafety is the Kingdomes Triumph, The Nation hath no greater joy 
then to fee the King in his Beauty. Thine eyes fh 'all fee the King 
m his Beauty. 

Sixthly^his ferves to exhort all good, Subjects not to disfigure the 
face of Ma]effiy£ox if the Beauty of a King be the brighteft thing, 
that a Nations eyes can be fixed upon, then what a dark Kingdom 
is there when a King does not fninc out in Royal Splendour ?^If 
every one would have his right, that the Cottager,and Commoner 
would not lofe his Country tenure , nor the man of noble bloud, 
and hounourable family would not lofe his peerage , then why 
Oiould not the King have his fur a regalia, his Crown-rights ? I 
confeflc the Propriety of the Subject, and plead for it , but I find 
like wife , and am an Advocate , that there may be Hammelech 
MelechJThe Right of a King, i Sam. 8.1 1. it is a Right of great 
antiquity, no fundamental Law can vy Seniority with it;no,?##/- 
torumfeftorum Jovisglandes comedit,\t doth derive the pedigree 
a Nannafo , there are antiquiores dipthther<e to be brought for it, 
indeed it is as ancient as the Intikution , now the word do natu- 
rally 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTT. 51 

rally fignify Right, & it is but Metaphorically tranflated Manner, 
as Bitxtorfittfy and Pagnlne declare , if it be a Right then it muft 
continue , as long as the original Hebrew hold. The Tex: \vrH not 
pcrifh,nor the Title. It is the Kings Righ:,but it is Gods Designa- 
tion, and Chaner for the Crown. I do not fay the Kmgfhould 
have all , I know to the contrary , but I fay that the King fhould 
have his own, none ought to fay to the contrary, efpecially, when 
it is Jus dlvlnum^ Gods-right. The Kings Right being fetled up- 
on Scripture it is firmer , then if it were bottomed upon :he beft 
State-groundicl. Some fay , that this is onely meant , when God 
doth ^ive a King in his wrath,but I fay then that they are in wrath, 
for there is a great diftance of time between Samuel , and Hofee y 
and between Saul , and Jeroboam. Kingdomes may have their 
particular Conftitutions in accidental things which do belong to a 
King, but not in the eflence of a King , cfpeciaily not againft the 
eflence of a divine Institution. Let all the juft reverence that may 
be be given to humane Lawes,but ftill let Scripture be facred, and 
inviolable, or elfe what have we lefc that is ftablc,& infallible? The 
handmaid muft not rule the Lady, or the (tar out-fhine the Sun,all 
the Sages of a Land muft not be wifer, then the Oracles of God. 

Parciusifti*. #>•£.$. 

Cedamus Phoebo cr monitl mellora fequamur. £mid. 

A Prophet that hath undiifbndin^ in the vifions of God is not to 
be believed in this,no, If an Angel from Heaven fhould come, and 
preach otherwlfelet him be accurfed. Giteth. 1.8. Well then, what 
is the Beauty of a King? what but his power?Take a King without 
power,and what is he,but a Ghoft without life, a meer Phantafme, 
and Apparition ? How can he do any thing that is Kingly, either 
in fetling Religion , prote&in^ the Church , adminiftring juftice, 
making leagues , drawing his people to Humiliation for their fins, 
in maintaining the lioerties of his people at home , or propuliing 
the violenccs,and affronts of Adverfaries abroad? no,he muft fit by 
With tears in his eyes , and deplore ail exorbitances, and fad acci- 
dents, but no: :^e able to remedy them; he hath a fympathy, but he 
hath no Soveraignty;he hath a will,but he hath no power; he hath 
a face but he hath no Beauty in it. A Kings authority then is 
the true Majefty of a King, till he can command like a King , he 
doth but perfonate a King. Oh then that the policy cf many men 

H 2 is 



52 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY, 

is but to defigne againft the power , that their chiefeft drift is not 
in- honouring and obeying a King , but in retraining and regu- 
lating a King, that when their purfes are empty , then they fill 
them by a Crown-quarrcl;that when their high parts are not con- 
sidered, then they will be obferved to be Mafter-wits in feeking to 
maftcr authority ; and to filence fuch a Mutiner,a Challenger by 
many a good King muft be preferred , when many a loyal Cham- 
pion of as good endowments and better worth muft ftand upon low 
grouivl,and this popular Earc-wig creep to his defired height. But 
away with thefe new dogmatizing principles of State-magick , 
whereby Kings arc conjured into politicians Circles , or confined 
lo their anguft limits. This may be a Science , but I am fure it is 
none of the liberal Scicnces.lt is a pitiful thing, when a King come 
to be tutoured under fuch Pedagogues, he is then rather a Difciple, 
a pupil then a King, for he muft do nothing, but what is prefcribed 
him,nor order any thing but according to commenfurations. And 
this is rather Geometry , then Monarchy,or to make a Mathemati- 
cal,rather then a Majeftical King. Let the people have their birth- 
rights,Liberties, Privilcdges,but let not liberty eat up Royalty, nor 
birth-right,Crown-right, nor priviledge Prerogative, for then the 
judgement in j£gypt is fallen upon the Land , that the leankjnc 
have eaten upthefat^nd what then but a famine can be expected? 
The people may be amiable, but the King hath no Beauty , or the 
foul of the Kings power is defunc>,and by a Pythagorean tranfmi- 
gration is paft into the body of the people. And how willNatives 
then difregard fuch a King? and how will Forreigners infult over 
him? he fhall be able to a£t nothing neither at home, nor abroad. 
The thick fmoak in the form of a cloud which was raifed by one 
Jovitis burning of beanes might more terrify Charles the fifth, and tran- 
t.l7-hift. c/^the firft at rtllafrank^they thinking that a Navy of the Turks 
Tlut.in fad b ccil coming , and the very dead ftatue of Alexander at the 
~4Iexan* -p erri pj e f ^ \l at Delphos might make Cajfander fooner trem- 
ble then the prefence of a King will beget awe or reverence in fuch 
a Nation. But fome will fay that Kings ought to have Counfcllcrs, 
and he muft be guided by them.Ought,and muft are high words. It 
is convenient I confeffe that Kings fhould have Coun fellers, for in 
the multitude of Counfellers there is health (Salomon the wife was 
not without than) but then thefe Counfellours muft not be Com- 

pelleifv 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 53 

pellers , the King muft be the Head of the Counfel , a King muft 
not be fubjected to their cxcentrical humours (if any fuch things 
ihould happen) or to their f elf- willed , and felf-ended aymcs , for 
thcfe ihould then be rather projcctouvs then Counfellouis,orDi£r,a- 
tours,then Direcliours; all the Beamy ihould then be in the Coun- 
fellours cheeks , and not in the Kim's face. Let there be as many 
Counfcllours then as ye will , but ft ill let the King have the liberty 
of election, to accept , or rejedt what in his Princely wifdome he 
think sfitting,for conftraining advife belongs rather to headftrong, 
furly Subjects , then to true Counfellours. A King no doubt may 
as well refufe ill counfel, as ill meat, ill weather , ill lodging. Bad 
company is dangerous , and fo likewife is bad counfel. Is a King 
bound to walk in the dark ?. to take receipts of all Empiricks ? to 
fail with all windspto go out of the way, if his. guides miflead him? 
no, w»;w e^«|U?(7z<f jn^^oy, * tyopuv Kttr.ws , It were better to run back I^uctam 
in the middle of the way, then to run wrong.That Counfel may be '" "fin. 
followed there muft be f anil a yenetra.Ua juftitU, the holy inwards T £ ew f. 
ofjuslice. How is a King at liberty if his judgement be not free ? fi c. 
hiscaptived perfon were fomething like to his captived reafon. 
Non per regulas iuris communis tenet ur fequi ear urn confilium^ Tet.Greg; 
qiios adhibet conJilio^Thz King is not tyed by the rules. of common <ferep. 
juftice to follow their Counfel, whom he doth admit to Counfel,- ,z4 * s ' 
no ordinary Client is limited to this. How is it the Kings honour 
to fear ch out a th'tng. Prov.2 5.2. if the Kings heart muft ly in o- 
ther mens brefts ? why do David fay , Give thy judgements to the 
King. Pf.72. 1 . if all the judgements of a Land lay in Counfel- 
lours lips , or the King hath no commands of himfelf,but by depu- 
tation ? No good King will refute Counfel , no wife King will 
yoak himfelf to Counfel. The King might then make himfelf a 
flave,the Church a va{fal,and the/Cingdom a Bondman. Then the 
Land hath loft her Liberty, and he himfelf may lofe his Crown, 
For though noble Counfellours difdain to give any Counfel but 
according to honour and confeience , yet there are a company of 
pragmatical Sages , that will be Balaams, Jonadabs , old Achito* 
phels^ov young Rehoboams Counfellours. If the King then be necef- 
htated to the wits,or wills of all Counfellours, where is his Scepter^ 
and Broad Seale? Let there be then Majefty in icings, moderation 
in Counfellours; SoYcraignty in /Cings,. fobriety in Counfellours; 

domi- 



54- ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

dominion in £mgs, devoir in Counfellours. For if the King be to 
fit IntheThrone^nd he is the Law-giver of the Nation, and peo- 
ple be tofeek^ the Kings face, and to liften to the Dlvme fentence 
that is to come out of his Zips, if he be to fit as chief , and to dwell 
like a King In an Army, if he be to fend forth the Decrees , and 
Nations be to bow down before him, if young men ought to hide 
themfelves from him, and old men ought to arife , and (rand up, if 
the voices of Princes ought to be frayed in his prefence , and after 
his words they ought not to reply, if ail the Land ought to wait for 
him as for the raine , and to open their mouthes for him as for the 
latter raine, then furely the belt Councel , the great Couneel of a 
X ingdom is not circumfcriptive to a Jfing.No,good Counfellours 
know better fealty,& bad Counfellours ought to leave off this exi- 
gency. Let Magna Charta then be preferved, and the petition of 
Right have all the right that is in it, but let the Maxima Charta, 
and the prefcription of Xings Right be thought on with them, 
and above them ; for it is the Elder Brother, and of the Bloud 
Royal , and ought to weare the Crown before all others. If then 
the honour of God, or the fear of his Lawes,the Image of God in 
a icings fore-head , or the Scepter of God in his Hand , a Kings 
Royal Ornaments, or a JCings Royal Office , the advancement of 
Religion,or the protection of the innocent, the obedience of Sub- 
jects at home, or the dread of Forraigners abroad , the duty that ye 
require from your children , or the reverence that ye expe£t from 
Inferiours , the peace of the Xmgdom , or the profperity of the 
kingdom carry any authority with you , let the laft word be 
fpoken, that may tend to the difparagement of the icings dignity, 
and the laft arrow be ihot that may be levelled to the diminution 
of his power y let us fill his Coffers with Gold , and his heart with 
confidcnce,let us end all enmity in unanimity,& change all fierce- 
nefle into fidelity,let us fight no more againft X"ings, but fold our 
armes in fubjedtion, let us all fall at the Kings feet, and vow never 
again to ftrike at his head , let us join no more battels , but join 
hands,wecp that we have been fuch enemies,and fmile that we are 
become fuch friends;let,us rcjoyce that we have gotten at home the 
Father of our Country, £V be glad that we are coming home to our 
Mother Church ; let it comfort us that the i^ing hath brought 
Bifhops along with him to reftore us to our firft Faith,and Judges 

to 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 55 

to fettle us in our old inheritances; oh let it delight us that we are 
come to our wits , and begin to remember that we are Country- 
men, and that the malignity of the Church-fever is fpent, and that 
we begin to look upon one another as Fellow-Profeifours. Let us 
fay we will go together to the Kings Court,and go together to the 
iCings Chappel, that we will join together in allegiance, and join 
together in woriliip; adore the fame God , and knit our hearts to 
the fame JCing.AH this is for the /Cings honour,and if we will have 
a King let us grudge him no honour. Let it be our ambition to 
ftrive, that we may be the moit devoted people to a King, to be the 
Nation of Loyalty, the I flan a that willfiet up a magnificent King, 
that no Sub jells upon earth [halt pay finch Homage to a Soveralgtij 
as the English Protestant, Oh let us adorn tht Protestant , and 
grandiz,e the King! For to make the i<Ting great,it is to make our 
felves happy, and honourable, for there is no greater delight and 
dignity to a Country then to have a King exaltcd,the blelTlng and 
Beauty o£ a Kingdom is to fee a King in his Beauty , for Thine 
ejes [hall fiee the King in his Beauty. 

Well in conclufion let me bring home the joy of the Text to our 
own hearts,and prefent the light in the Text to our own eyes; The 
prophefy was firft fulfilled upon Jerufalem , and we have had it in 
as memorable, and miraculous a way feconded , and doubled upon 
us.We have been Spedtacours ofWonders,Fatheisto their children 
may relate them , whatfoever dolorous things for a while afflicted 
our eyes , yet thefe fad Objects are removed , and we have beheld 
thofe things which are pleafant to the eyes, Our eyes have fieen the 
King in his Beauty. Had not our King as fierce enemies,as Hez,e- 
kjah> yes Senacherlb ranged over this Country , awd made all the 
Land to tremble,that hammer of the earth dallied all in pieces , for 
he,and his Rabfihakjhs^nd RabfarnTcs,and Tartans made a Land 
that was like the Garden of Eden like a defolate wildernefTe, nei- 
ther high-wayes, nor high Rulers, fields nor Forrefts , Cicies nor 
Catties were fecure, but our wards and our woods , our heritages 
and our honours, our labours and our lawes , our reputations arid 
our religion, our beafts and our beds , our tillage and our Tables, 
our Tabernacles and our Temples , our backs and our necks were 
fubjc6t to the fury of our Advcrfaries , for what were we but an 
harraffed Land , a plundered. Nation, a fequeftred people ? Our 

enemies 



56 ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

enemies ruled over us with vigour , "and made our lives bitter unto 
us,Cities were turned into heaps,and the houfes of Ivory perifhed, 
the fliield of the mighty was vilely call away,and nothing amongft 
us but walks and groancs,chaines and gibbets, all the mirth of the 
Land was gone,and the very Songs of the Temple were turned in- 
to howlings, we even ftood amazed under our difafkis , and even 
deipaired ever to fee better dayes. Many a Cord was let down to 
pluck us out of mifery , but Hie funis nihil attraxit , This rope 
drew nothing, many means ui'td to preferve us in the ftorm , but 
Deus prtvertit anchor* jatlum , God prevented the calling forth 
of the Anchour, fo that 

abfumfta falus, nee fyesjamreftat 1'uli, 

All fafety feemed to be taken from us , and there was no hope ap- 
pearing to repair our broken fortunes , our hearts even failed us, 
and we were ready to ly down in our confufion , for when any 
gave us comfortable words to expect yet happier , we accounted 
them. 

velut *gri [omnia vana, 

As fick mens dreams , and gave no other but a kind of diffident 
anfwer. Alas who (hall Hve when God doth thefe thingsfNum.2^. 
2 3. Yet how hath God cleared the Land of Senacherifa^i faved us 
by a mighty deliverance ? Senacherib is vanifhed,and Hez,ekjah y 
defired Hez,ekfah , admired He&ekjah , Hez,ekjah the King of 
high prefervations , He&ek^ah the King of confpicuous qualifica- 
tions doth appear, we may carve the whole Text,giavcn in capital 
Letters,golden Charackrs,and celcltial imprefles upon our hearts, 
for, We have feen, and we have fee n a King , and We have feen a 
King in his Beauty. Oh Heaven hath prefented to us this fight, 
this is the Objetl of Miracles. We may draw nigh , and fee this 
great fight. Exod .5.2. Hath this been done before , or in the dayes 
of your Fathers} Joel 1 .2. no there hath not been the like,neithcr 
{hall there to many generatiens,we may count it as one of the chief 
of the wayes of God ; for a King tha: could not enter the Land, 
norfafcly fct his foot upon any comer of the Nation , now with 
Hezekjah , he may fee the Land afar off , and walkAipon the 
length and bredth of the Land.#/w hath heard fuch a thing} who 
hath feen fuch things ? li.66. 8. doubtleffc that in Num. 2 2.23. 
may be applycd to us Recording to this time it (hall be f aid ofja- 

cvb, 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 57 

cob, and Ifrael, what hath God wrought} what? an incredible, an 
ineffable, and an invaluable thing.B/ejfed be the Omnipotent God, 
and blejfed be his potent Champion , which hath made the Land 
happy in the fight of a King, & in the fight offuch a King;! lay of 
fuch a King,who cometh to us with a right Title;one Uil'rper more 
would have quite broke the hen rt-ft rings of the Nation ;& with the 
right Religion; a Papi(t,or a Phanatick would have after fo many 
fa&ions & fractions fhivcred the Church into nothing but fherds; 
& with the right Princely endowments, who hath in him a treafu- 
ry of moralities,& may be a pattern to all the Princes of his time 
for true virtue. An Hereditary King, an Orthodoxe King, a Com- 
plcat King,what can the eye of the Nation look upon with more 
fatisfa£tion? no, Our eyes do fee a King in his Beauty ; we do fee 
him fo in his perfonal Beauty, and God forbid but we fhould give 
him all the National Beauty that may be.ConfefTe his right , and 
give him his right , welcome him home with melody , and beftow 
Majefty upon him ; make him as great , as he doth defire to make 
us mighty; we were never happy before he came , we are unhappy, 
if we know not how happy we are fince his coming , he hath re- 
deemed us out of errour, out of bondage, out of defpair. O Redeem- 
ing KinglLcz us not ferve him now as the Ifraelites ferved Mofes, 
who were ever groaning till they had a Deliverer , and ever mur- 
muring after they had a Deliverer. No, let our joy in him be an- 
fwerable to the comforts he hath brought along with him ; and 
ourpeerlcfTe efteem of him be anfwerablc to his pi izelefle worth ; 
Confider his devout Heart, and his divine Lips, what zeal he doth 
bear to the truth, and what hatred he doth carry to an Oath, how 
he hath preferved his Religion amongft. the Jciuits,and is come to 
his Subjects to tell them what a PiOtcftant lie is; confider his chaft 
eye,and his fober Palate, his foft bowels and his juft hand ; how he 
is flagrant with almfdeeds , and doth fhine in wifdomc ; how he 
was patient under afflictions, and is humble in profperity; how he 
hath forgiven hisenemies,and is daily preferring his Friends; how 
the whole Land doth not exceed him in Candour , nor the whole 
earth in valour ; confider what he hath done for your confeiences, 
what for your liberties , what for your Lawcs , what for learning, 
what for a flourishing tiade, and what for a fctled peace ; confider 
if he be not the prime man that could have comforted you , if he 

I be 



5 S ENGLAND'S BEAUTY. 

be not the onely man which could have made you happy, and will 
ye open your eyes, and not open your lips ? give him your accla- 
mations, and not give him your affections? (hall Englitn-men have 
the beft King, and be the worft Subjects ? be the fcrventefl Defi- 
reis of a King, and the fickleil Rcverencers of a King ? what ftill 
fquint-eycd,rank-breathed,half-hearted? ftiil Cenfuveis, Maicccn- 
tents,Mutiners ? Send for Senacherlb then again, if Hez,ekjah do 
not pleafe you. Oh the variable,and unftablc fpirits of men .' what 
Scepticks are we in politicks ? what Criticks in Government ? we 
do but defire to enjoy a Ble(Ting,and then complaint of wants; we 
do but defire to fee a King,and then fpy faults; we are glutted with 
a tafte, and heavy-eyed with a fight ; take a gun 1 , and iliut up our 
lips; flare a little, and then turn away our eyes ; pleafe our fancies, 
and affecl: no longer; delight our felves with a gaze and then dif- 
daine. But oh beloved were we fick for a King, and are any now 
weary of him ? no , very Efau me think fhould fall upon the neck 
offuch a Jacob fit weep at the meeting; very Shimeis mouth fhould 
leave foming, and he fhould fall down at the feet of fuch a David, 
and ask pardon when he fees him returning; the molt heart-brent 
enemies that ever the King had methink fhould give over all their 
fpleen and rancour , and admire his clemency and magnify his 
graces. If the fe fhould hold their peace theflones would fpeak^ fo if 
thefe will not prize fuch a King , very Infidels would honour him. 
Oh therefore let every Subject in the Realmc know their own 
King, their lawfullKing, and give him cordial refpeel , faitbfull 
obedience,and an eminency of affe6tion.Let Noble-men love him, 
for as he is the Fountain of their honours, fo he hath reftored their 
honours to them ; let Clergy-men love him ,for he is a Sanctuary 
to the Sanctuary ; let Judges love him, for he hath put life into the 
Lawcs, and given them a refurre6Uon; let Merchants love him, for 
they which were ready to turn Bank-rupts , may yet again turn 
Bankers; let all the Land love him, for there is not a corner of the 
Nation , but he hath filled it with joy, and replenifhcd it with 
blefiings.Well let us all gather together,^; weep for joy that after fo 
many miferics we live to fee fuch Halcyon dayes, and fing for joy, 
that after fo many difmal fights , we have eyes in otfr heads to fee 
this one fight, this onely fight, this reviving, ravifhirig fight, even 
xo fee the King in his Beauty Thine eyes jhall fee the King in hk 
Beauty. And 



ENGLAND'S BEAUTY* 59 

And as we hn vc feen the fight , fo let us. not lofe the fight , that 
after we hive feen the King in his Beauty , we fhould fee a King 
in Bloud; no,if the Lawes of,God,and the Mercy of the King can- 
not quench Fi - e-brands,but there fiiould happen to be new flames, 
new wars , let all faithful Subje&s be difmembred rather then one 
Mcmber.of his Sacred Perfon iliould be wounded , and let every 
loyal Hand in the three Nations be cut off, rather then the traite- 
rous hand ilioul4 touch his Royal H:ad. For if we fhould be de- 
prived again of the King in his Beauty, the Beauty of the Land is 
gone, and the mifcry of the Land will renew , we fhall have old 
plundring , and rifling , and fequeftring,and imprifoning , and 
braining,& gibbetting again; if the King luffer, let not us think to 
fcape fcot-free ; if the King dye, let not us think to live long after 
him, no,Ict us refolve of a general Maflfacre , and a Funeral of the 
whole Nation. Now that King and Kingdom may be fecure,let us 
make furc of him that is the Keeper pf Ifrael , oh how fafe might 
we be under his everlafting Armcs / He would be the jheild of otir 
help, and the [word of our excellencies. Oh therefore let us not 
provoke the eyes of his glory, and he will watch for our defence, 
let us not break hisLawes,& not a bone of us {hall be broken,let us 
weep out our former corruptions with tears , and lliew our felves' 
to be alive from the dead by our regenerate faces ; let every Roya- 
lift turn the greatcft Penitent and trued Saint ; as we account our 
felves the moft O thodox Pi'ofefTours , fo let us declare it by our 
mortified lives, and pure confeiences; So may we defy all the ene- 
mies in the Nation, for in defpight of all their fury and maugre all 
their malice, Jerufalem fhall be a quiet habitation , a Tabernacle 
that cannot be removed, her ftakes fhall not be taken away, but wc 
fhall here long fee a King in his Beauty , and hereafter fee a King 
in his Glory, which that wc may do,the Lord grant for his mercies 
fake, Amen. 



FINIS, 



A 

DEAD MAN 

SPEAKING, 

Or the Famous memory of king 

CHARLES the I. 

Delivered in a Sermon upon the 30 th of Ian: 

laft,in the Parifli Church of Walt ham 
%^ibbey. 

(By T h o. R £ e v e , D. D % Treacher there. 



Ecclef. 4. 1. ^ 
A good Name is better then precious oyntment, 
7 he memory of the juji is bit (fed. 



San&us non occiditurfed eripitur.C/p. 



L o jv d o jsr, 
Printed by /.*. for the Authour, 1661 



TO THE 
Uluftrious, and highly renowned Prince 

JAMES 

DUKE OF 

YORK 

His humble Suppliant wiflicth to him, 

His Grandfathers wifciome, his Fa* 

thers wivtVLCyAbeis facrifice, andChrifts 
fatisfa&ion 

High and mighty Prince, 

He righteous is more excellent then his neigh* 
W, Prov. 12. 26. The holy feed is the fub- J^ 1 /^ 
fiance of the earth. Efai. 6. 13. The Lords *«*« W 
portion is his people. Deut. 32. 9. Godly men 2k>g.i Q 
are fo precious, that at lafi God^illmake them up among his Laerr.1.9. 
jewels. MaL 3-17. They are fuch pious men , TM&btJS^L 
are the portraitures of the divine effence^nay the very Im- *£*? 
ages of God. Holy men area treafure hard to be found , yea - lQ xi m ' 
they are the perfons, which have a compendiaryTvay toglo- Adgiori- 
ry. What a bright luftre then was your religious Father jJ5J $ "f a 
once to this Nation \ how did he adorne the Kingdome . ? compen- 
he was a; great a Saint as a King, and as refplendent in *Jg^ 
innocencyasMajefty. * 2 Ri-\ t i.c.is. 




-Ripheus juflifsimm unus, 



Rfitit £>uifuit tn Teucris, & fervantifsimus a qui \ 

AroyallGemme, a religious mirrour,the Lands Omar 
tnenty the Churches Phenix ; there were many potent 
Kings in his time, but he was the true Sacred Majefty up- 
on earth ; we may ftill rejoyce, that we were the Sub- 
je&sof fuch a King, and you may ftili glory that you 
\tferethe Sonoffuch a Father^lofe not your Birth-right, 
your Fathers Graces honour you as much as his bloud 
Royal; you are a Prince of renown beeaufe you can de- 
rive a pedigree from fuch a linage of virtues : it is never 
dying fame to you, that you can fay. 
tfr*. 4. -Pater eft Thymbreus Apollo, 

Bnud. that fuch a Saint was your Father. But where now is 
thisPearleof the Land, and ftarreof the throne > He 
that doth anfwer this queftion muft doe it rather with 
tears , then fpeech ; for we had him , but we have loft 
him; Oh irreparable, and ineffable lofle, we did not 
value his graces, nor imitate them, and fo we are depri- 
ved of thefight,ufe, andbliffeof them. Buthowcame 
he to be taken away, could any heart be fo rancorous, or 
any hand fo cruel , as to offer violence to fuch a pious 
Prince \ yes, virtue hath no armour of proof againft blind 
and precipitate malice. AsheTrhich ivas born after the 
flejb perfecuted bim, Tthich is borne after the Spirit , even 
fo is it noH> .Gal. 4,29* For the T^orie that is right a man 
is envied of his <very neighbour.Ecdd. ^Mutius was ob* 
smm 1 f crvec * never to tave a fadder countenance , then when 
c. z. ' he beheld altquid boni 9 iomc good thing in others. The 
perfe&ionsof good men are the regrets of the wicked. 
Sure I am my Soveraignes eminences were the foment of 
all his enemies difgufts , his virtues were fatal to him 5 

How 



How fatal i who can fpeak ? who can be filent ? who 
can fupprefle the accident? who can expreffeit? no,gaft- 
ly looks, fhivering joints, quivering lips, broken fighes 
are the fitted Orators to treat upon fuch a difmaying 
fubjeft. It is a forrow beyond utterance, a Tragedy that 
nothing but rent hearts, and frayed Spirits can a£t out the 
fevcral Scene s of it. 

Great & renowned Prince, then,whatcanlfay ?what 
fhalll fay.^butcx/A \^4las\ K^fngu\sh\ ABonishmentX 
a Crimeld Cry ! a CMarther\ a CHxrtyrdome\ your Royal 
Father, your righteous Father flayn bythehandes of his 
mercileffe, graceleffefubjefts, brought to an untimely 
death, brought to a barbarous death ! his foveraginity, 
his lawes , his a&s of Grace, his matchlefs graces could 
not defend him 5 Ohageof Monfters! Oh herd of Ty- 
gres! Oh army of Fiends ! Oh rout of infamous, igno- 
noble, irreligious, infernal Furies ! Where was the worth, 
thewifedome, the obedience, the confeience of their 
former progenitors > or who were their natural Fathers ? 
who were their ghoftly Fathers > what breads did they 
fuck at? what lips were they infpired with ?are thefe their 
principles? are thefe their revelations ? thefe gifted men 
then are edge-tooles,thefe new lights are fierce Comets; 
thefe fift-Monarchy men are fierce Monarchy men, thefe 
Levellers are leviathans, thefe quakers may make all the 
earth to quake.They may now pretend to be the metkeof 
*£fMr/£,butIam,rurf they were the Murtherers of the 
carth,they mayprofefs that they have mortified fpirits,but 
fure I am, they had mortal hands ; they may have peace 
in their lips, buttheyhave war in their hearts* they may 
call themfelves Lambs? but they are more fiery then the 
evening wolves. Truft them who will, I can but yield 

*3 them my 



my pitty, not my confidence, though it may be mercy to 
pardon their crimes, yet I think it were no great wif- 
dometoput affiance in their gentle, peaceable Natures. 
If their principle be no King, what King fits furc in his 
throne where there are fuch paradoxesHs notthelifeofa 
King threatned, where his authority is renounced ^how 
many of thefe were in a&ual armes,and a&ive toruine 
their native Country, and to fhedthe bloud of their na- 
tural King ? what >King-skinners and yet true to the per- 
fon and power of a King > can the authority, or piety of 
any Prince reftraine their fury ,when they have flaine fuch 
a juft King, fuch aceleftial Saint ? Let them inchant 
whom they can, yet they (hall hardly infatuate us that e- 
ver they will be fincerely loyal; for they have driven us 
to heart, grief, yea drawn out our heart blood, & taken 
away the life of him , who was worth ten thoufandof 
us. T 'he breath of ournoBrils , the Anointed ef the Lord 
T*>as taken intheir nets, oflvhom "toe [aid , undir his sha- 
doi»i»e shall be preferved alive. Lam. 4. 20. How can 
we think of them with contentment , or fpeake of 
them with pacified fpirits,whcnthe joy of our hearts is 
gone, and our dance is turned into mourning, And the 
Cro^n is fallen from our heads) Lam. 5* 15,16. When 
fuch fervants ruled over us,and we gat our bread with the 
peril of ourlives, when Princes where hanged up by the 
hand, and the faces of Elders were not had in honour; 
when they took the young men to grinde, and made the 
children to fall under the wood ; when they have fe- 
queftred, imprifoned, ftarved,gibbited, baniflied,flain 
in the field, (hot to death in the ftreets multitudes , it is an 
hard thing to forget fo many indignities, and outrages; 
no, they may have their A& of indemnity, but hardly their 

Aft 



Aft of Amnefty. Or if we could rafe out of our brefts all 
our private injuries, how can wee bury in oblivion the 
blood of fuch a rarely accomplished, and gratioufly qua- 
lified KingJthey which could pluck offfuch a Crown,& 
ftrike off fuch an head, what bloody hearts 3 andfatall 
hands muft we needs conclude then to have ? Have they 
not here given us occafion of dread,and grief *yes, This 
is a Lamentation and shall be for a Lamentation . For if the 
death of lofiah which was (lain in battel was lamented 
fo bitterly, that it was called a long time after, the mourn- 
ing oiHadadrtmmon in the field of hiegiddo.&czW the Fami- 
lies of the Land did weep tor him apart, then for a King 
by his own fubje&s to be chafed, captived,arrainged,con- 
demned and executed, what fobbs, tears, shrikes,plaints, 
paffions, deteftations, defiances are enough to bewaile, 
and execrate fuch barbarous inhumanity, andimmanity* 
If the Chalcedonians kept the one & twentieth day of eve- Suidas« 
ry month as a day of much fadnefs , becaufe the prefe£t 
of Darius then made their children Eunuchs, and carried 
them away (laves to Fcrfia ; then how ought we to keep 
that day as a folemn day of Humiliation which is theAn- 
niverfary of the moft direfull murther ( next to our Savi- 
ours crucifing) that ever was committed upon the face 
of the earth, w hen our good King loft his life , and we 
loft our liberties for many years after ? oh black day ! oh 
bloody A&! oh diabolical Amours, ^A day of Tribulation 
rebuke t andbltsphemy Ef. 3 7. 3 . Write the name of the day 
even of this fame day Ezech. 24. 2. Tea.ho^land cry y and 
fay^o be unto this day Ezech. 30. 2. Can your Highnefs 
think of it with patience \ or hear of it without ire and 
indignation I your Fathers dead head doth it not make 
both the eyes in your head to fparkle \ your Eathers roy- 
al! 



all blood gufliing out of his veines ,doth it not make eve- 
ry drop of blood in your Princely heart to kindle & flame? 
Tot our high fame you have won many a pitcht battel,& 
/hall fueh bafe bloodfuckers conquer your noble heart to 
forget the horrid murther of fuch an admired King, to 
whom you have fo neer a relation both in blood and ho- 
nour J No, though I do notftirreyou up torevengcyet I 
do to a deteftation both of the Aft and Adours. Where- 
fore are you a Kings fon, but to abhorre all them which 
dare (hike at a Kings head, or cut off a Kings head? where- 
fore is any one a King, if his perfon be not free from vio- 
Icnc&yeSiWho shall lay his hand upon the Lords anoint ed& 
be guiltlefft I Why .is a King called a fupreme if he hath a- 
nyfupreme above him ? or named Lawgiver, if he him- 
felf be liable to law i wherefore doth he hold a fcep- 
ter, if his own fides may be beaten with it I or wear a 
Crown, if it cannot prefervehis own head forbear the 
fword , if it may be thruft into his own bread ? Is he to be 
the head of theTribes to ftand in danger of his own neck? 
is the Government to belaid upon his (houlders, & ycta 
blood axe to be laid upon his flioulders?are not thefe con- 
tempts againft Soveraginity ? and contradictions to loy- 
alty \ hath reafon any fuch folaecifmes, or madneffc any 
fuch Phrenfies \ did Baalam , Caiaphas, \^ichitophel 
ever give fuch Counfel, or teach fuchmaximes? Isthere 
a precedent of the like (hameful attempt to be found a- 
mongft the civil Romanes* or wild Scythians jht tyrants of 
K^ithens y or the King.hunters of Scotland, where learned 
our people this Divinity J or who were the leading Pro- 
teftants which firft praftifedit \ where began this out- 
rage i who took up the firft armes i whobroughtthe 
firft Artillery into the field > who cried out of an hor- 
rid 



rid rebellion in Ireland,^, yet cried up afanftified plaging 
of prizes in England) Can a man think that there paffed 
no Letters of Correfpondency between thefe and the 
Iefuits I Sure I am they never learned this dottrine of re- 
fitting Kings by force of armes out of Canonical Scri- 
pture, the primitive martyrs, or the ancient Fathers , but 
out of Mariana, Suarez,, Stapleton* Sanders, &c. If they 
be no Romifli Iefuits, they are Proteftant Iefuits. They 
and thefe are both Gunners, the queftioniswhoisthe 
Mafter Gunner. The fiti of Novtmbcr cannot but with a 
kind of impudence be kept by thefe,for there is a new 
Gunpowder treafon upon record , they are both of them 
Salt peter men; I wonder how thefe men donotfufpefl: 
themfel^s to be in fome meafure guilty of Popery , or to 
have let up an altar after the fafhion of the alter ofDamafi 
cus. Supremacy they fay is Popery, and what not to hold 
the fupremacy of a Parliaments a Magifterial Aflembly 
till they have fought down foveraignty fo low that eve- 
ry Commoner fliall be checkmate to a King i Praying to 
Saints and Angels is Popery ; and what not to rely 
upon fuch Saints, and Angels which lead people into the 
fin ot Lucifer ? Purgatory is Popery , and whatnot 
to make their Country more flaming then mount ^£tndi 
Auricular ConftfTion is Popery, and what not to bring 
all Communicants to Examination, that they might 
know withthefecretsofconfcience,the fecrets of Fami- 
lies, and if they finde them not well affe&ed to give them 
aClaftical expulfionout of the Land i Tran(ut>ftantiati- 
on is Popery, and whatnotto tranfubftantiate away the 
authority of a King, till nothing do remain bur bare ac- 
cidents, gay cloaths, and a good hunting horfe ? Merits 
are Po£err$and what not to merit the name of a Patrior, 

**i a 



a pure Saint upon earth, and a bright, thrice bright Saint 
in heaven by ruffling with Kings and by throwing them 
upon their backs, it not breaking their necks r In the 
Landof tumult, fcdition , commotion, and playino- of 
Prince-prizes, whoisthe mod honourable Common* 
i*nfm « wealths-man but the moft infolcnttraytour: Zenophon 
^hn. the Corinthian who wasfixty times Conquerour at the 
Tindar. Olympian games , TSljcon who won at that place 1400 
ij. od. Crowns were never more famous > then their redoubted 
Heroes, who could pluck a King by the collar, or pluck 
out his throat: was not the Image of the firft benefaft. 
our to therebellionfetup with his Saracens face in the 
Church? and was not the firft Rebel-General honoured 
if not with a glorious Statue, yet with a moft vJlh-glori-' 
Ous Sermon I though his falfe mafters paid him his wa. 
ges with aconite, yet the falfe Prophet lighted him to 
heaven with a pulpit-torch. There is akinde of holy 
Brother which doth love a Traytouraswellasthe ho- 
ly Father. Well then, leave all diffembling and let fel- 
low Papifts go together, for Rebellion againft Kings is 
more fufpicious,nay more perfpicuous 6c pernicious Po- 
pery , then Cap» Cope, Surplice, Tippet, Rochet: If 
the one fhould be conceited to be tayleof the Beaft, the 
other may be concluded to be the clawes and jawesof 

, the Beaft. Oh then that this brutifli fin fhould be ha'low- 
Mart. 1.7. . ... —■''>■ _ • 

ed as a prime virtue ! no, Virpejsimus omnium Carinas. 

This fame Regicide is the Bafilick among allSepents* 

there is not the leaft goodneiTe,ornoblenefleinhim, 

unlefs. 

fyvil, 1 6 ' fyf° fi e t er * s motiwinc Tereus 

Ma am. Credit ur efo Pius , laudemque d criminefumit, 

Thcheight of villany dothgoforthehcight of piety, 

and 



and the blacked crime is efteemedihe trucft credit. If 
there had never been traytour in the world rill thefe laft 
warres,y ct we have occafion enough for this very action, 
to abominate this rough-skin'd Creature, becaufe fo in- 
humanely he executed fuch an eminent, and invaluable 
King. Oh how much virtue was there murrhered J 
how many graces were there at one blow beheaded i 
K^belis dead. But though dead, yet not quite dead; 
no( renowned Prince) you have not altogether loft 
your Father ,thc Rebel might killtheKing, but not the 
Saint. Abel being dead yetfpeaketh.^&o murtherer could 
utterly deftroy fuch a righteous King, Cain himfelf might 
open his veines, butnot flop his mouth, ftrike him but 
not ftrike him dumb. Your Highnefs though you can- 
not fee your Fathers face, yet you may hear his voyce; 
he made not his laft Speech upon the Scaffold,^/ he 
fpeaketh,yez hefpeaketh fo loud that he may be heard 
throughout the whole Court, the whole kingdome, 
the whole worldly his Faith, Sacrifice, innocent life, & 
pattern death he doth fpeak to all his Friends, to all his E- 
nemies, to the Slaughtered Martyrs , and his crucified 
Redeemer. Thus defiring to fhedan Ocean of com- 
fortsintothe breaft of your Royal Highnefs by the re- 
membrance of your Fathers pretious memory upon 
earth, and his glorious reign in Heaven proftrating my 
felf at your Highnefs feet , fubmiffively I take leave and 
reft. ' 

Waltham Abby Your HighneJJes humble fervant, who doth 

in fines. earneftly Sacrifice, that yon may be your 

Fathns true Mourner and bright Mirronr^ . 



(O 





The Dead Manfpcaking, &c. 

Andb]ithebeingAead,jetfpeaketh,}lzb. 1 1.4. 

Am this day to prefent you with a Deaths-head , no 
veiy pleafing fight. If it be mors atra , blac\^death y 
then a Deaths-head is Spettaculum [qualldum , * 
grifly , hideous ftettacle ; a Gorgons head, and a 
Deaths-head, are much alike ; yea Caput mortuum , the Deal 
head y which by the Chymifts is called terra damnata, the dam- 
ned earth doth carry fome femblance with it , only here is the dif- 
ference , that there all virtue is extracted , but here much virtue 
doth remain ; for this Deaths-head doth ft>eak, yea fpeak with- 
out a tongue. It is rare to hear the dead fpeak, efpecially to 
fpeak when the Organ of fpeech is wanting ; for living men to 
be dumb , is a judgement, for dead men to fpeak , is a wonder. 
The Brazen head of Albertus Magnus, fpeaking, fo aftonifhed 
Thomas Aquinas, that he brake it in pieces , and his Mailer gave 
him a bitter check for it , faying, that he had deftroyed the work 
of thirty years invention ; The head of Memnon which fpake , 
and fung by the Sun-beames fhining upon it, was the admiration 
of the age ; but thefe heads fpake by Arts, and Artifices ; but here 
is an Head, which fpake without any help, and contrivance ; it 
was Abel's head , and it fpake by the virtue of Abel's graces ; 
wicked men fpeak but till death , a righteous man doth fpeak af- 
ter death ; fo that a holy man is never tongue-tyed , no la ft gafp 
can make him fpeechleife , no grave-ftone can filence a Saint. 
Now then the Deaths-head being a fpeaking head, the aba&ment, 
and confternation is much mitigated ; for there is honour and 
iplendor mixed with the horrour, and fray of fuch an head ; 
though it cannot but be grief and anguifh , to think that Abel is 
dead \ yet it cannot but be exultation, and cxtafie , to think that 

A qnl 



% A dead man /peaking. 

qui moritur, loquitur , that he which is dead fpeakjth , yea that 
when all natural fpeech is taken from him , he hath a fupernatural 
way of fpeak ing , for adhuc loquitur , he yet fpeakjth ; By it 
being dead, he yet fpeakjth. 

This difcourfe is of Faith , and here (he doth fit like a glorious 
Queen in her Chair of State with all her Maids of Honour attend- 
ing upon her ; for all the priviledges , and perfections that the 
Saints had by faith are here defcribed , and it is fhewn, that 
whatfoever they were celebrated for , it was faith which was their 
•• loud-founding Cymbal, their Trumpet of fame which made their 
pames to refound with honour , For By it our Elders obtained 
a good report, ver. 2. Amongft the reft of the glorious Lights 
9s4bcl doth thine forth, as the Thofphorm , the bright Morning- 
ftar ; he offered an excellent Sacrifice , and this made him excel* 
lent to all pofterkies ; this Sacrifice doth fecm to have a relique y 
ibr though the Sacrifice be fpent , and the Sacrificer confumed , 
yet the afbes both of the Sacrifice and Sacrificer do feem (till to 
be prefer ved. oyfbel is dead, but the memory of his Sacrifice is 
not dead , we may find it fmoaking upon a new Altar ; yea the 
Sacrifice doth give -aAbel both life, and fpeech ; for though na- 
ture cannot make him to fpeak , yet the Sacrifice doth make him 
to fpeak , for By it he being dead, yet fpeakjth. 

So that, what is the heft language ? thou that travelleft about 
the world to learn tongues, wouldeft thou this day be skilled in 
the beft language ? then goe to ayfbel's Academy, do thou ftudy 
the Art of Sacrificing. The Spanish , Italian, Arabick^, JEthio- 
pick^ Tongues are not comparable to this. Thou wilt be alter 
tjplato , ISjjftore facundior , Magnus Apollo by it. All the e- 
loqucnce upon earth is not like that which doth flow from a Saints 
lips ; Grace is the purcft Rhetorick, Devotion doth fpeak in the 
lofticft Idiome , Tunc ipfa fapientia vhit , Wifdome it felf doth 
feem then to live, and fpeak. All the wifdome of the Egyptians 
is inferiour to it , Athens it felf hath no fuch ftile , let who 
$*i<ks. will be magnified for rare fpeech , yet it is Tofi Lefbium cantorem 
after the language of a Sacrificer , for this is the language of Ca- 
naan* the tongue of men and Angels doth not exc:-ll it. Name all 
the curiors, climate, pevpolite, exornate fpeeches , that ever were 
in the world ? yet an excellent Sacrifice is the excellent Oratory > 

for 



A dead man fpeaklng. 5 

for it doth make a man fpeak under ground,fpeak when he is dead, 
For by it he being dead , yetfpeaketh. 

But how doth Abel's Sacrifice make him to fpeak, being dead ? 
becaufc he did offer a better Oblation then Cain ? then Cain > 
what ? is Cain found offering ? Is Saul among ft the Prophets } Is 
CW»amongft the Sacrifices } yes, wicked men have their forms 
of worfhip , they cannot inchant the world , unlefs they have the 
Sorcery, and Magick of devotion , they muft fecm religious , 
though they be Devils incarnate , therefore Cain doth Sacrifice as 
well as Abel. Community in worfhip is no certain argument of 
integrity , I do fufpeft. a wicked man when he cbth perfoliate a 
Saint , I do tremble when I do fee Cain at the Altar. 

Sic not us ZJlyffes} 

Is Vlyffes no better known ? Is not an hypocrite mod dange- 
rous when he is lifting up his hand to Heaven ? or holding obla- 
tions in his hand ? Is there not a great difference between the 
worfhip of a wicked, and a godly man } Yes, Cain here Sacrificed 
cut of cuftome , but sAbel out of confeience ; Cain out of for- 
mality, Abel out of faith. Cain wanted faith,and he had as good 
have wanted a Sacrifice. Will I eat Bull's-fleili ? will God tafl: 
of the oblations of thefe Oxen in Religion? no, Cains Sacrifice 
lay like a cold diirefpected thing upon the Altar , not a fpark 
from Heaven fell upon it to coniume it ; but Abel doth bring a 
Sacrifice , and doth bring faith along with him , and this faith 
doth fetch fire from Heaven to turn the Sacrifice into allies ; faith 
is a kindling virtue, or it can make God to fire where flie doth 
prefent an offering ; for what a flame was there upon the appear- 
ance of faith ? there was a fmoak rrifed to the honour of Abel's 
Sacrifice. It was the excellency of faich, which did make Abel's 
Sacrifice fo excellent. By faith Abel offered a better Oblation 
then Cain , by which he obtained witneffe that he was righteous , 
God teft'ifying of his gifts. Well, Cain is judged to his face, doth 
not this convince him ? no, the more exafperate him ; for he was 
wroth, and his countenance fell, Gen. 4. 5. Not he was humbled, 
and his tears fell , but he was worth , and his countenance {ell. 
W r icked men infiead of contrition, have fury, and inftcad ofre- 
morfe, rancour ; Cain was not offended that he was fo hypocriti- 
cal , but he was enraged that Abel was fo holy. Purity of Reli- 



gion 



4 A dead man /peaking 

gion is a general quarrell , the Altar doth fet all in a tumult, the 
more excellent Sacrifice doth beget a general fewd. The Saints are 
Genus Invlfum , The flighted race, Dum eletl'i proficlunt re- 
£r<£. probl ad r able m fur oris excitant ur ; The eminency of the EleB is 
the rage of Reprobates. If thou be'ft more righteous then an hy- 
pocrite thou muft look for his rankled breft, and his menacing 
brow. But if Cain be told of this, will he not forbear > no, God 
expostulated vfith him, why art thou wroth, and why is thy counte- 
nance fallen ? If thou do ft well, (halt thou not be accepted ? If t how 
doft l fly fin lyeth at the doore, Gen. 4.6,7. But he is never the bet- 
ter, he goe^h away filent, and fullen. No reafonings will take 
place with fome men , though fin lyeth at the door , yet they doe 
not cry out againft fin , but remain fenfeleflfe, and ftupid ; all the 
perfume of the Sanctuary will give no fragrant fent to fome mens 
noftrills,, the fweeteft odour is but the favour of death, unto death ; 
to inform, admonifh a wicked man , is but Excocjuere lapldem , 
To [often a ft one by feethlng ; he doth remain obftinate in his fin, 
though his guilt doth lie before his eyes , and vengeance doth lie 
at the door. Cain doth not yet lament, that he is that hypocrite , 
but onely doth torment himfelf that Abel Aiould be accepted as that 
righteous man , that he obtained witneiTe that he was righteous. 
But I hope that all doth but end in a diftafte , that there is no more 
but a fecret grudge , and a grievance ; oh yes, emulation doth 
bring forth difmal effects , malice doth end in mifchief , when thy 
Religion is once fpighted, look to thy perfon , look to thy head , 
the enemy of the Altar is the mod favage Oppofite. Indeed Cain 
doth treat with Abel, for Cain talked with his brother ay4bel , 
but beware of fuch treaties. Thou art never more in peril , then 
when the Adverfary of thy faith can draw thee into a confuta- 
tion , thou had'ft better fly his perfon, then meet with him at a 
conference ; for Cain doth draw Abel from a parley into the 
field , ( a field bufinefTe it muft be ) and then what are Cain's ar- 
guments but ftones, or clubs ? he doth fight no longer with reafons 
but mortal engines , the man can no longer walk courteoufly , or 
ralk gently , or fit patiently , but Cain rofe up, and flew his bro- 
ther Abel, Gen. 4. 8. Slew him ? oh that Cain fhould have an 
neart in his bofome to think of fuch a wretched defign , or a foot 
to walk about fuch a mifchievous project, or an eye to fpy out fuch 

an 



A dead man [peaking. £ 

an hatefull invention , or an hand to lay on fuch a fatal ftroke. 
What, Cain kill Abel} no, mcthinks he ftiould have faid, we are 
fons of the fame Father, we believe in the fame God, we have 
joyncd together in the fame wovftup , therefore Cain will not be 
guilty of this horrid acl: ; no, Cain lhould have faid, J will fight 
for him , rather then be his heads-man , or whofoever deftroy 
him, I will not kill him, for he is my brother , my fellow Pro- 
feffor , one that Heaven hath acknowledged to be a man of an 
excellent fpirit for his excellent Sacrifice. But all' bands of na^- 
ture, links of Religion, incentives of grace are forgotten , where 
men are blinded with paffions , or diftempered with the phrenzy 
of malevolency. Well, Abel is (lain , his dead head doth lie in 
the field , or his bloud doth ftick upon the (tone , but is 
Cain for all this fecure ? no, Dulce pomum cum abefl cuftos ; $\ ntt 
The apple is fweet when the Gardiner Is abfent , but when the 
Keeper doth come to examine what wafts have been made , he 
will teach fuch an Orchard-robber as Cain , what it is to pluck 
fuch fruit. Super te h&c omnia Leparge. Oh Cain, all thy mis- 
chievous devices will return upon thine own head. For Cain is 
queftioned, where is thy brother Abel, Gen. 4. 9. Cain, thou 
doft not mifs Abel , but faith God , I do want him , therefore 
where is he ? when did'ft thou laft fee him? what did'ft thou 
laft to him ? where did'ft thou leave him ? what happened at the 
parting ? I muft have an account of him , therefore where is thy 
brother Abel ? where is he, faith Calm ? where he pleafeth him- 
felf, he hath feet of his own to carry him whither he will, he 
hath eyestofpy out the beft place for his conveniency , he hath 
hands to defend himfelf : my brother Abel \sful juris, at his own 
liberty to goe , and do as liketh himfelf; he can tell thee whither 
he is retired , I cannot tell , charge not this upon me , for it is 
beyond my authority and commilTion , I have no tutelage of A- 
bel , I am his brother , I am not his Guardian , Am I my bro- 
thers Keeper ? Thus wicked men cauterize the wound, what they 
have committed with impiety , they do defend with impudence. 
But it is not the denial of the fa£t , which will ferve the 
turn , God doth profecute the crime , and reprefent :o Cain 
his menftrous wrctchednefs. what haft thou done ? art 
thou not confounded with what is* done ? what haft thou 

A 5 done ? 



6 A dead man [peaking. 

done ? could a more horrible thing be done ? -what haft 
thou done } thou wouldft needs be at work , and thou haft a£tcd 
a prodigie. what haft thou done ? thou haft done that, that all 
Generations to come fhall curfe thee for the deed , and be curfed, 
if they imitate thee in the action, to the worlds end there fhall be 
no more wretched pathes to walk in, then the wayes of Cain. 
What haft thou done ? haft thou not done hellifhly , to make thy 
felf a prefent horrour, and an everlafting abomination ? what haft 
thou done ? thou haft done that, that thou art afhamed to confefs , 
and art afraid to have k told thee , and wilt tremble when it fhall 
be discovered, what haft thou, done ? fomething is done , nothing 
can be done, but I am privy to it ; I was with thee at the fhft mo- 
tion in thy breft , at the firft motion of thy feet, at the ircfull 
motion of thy brow , at the direfull motion of thy hand. What? 
hide a thing from thy God > canft thou cloud any thing from his 
all-feeing eye ? yes I know, and can tell , and will repeat what 
thou haft done. It is not thy clofe acting , nor the naked field , 
that can conceal thy doings , thy difmal doings from me. I have 
my fpies in all corners , I have Intelligencers, which do bring me 
news from all quarters of the world. Acknowledge what thou 
haft ac~ted , fpeak out, what thou wert not afraid to attempt, what? 
did'ft thou not once want a malicious heart, inchanting lips, and 
a bioudy hand , and doft now want a confeience , and a tongue? 
oh the fhamc and confufion of fin , how i: makes a man at laft 
amazed, and fpeechlels / Well Cain, thou wilt not fpeak , but I 
have an Informer come into my Court , thou wilt not accufe thy 
felf , but I have an indictment preferred againft thee , I can draw 
nothing out of thee, but I have a charge drawn up againft thee. 
Thou (ayeft, Am I my brothers Keener ? no, thou art thy bro- 
thers Cut-throat, asfbel cannot cry, but his blond doth cry , 
Thy brothers blond doth cry to me from the ground. That doth 
cry , and thou fhalt cry ; thou irayeft live , hut thou (halt live as 
an execration ; nothing lhali profpei that thou doft undertakc,thou 
fhalt ufe infinite means to thrive, but nothing fhall be fucccflcfuP, 
but ominous to thee , For thou art cur fed from the earth , which 
hath opened her mouth to receive thy brothers bloud from thy hand, 
Gen. 4. 10. And as thy endeavours fhall be unfortunate , fo thy 
perfon lliali be unhappy : Thou haft many places to repair to , but 

thou 



A dead manfpeaking. 7 

thou fhalt not know where to reft , thou flialt be like a diffracted 
creature , chafed up and down wich fears, and furies , thy ftatc 
jfhall be as the ftate of a Fugitive; a runagate and a vagabond Jh alt 
thou be upon the earthy Gen. 4. 1 2 . Thou haft taken thy brother 
off from his legs , and thy feet (hall not know where to nx fafely, 
thou fhalt be caft out of the pre fence of the Lord^Gzn. 4. 16. 
and no prcfence fhall be pleating , or fafe-guarding to thee ; all 
places (hall be an horrour to thee , and thou fhalt be a dread to 
thy felf. Thou fhalt be as a palfy creature , a mark^fhall be fet 
upon thee , Gen. 4. 15. A Cain's mark , which fhall (as 
St. Chryfofiome faith ) cany a continual trembling with it , day 
and night , thou fhalt be afraid to be killed , and though thou 
mayeft not be killed , yet like a man that forbode {laughter 
thou fhalt live in wards , yea, be ready to double thy guards 
about thee ; Oh Cain, where fhalt thou be fecure ? no , 
thou fhalt clofe up thy felf in ftone walls , build thy felf a 
City, Gen. 4. 17. Thy old habitation fhall be frightfull to thee, 
thou muft change places, and goe live in the land of Nod, And 
when thou art dead , all plagues lliall not end in thy perfon , but 
the curfe fhall reach to thy pofterity , an infamous generation thou 
flialt leave behind thee , there fhall not be a more hated and i<mo- 
minous ftock then the progeny of Cam', they fhall be held as a 
people which have no relation to God , nor mtereft in his promi- 
ses, they fhall be diftinguifhed from the children of God. Tor 
the Sons of God went into the Daughters of men, Gen. 6.2. Who 
are thefe Daughters of men, but thy own wretched, and accui fed 
Race ? and we may know them by their hideous, and prodigious 
births, even that fonnidable breed of Giants, whofe manners 
were as monftrous as their members, for they were people given up 
to that luft, and cruelty, that they had defiled the earth with fuch 
fenfual, and favage courfes, that God was inforced to rinfe it 
with a general floud, and to leave bu: eight perfons alive, they 
their felves were fo corrupt, and they had fo ftair.ed all perfons 
which they did converfe with. Thus Cain by one horrid act doth 
leave himfelf upon Record to be the Infamy of the earth , and 
not onely an execration in his particular pe« fori , buc (as it were) 
a general Anathema to all that fhould proceed out of his loyns ; 
this is Cain , Cain the murthercr , Cain the Monftcr, not to be 

thought 



8 A dead man [peaking. 

thought on without contempt , nor mentioned without deteftation, 
and defiance; and thus we leave him ftained in his bloud, and 
branded with his curfe ; But (hall we thus caft oft Abel > no, pity 
it is that his righteoufnefs {hould be forgotten ., or that his Sacri- 
fice (hould not be eternized ; a double Sacrifice, one that came 
out of thy flocks , another that came out of thy veins ; 
thou did'ft exercife righteoufnefle , thou did'ft die for righte- 
oufnefs ; thou didft offer a Sacrifice , thou wert made a 
Sacrifice , oh we facrifice to thy honour / thy actions were pious , 
thy name fliall be glorious ; thy fufferlngs were bitter , thy memo- 
ry fhall be fweet ; we do prize thee , we would immortalize thee ; 
thy bloud is fpilt , but it Ilia 11 not be dryed up ; Cain flew thee , 
but we will embalm thee ; thy Remains fhall be facred to us, thou 
ihalt have thy Anniverfary , thou fhalt have thy tuft a , thy Fu- 
neral rites , we will honour thee as a Martyr ; Thou art dead , 
but thou fhalt not die;thou art fpeechlefs,but thou fhalt ftill fpeak ; 
we will do our duty , but thou needed not our fervice ; thy per- 
son is fo pretious , thy perfections fo peerlefs , and thy virtues fo 
confpicuous,that thou canft not but be eminent to the worlds end; 
Thou art dead , but there is a perfume come out of thy grave , 
thou art dead, but thy allies are turned into coftly Spicknard ; thou 
doft fmell under ground, thou doft fpeak under ground , the ears of 
the Saints are daily charmed with thy name , the audible voice of 
thy never-dying fandlity is ftill heard in the Church. Abel yet 
liveth, Abel yet fpeaketh. By it he being dead > yet fpeaketh. 

Ye are this day invited to a Funeral , though ye be not all in 
blacks, yet I befeech you be yc true Mourners , do you folemnize 
the exequies oiAbel (our righteous Abel, our royal Abel ) a man 
that died for Religion , that ilied his bloud for God's caufe , 
which was a Confeffour for the Faith , a Martyr for the excellent 
Sacrifice ? Oh fhall fuch an one have no Threnes, nor groncs at 
his Tomb ? yes, HeElora flemns , Wc lament our valiant Hector \ 
we bewail our Champion of piety , one that being dead, Religion 
half died with him, for what a confufion was there in the Church 
till the dayes of Seth\ Then men began to call upon the name of 
the Lord, Gen. 4. z6. Oh therefore fhall the lofs of fuch a Jewel 
not trouble the family ? yes, though his pcrfon be buried, let not 
his name be interred, and incinerated ; let us magnify his faith, f 

extol 



A dead manfpeaking. 9 

extol his Sacrifice , yea, honour him as a Sacrifice. Didft thou 
( Oh Abel ? martyred Abel ! ) die for thy faithfulnefs , and fer- 
vency towards Religion , becaufe thou wouidft not abrogate the 
Rule, nor alienate any thing from God's pure worfhip ? then ab- 
horred be the day when thou didft fall , and curfed be the hand 
by which thou wert cut off: oh thy courage, and conftancy can- 
not be furficiently valued , let the thought of thy bloud be dread , 
and the fight of thy bloud caufe many a bleeding heart. Oh 
bloudy defign / oh bloudy day / was fuch a righteous man (lain , 
one that did heautifie the Land with his graces , and fan6Hfy the 
Land with fufferings ? oh then let every gratious creature lift up a 
cry , and fay Alas , Alas ; Ah my Brother / Ah *Abell ihall 
there be none to bewail fuch an accident ? yes, doubtlefs 

Invenles aliquem qui mefttfpiret ademptum y Cfli. t» 

There will be fomc pious foul that will fwim in tears at fuch a fad Trill. 
cafualty. We lliould not ftand dumb fpe&atours at fuch a we- 
ft U fpe&aclc , but we (hould wail and howle , even 

lacrlmis urgere Seputchrum, Trop.l.4, 

bedew the Sepulchre , and endeavour to melt the (tones of it with 
eye- water. Is this a time to take Vineyards, and Oliveyards, and. 
Fig-trees ? Is this a time for pleafure, and paftime , melody, and 
jollity ? no, we fhould now lay afide Oyntments,and Ornaments; 
Tiffues, and Timbrells ; and put afhes upon our heads , cover our 
loyns with fackcloth, mourn fore like the Doves, That as the 
Turks fay , that the Angels intermitted their Layes, and Hymns 
in Heaven for the the great (laughter, which they faw in the Plains &*onlet 
of Caffovia , fo we fhould intermit all delights , and our fongs T *'*- 
Should be fighes , and our hymns amazement , and aftonirhment. ? 
Giace then,where are thy prickles ? Zeal, where are thy fparkles > 
PaiUon,where are thy pangs ? Companion, where are tny bowells ? 
This iliould be a time onely to keep filence , and to rend , and to 
caft away, and to break down, and to pluck up that which is plant- 
ed, and to be far from embracing, for pain and perplexity , deje- 
ction and dolour, terrour and tears , anguifh and agony. For 
art thou dead, oh z/fbel, and fhalt thou not have thy dead-right > 
fhalt we bury fuch a man, fuch a Saint , fuch a Martyr without fob- 
bings, and throbbings, condolings, and conflicts, elegies, and-eju- 
lations ? Oh thy death, was it not a difaftcr ? may we not call it 

B the 



i & A dead mdn [peaking. 

the fate of the age , the tempert of an incenfed God , the eclipfe 

of worfhip , and the burning feaver of Religion > oh what a fick 

Patient were we by it ? how nigh were we to our winding-uHeet > 

In the death of One, how many held their lives in uncertainty ? 

for if &4bel could have no pity fhewn him, who fhould have been 

fpared, that was of <*AbeTs judgement, or bare affection to Abel} 

no, the difeafe was mortal in ^Abel y and it might have proved 

Epidemical. ^Abel we cannot but honour thee , thou wert the 

figh: eye of profeiTion, the top-branch of fandtity , thy Sacrifice 

was excellent , thy (laughter was execrable , thy grace was timely, 

thy grave untimely ; though we cannot enjoy thy quick body , 

yet we -will weep over thy dead corpfe, though we fpilt not our 

bloud with thee , yet we will moitten the place where thy bloud 

was fhed , though we cannot figh enough at the Sepulchre , yet 

we will write an Epitaph upon thy Tomb, Here lyeth Abel the 

right eo hs , whofe faith was admirable , and Sacrifice was acce- 

f table , whom Cjod honoured, and Cain murthered ; Oh the emi- 

nency of thy life /oh the enmity againft thy life /oh pmiousAbel ! 

Oh barbarous Cain I Thou art dead, but we will caufe a refur- 

re£Hon of thee in our prayfes ; thou art dead, but we will preferve 

thee alive by our veneration, all holy men fhall give up the ghoir, 

all zeal to righteoufnelfe fhall expire v before thow fhalt be quite 

dead, thou {halt eccho in our eftimation, tpeake in our reverence, 

Abel is dead; Abel is not dead; the Saints can fpeake of Abel , 

Abels graces can yet fpeak, Abel yet fpeaketh,. By it he being 

dead, yet fpeaketh. 

In the Text condder , 
i . The f acred virtue, Faith , By it. 

2. The fad accident , He being dead. 

3. The perpetuated honour , Yctfpeakcth. 



By It he being dead , yet fpeaketh. 



Fkft, for the facved virtue , Faith , By It, From hence ob- 
ferye, that Faith mufl confecrate to us all our religious expreffions. 
If we would do any gratious thing, it mult be by It, The ju/l man 
doth live by faith Hab. 2 . 4. that is his vital principle, without 
faith it k impoffible to pleafe Cod. Heb. 1 1 . 6, that is our ingra- 
tiating 



A dead man Jpeaking . 1 1 

dating virtue.I will not fct the Graces at contention, but doubtlefs 
of all the 3. Theological virtues Faith is the Queen ; i: is die fiifl " - 
in order, and the chicfc in difinthralling from linne. Tho % Aqui- 
nas doth often fay, that it \sprincipium fpiritualisv'it&, & fun- 
dament um tot i us xdificij; the beginning of our fpi ritual life, and 
the foundations of the whole building : it onely doth beget in us 
the knowledge of God, and direct the intention, and pacify the 
confciencc, and expelleth all doubts , and kindlcth our fervour, 
and raifeth up in us our fpiritual magnanimity ; the eminency 
o^ it is that it can believe thofe things which it doth not difcern , 
the proper object, of Faith being non vlfum^. thing not feen, -j-for f ^PP a ' 
things apparent belong not to faith, but to acknowledgement. It is IS?/? 
the lingular vertuc of appiehenfion, re vda t ion , and certa inty ,/#?#<?# ^f^ 4. 
fide 1 , the light of faith doth exceed all brightness , the truth ofagnitione. 
God may be known by the light of nature, but the excellency of Greg. 
God cannot be known but by the light faith. Wifdome,and experi- m ' z6 > 
ence arc but undc -Graduates to faith ; next to the hypoftatical vatt ^' 
union , there is nothing more knitting then the hypoftafis ( the 
fubfiftence I may call it ) of faith , for it unites God and the 
foul ; the understand ing, & fecrets ; the confeience, and Chrift's 
merits ; it is the beft to fearch myfteries, and promifes , and the 
wounds of the Redeemer ; it liveth firft , and worketh fooneft , 
and watcheth mod, and ftandeth firmlieft, and flieth higheft, and 
perfecteth the Pilgrimage laft ; it muft needs be a Singular virtue, 
becaufe it doth refine the understanding , the nobleft faculty upon 
earth , and is fupplied by vifion , the high beatitude in Heaven 5 
yea, that muft. needs be the greatefi: virtue , becaufe the oppofite - ™"* 
to it, infidelity is the greateft fin. It is generally by the Fathers ^gj^ m 
called the Mother-grace , becaufe all virtues have their conception tes mfi 
in her womb , and fhe travelleth with them in birth. * ^411 vir- prafupps- 
tues are nothing unleffe Faith be prefuppofed. We do but feek^'*^* 
for divine things in the dark without the torch-light of Faith , fo? J *& ' r " 
■j- Without Faith nothing can be found : Theophylacb upon the 3d. j. sinefi'- 
di Nah. faith, That we can no more ftir in any fpiritual mo- it ntkil 
tions till Faith hath taken away all obstructions , then the Grafs- inyeniri 
hopper can move till the Sun hath dried the dew and froit upon ffffi 
her win^s.Doth not the Scripture afcribe all the honour to Faith in y ^;' lz 
gratious thin^s?ycs,it is called the faith of Gods Saints, Rev.i 3. 10. , n 1 Tim. 

B 2 The 



Jffl 



12 Adeaimmfpeaking. . 

The faith of the eleft, Tit. i . i . By It we overcome the world t 
i Jo. 5. 4. and arc intitled to the family of God , it being cal- 
led no other then the houfhold of faith , Gal. 6. 10, By i: we 
ftand, 2 Cor. r. 24. And are eftablifhed, Col. 1.23. And are 
kept , 1 Pet. 1.5. Itpurifieth our hearts, Alls 15. o ; Procures 
our peace with God, Rom. 5. 1. And is our fhield and breft- 
plate , Ephef. 6. Chrift defired to preferve this unfhaken in 
Sz.Peter ? L//^. 22. 32. And will fearch for it moft at the latter 
day of judgement , for when the Son of man comes, fhall he find, 
faith upon earth ? Luh^. 1 8.8. It was moft eminent in the woman 
of Canaan , for oh woman, great is thy faith, Mat. 15.28. And 
it was that, that St. Paul triumphed in , namely, that he had kept 
the faith, 2 Tim. 4, 8. It is often called in Scripture the faving 
virtue, for, By grace are ye faved through faith , 2 Ephef. 2, 
Thy faith hath faved thee, Luk^. 7.50. And the end of our faith 
is the fa I vat ion of our fouls, 1 Pet. 1.9. If we refpedt therefore 
either the knowledge of God, or an intereft in God ; pardon , or 
peace , the operation of grace^or the growth in grace, a confident 
end, or a bleffcd reft, what more neceffary then faith ? yes, ye 
are to get it before all things, to keep it ftriftly, and to aft wholly 
in the ftrength of it. It was Abel's root and fap , formal princi- 
ple, and Archkeftonical inftrument , the engine of all his prime 
fervices, and perfeftions,.for By It.* 

This doth reprove them which would do high things without a 
right qualification, which would be prime without a primordial 
vertue,which fiift fcek for confequent virtues before they mind the 
confecrating virtue. Muft faith fanftify all the works of grace ? 
then how unhallowed are many pretending Believers ? for is faith 
the tAlpha in their Religion ? the fiift fruits which they do offer 
in their profeflion ? the firft-born of their Chrift ianity ? no, a 
younger brother, and perhaps none of the births in the whole pro- 
geny of their virtues ; faith doth not ftand in the Front , but is 
ufually brought up in the Reere , men ftrikc up the bargain with- 
out laying down this earneft-permy r they profefs , and pray , and 
frequent the Ordinances, and pretend mortification without faith ; 
here is fervency, and forward nefs without faith. All men have 
not faith , no, few men have faith ; wifdome if ye will , but not 
faith; affeftioris, but not faith ; duties, but not fai i\ ; much 

crying 



A dead manfpeaking. ij 

crying Lord, Lord, and feeking the Lord dayly , and coming 
as people ufe to come , and drawing near with the mouth and 
howling upon their beds , and disfiguring their faces , and blow- 
ing trumpets, and uflng their forms of godlinefs , and teeming to 
be religious , and faying that they arc Jews, and wearing fheeps 
clothing , and having horns like the lamb , and making a fair 
i"hcw in the fleflh , but very little faith, they build without a foun- 
dation {\ont , and grow up without a root. Faith is not the head- 
fpring that feeds all their ftreams , nor the Captain with the lead- 
ing-ftaffe in the hand, going before the Army of their religious 
exercifes in the fpiritual march , no, 

Poflrema immani carpore Plfirlx , Vkg. 3 : 

Faith, that is of the greateft valew, and validity doth come up in & ni( *> 
the laft place. Myforum ultimus navigat , Of all ProfefTburs 
the fakhfull man is- the laft that fct up failes. Or if men have 
faith, it is but the faith of difcovery , and not of dependence ; of 
infight , and not of intereft ; of affirmation, and not of affiance; 
of atteftation and proteftation, and not of apprehenfion and appli- 
cation ; they may have a notional faith, but not a pacifying faith; 
a magnifying, but not a juftifying faith; a talking, but not a 
feeling faith. Thou haft a long time been a Gofpeller , but when 
wilt thou be a Believer ? thou feemeft to have had many virtues , 
but when wilt thou have faith ? thou prefenteft many of the hand- 
maids, or fifteis in Religion, but when wilt thou have the Mother- 
grace ? or haft thou fallen down at the knees of thy Mother , and 
asked her btefling at thy uprising in Chriftianity ? oh can any 
thing be congruous in Religion without faith ? no, every thing is • ,., 
irregular, nip per juftitiam fide! emendetur , unlefs it be reclined x t^, 
by the juftice of faith. Hoc folum ad operis tui frntlmm , & vir- Amh. IJe 
tntis propcit mercedem. This only is available for the fruit of Cm cp 
thy obedience, and the reward of thy virtu?. Nip pdes teneatnr jibei \ 
nullo modo adfpiritfialem amorempertingitttr , If there be not a »j£l 
nofseffion of faith , there is no way to attain to fpiritual love. 
Faith then muft be thy principal Agent, and do all thy works, 
for By it. 

Now if ye would know whether ye have any true faith in you, 
give me leave to put you upon a trial , the experiment that I will 
make upon you (nail be by <±/[beH three characters. 1 , If ye be 

per- 



14 & &&& man [peaking, 

perfons of integrity. 2 . If yc count nothing to dear for your God, 
3. If your reliance for fouls- bli tie be meevjy upon divine approba- 
tion. Lay down your naked confcienccs,§c lurFer me to- diffect them. 
1 . Fiiti, Whether ye be perfons of integrity. ^Arlftotle could fay, 

Simplex thai Simplex eft qwjd eft vacuum for mis , the timpie thing is that 
eflvacLm wmcn * s vo ^ of fonns, for true timphci:y doth prefe/ve unity in 
formis. Ufelf, multiplicity fignify a competition ; oh would to God now 
^rift. we had this intirene{Te,and indivitibiljty in our Religion, that we 
Tbeol.JE- held us to tinglenetie of heart, and chat fimplicity, and godly 
zyptJ* 4. pureneffe , which the Scripture doth require at our hands , but 
ca ^' ' I doubt we are compounded Chritiians , and are addicted to too 
many formes ; and where then is the reality and integrity of our 
^vetr. in profefliqn ? no, ^Averroes could fay of a moral man , that it was 
izMetap, fincerity onely, qua hominem facit abfolutum , which doth make 
ca P : 37- the ab folute man. Was a morai man to be lb , and not a religious 
Zrl • . ?« man ? yes,he which doth change himfelf into diverfe arts is rather 
us com. afubtle man, then a fine ;re man , he practice Legerdemain, and 
tnatat. ie- ufe the Heights of men , and work wilily , rather then defireto be 
rou. in an ffraelite inck r -L , in whom is no guile. Sure I and my ay^hel 
J' had none of ;\^i: conning devices in his religion , no, he obtain- 
ed wicnelTc th it he was righteous, and what is that but upright ? a 
man that is «&a®-, without any mixture, his vertue running as pure 
from his conicience, as water from the fpring, or milk from the 
breft f And fuch candid clear fpirited creatures lliould we be , for 
Religion muft have no collution in it, nor piety any circumvention, 
but there muft be in us the fimplicity of the Dove, the tingle eye , 
our loyns mutt begirt about with the girdle of truth , we mull walk 
in our integrity, be Jews inwardly ,cha{teVirgins,have pure hearts, 
and faith unfeigned. For Malpu cumfe Jimulat effe bonum^tunc 
pefiimtti eft , An evil man , when he doth counterfeit himfelf to be 
good, then he is wovft of all. What then fhall become of ou;- Crafts- 
mafters in Religion I the Sophtfters in the Church ? what are 
thefe but the Mountebanks in Chriftianity ? and the Cheats of the 
Aee ? thefe are eager upon reformation to y ring in their own Pa- 
radoxes , and arc palTionate upon pure worlriip to fweep away the 
Church-patrimony , and cry up no King, that they might get tbc 
legiflative power into their own hands , and every enlightned bro- 
ther might hold a Scepter in his hand , and would throw down 

all 



A dead man [peaking. 15 

all Bifhops , that cveiy fdedt Congregation might preach up 
Treafon freely , and having no coercive power over their tender 
confeiences , they might abrogate all the ancient ufages of the 
Church , model up blafphemy into Orthodox Divinity, and con- 
^re^ate a fecrct Army to fight for their new Lights, under pretence 
of rcvelations,and the powerfull impulfes of the fpirit within them. 
Oh the hunting of mens fouls / oh the diverfe and ftrange 
doctrines / oh 'the corrupting of mens minds from the fimpli-- 
city that is in Chrift Jefus / oh this ftumbling from the ancient 
paths / oh this walking in the fpirit of falfhood i oh this wearing 
a rough garment to deceive with ! oh this biting of people with 
their teeth / oh this miftrefs of witchcrafts,^ well-favoured harlot/ 
oh this fpeaking half in the language of the Jews , and half in the 
language of Ajhdod ! oh this Leaven of the Pharifets ! oh this 
merchandizing of the word / oh thefc fnarcs w^onM'ncfeh! broken 
pits, crrings in virion, making lyes a refuge , itrong delufions , ly- 
ing divinanons, depths of Satan / is not this the fpirit of giddinefs 
that is able to make thoufands to (tagger f is not this Jez,abels bed 
of fornications, that is able to make leachcrous confeiences to lofe 
the chaftity of their firft faith ? if the Serpent fhould preach again, 
could he with more tempting doctrine put the forbidden fruit into 
our mouths f if the Devil iTiould transform himfelf into an An^el 
of light, could he with more dazcling beams corufcate,and inadiate 
men into Hell f When I meet with fuch a new Gofpeller, I count 
him fuch an Epiccrne, that I fcarcely know what Gender to make 
him of, or fuch an Heteroclite that I know not how to decline him, 
fuch a Scholar doth learn ftrange Grammatical rules of his peda- 
gogues, they are like the Artifts of thefe dayes which teach without", 
grounds , or by fuch grounds as Were never heard of before ; Pa- 
racelfian Phyfick,& Evthufafllcal Divinity are much zWk^Balta- 
**r's Academy was nothing like to their Rutilant , Limpid,Tranf- 
lucid,Sun-rayed Gymtjafium. Sure I am every difciph which comes 
from them doth feem to be a Seer, a Prophet ; but rather a Divi- 
ner, a Lymphatick an Inchanter, a Sphinx s tot us ambignu* , u\ ti9n 
wholly in his ambiguities, inftcad of the reality of Religion, there 
is nothing but vifio yhantafmatis, the virion of a phantafme. Now Greg 
is this to be a Saint ? no, it is to be a Seducer , piety admits of no 
impofture. No, Wot be to him which goeth typo manner of wayes. 

A 



i6 A dead man fotakmg. 

A true religious man muft be an Abel, a righteous man, that is, a 
perfon of integrity. 
2 . Secondly , Whether ye do count nothing too dear for God Al- 

mighty. Abel offered an excellent Sacrifice, the Firfl lings of the 
flock^ and the fat thereof; fo we fhould offer not onety the firft- 
lings of our mind , and the fat of our devotion , but the princi- 
pal of our {lock, and fubilance ; for if Sacrifices be the reprefen- 
tations of our fouls , then as the Sacrifice is, fo is the foul ; if they 
£*<*- be the protestations of our faith and zeal , then we are fuch Be- 
dam Code- ^ evers anc ^ helots, as our Sacrifices terrify us to be ; even our ex- 
tateDeo teriour actions do declare our interiour intentions ; yea, if they 
adbarca- be the attingcncies,whereby by a * kind of participation,or fociety 
■"*• we do cleave to God Almighty, then we had need to be very feri- 
•^S* * . ous,and folemn in our Sacrifices, that we might have an intereft in 
/.i s. c.6. G°d 5 or an intimacy with him. Why. is a Sacrifice fo called ? 
Gabriel, if it be xrnntd Sacrificium quaft facr urn factum , as if an holy 
Albertus thing made , or Sacrificium quia facr os msefficit , It doth make 
Magnus, us holy, then how excellent had that Sacrifice need to be , that 
lunMis°' ^ ou ^ either make a thing, or our fclves holy ? ^Aflaxanus faith, 
a uo homo that it is an a & of the will j whereby a man doth deliver up himfelf 
fetradit to the fervice of God ; But that is a ftrange kind of reiigning up 
dmuo ob of a mans felf to God , where the principal thing is referved, and 
' e J!! t0 ' . fubft racked to himfelf., and God is turned off with any manner 
i Sum. i. °^ Sacrifice. <iAltenftaig therefore faith, that a tine devout man 
S.tit. $7. doth draw himfelf into an unity, and fummoninallhiseftate, 
Colhgit that there might appear to be in him a pure intention, dandi fum- 
fe *d Htii- mum ftium bonum Deo- ut fummo bono , of ^ivin?, his chief £ood 
Altenft t0 ^ 0C * > as tnc cn i e ^ § ooc i 5 nothing mull be held too excellent 
Milderbm. t0 g a i n tne mo & excellent God ; for our Sacrifices are our value , 
and appretiation of the great God ; fhould we not then in them 
exprefle our high cftimate of God? and declare the inward honour, 
and reverence of our felvcs ? yes, or elfe they are no Sacrifices of 
righteoufnefs^D cut. 3 ^.io.Nor fhall theyG?/>*f up with acceptance 
upon Gods aAltar, Efa. 6c. 7. But where now is ^Abcl? where 
is this excellent Sacrifice f no, a Cain's Oblation , a few light 
iTieaves, or fome lean bead , the worftlings rather then the firfl- 
lings ; the leanlings rather then the failings ot what we do poiTefs: 
though nothing be fair and fat enough for our felves, yet any wi- 
thered 



A dead man [peaking. 17 

thered eares, or decayed heart are good enough for our God, 
though we receive all from him, yet God fhall receive as little as 
we can from us : Oft the name of a great family, and the leaving a 
rich pofterity is ten thoufand times dearer unto us then our immor- 
tal fouls, or that blelTed God, by whom wc do flouriih upon earth, 
and with whom we would reign in Heaven. It do appear, too too 
evidently appearc. For though our houfes may be never fo richly 
burnilTied, yet Gods Temple moil not be too much adorned, 
though our Agents, and Favours may have never fuch bountiful! 
allowances, yet Gods Miniftcis muft not have too great Salaries ; 
thcugh our tides of honour may be fet out with all the fplendour 
that may be, yet the Church may not have too high titles , nor 
fhine too brightly with honour ; though vaft fums may be bellow- 
ed upon the Capital Houle , or the Mannour Houfe, yet beware 
of the like cxpcnccs upon an Almes-houfc , or an Holpital ; no , 
thefe houfes uiually are built very low, and few there arc, that 
though God hath raifed them out of tatters, and fetched them out 
of fhuds, and cottages, which can find fpare-money enough to re- 
g.atiate God with fuch a building , for all the gorgeous manfions 
he hath bellowed upon them : I fee many goe in ruffes, and gold- 
chains ( which not long fince were Sithy-coats ) but none of thefe 
Heaven -roofs, or Souls-ftruchires , or Kingdome-fa' ricks do they 
mind. Are thefe the times of magnificence? is this the Age of 
Chriftian bounty ? no, a man would think, that our Gofpel 
taught us nothing but propriety, and to look after the liberties of 
the free-So rn peoole of Engiand'. We care not what we bellow 
upon lulls, riots, ambition,malicc, but no fuch bounty isiriewn in 
Oblations, and Sacrifices ; no, the Altar muft not have too m ich 
colt beftowed upon it, people cannot endure to be charged in the 
fervice of God ; we are fumptuous to the one, penurious to the o- 
ther ; we will give our ear- 1 tings to make a caif, but fcaic:iya 
loofe frangle to beautify a -Sanctuary ; we wiU beftow bag^e up- 
on bagge upon our o<vn projects ,. but fcarccly a few clip: phcts 
upon the honour of Religion. I pray what hath the late bloudy 
war coft this Nation? is chsre a Scribe living which can bring in 
a true account ? , but would not half of thefe Millions fpent upon 
charitable and pious wo'ks hi v: made this Church, and Nation 
famous to all posterities f[ yet thefe people threw in Bodkins, xu\ 

C Thimbles, 



1 8 A dead man (peaking. 

Thimbles, and bung Plate till they drank in Wooden-difhes, ancT 
were mad upon fubfcribing and indenting with the PublicJ^Faith; 
and believe me,from very Abjedte grew publick men ;-Gold-fmiths 
Hall and Haberdafhers Hall were better Trades then that at the 
Exchange ; I know, (and you know better) who they were that 
drew notable prizes out of that Lottery. But when fhall we fee 
men fo prompt, expedite, accelerating about works truly religious? 
The Devil hath nobler fpirits to ferve him then God Almighty , 
fure I am, he can command more of the purfe , and hath his Con- 
tributours more ready and bountifull ; a bloudy defign is advanced 
with more celerity and magnificence then a bkffed attempt. For 
heavenly things are none of our Arts , there are few Merchants 
free of this Company, it would be be a difficult thing to find Ad- 
venturers here ; oh rare adventuring to buy a filver key to enter 
an inheritance without the Heirs confent / oh lingular doubling, 
to double men out of their fee-fimples at two years purchafe / there 
were notable Chapmen in thofe dayes, & famous Adventurers ; &: 
yet thefe Protcttants,and would have faith and worfhip according 
to the beft reformed Churches ; but thefe have money for nothing 
but to buy Delinquents eftates , they will lay out nothing to pur- 
chafe a thing in Franckalmony in Heaven ; yet which is the better 
■ bargain I I affuie him mine exceeds his an hundred to one , and 
»yet it will not doe , thefe men can read no further then Tenures 
and Rentails , a Debt-book, and laft Tcftament, I fhall never get 
a Committee-man, nor an Excife-man , nor a negotiatour, nor a 
Mart-man on my Party ; For all our Bibles & Pulpits, the Crowns 
and Thrones which we offer we cannot raife a Bank , . I fee where 
the Stable commodity is fetled ; The Merchants heirs by my prof- 
fers cannot get Mannors and Royalties, i and match into Noble- 
mens Families. Therefore away with the excellent Sacrifice, and 
.give them the excellent booties, and bargains, we iitall find Abel's 
Firftlings and fat in few hands. If men do with AbeV% hand and 
heart Sacrifice upen God's Altar, there is nothing but cenfure and 
fcandal , emulation , and rancour. Such worihip is called will- 
worfhip, and fuch devotion, fuperftition. what needed this rvafle ? 
old Jttdashis plea , profufcnelTe in what is beftowed upon them- 
felves, but all is wafte which is beftowed upon God , or godly a- 
r #ions ; oh faith my ripe-witted frugal profclTour,. this is but the 

fuperfluity 



A dead Manfptaking* jgfc 

fuperfluity of ceremonious fpirks, the old rj^ts of men Popufhty 
affected ; wc like not (fay they) your pomp in Religion, nor this 
fame renin e$i on of good works, and actions called pious in a 
Protdtant Church,ic doth rcfcmble too much in the vifage broad- 
faced merit, defiance therefore to your excellent faciifice. But 
oh will ye lerve God with that which colt you nought > or pre- 
fent unto him the refufc ? a prefent for the potter ? Therefore 
when ye are facrificim* to your God , ye fliould with Alexan- 
der caft in incenfe with both hands, or with the old Athenians, 
offer your beft Jewels ; elfe Cod will not take an offering with 
good will at your hands, hut fpread the Aung of your facrlfices 
upon your faces, A true Profeffour, with aAbel, muil be known, 
by his oblations, not by the excellency of his titles, endowments, 
formal expretfions, long prayers, disfiguring fafts, lifting up his 
hands to heaven, holy leagues, &c, but hy the excellency of his 
Sacrifices ^ the firftlings and the fat appearing there are bet- 
ter then larded devotions, according to the new rules of 
Cookery. 

Thirdly, whether your reliance for foul-bliffe bemeerlyupon J. 
Divine approbation. For ^Abel was onely defirous , that he 
might obtain Cjods wltneffe, and that he would teflifie concerning 
his gifts, And fo indeed a true Saint fhould do all to have praifc 
of God, i Cor, 4. 5. and that he might accent of his work, Ec- 
■clef. 9. 7. For a (Irange thing it is, that many men fhould do all 
to make the world a Numen, which do derue to have no fire fall 
upon the faciifice, but the flame of popular applauie ; that men 
might have their perfons In admiration, and give them flattering 
titles. I doubt this hath been the affectation of many magnified 
Gofpcllers in thefe latter dayes, that their chief a6Hvenefie hath 
been to be cried up by their own Parties, and to have the fhouts 
of their zealous brethren to be Champions of a new device, and 
tlevotion. Now is this pure fpirit ? no, it is pure popularity, it is 
to be puffed up with aflefhly mind, of the juft bent of Zeieklah y 
^AmazAah, and all the falfe Prophets and inchanting Statesmen 
which have been in former times. For what is it but to put to- 
turn frulium In laude homlnum, the whole f:uit of all our Religi- Jug* 
ous pretentions in the praifc of men ; or, venarl glorlam merce- Uremr. 
r,arlam, to hunt after a mercenary vain-glory. As if they ap- 

C 2 proved 



2o A dead man /peaking. 

proved of the made depredications of their own Adherents, and 
the paiafongs of their own parafitical Teachers, more then they 
did of the Hofannahs of Saints, the Halelujahs of Angels, or 
the fire that ihould fall from Gods own hand to confume their 
oblations ; I mean, Divine acceptance, justification, and bene- 
diction. But a true godly man ftandcth onely upon his Record 
in heaven, and doth deiireno more to atteft the lawfulnerTe of all 
his actions, then the fentence of Gods own mouth. Abel is one- 
ly for divine approbation. 

This then is faith, and this is the right fruit of faith, namely, 
an excellent facrifice. Oh thus let us believe, let us have Abels 
faith, and Abels facriiice ; let us lay afide all nominall, titular in- 
ventions and circumventions, and let us ingratiate our felves to 
Jbe Gods Favourites by this Divine virtue, that we may get Gods 
face, and favour by it. By it. 

Now let us come to the fad accident, He being dead. 
From hence obfervc, that Death is a certain lot. Our years 
are not unlimited, for Are not his dayes determined ? the num- 
ber of his moneths are with thee, thou haft appointed his bounds 
which he cannot pajfe, Job. 14. 5. As faft girt as we keep this 
fleih unto us, yet we mult be abfent from the body, i Cor. 5. 4^ 
Oar legs will be too feeble ere long to {{.and upon , for man lyeth 
down, Job 14. 12. Our Progemtours are , ftept before us into 
deaths vault, and we are haftening after them, even to be ga~ 
Mortem thered to our Fat hers, Gen. 15. 1 5 . Heroes, and He&ouis, can- 
inmdedi- not alwayes march here ; for, How are the mighty fallen ? 2 Sam. 
nant^ue- u 2 5. They which do ride poft fhall be but the fooner at their 
. ' journeys end ; they which do phyfiek their bodies never fo much 
6 ad Hal] ca " take no antidote againft the grave ; we are no fixed ftars, but 
yidtnm* ft el U cadentes, falling ftarres ; we muft all parte the Ecliptick 
Horat. \'mc,, and have the Winter Solftice come upen us. tvfr lift men 
Nemo eft) ^ l ec i\ ne death^ they do haft en it. Dum loquimur,fugerit in- 
mitfek vida&tas. W hi Ift we fpeak^, life is flying away.. Every gafp 
morte non doth call on the laftgafp. I hear of redeeming of Captives, but 
vji d'yi there is no man which doth redeem himfelf from death, not the 
tesy Jmb, r ' ic fo^ Bloud-royal will be congealed, the Scepter will drop out of 
ml.' de the hands of the greater! Conqucrours and Commanders ; of the 
Valen.in. fpiightlicft Wight, or brighteft Spark, ere long it will be faid, He 
being dead. This 



A dead man fpeaktng. jff 

This doth reprove this infatuated age, an indocible fcho'ar it jjpp[„ 
is, which can leavn any principle rather then the dying Maxime; 
it is an apparent truth, but fecurity hath turned it into a paradox; 
nature cannot teach thee it, nor the mod infpired Teacher cannot 
preach it home to thy confeience. Thou walked: by many a grave 
with very quick fpirits, and doft depart from many a Funeral 
Sermon with a defying brow , readier to grapple with the living, 
then to go rot with the dead ; or to follow thy plea lures, then to 
follow thy Anccftours. The rich Carle doth talkjaf dalntiesiSoul ? e e ' C y* 
take thy eafe, eat. drinks and be merry ) whe n they were at hand, c „ m p rce _ 
which that night fhould take away his foul, Sq men feaft, and flo aderant 
build, and purchafe, and defign, as if the arrow of death (honld l ui ani \ 
never flick in their bofomes, or the Puriivant of the grave fliould n?am * v '" 
carry them to prifon. The foul mofi unwillingly doth leave the^ x 'f or ] 
body. We are loth to fee any fymptomes of death, or howfoevcr j e dh. a- 
we hold them not prognofticks of an approaching d involution, varo. 
Men that have dimme eyes, deaf ears, weak joints, purfive lungs, ^mma. in- 
wrimpled foreheads, yet think themfelves far from the grave. I do * lt * C9r f 
not ask thee, whether thou haft fearched natures deca yes, but whc-^ rj * 
ther thou haft fearched thy confeience ; not whether thou haft ckryf. 
bequeathed thy eftate r but whether any more then under a Scri- kom. 87. 
veners pen, thou haft bequeathed thy foul into the hands of Al- mIch *»> 
mighty God ; not whether thou haft laid out thy winding-fheet, 
but whether tho^i haft manifefted thy mortification. For the want 
of the apprehenrion of death, repentance hath but few tears, de~ 
votion few fparks, regeneration few fruits. We are Iuftful, fpight- 
ful, covetous, ambitious, treacherous, facrilegious, becaufc we look 
not into the graves mouth. But will we nlll we, death cannot be Velimu^ 
far off \ Thefe vaunting mouths of ours will have their clappers »o//m»j, 
drop out, thefc politick heads will be but dead skulls, thefe fweet m ^em 
complexions will be but. gra ve-duft. We may be dead before the "j*/?"** 
next Moon doth change, before the next morning doth dawn. We re „ m ]J 
are the living, we muft be the dead. He being dead. Heliod. 

But Secondly, is <%yfbel dead ? From hence obfervc, that the 2 oyr 
moft righteous men are not priviled^ed'from death. God doth de- 
fir oy the f erf eEl with the wicked. Do not all go to one place ? 
what -preeminence hath the wife above the fool ? The Father? - 
fall afleep , and do the Prophets live for ever f no , all ly. 

C 3 down- 



2% A dead man [peaking. 

down alikj in the duft y Job 21.26. Where is T^oah that Preacher 
of righteoufneffe, that was kept alive in the Ark at that great Fu- 
neral of the world to new-people the earth ? Where is osfbra- 
ham the Father of the faithfull^znd that Friend of God? Where 
A\U\\ «- * $ 7°^-> wm ch was ^* righteous, chat there was not the like unto 
ftra ca him u P on eartn ? Where is cJ^/kf, which fpake with God face to 
dunhUat- face ? Where is John the Evangelift, which leaned in Chrifts bo- 
wer* fa- fomc ? and was ravilhed in the fpirit ? Alas, thefe trees of rightc- 
tifcunt. oU f ne fl* e are withered, thefe chofen veffels are fliivcred, thefe chil- 
dimit a dren of light have left fhining, thefe new Creatures are become 
gebenna, mortal Creatures, and have hid their regenerate faces under a 
fidnona grave-ftone. The whit eft flowers do fall, the goodly UfrCarbles 
fepulcbro. wear away. Grace doth redeem pis from hell, but not from the 
C e $h$*vt fcpulchre. ^ e h ave rea( l °f holy and per feci men y who being full 
ros c °f Aayes, ended their dayes^ and departed. Ye may fee thofe eyes 
perfeclos, clofed which did flow with tears, and thofe lips ftlent which in- 
pUnos di- fpired the age, and thofe hands cramped which wrought miracles, 
trumab- an( j tno f e f aces grifly which were radiant with graces. Thebeft 
& ' A£tours at laft do leave the ftage,the fweeteft fruits do drop from 
Ber.fer. the tree, the brighteft lamps at laft arc extinguished. nAbel, that 
677 M er had fuch an eminent faith, and offered fuch an excellent facrifice 
06m <fe a( j # He being dead. 

tat: j This doth fhew, that -we muft not be too affectionate to the Beatt- 
Pr peers of Religion, no, worfhip God, but do not commit Idolatry 
with the beft Saints, as if they were immortal, or had an eterni- 
ty in them ; we may rejoyce in their prefence, and their faces 
cannot be too dear to us, we may weep at their departure, and no 
ftorms are enough at fuch a fad accident; but let us know, that 
they will be taken from our fides and fight ; yea, though they did 
Quodtalis excell upon earth, and had their praife in the Gofpel, and were 
f Mt a ^ mt " famous in the Congregation, infomuch, that the eye that faw 
f *n *od r ^ em kk"'" ec ' them, and the ear that heard them gave teftimony to 
inortalis them. Thofe which fucked at the brefts of the Church were put 
fmthu- out to that dry Nurfe,death ; the enamelled weapons of Chrifti- 
mansfra* an i c y^ were at laft fheathed up in that black fcabbard of the 
&l tt4tt \ grave. Valentinian was a famous Emperour , but what faith 
crat in ' •*. Ambrofe :>f him } That he was fuch an one, it doth pertain to 
tbit. VaU hr* admiration ; that he proved mortal, it doth pertain to humane 

fragility. 



A dead man [peaking. 2 3 

fragility. aAdeodatus was a pious Bifhop, but what faith T/^- 
tlnaol him? The holy man died lamented of all. This is the P"" /*«- 
fate of the bed men, that they fliould feel the craze of nacure, ^' l f itm(n 
and as their laft comfort fhould leave their' virtuous friends with 7™'*^ 
foaked eye-balls for the want of them. BlefTe their graces, for mmbtts y 
how happy are ye that ye can but fix your eyes on fuch Oma-P!«.« 
ments, but fix not their Rations here, for this world is not worthy ^deod. 
of them ; make the beft life of them whilft they are prefent, for 
ye have but a fhort time to enjoy them. They which arc (locked 
with the Ingots of the fpirit, and have in them perfections more 
precious then the Topaz of BLthiopla, yet they do but carry theje 
treafmes In earthen veffels. The pureft Saints muft turn into pit- 
duff, gravc-gelly, the moft memorable men are but mortal men, 
Abel is dead. He being dead. 

But thirdly, is Abel dead? how dead ? made away, murthered, 3. Obfl 
for becaufc he obtained wltneffe that he was righteous, he is hated 
with a witnefTe, that God tefilfied his gifts, he is mafTacred for 
his gifts; for his excellent Sacrifice he is made a Sacrifice ; an 
AfTarTinate difpatched him, Cain flew him, He is dead, thus dead. 
• From hence obferve, that Zeal to the truth is expofed to great ha- 
zards, a man cannot live t:> God, but with the peril of his life. . 
He that depart eth fr tun-iniquity lyeth open to the prey, ye (hall 

■ be hated of all men for my names fake, they (hall lay hands on 
you, and draw you before Councils, and kill yon. tJMen hazard 
their lives for the name of the Lord lefus, Acls 15. 2 6. The 
Saints refifl unto bloud, Heb. 12. 14. They are fain for the 
word of God, and the teflmony^'R.Qv. 6, 4. There are In heaven 

the fouls of them which were beheaded, Rev. 2 0.4. This warfare *****"'• 
cannot oftentimes be waged fine ferro, £r f anguine, without the^^ QSm 
fword, and bloud. ProfefTours are Chrifts Voluntiers, and thefe cidt jttflos 
muft not think to be accounted Souldiers barely by having their adproba- 
names recorded in the Muiter-book ; no, God doth permit fome f lum:m , 
them to be jlaln for the trlall of the truth. The Standard of the C L r ,r:J 
Gofpcl cannot be fet up without fome falling in the field. The 95 .py; 
Church is Gods wineprefTc, ProfefTours are the grapes, and diversr/c* vini 

■ times in flead of wine they pour out bloud. The AJtar of Godf*"* 1 *™™ 
hath not oncly oblations out of the flock, but God doth fcarch^Y** 
his-own fold for an offering, Saints are Sacrifices ; Abel the firft f f j^', 1 * 

Martyr 



2 4 \A dead man f peaking. 

Martyr after his excellent Sacrifice is thus laid upon the Altar, he 
is thus dead, 
j ^ This doth fhew in the firft place, that profedion is in peril. 

n/fppl. W h thenfta?d we alwayes in jeopardy I Cor. 15. 33. The Saints 
* fieps are hunted, they are chafed fore, their perfe cut ours arefwif- 
ter then the Eagles, for thy fa\e are we fain all the day long, 
truth is a triall, faith is a fray. Here is the Shambles, and the 
fheep of Chrift are brought to the butchering, the birth-day of 
Religion was dedicated in bloud, under a crucified Redeemer the 
gibbet is fet up to all, every one muft take up his erode, and fome 
muft hang upon the crofTe. Thou that wouldft be a Goipeller, and 
live in all manner of fafety, and carry thy Writ of piiviledge/ 
and protection along with thee > as if thou ftiouldft never come in- 
to danger, thou wilt be infinitely deceived. This is Gofpel good 
enough for a Neuter, and a Time-fei ver, but not for a faithfull 
Mdtiflii' fervant of Chrift Jefus. Religion muft come as near to thee as 
dus, icr t ^y s j c j n ^ t ^ ou mu £ noc onc iy give up thy name, but thou muft give 
m« nesy U P ^Y nec ^ to Chrift Jefus.#> that would fave his I'fe fhall lofe it. 
Chryf He that doth deny me before men,I will deny loim before myFather y 
Tom ro. which is In heaven, whence come thefe that are arrayed in white > 
de txptdf t fo e y come 0Ht f g re at tribulation,Kcy. 7 .Oh under profeilion there 
^ f*J are man ) 'flood* r, and terrible f urges X here is but one combate, but 
mttitipUci divers wayes to bring men to defirutlion. Thefe are the cxtremi- 
prdwnm ties of Martyrs, the Church is but a kind of Corre&ion-houfe, a 
num<rofi. Slaughterhoufe, thoufands of Chrifts followers have gone out of 
tat nl° n ~ the world headleiTe, they have fwom to heaven not onely in a 
%p.Li. ^ leam of tears, but bloud. Abel is thus arrived at his Port, thus 
ep. 4. " he is got over land into his own Country,-^*/ is thus dead. 

2. Secondly, this doth ferve to exhort all perfons, not to thinl^the 

worfe of men for their Offerings . The moft righteous have ufu- 
ally the faddeft deaths. Wicked men have the upperhand of the 
godly in this world, they may not onely reproach them, but ruine 
them ; not onely caft out their names as evil, but puniih them as 
the moft evil of the world. Jeroboam can buffet a Prophets 
checks, Akab can lay CMicaiah in fetters, Herod can ftiik: off 
John Baptifis head, the Jews can whip Chrift at a pillar, ^ and cal- 
cific him. What abominable Monfters were Nero,Domitian,De- 
ciHSyDioclefiany and Julian, yet how did thefe kill Chriftians, 

burn 



A dead man J peaking. 15 

burn their bodies for torch-light in the nights, boil them in cal- 
drons, roft them upon gridirons, beat them in pieces in mortars, 
caft them to wild beafts to be devoured ? Oh therefore let not the 
mifei ies of differing men be their difparagement,nor their difafters Erucaf***. 
be their fcandals, for the canker and palmer-worm can eat the yij»mt 
fweeteft fruits, yea fire melt the molt pretious gold. How have f™* 1 "* 
Mifcreants had liberty to exercife their rage and fury, upon the HitYQn \ 
Darlings of Gods bofome ? to trample underfoot the gemmesofrw e*-' 
Chriftianity ? to deface Mirrou.rs ? Cain flew Abel the mofii n pf Mf aK 
righteous man in the world, Abel is thus dead. r«w,c^. 

Thirdly,this doth {hew,that/0»w men care not to tyrannise over Z* 
the righteous. Thofe whom they fhould admire, they envy, and 
whom they ihould prcferve, they flaughter ; violence doth cover 
them as a garment, they fwaltaw up men alive as the grave, their 
teeth are as fwords and knives ; in their skirts is found the bbud 
of innocents, they devour the man more righteous then their 
^lvcs y they areas roaring Lions, and evening Wolves ; they arc 
drunk with the bloud of the Saints, that whereas a man would 
think that the innocency of fuch holy men fhould daunt them, 
and their confpicuous graces make the edge of their fury to rebate, 
that their hands fhould fhiver, and their heart-{t;ings tremble to 
make havock of fuch pure and fpotleffe livers ; for had they not as 
good ftrike at G?ds face ? and bend a Spear at Gods breft ? Yes, 
He that toucheth yon toucheth the apple of mine eye, yet This bra- p er ' tfM ia A 
tiph fury doth delight in nothing more then bloud and wounds, rabies yttl- 
Perfume doth not give fuch a fragrant fent to thefe mens noft i!s 5 *• rAus cf 
as the fmellof their dead enemies, as Vltellius faid of Otho flain^ 4,, £*" ,e 
at Bebriacl^. Boni viri lachrymabiles y Good men are apt to fhed jffj f ' c 
tears, but thefe bloud. They care not to rend in pieces the rich-s^/^ 
eft veftures in Gods Wa drobe, to pluck the brighteft gemmes out 
of his Crown, to Hay the moft lighteous men, which ever beauti- 
fied the world, or blefl'-d the Church. Cain hath no checks nor 
frights :o llied the bloud of him that was the lamp of faith, and 
is honoured to have offered the meft excellent Sacrifice. Abel is 
thus dead. 

Fourthly , This doth fbew that the noblcft Chriftian is the fuf- , 
fering Chriftian, he is an Abel , Mirtyrdome is the acme of ho- 
nour , for can any cxpreffe greater love unto God , then not to 

D lw* 



2 6 A dead mm [peaking. 

love the life unto death ? no, this love is fironger then the Grave , 
it is an eafie matter to ferve God with a whole skin , but what is it 
to ferve God in a gaflit skin .? others attend upon Chrift, but thefe 
fight for Chrift; others devote their felves unto him , but thefe die 
for him ; others uphold Religion with their arfedtions , but thefe 
with their allies. Who then are in greater honour with Chrift , 
then thefe Friends which ferve him in the bloudy duty ? no, others 

*S%ngnpt fhall ftand in his prefence, but thefe fhall ftand at his right hand. 

torora de- * j-^ e p urer Crown, and the brighter fylendour do belong to them. 

tyulw % ^ nc ^ wc ^ llia y tne y nave iV vnen t^*^™ arc more glorious then 
fpLerJor many Suns. Oh it is a Angular thing, when a Martyr doth offer 
Qmmum his flefli ip feed profeffion, and his bloud to propagate the truth , 
gloria pit/- triat triat lying at the root of faith it might thrive the better. The 
r t> ° f 'd n ^& ne ^ teftimony of afte&ion, that a Chriftian can fhew to his 
laude Fellow-profefTours,is,*f hat he had rather die for other sf hen live f 
lAartyt. himfelf. Then the Star doth culminate,then the Phxnix doth con- 
t : m/ * feme with a kind of fragrancy in his bed of fweet fpices. Can ye 
Sclwks iU tnm k f a man triat tnus pledged his faith to Chrift and his Spoufe? 
ulttrnu wnicn mi ght have lived ( if he would have fubmitted to abafing 
chr.f. ' conditions) but chofe rather to be a fpeclacle upon a Scaftold , and 
bom 7. de to be baptized in his own bloud , then he would vary from 
7Aa<ab his Tenets , beti ay the honour of the Church , and be perfi- 
* MalUt d' lous t0 h^ Nation? oh that man is worth a million of talk- 
di qu*m m g Gofpellers, and felf-preferving Proteftants , therefore fet a 
fibt vi><re, charadteriftical mark upon fuch an one , let him be noted with an 
*4mb f. n. Aftei ick , write him down Martyr , for he is an Abel > Abel is 
om de ij^ <J ea( J # JJ e heing dead. 

l\t um ^ 0VV ^ et us come to tne perpetuated honour, Tetfpeaketh y how * 
iicittrfum yet fyeakjth ? could Abel being dead yet fpeak ? yes, though he 
clamape were dead he did yet fpeak,becaufe he did yet fpeak at Gods Throne 
mcrtmmi for vengeance, aly. Becaufe he did yet fpeak in the lips of the 
fynifict <^ -^ w ^ q Jid highly honour his graces. 3 ly. He did yet fpeak, 
digna^m becaufe he did fpeak amongft the glorified ipirits, triumphing in a 
mone Mate of immortality. 

tommotnm Firft, He did yet fpeak, becaufe he did fpeak at Gods Throne 

WifLro *° r ven g can cc according to the opinion o£\Bullinger^t did fpeak, 

fameret. hecauic the bloud of Abel did fpeak , bloud hath a roaring voice. 

*%Uwgeu From hen ceo 1 ferve that the fhedd'wg of innocent bloud dothraife 

up a fierce cry 5 it vvill make a dead man to fpeak, Gods ears can- 



A dead manfpeaking. \y 

not be quiet , till they have taken notice of it , and Gods hands 
cannot be at reft till they have infli£r,ed punilhment for it. For 
can bloud be fpilt , and fhall Gods eyesr which run to and fro 
through the whole earth not obferve it ? yes, God maketh inqulfi- 
tion for blond, Pfal. 9. 1 2. He maketh fearch for other things , 
but ftricSt fearch for t\\\s,inqulJitlon. Can bloud be fpilt, and fhall 
not Gods hands,which execute vengeance upon all finners , lay on 
an aftonifhing judgement upon fuch an head? yes, when he maketh 
inqwfrtlonfor bloud, he remembreth them, that is,executeth venge- 
ance with furious rebukes. Escecb. 25. 17. punifheth them to 
purpofc. Such have taken away the pretious life of man, and if 
they (hall fuffer which take away the pretious eftate of a man, what 
fhall they do which do take away the pretious life of a man ? God 
doth command his people to put away from the Land the guilt of 
innocent bloud ; and if he doih command others to do this, doubt- 
leflfe he will do it himielf. It is a dangerous thing for any Mn to 
goe touch upon touch , how much more for bloud to touch bloud * 
Hof. 4. 2 . There cannot almoft be a greater tranfgreflion , then 
to be a (hedder of bloud, Ezecb. 1 6. And to fhed bloud caufeleffe y 
1 Sam. 25. It was David's crime , for which he made his Peni- 
tential Pfalm 5 1 . & cried out fo paiTionately to have the guilt and 
curfeof it removed from his foul, Deliver me oh Lord from bloud- 
gulltlneffe. It was Manaffes's trefpaffe, which neither prayers nor 
repentance could wholly expiate. For though God pardoned ic 
concerning his perfon, yet his pofterky many years after fmarted 
for it , for Manajfes filled the fireets of Jerufalem with bloud y 
which the Lord would not pardon , 2 King. 24. 4. Is there a 
more horrid perfon then the bloudy man ? Is there a 
deeper dye then the Scarlet, and Crimfon fpot ? The chevalrifed 
confeience of Judas had horrour for it , I have finned in betraying 
Innocent bloud. The Prophet faith, that the ftone out of the wall 
fhall cry , and the beam out of the timber fhall anfwer it , Woe 
unto htm, unto him that bulldeth with bloud inftead of hewen 
ftone, Hah. 2.11,12. If any man was killed at Athens, a ipear^&j. 
was fet upon the grave of him, which was to intimate his murther 
fhould be revenged ; fo c[oubtlefTe Gods fpear is fet upen the graves 
of them that are made away in this barbarous manner,to fhew that 
he will be their juft and fevere Avenger. When Julius Cafar 

D 2 heard 



i% A dead man /peaking. 

u Heard that fome of his Soldiers were (lain caufelefly, & treacherouf- 
w>™T* { 1> ^ C vowcc ^ tnat ne would never fhave himfelf till he had brought 
stpiDos. theAuthouis to condign puhifhrnent. So God will never lay 
P^4»./.8,down his (word of Juftice till they have felt the edge of it, which 
with malice and violence have bereaved their brethren of their 
Jives.. Thou thinkeft that thou art free when thy enemy is taken 
oUtt>f the way , no, his bloud is (fobbing thee to the heart , thou 
fhalt find that fight more fiercely againft thee , then his armed 
hand. Abel was dead, but his bloud did cry for vengeance , and 
fo he did yetfpeal^. 
esfppl. This doth lerve to fray the murtherer. Art thou Cam f hear 
Abel fpeaking againft thee ; art thou a bloudy man ? be an afto- 
niflied man ; though the image of God in thy brother could not 
aff ight thee, but thou haft defaced' that, yet let the vengeance of 
God ter-ify thee, which will purfue thee, and be felt with con- 
founding blows both upon thy body and foul. Oh that thou canft 
look down upon the earth,where thy brothers bloud doth lic,oh that 
thou canft look up to the heavens where thy brothers bloud doth 
cry / Is Abel dead f let Cain look to his head . Thou haft been 
a man of rage, and God is the God of recompenfes, Jer. 51. 56. 
Is there a man (lain ? flain in a murtherous way ? oh that thou canft 
look man i n the face / oh that thou canft look thy felf in the face / 
Thou art a man-flayer, where is thy mans nature ? how near doft 
thou come to a favage beaft ? thou art a man-flayer , how near doft 
thou come to the Devil who was a nmrtherer from the beginning ? 
Jo. 8.44. Oh that thy brothers. Ghoft doth not haunt thee as 
Sueton. in Agrippina's did Nero ,and ftrook him with burning torches , and 
>frr. whipt him with furies / oh that the birds of the aire do not chatter 
Tint defe- out t } 1 y g U1 l t? as Bejfus ftriking through a neft of Swallowes , he 
U 'nLsii tnol! ght they had been fo many witnefTes to accufc him for the 
death of his Father. Oh that thou canft eat thy meat , and not 
id ibid, think that thou feed thy brothers head in the platter, as Theodorl- 
cal. Rbod. cpm having flain Symmachus he conceived ( fitting at Table ) that 
/.z7.f.22. t he head of a fifli was the head rUSymmachus , and ^aped upon 
£ v ™»*- him / Thou haft fhed bloud, oh that bloud doth not gufli from all 
Goth 1. tn y members, as it did from Charles the Ninth of France after the 
frtneb MafTacre of Pari* ! oh that thou canft lie down at night , and not 
uift. fear that fome Fiend fhould caft thee out. of. bed / that thou 

canft 



A dead man [peaking. 29 

canft be q'liet in thy reft , and not cry out at midnight, as if thou 
wert awakened with appalling virions / oh that thou canft walk 
alone / that thou canft think any locks ftrong eno gh for thee / 
that thou doft not fet ftn6t guards about thee / that thou doft not 
fufpe£t thine own guards / that thy brothers pile face doth not con- 
tinually prefent it felf with dread before thy eyes / that thy bro- 
thers dying groans do not continually pierce thy ears/ that dodders 
of bloud do not ftick upon thy garments / that bowles of bloud do 
not feem to be caft in thy face / that though for a while thou doft Tluti 
efcapt for thy murther, yet that thou doft not fear to fall into fome 
other grofs crime, which lhould take away thy life, or be executed 
for the fufpicion of fome heignous guilt , as Add<zus the great Fa- svar. Ec- 
vorite of fuftlnlan lived fecurely for a fpace after a murther com- clef. h/JI. 
mitted, but after, he was put to death for a fa£r, charged upon him, '• 5» *• 3- 
which he had never done. Oh that every thing thou feeft irrould 
not appear fanguine / that every thing thou fenteft lTiould not car- 
ry the fmcll of bloud / haft thou wept fince ? oh that thofe tears 
were not bloud / haft thou voided any fpittle fince ? oh that thou 
didft not fpit bloud / Thou fhouldeft talk of nothing but bloud , 
nor dream of any thing but bloud / oh that thou haft not one trufty 
friend to tell thee of this bloud ; oh that thou haft not one fauhfull 
Prieft to charge this bloud upon thee / canft thou expect long life? 
no, the bloud-thirfty man fhall not live out half his dayes ; canft 
thou expect future blirTe ? no, Woe be to them which wal!^ In the 
tv ayes of Cain. Thou haft wafhed thy hands fince , but how wilt * Fides & 
thou wafh thy confeience ; thou haft flept fince, but thou canft not °P M «i«* 
deep away thy curfe ; no, deep on for a while,but Gods vengeance ud<imt 
will awaken thee. Thy brothers bloud will not be expiated with- ^J^! 
out a difmal judgement ; for he i> gone, hut God doth remain ; his LbiUm , 
tongue doth not cry, but his bloud doth cry ; he is dead , but yet ** jempet 
fpeaketh , becaufe he is fpeaking at Gods Throne for judgement. f m c0 ™~. 
Secondly, He doth jet fpea\, becaufe he doth fper kin the lips Zb^tt 
of the Saints, which did highly honour his graces, according to the deficit U- 
opinion oiCarthufan, he doth fpeak , becaufe loquendl materlamw^mit 
nabkmlnlftrat. He doth give us occafon to fpeak^of him ; for or f komi- 
fhould fuch a famous Saint be forgotten ? no, * His faith and hv mmu fi ut 
Sacrifice do make him fo commendable, that they ought ever to be Cm ^r 
commemorated by us, and his pralfe ought never to goe out of our in locum, 

D 3 mouthes 



jo A dead man [peaking. 

mouthes to all ages. From hence obferve , That a godly man oupht 
*MmrA- never t0 fa t0 the Church, but the Saints remaining are to be^his 
'fommo 'ho- f a ' lt M H ^ Remembrancers, The memory of the jufi {ball be blefed, 
more habt- P r » I °.7- Tht righteous fhall be had In everUfllng remembrance, 
re. Grtg. Pfal. 1 1 2. 6. For have they fo forfaken us, that they have carried 
X4K*Mo- a ii along with themfwhat? their virtues and their piety? no,though 
%*'/* they be dead to the world , yet they ihould not be to the Church ; 

fsolvd* tnoll gh tne y De not "* our e y es > y et tne Y foould t> e *a our brefts ; 
V4mu4 JU> * though we cannot falute them,yet we ihould value them, yea, ad- 
fendiartat, mire them, and have them in the higheft honour ; we ihould pay 
Uchrima*. t0 tnem tne i r j- ftipendary tears , yea, their moft holy * life ihould 
T^nb°d!' ^ l ^ ^* ne before all eyes , and be efteemed with the higheft price 
Vdtntin. anc ^ honour , as Platlne faith of St. Jerome, Thus though they 
*Vua e)tu, be bui ied, yet we fhould perfume their Sepulchres , though they be 
fa»3tf?i- d ea d 5 yet they fhould fpeak. 
ma mni- 
btttprductat) & wfncioyO 1 bonorefit, VUt. in Bomfic. 1. 

j(ppL ^ n * s ^ otn ^ iew inat p iec y ^ ot ^ carr y anetem i c y w ^ tn k y a ** 

* * " holy man fhould be a kind of an immortal man , he lhouid live in 
all ages by a fucceflive quickning ; for though the beft Saints may 
die, yet they ihould not be quite buried under ground ; no, wicked 
men may have nothing left of them but their Grave-ftone , their 
bodies may rot, and their names may rot, they minded nothing but 
this earth, therefore let them be written in the earth, let their 
breath and remembrance periih together , let the laft fpeach be of 
them at their Funerals, let them be nailed down in their Coffins , 
and none after converfe with them, but the Natives of the grave , 
the worms ; le: them lie filent to all the earth betides ; let their me- 
mory be compared to aihes, and let them leave their names as a 
curie ; but as for the ^odly let them be in ore omnium, & alia lln- 
Sauit* gua loquantur , in the mouthes of all , and fpeak^ with another 
tongue ; let their names refound, and their fames flourilh ; let us 
lament the loffe of them , as if our eyes were plucked out of our 
jsT^, heads, and let us reverence them , tanquam adhuc adejfent, & Deo 
Monod. fervlrent , as St. Aug. as if they were prefent , and flill fervlng 
ie BafU* their God. Though they be expired , yet let our praiics give them 
a new vital fpii it, let them not die fo long as there is one true Saint 
living ; no, though they be deader let them fpeal^, fpeaking in 
the lips of the Saints honouring their graces. Third- 



A dead man [peaking. 31 

Thirdly , He dothyet fpe ^fpeaking amongft the glorified fpi- 3 . 
rits where he is triumphing in a ftate of immortality , according 
to the opinion of Haymo. Though Cain deftroyed him f 3 farre as ^ tcet '"• 
concerned his body , yet he could not deftroy his glory ; \\o,Abe?s Urtmz ™ 
better part is bright > his foul is in glory. From hence obferve , eor p r e) t4. 
That a Saints dying day is a glorifying day^ the birth-day of fell- mm em 
city. This breath is no fooner gone, but a new breath is taken in gbriam 
another world , fuch are no fooner dead Corps , but they become ■" P? tH,t 
melodious Chorifters. Duft returns to dufl , and the fpirit to r€ H ~ 
Cod that gave it. This Tabernacle is no fooner diffolved , but m o in lot. 
there is a building given of God. To day fhalt thou be with m'e 
in Paradife. From henceforth is laid up for me a Crown of righ- 
teoufneffe. They are carried out of the world , beyond the 
world , into a new world , tranfiated ; they leave the for- 
rows of the world, to work no more, to weep no more ; no, there 
is an end of tasks, and an end of tears , they have a quiet life , for 
There doth remain a reft for the people of God , and they have a 
pleafurable life , for they enter into their Mafters joy. Inftead of 
watchfulnefTe and wcarinefTe, they have reft ; inftead of their Ma- 
fters voke and Crofs, they have their Mafters joy ; and that not . . 
in iome \or\°interjtitium , and dutance ot time, but tn a mo^%^^. 
ment, and out of hand , ftill they are living , for God hath (hewn Mvar. 
them the paths of life , ftill they are living , for they are fpcaking, 
ringing, conquering. 

This doth fhew, that the Death of the righteous is accompanied osfppl. 
with a ftate of preferment , here they were in mifery and mole- 
ftation, under fpight and cruelty, drenched in tears , and wallow- 
ing in bloud, but there * joyful reft dothpoffeffe the people , and of- • u&± 
f or d them pie aftngrefting places. For oh thou blclTed Saint, ioPofulos 
foon as thou art quit of the world, •(■ what do remain , but that thou fries Ut*, 
fhouldeft highly rejoice^ and enjoy afolemn JubileefHcre thou wert-^^f * enet 
chafed up and down , the fole of thy foot could take no reft , be-^" % 
caufe thou wouldeft not confent to all impetuous and imperious de- LudeMir* 
niands , thy gates were thronged with tumults , thou wcrt driven tytri. 
from thy fetled dwelling , Janglers forced thee away , and Chal- \turidtt- 
lengcrswerefent after thee, no duty was exprefTed , no reafon^f'.?^" 1 
could be heard , all Accommodations for peace were Incommoda- ^ ' \ n 
tions, all Proportions, Oppofitions, thy authority was infringed , pfti. 

thy 



3 i J dead man f peaking. 

thy treafure was fiezed upon, not a Caftle, not a Ship, not a Spear, 
not a Child that could be laid hold on was thine own ; thou muft 
either be a bond-man in power , and a (lave in confeience , and 
fubmit to whatfoever fclf-willed and felf-ended men had decreed 
for their own advantage , or elfe there was no coming nigh to 
thine own houfe, or honours, neither law of God or man could do 
thee any good , for thefe were interpreted, as if there had never 
been an holy man that underftood Scripture , nor wife man that 
were skilled in the laws till thefe later times : thou mighteft 
\hink, that thou hadft right, and might on thy fide, but thy right 
was brought down to a popular Grace, and thy might was frighted 
away with a popular Drum ; thou hadft not a well-wifher but he 
was accounted a Malignant, nor an Adherent , but he was made a 
Delinquent ; he was the trueft Oratour which could moft afperfe 
thee, and the nobleft Patriot which could moft weaken thy title ; 
how wert thou made the an vile of contempts , and the foot-ftool of 
infolency / the derifion of male-contents / and the fhout of fcor- 
ners / thy enemies were implacable,and thy friends not very faith- 
full ; all thy enemies braved upon thee, and many of thy Friends 
betraid thee : oh what will not ambition do on the one fide , and 
gold on the other fide ? who would have thought here had been 
Chriftians ? who would have conceived here had been men ? Pa- 
gans and Infidels would have been more modeft and moral. It 
were infinite to relate all thy indignities, avilings , ftreights, difa- 
fters which did furround thee , and with which at la ft thou wert 
overwhelmed ; it is grief to conceive them , fhame to fee them a- 
6led, and hori our to relate them : oh tell it not in Gath, nor pub- 
lish it in the ftrects of asiskelon. B/iefly, thou wert purfucd like 
a Felon, fold like a Captive, and executed like a Malefa6tour. Did 
Job (fir-named the Patient) endure in every kind fuch miferies ? 
Did ever any mortal man next our bleffed Saviour d. ink of fuch a 
bitter Cup ? Well, but after the lofs of thy reputation , thy reve- 
nue, thy authority, thy life , what haft thou now loft ? nay, what 
haft not thou now gained f are not thy joyes beyond thy for rows? 
and thy weight of glory beyond the burthen of thy exigents ? who 
would not by a Prifon come to thy Palace ? who would not by an 
Axe lofe an Head, to take it up again to weare thy Crown ? thy 
enemies would not here endure that thou ihouldcft have any luftre, 

but 



A dead man /peaking. 33 

but now thou doft fliinc above the brightnerTe of the Firmament ; 
thy enemies appointed the baftft of men to be thy Conforts , but 
now the fpirits of juft men made perfect are thy Companions ; 
thy enemies held thee not fit to be a pin in this b ilding , but now 
thou art made a pillar in the Temple of God. Men would not ac- 
knowledge thee, but Angels embrace thee ; men would not let thee 
enjoy thy birth-right , but now thou art come to be a meet parta- 
ker of the inheritance of the Saints in light. Oh that we had but 
one tafte of thy hidden Mannah , that we heard but one ftrain of 
thy Celcftial hymns, we would then confeffe thy (late to be Maje- 
ftie , and thy preferment to be the prize of the high calling of God 
in Chrift Jefus ; for if thy graces here were fo bright, how bright 
is thy glory ? if thy Sacrifice here was fo excellent , how excellent 
now is the Sacriticcr ? if here thou didft once fpeak to admiration, 
how doit thou now fpeak to extafy ? yet thou fpeakeft , for now 
thou fbincft ; yet thou fpeakeft, for now thou Reigneft ; thou 
fpeakeft where there are unutterable things to be fpoken of , thou 
fp:ak?ft where the objects are fo rare that the joy of them can nei- 
ther be fuppreffed nor expreffed ; thou fpeakeft a language which 
neither Solomon, nor the Prophets, nor they which had the cloven 
tongues like fire could fpeak ; thou fpeakeft till thou art even ra- * ,. 
vifried with fpeaking ; though thou art not yet living yet thou timore 
art yet fpeaking ; thorgh thou beeft dead, yet thou fpeakeft. What monen* 
then ? can death annoy the Saints ? no, it is but to bring them to a M>o , cum 
place where they fliaU be * without fear of dying, and with eternal *[ ermtate 
fecurlty of living : what can all the darkneffe of this black ni^ht (s p fo 
of mifery damnify the godiy ? no, it doth but prepare them for the mortal. 
bright morning of a celcftial ftace, where they (hall all leap about Q&dgra. 
that great and glorious Light In the hlghefi Heavens ; nay, what ve "°^ s 
can all the racje of-cnemics prejudice the righteous ? no, the per- * !i ' 
lecutours can but carry fuch an one to the Court-gate or glory, the dem ficut 
Executioner can but f:nd him away to the Wardrobe :o put on his farra /«. 
long white Robe. Tyrant then exprefTe all thy fury , Calndo mina f*~ 
thy work, Abel fhall live when thou haft flain him , and fpeak 1t * rt {'* mU4 
when thou think eft thou haft laid him fpeechlefle at thy feet. A„ ni4 y t ™*^ 
£odIy man, though he be dead, cannot be dumb , no, not if thou lumen tri- 
ihouldcft feai up his lips, or cut out his tongue , for he will fpeak pudiantesl 
rhrouqh his teeth, or focak without a tongue, or fpeak with a new N! \< er u- 

■P 7 r IO. 



tongue , 



34 A dead man [peaking. 

tongue , for he is gotten to the new Heavens, and there all fpeak 
at the fiift entrance, and fpeak, and can never lofe fpeech , fpeak 
and frame all the elegant Speakers upon the earth. Well then, be 
Abeljmd when the earth can no longer hear thee fpeak , Heaven 
will make the fpeak. A dead man here is a fpcaking man there ; 
He being dead^ yetfpeaketh. 

Thus then have I handled this Text as it doth concern the par- 
ticular hiftory, it is now rcquifite , that I (nould apply it more 
clearly, and fully to the particular occafion, and conclude with the 
work of the day, or rather the wound of the day ; a difmal work 
it Was, and a bloudy wound. Have we not Cain and Abel here ? 
yes,brethren in profetfion, though not in nature, and yet in nature, 
as fane as the fame Countrcy and Nation could beget a confan- 
guinity between them. And did not both thefe facrifice ? yes, our 
fain would be at the Altar as well as Abel, though he brought but 
his light fheaf ; our Cain was never for the firftlings, and fat, the 
erTential things of Religion,but onely for a few extemporary devo- 
tions, and aery fpeculations. And I^ray , what was the quarrel 
amongft us ? was it not about the excellent facrifice ? yes, Religion 
hath ever been the great Make-bate upon eatth, zeal for the Altars 
have facrificed as many men as beafts, for this there were fuch de- 
teftations between the Egyptians and the Hebrews, that the one 
might not eat with the other ; for this there were fuch tumults a- 
bout the Temple and the golden calves, about God and Baal. For 
thisthe Zelots amongflthe Jews flew as many of their own Coun- 
treymen, as they did of the common enemies, for this were there 
fuch inte/tine distentions betwixt the Arians and Orthodox Chri- 
ftians ; for this have the Latlnes and the Greekj been at fuch bit- 
ter variances , that the 7V/^hath wonne from us ChrifKans thir- 
teen Kingdomes and three Empires ; for this have been inve- 
ctives, banifhment, plucking out of eyes, Tantum Religio yotuit 
fuadere malorum , Religion hath been the foment of all thefe 
commotions, garboiles, and {laughters. It is that that is the 
evil Angel ( as the Turks fay) which doth trouble the Chi iftians. 
Sure I am, Religion was the Trumpet of feditior, that raifed this 
Kingdome into this unnatural diiTention , and begat this deadly 
fewd, it was called bellum facrum , the holy war , but the moil 
wicked and wretched that ever was fought , the excellent Sacri- 
fice 



A dead man [peaking. 3 5 

fee was the fpighr,-^Ws purity of Religion procured all his enmi- 
ty j would he have forfaken that Religion which came to him out 
of the flames of Martyrdom? , and accepted of another that was 
melted Br him by another teeming fervent secal, he had efcaped all 
the ire and indignation which a fterwa ids followed. Bit In re ****** 
tarn iufla nulla debet effe confult atio, as St. Cyprian told the Pio- ? ; ^°^1 
conful , In a thing fo iufi there ought to be no confutation , Abel 
cannot abate in his pu . i:y and piety in divine worinip , for fire 
had fallen from Heaven upon his Sacrifice , God had bleffed 
the Protcftant Ch irdi for (linking fo firmly to the fir ft grounds 
pf her Reformation , and it flouriftied to admiration, maugre all 
the rancour of the Pep: and his Romifh Emiffai ies ; but if Abel 
will be fo refolute, Cam will ranckle and fefter. But as angry as 
he is, I hop: he will keep it to himfelf ; yes , keep it to himfelf , 
but keep an eye upon his project and deiign. Cain wrought veiy 
policick'y and fu tile ly , and fo did our Cain ; the one had a trea- 
ty, and fo had the other ; but treaties are with wicked men but 
wiles, iupp'antations, ambuuhments, pitfals. Af:er all the treaties 
there follows the Stratagem. Cain rofe up and flew his brother 
Abel , a King was murthered. We have Cains club to iliew , 
and Abel's bloud to point at. Did Cain flay his brother Abel? 
Did Protcfla -.its kill their natural King ? oh mercilefTe Cain ! oh 
graccleffe Proteftants 1 where is the murthcr of Kings warranted 
in the whole Scripture ? Indeed God can loofe the collar of Kings, 
but who made th:e Gods Vlce-Roy^i Vicegerent? Erltisjicup £)//, 
Ye fhull be as Gods , wes the Serpents Divinity. A poyfonous 
Lefhircr, and venomors Difcipks. When thou canft create thun- 
der , I will think thou maift caft thy thunder-bolts upon Thrones, 
but in the mean time do no: imitate the Omnipotent in his incom- 
municable properties, and priviledges , leaft thou doft begin with 
Lucifer's pride, and end with Lucifer's fate and doom ; But will 
fome fay, the Saints ilia 11 bind Kings in chains : what Saints ? they 
mult be Uich c-s have an abiblute and exprefs commifTion from Hea- 
ven. What Kings ? Canaanltlfh Kings, Heathenlfh Princes, fuch 
as Slhon the King of the Amor It es , and Og the King" of Bafhan y 
Adon;bez,el^i\\Q King of Jerufalem , Hoham King of Hebron y 
Vlram King oCjarmuth , Japia King of Lachlfh , &c. Kings 
whi:b were direct Infidels, and God in his fecret judgement had 

E - deter- 



3 6 A dead man /peaking. 

determined :o destroy them: Bu: cake heed he odor the ^ames 

■ : thonta Paten: undei ". . : 

kill ChrifHan Ki e j as Idolatrous Kings. If all Kings 

to be ihin > why 

tktre is ao ri?K7 up y ana dlUy hi: : he Lords 

\ . •:■ gmitltfe } a»dhe:h- [be -vers (hall 

receive t§ bamfetf i*m I: is no ma:: a : hath 

beer, lone : . : .: : : be done. What then ? ihall 

Court of Juirice, and Sentenced 
- ...-.? oh CmIb we trem teat thy riling up, and at the iizh: of 
thy club. The bencr ious, and the Scaffold execrable, 

Tifg. io. what is this but for men Crimlmbm terrere mvis^ to appal 

--~ the ' : . v s. 

Ovid.i. fulntt terrorer-.i 

Met. H:: ■ MS efi, totufque perhorruit or bis ; 

All mankind, ill the ea rth hath horrour and attonithment at foch 
a dreac:" accident. 

SeculmmPir : quefls. 

This is the age . j new M Who advifed 

: i I tempt : fore I am I *ood Angel, nor 

C£r0 t? \ right Pre r-het, bu: . JMjrti/d in the grove of 

Eesforz JyeL -felled the Thebanes, that if they would profper, 

vi£hres,fi:: ■.-:•• mi) t the height of impiety. And I think that theie 

y*idimpit . . neight "-..;. i ;;::ous end ittedthe 

!!«•£/ height pft , infand, intertable, deteitable, devilliil), 

was heard of iince the foundations of 
that this Devil called Legion i"hould poiTefTe the bo- 
ar Nation / oh that the "W -n called fvickjdnejfe lhould 
" come flying with her Ephah filled with abominable iniquity to fet 

it c Kingdome / There have been many Proftitutes in 

Rel: _ but the contrary is in thee to other women in thy 

forr Ezek^. 1 6. ;-f. Aholibah hath exceeded Aholah, 

£v;r. ;;.n. Trie . exceeded the Jefuits. A- 

mongrt all th. v ::.-'. md T'nrone-lhakers that eve. . - 

in the world, was it ever heard before that an hereditary King 
arraigned and executed ? no, many ill fpirits there have been 
U.TAa- in all ag^ but this was BeUebub, the Prince of Devils. Ragvat- 
-->., dus Knapho r a I the ancient Swedes, becaufe he entred 

the 



A dead man [peaking. 37 

nhes land, which were I •, and according 

to the cuftome of the C did no; fend his I ;f:>re 

him, they rofe upagainft him, as a publick a 

at r ar labor. Antifater, becaufe be heard that Alexander had Qipmmu 
cruelly put to dea:h ^p.vmemo and *? -is own 

head. ne Jo/A? Cupbearer to -4 fcr and at 

oifoned his own Prince. Thus F*tim -cutoff 

the head of Galba, his own Emperour, and Oftares flew Vitiges *»«». 
his natural Soverai^n at Ravenna like a Sacrifice lying upon the Tn:: 
ground with his face upward ; and LarJerlck^{ the great intimata--* 1 ^*** 

f F redegund)Y\\\td Chllyerick^ returning from hunting, arid 
Lcreck^ihoz to death Brerlflans the iecond, bein^ loft in a wood. *>*<"**' 
But thefe things were done in heat, and humour, and in a ftealth- 
thive, fecr :: • \ ut to fet up an imperious Court, and to appoint 
an impudent Judge to try a King, and :: .ife, was fuch 

---: : :_ r.imfelf did never prefcribe, and I 

believe that thefe Clients were inforced to beftc v ; fees up- 

on their Counfellour of the lon^ Robe to find out fuch an inven- 
tion, .:: the Devil himfelf , who could have produced 
fuch aihadow :: i Law-point to be left upon Record as a B; 
cafe ? Well,: rfcred, andihallnot Religion for 
fa : the worlds end ? y; . King hold up thy hand, 
nod Mother- _ sofa loyall Na- 
- no, it is fuch E ng lifh as will .: • . . 1 I .11 biftc- 
ry, and a fna:: : 3 all generations. Our Enemies 
deride ls, and our Fx^ends will i us. What Jefnire will 

now all Pbpifli treasons are juftified. 

i all 

ourloval'; laftec . hcd. It is a marvel 

that theie men can cry out ag2in{t? Fold 

. the children of he'J, and that the. cantal coating 

H ;tri- 

-;:ng off heads. • Heic rad- 

ii, and a Gofpel published with a muithering- 
ind you- 
der -. : s ~ ten J owed them, and what brightnefie ii u that 
did irradiate their - . ... it was the Devil tra- into 

in Ange F:r had the Pi ? or 



38 A dead man f peaking. 

the Apoftlcs any fuch revelations? Did they ever go with a blcud- 
ax in their hands ? or give commands or tolerations to Subjects 
to ere£t Tribunals to convent Princes ? or to prepare blocks for 
the necks of their lawfull Soveraigns ? Are thefe Anabaptifts ? 
they defer veto be baptized in their own bloud ; are thefe Fifth- 
monarchy men } all Monarchies ought to execrat: and extirpate 
them ; a true Anabaptist is an Anarchiit, and a true Fifthmo- 
narchy-man is an Antimonarchy-man. Seeing their principles 
are rebellion, and their pradtifes blond, they might jurtly have the 
rewards of Rebels, and the doom of bloudy men. What ho- 
nour is it to be an obedient Subject, if Traitors may have the 
like protection, and priviledges ? So long as thefe be furrered to 
go up and down the land with their tender confeiences, our tender 
bowels are in danger ; fo long as thefe have freedome to vex the 
Nation with their fcruples of faith, they will hazard, and do 
chreaten to fcruple us into our graves. Subjects look to your 
throats, Kings look to your heads. If they would but confeffe 
their errours, and unfeignedly reform them, I wifh not- the leaft 
trouble to them, nor to have a man furTcr for all the violences 
they are guilty of, for an hearty change is afufricicnt fatisfaction. 
But I doubt that the Blackmore cannot change his skin, that the 
root that hath born gall and wormwood can bear no fweet fruit ; 
that thefe Cockatrices will not be charmed, that they are fo hard- 
ned in their principles and prevarications, that their neck is be- 
come iron, and their browbraffe, that ic will be a long time be- 
fore they will come to tpharaohs acknowledgment, asfhabs fub- 
miffion, Judajfes confternation, or Cains dreads • they feem to be 
fettled upon their Lees, and frozen in their dregges ; for they cry 
out onely for liberty of conlcience, bur have no confeience to 
defie their execrable courfes; they defire to live peaceably, but it is 
to be feared it (hall be no longeron their parts, then till another 
Hydra's head can grow up in the (had of that which is cut oif. 
A Wolf is «qvict fo long as it is in the chair,, tut let it be Lie 
loofned it will worry again. I do not like this fame creeping in- 
to corners, and thefe meetings at midnight, fuch daik feafons do 
threaten that there are fome works of datknclTe flill in agitation. 
Well, if they be ob(tinate, and incorrigible, and do defire their 
freedome without our fafety, for my part, though I do not defire 

their 



A dead man fpeaking. 3 9 

their necks, yet I do deiire their backs; though I With them not 
on gibbets, yet I vrtfh them in pinafTes, for (o long as the Cana- 
anires be in the land, what will they be bnt thorns in our eyes, 
and goads in our fides ? Therefore if they will not repent let them 
remove, if they will not change their opinions, let them change 
their ground, let thefe new lights go and ihine in their new San- 
ctuary, new England ; let thefe Zelots go and worfhip in that 
confecrated Temple, and thefe Fifch-monarchy-men fail along 
with the reft of their raigning Saints, and there fet up their my- 
iticall, and Majefticall Throne. 0\d England hath been fabled, 
and faeried, and frayed, and flayed enough by them ; have we 
not a fad precedent and fpe&acle before our eyes ? Look over the 
Catalogue, and fee how many thoufands they haveufed like Slaves 
within the land, and fold for Slaves out of the land, nay flaugh- 
tered, aud. butchered ; and above all have we not the bloud of a 
Prince, and the head of a King to look upon with as much an- 
guifhas aftonilhment ? Muft they flay to kill another King be- 
fore we fhall know them to be Cut-throats>or banifh them as Re- 
gicides ? This King is a King of eminent perfections, and vir- 
tues, but what care they for gifts and graces ? every King with 
them is a Reprobate, and his very calling they hold fmne, they 
mufl have no King but King Jefus ; every King elfc they hold an 
Ufurpcr, and they will either depofe him, or deftroy him. If a 
King could have been fpared for virtue, might we not have had 
our old Kins flill reigning amongjl us ? Cain flew him, but was 
he not zAbel? the moft pure and pious King that ever fat in a^ 
Throne? David and Solomon, the two Mirrou.s of Kingly go- . \ m ? f ' 
vernment, had thofe blemifhcs in them which he was never ftaincd r e ta „ l0 
with, Except he had been born in the (late of inrioCehcy, could fa/hgio 
he have had more of man in him ? except he had been an Angel, prtjiitit, 
could he have had more of the Saint in him ? CTsfcQtvi him,but vS/ ^ on ' 
he flew as much righteoufnefTc as Royalty, and fonclity as Ma- V/ - v ^" 4 . 
jetty. * lA King that In his reign (hewed hiwfe If worthy of fuch pertifsime 
a government, as it wasfaid of Theodofitis the grea: ; One that aennftis 
a* all Princes feemed to be guided by reafon, as it is reported <rfp**dicar<- 
Theodofius the younger ; yea it may be laid of him as Cedren*"] Ci *^: 
dcth fay otjuftlnian, that he wasfo atfolutc.that he might be ca\- a p^ tn ' 
led xht Idea of Princes, I fliaJJ almoft fcem to clip the Kings coyn, ctdren. 

in 



40 A dead mmfpeakirg. 

in not giving to fuch a rare Prince the full weight and latitude of 
his prime dcferts ; for I knew not half his virtues , and therefore 
I cannot defcribe them. But thus much I can fay of him , that he 
was from his infancy ftudious and ingenious , infomuch that his 
Royal Brother ( of never-dying fame ) was wont to fay 
. that he was fit to be made an Arch-Biihop , and needs 
lib i pad. mu ft ^ e b e fo , when as Cambyfes taught his own Cyrus , fo his 
Cyri. own Royal Father ( the Oracle of the Throne in his dayes ) was 
pleafed divers times to be his Princely Tutour , whereby it came 
to parte that few Sonnes had fuch a Father , or few Fathers fuch a 
Son ; he taught him one principle to make him his cwn , his own 
in duty and devoyre ; for never was there more reverence and o- 
. bediencc exprerted, then there was by him, a great Prince by birth 
adejnnon to n ^ s R°y a * Father ; He was grieved ( with Ferdinand of Na- 
potuit. fits ) when he could not be prefent wich his Father , and when 
Pont. Li. he was prefent ( with Lewis the Son of Charles the Great ) fuch 
'*¥'?•** was bis obfequioufheiTe, that he might juftly be fir-named the 
E H4t /.< P' l0US ^ or lt ' When he came to fway the Scepter himfelf,his Court 
c. 4. ' was a School, as it is faid of Theodojius. i. and himfelf the great 
Sigon. I9, Library out of which men might learn all manner of goodnefs. He 
Jmp.orid. W as skilled in all Arts,for he had a lingular infight into all Sciences. 
Ic was an admiration to hear a Prince talk fo judicioufly in A- 
ftronomy, Phyfick, Mufick, Geometry, Mathematicks, Limbing, 
Warlike Tadticks, in what not ? but his chief Liberal Science ( as 
I may fay) was to know his God, and to ferve him. The fear of 
the Lord was his treasure , Efa. 33.6. He was filled with the 
fpirit of wifdome , yea he had a fprltnal understandings Col. 
1 .9. No Beau-Clerk or Do&our of the Chair could more promptly 
and pregnantly determine points of Divinity then he, his Dispu- 
tations with leveral Divines of the contrary Party , his conference 
with the Marquefs oiWorcefter (though partially let down) and his 
'Eikuv b*(kx;x.v do abundantly terrify it , ?nd what he knew he 
characterized in action, for he was as pious as he was prudent, and 
as devout as he was judicious; a kind of fmoaking CeniV, or 
flaming Altar ; he ware a Crown , but often laid it down at God's 
feet; hews a King, but often upon his knees as Petitioner; his 
Chappell was as dear to him as his Throne , and his Clofet as his 
Prcfcncc Chamber ; a reverend hearer of the Ordinances at home, 

and 



A dead man fpeaking- 41 

and when he rode abroad he fcldomc finifhed a journey, but ( as! 
have heard ) he would n\(l Sacrifice before he would fatisfy the 
wants of nature with the lcait rcfc&ion. Let malice traduce him 
what it can, his zeal was beyond their fcandal , and his piety be- 
yond their fpight ; he may match devotion by afervent heart, and 
try out worfhip by the knees with the grcaterf Zclot of the times ; 
indeed he was the Saint of the Land, and the Seraphim of the 
Throne ; he bad a Spring of Judgement , and an Ocean of San- 
ctity ; the prefent age would not acknowledge his eminencies , but 
after ages will reverence his memory, though his enemies would 
{ufter him to have no funeral folemnitics,yctI mak no queftion but 
his exequies have been duly kept by many of his religious fubje&s, 
and that the truly pious of the Nation have provided a Tombftone 
in their breafts , and that the Angels have written his Epitaph ; 
though his enemies out of difdaine laid his dead corps by Henry 
the eighth, yet out of veneration it might have been laid by Ed- 
ward the Confcffour, or holy Lucius ; for fince the dayes of Brute 
no King of England more truly deferved the name of Saint , then 
He. He was our Prince, he is our Praife ; he was our Soveraign, 
he is our S?inr. Charles the Wife, Charles the Worthy, Char Us 
the Sufferer, Charles the Saint. Such a Saint as befides hisholi- 
nelTe, he had all manner of virtues in him ; one that was forced to 
wanes, but loved peace; which had rather have fhed tears then 
bloud ; which was thankfull for good turnes,and patient under in- 
juries ; which part many A6te of Grace, but never an A& of Cru- 
elty ; no, he was fo clement,that in his whole Reign there was not 
one drop of noble bloud fhed,but that which was ignoble ; he was 
called Tyrant , but he was the moft mercifuli man in the 
Nation ; he was faid to defert his Parliament, but not till they 
ticferted their oaths and duties ; he was driven to feek Friends , 
and yet he was ever feeking his Enemies; they called out for pitch- 
ed fields, and he called out for treaties ; they complained that he 
had Papirts in his Army , and he did not complain that they had 
Jews in theirs ; they charged him with the horrid rebellion in Ire- 
land, hut he did neither charge nor challenge them with the hellitTi 
rebellion in England ; they were furious , but he was meek ; they 
Were rough, but he was gentle ; a King of high courage , but in- 
vincible patience; courteous to all, civil to his very encnr.es ; high, 

F but 



4 a A dead man f peaking. 

but not haughty ; Majeftical , and yet affable : To whom was he 
ever morofe ? or did ufe unprinccly language ? his juftice was not 
to be queftioned,his chaftity was not to be fufpe£ted,his bounty was 
not to be denied; fuch a pious, pure and peaceable King was never 
fcen in this Throne ; he had fo much goodneffe in him ,. that the 
eye of reverence might have been ravillied with it , and the eye of 
malice might have admired it ; it was his unhappinefs that it was 
difdained, that it was abufed ; one that had not half his true piety, 
clemency, patience, juftice, chaftity,had more fear ? obfervance and 
fubje£Hon ; the true Tyrant was obeyed, when the good King was 
defpifed, envied, affronted, affaulted. He was fo good , that I 
may call him the beft , he was fo good that I may ftile him Abel , 
for had he not Abel's three bright characters in him ? yes. 

1. Firft , He was a perfon of integrity. Thoufands dilfembled 
with him, but he diffembled with none. No Stage-player or Al- 
chymift in his actions , for counterfeiters are the moft pernicious 
perfons both in religion, and morality ; infomuch that a hypocrite 

inde ergo doth moft hurt, not that he doth evil , but that he fpeaketh well ; 
Uditnnde but his fpeeches were never above his actions , his life and his lips 
malafaciti were Allies, and ever in folemn league. H: would not vary in his 
dtcit °j!up ^ e ^g^ on t0 g ani a Queeen in Spain , nor falftfy with the Church 
tr.46. in ' to- regain a Crown in England \ he had ever a ftngle eye , and a 
latin mice re heart. 

2, Secondly,Hc did count nothing too pretious for his God,He had 
an excellent fpirit, and it was fct upon the excellent Sacrifice ; He 
was wholly devoted to pious Works, and lliewed his magnificence 
chiefly in thofe offerings.. He came in perfon and in ftate to 
St. Pauls, to fet forward the building of it,He was the firft and beft 
Sacriiicer at that Altar. He had beftowed an Ear-ring upon the 
Spoufe of Chrift, no Countrey under Heaven having more judi- 
cious and accompliilied Teachers then we had , and it was his de- 
fire to have put a chain about her neck, and to have decked her all 
over in embroydered work. Had he lived, and Reigned , Church 
and Church-men fhould have found him to have been a moft boun- 
ufull Benefa&our. . 

5, Thirdly, He did rely for fouls blifs merely upon Divine appro- 

bation. He did only defire to obtain witnefle from God, that he 
was righteous, and cared not to be efteemed by the world.righteous. 



A dead man [peaking. 43 

He knew that only God could give righteoufneiTe , and was the 
fole difcerner and trier of righteoufnefs , therefore he put himfelf 
upon///* attestation & juftiHcation.Gods wttnefle was dearer unto 
him, then mans tcftimoniai. What cared he for the worlds blan- 
dishments > or the puffe of popular applaufe ? no, there have 
been Princes , which have been taken with the noife of thefe tink- 
ling Cymbals, and have defired no other Minftrelfie then the me- 
lodious Dulcimers of the peoples lips , as Philip had his Clifophtu 
who praifed his lame leg, and blind eye , and Dionyjitts his Cari- 
fiophus who called him the father of all virtues, and Alexander 
his Nicefius, who made Flyes the nobleit creatures, becaufe they 
fucked his bloud , and Nero his Burns, who fo admired his wit, 
that he (tiled him another Apollo , and the head of Nilns, and 
Juflinian who had his Tribonianus,vi\\o fo extolled his virtues 
that he promifed him they (hould free him from death , and at his 
departure caufe his flelh to be carried with him into Heaven. But 
our good King took pleafure in none of thefe Flatterers , but with 
Conflantine the Great counted them the venninc of his Palace , or 
With Sigifmund the gad-flyes , or blifter-flyes which did bite him. 
He took more delight in a Monitor, then a Parafite , and in a 
grave Bifhop then a complemental Courtier ; he loved all his 
Lords well (and fome too well, who rewarded him with a treache- 
rous heart for his Royal and real heart ) but his chief love, 
and pleaiing, fatisfying affection was in a Penitentiary. He va- 
lued not the dying fparks in Sycophants lips to burn up his Obla- 
tions (no, this he counted a vain fmoak, and a perilling blaze) but 
the delectable thing to him was to have fire from Heaven fall up- 
on his Sacrifice ; he preferred one teftimony of the fpirit of ado- 
ption above all the acclamations and applaufes of the World ; it 
was not mans fignet but God's feai which he (tood upon ; for he 
knew very well, that man could make him but eftimable , it was 
God onely that could make him acceptable. Therefore he Tingled 
himfelf from the world, and locked up himfelf to his God ; him 
he made his truft and treafure, comfort and confidence , the light 
of God's countenance was more pretious to him then the fmiling 
faces, and the fmooth, foothing, inchanting reflexes of Admirers 
browes. His glory was that he was not vain-glorious,but one high 
in command , but of an humble heart ; rich in graces but poor 

F 2 in 



44 d 4t*& m wfpetiing* 

in fpixit ; his fan&iloquics and foliloquies, his life fpent in medi- 
tation and mortification tc/tify it, one that had little fclf-delight 
jfuiiip- h},bim, lu; much [clf-dcnial , there was in him a recefs from his 
r ltiS yolun- own defresyhls love of God was fuch that it brought him to an ttt- 
taiihwre- ter contempt ofhimfelf,He loft his life by renouncing his own wlll y 
c e fi°- Ba f'axdfaved It by works of piety , He dlxi tranfplant hlmfelf out of 
*?•?&£ the world y that He might grow the better In another foil \and kjll 
amor Dei theflefh ,, that, the fplrlt might have all the llfejjigour and acli- 
ufyue ad vlty. Was there ever a more temperate, world-skreened , flefh- 
Contemftu rm fed ? foul-weaned Prince? One that had his hear: wholly in 
fm A "l'}' heaven, and his eye fixed upon the face of God , which often pro- 
i£-/ 2 8.' featcd himfeif at his feet, and defiredno greater happineiTe there 
perdidita- tp lye. in his bofome. He fed upon the hidden Manna , and em- 
nimtmfa- ployed ail his Sollicitouis to make the Judge his fure Friend ; His 
<r» abne- ^y Q s yvere {Irctched out till they were fore, arid his eyes watched 
gMdoro- f ten till, tH^v were heavy, and his. eyes wept, till they were even 
^ CdvAt bathed m fait water to get his Petition ligncd ; His eares ultned to 
earn per hear the founding of Gods bowels ; His appetite was fharpned to 
tpera pie feed Upon the childrens bread: ; He wrefrlcd till the hollow of his. 
utis.ong- fajU XV2S loofned to eet the i lemW. He did ftrive moreto be gra- 
jja'th. tious in Gods fight, then to enjoy all the fplendours upon earth, 
TUnta and the efteemed the white /tone with the new name wrlten in it 
tranfpo- above all the Jewells of his Crown. His rare Book of Meditati- 
mntur, or is doth fhew his conflicts of conscience, his inward favour of ce- 
Ut ma' teftwl things,his imprefHons. of Gods watchfulnefie over him , his 
flaw ca- refined heart to delight the heavenly eye,his yearnings for reconci- 
ro, »f*»»-liation,his afpiringsfor divine favour ; A Book fo full of crucified 
tnawat- expreifions , Divine thirfiings , fubferibing articles with 
Greg, in t t* ^fi^^ f tne Covenant , trimmings of the Wedding 
hmfz'i. ^ arn ' ent ■-) wooings of the Bridegroome , fupematural rcpafts v 
and extafying trances, that my Soveraign might feem with Jacob 
to have been at Luz, where the gate of Heaven was opened , or 
upon Mount Tabor with the blefTed Apoftles , or with St. Paul 
taken up into the third Heavens, when he wrote that Book. The 
Spirit no doubt gave him the infufions, and a man might conceive 
that fomc Angel guided his hand. It is a Book fo full of penitent, 
pregnant, ardent, elevated, raptive gales; the ftile fo high, and yet 
the heart fo humble ; the fpeeches fo fervent , and yet the fpirit fo 
Ipwly; the conceptions fo foaring, and yet the confciencc fo bleed- 
ing, 



A dead man /peaking. 45 

in*, that I confcrTc though I have read many Authours, and pcru- 
fecTmany Treatifes of this nature , yet did I never meet with the 
like to it for fpeech, f peculation, fphit, not amongft our religious 
Countieymen , the contemplative Jefuits, or the devout Fathers. 
Great King, thy face, thy gifts, thy vows, thy vifions , thy morti- 
fied heart and viftorious foul fnall ever be feen in that Book ; 
thou canit not want a name, aery, a Creft, a Crown, an Imprcfs, 
a Monument, a Statue fo long as that Book doth remain : thou 
haft preferved thy memory , honoured thy pofterity , bleffed 
thy Friends, confounded thy Enemies , perfumed thy Sepulchre , 
purged thy confeience, beamed thy foul, made thy felf invincible, 
Impeiial,an mutable, immortal by that Book. Thy whole life was 
like a Cloud which dropped down celeftial Mannah, and that 
Book is the golden Pot to preferve it. Let that be called The 
tJMafier-pece of Devotion , and thou be named The Mafter- 
bmlder of a Souls Fabrick^ Is not Abel there to be difcerned ? 
yes, the whole contents of it is Abel , from the firft leaf to the Iaft 
line , one that had given up himfelf to God , and depended for 
fouls-blifs onely upon Divine approbation. 
Well Abel we have now found thee,we have hoked upon thee, & 
can never look enough ,thy race is amiable,thy faith is admirable,thy 
Sacrifice is invaluable,who could injure a perfon of fiich rich quali- 
fications^ rare perfe6Uons?Surcly he was one of the Savages which 
could have the heart violently :o afTault thee, infolently to convent 
thee,impioufly & impel ioufly,outragiou{ly & barbaroufly to execute 
thec.Oh that thou hadft in thee fo much eminency,&C^/# fo much 
enmity / that thou hadft in thee fo much integrity,^ Cain fo much 
ti cachet y /that thou hadft in thee fo much meeknefs,&CW« fomuch 
cruelty / Art thou King Human, King Doer, King Achan, King 
Ifmael, King Cham ? no, thou art King t^fbel; if thou beeft King 
Abel, let him be Caytiff Cain. Doubtletfe Cain by this time thou 
knoweft what it is to draw Abel into the field, what it is to leave 
him dead in the field , what it is to lift up thy fierce looks againftf 
him, what it is to lift up thy deadly club againft him. Hnft thou 
not heard his bloud cry ? haft thou not a blond ''fpot in thy fore- 
head? haft thou notbecn brow-beaten? haft thou not 1 been marked? 
haft thou not been caft out of thy old habitatiOn?haft thou not been 
caftout of the prefencc of God ? Thou haft wrought thy teen upon 
Abel to fome purpofc,but hath not God been avenged of thee fe- 

F l venfoldf. 



46 A dead man fpebking. 

fold ? Since the murther of ^4 W,couldft eat ? couldft deep ? couldft 
keep thy feet } couldft keep thy wits ? no , thou wert a kind of a 
Runagate , thou wert become a kind of mad-man ., thou wert 
ungratious , thou art unhappy , thou haft loft thy brother ., thou 
haft loft thy felf; thou haft Ihed his bloud, and thou haft fhed thine 
own honour, thine own fafety, thine own blifs, thou art ever here- 
after to be called bloudy Caln ty and wretched Cain ; for Abel's 
bloud doth cry , and will never ceafe to cry. Thou haft ftrook 
Abel dead , and though his lips do not cry , his bloud doth cry ; 
and S,critch-owles , Wolves , Trumpets , Cannons , the raging 
Sea , and roaring Thunder doth not make fuch a noife as bloud ; 
it hath the loudeft ', and moft lafting found ; it doth cry , it is 
heard as far as the Throne of God , it will cry , and did not give 
over crying, till it had cryed thee into thy grave., till it had 
cryed thee into Hell. If there be not the cryes of the lips , and 
the cryes of confeience , and the cryes of the Church , and fome- 
thing which will fpeak better things then the bloud of Abel ; 
woe be to all Murthercrs , for this bloud will cry till it make them 
cry and howle upon earth , and caft them amongft them which 
weep and gnafti their teeth , and have no reft day nor night , but 
tear their ftefti, and gnaw their tongues. If Abel's bloud will cry, 
how fhall Cain's foul at laft cry ? But what care fome malitious 
wretches for future vengeance , if for the prefent they may fat isfie 
their fpleens and ireful paflions ? no Cain will kill Abel y though 
his bloud intail direfull judgement upon him, and his race , as our 
Cain faid , the King fhall die , though I were fure to lie in Hell 
for it for fome time , and my Pofterity to beg their bread. Oh 
inflexible, inflexorable Murthereis / oh precipitate, obftinace,de- 
fperatc Cain ! But let us leave Cain under his curfe, and look once 
more upon Abel , and fee whether Cain's malice can extinguish 
his comfort, as well as his life. There is no comfort in Cain's club, 
but is there none in Abel's bloud ? yes; let us fee him bleeding , 
and hear him fpeaking , let him fpeak, and let us fpeak , let him 
fpeak for vengeance, and let us fpeak out of veneration ; God 
will revenge his bloud , and let us reverence it. Let the Land 
want an heart , when it doth not value fuch a Prince,and a tongue 
when it doth not fpeak to the honour of him. Let us call him at 
the parting, 

Fiift, 



A dead man J]>eaking. 4 7 

Firft, ConfpicHous Saint , oh that we had fuch an one / could 
we wifh a better } what age before yielded his Equal } He was 
able to teach the world. 

quid, diftent &ra lupnls^ 

the difference between the precious and the vile, he was dignns 
Obelijcofo emiaent that he cfcfei ved a Monument, Hie jacet A- 
bel, Hie jacet SanEltts Carol px, Saint Charles^ the Model of vir- 
tue, and the Medal of' the Spirit, which had Chrift engraven in- 
to his heart, and the Scripture inlaid into his converfation ; The 
Prince of all princely virtues, and the Prince of all faving vir- 
tues, which had an unfeigned faith, and undoubted righteoufnefs; 
one that fought for the belt, and offered the beft, whom wife men 
admired',and good men honoured; which carried flefh about him, 
but with very little corruption, and grace with very great luftre; 
which lived upon earth, but fpent much of his time in heaven, re- 
pentance was his bath, fanctity was his raiment, meditation was 
his diec, mortification was his phyfick, devotion was his perfume, 
watchfulnefTe was his Sentinel, vows were his weapons, prudence 
was his Counfellour, patience was his Standard-bearer, inward 
fecurity was his Chamberlain, fearch of confeience was his ghoft- 
ly Confefrour, the Saints were his Guides, the Angels were Bis 
Companions, the Heaven of heavens was his Crown-land, and 
God hinifelf was the King of glory with whom he hoped to keep 
Court, and to reign for ever in Majcfty. Oh precious <*y4bel! 
oh confpicuous Saint / 

But fecondly, let us not onely call him confpicuous Saint, but 
likewifc glorious Martyr. Martyr/ oh that the Rocks do not 
cleave, and the earth do not fhiver,and all eyes do not drop, and 
all hearts do not bleed at the thought of fuch a judgement / there 
might be nothing but crying Alas, Alas, from the one corner of 
the Land to the other ; yea, we might tafte the tires from our 
heads, cover our lips, lye upon the earth, eat -allies, teach our 
children waitings, and our neighbours lamentation, cry bitterly, . 
make our faces foul with weeping, gather to (JUlizpeb, and pour 
out water, raife up another Bochim^ weep with the weeping of 
Jaz,er y make a mourning like the mourning of Hadadrimmon in 
the field of iJVLcgiddo ; yea our very Churches might be filled 
withaothing but Shreiks, and thefongs of the Tcmpler. turned in- 
to . 



4$ A dead man /peaking . 

to howlings,for is ^Abeljlaln ? the ^Mirrour made a LMartyr? 
what no more to be heard t no more to be fcen ? no more to ex- 
prcfTe his fairh ? to declare his righteoufneis f to after his excel- 
lent facrifice ? to teach the world piety ? to pray for the Bancs of 
the Age > to blefTe the times f what is there fuch a rich jewel pluck- 
ed off from the neck of the Church f is there an end of <*Abel ? 
oh difmayingnews / oh difmal day / oh that Cain had no more 
mercy then to ftretch out his hand/ oh that God had no more 
mercy then not to reftrain his hand / Doubtleffe the finnes of the* 
people were great that armed Cain, and enraged God ; In the 
day of affliction confider. Let the fall of s/fbel be an cxmiininc, 
and an exanimating judgement. Let us ftand upon our thresholds, 
and cry out of our mines , take hold of the pillars of the Tem- 
ple, and bewail our finnes, look one another in the face with afto- 
nifhment and remorfe, faying, wretches that we are that we could 
not forbear our provocations till they had fetched the beft of the 
flock for a facrifice, till Gods wrath broke out in bbud, till righte- 
ous tAbel was (lain, till the moft pious, and pure, andcomplcat 
King was executed. But though we thus deplore fin, and lament 
the judgement ( for in the loffe of fuch a King there is III as malo- 
mm, an Iliad of miferies ) yet not fo, as if we lhould doubt of 
the (late of the SurTerer,or defpair of the Martyr ; no,the accident 
is ominous to us, but can it be fatal to <*Abel ? can fuch a peer- 
leffe, and pi izeleiTe King be unhappy ? no, he may be dead to 
Cain, or dead to the world, but not dead to himfelf, not dead to 
God. We are in a fad cafe, but there is neither badnelle nor 
fadneffe, forrow or follicitude, fret or fray, heavinefTe or horrour 
that doth belong to Abel, He is (lain, but the blow could not 
hurt him, nor the bloud harm him ; he is now beyond fpight, paft 
ftones or clubs ; he did but die in the field to be caught up into 
Paradife, and was taken from Cain to be tranflated o the Con- 
gregation of the firft-born, yet he liveth, yet he fpcaketh, he doth 
reft, and he doth reign, he doth ring, and he doth ihine ; oh gra- 
tious King, thou art now a glorious King, thou haft left thy Court, 
and taken thy leave of all thy Princely race, and bid farewell to 
all thy Peers, and art entred into a more Majefticall Court, where 
Prophets come out to meet thee,and Martyrs rejoyce over thee,and 
all the crowned Kings which reigned here in piety as well as pow- 
er. 



cr,ble'iTs their fetvc* in thy focicty ; yea Quires of Angels fing 
Hallelujahs to enjoy thy prefence ; nay, thy bleffed Redeemer 
doth come forth, and off ereth to embrace thee with his crucified 
hands, and to lay his wounded breft to thy wounded neck ; So 
that now thou art the high and mighty King, the excellent King 
for thy excellent Sacrifice ; thou haft but changed thy Ma jetty and 
"Royalty, thou haft gotten a new Robe, and a new Crown, thou 
art a brighter Saint, and a more glorious King then ever, thou haft 
eaten thy Paffeovir, and are gotten out of Egypt, thou haft fuffer- 
ed thy Maityrdome, and haft changed it into a Kingdome ; thou 
haft conquered all thy enemies, and thy Scaffold is turned into a 
Stage of glery ; thou followed the Lamb upon mount Sion, and 
art dwelling in the new Jerufalem, whofe gates are all of yearly 
au.{ whofe ftreets are paved with gold ; 2nd there dwell, and there 
reign till the rcfurreccion. We being confident that fuch an Abel 
cannot perifh, but that though thou becft dead, yet thou haft ano- 
ther life, a better life ; though thy face be taken away from our 
fight, yet thou art to be feen ; though we do not hear thee, yet thou 
fpeakeft,Sy it he being dead yet fpeakjth. 

For our fclves dear brethren, let us for ever prize the name of" 
our Abel, and honour his perfections, commemorate his graces, 
and imitate them ; for wo unto us that ever we knew Abel, if 
we know but onely his name; if we know Abel and live CV#«then 
do we admire a Saint, when we are transformed into the likenefTe 
of that Saint. It is a commendable thing to acknowledge a Saint, 
but it is a comfortable and a fa ving thing to be a Saint, to re- 
ferable that Saint, to be followers of that Saint , to cxempli- 
fie all his virtues. Oh therefore let us make Abel our Pattern, 
and our Precedent ; let us iriare with him in faith, righteoufneiTe, 
and the excellent Sacrifice, that fo when we are dead the grave may 
not bury all, but wc may be yet fpeaking, have our memories,con- 
fciences, and heavenly intcrefts fpeaking ; that fo we may be but 
abfent from the body to be prefent with the Lord, and lay down 
thefecaithly Tabernacles to enter into our better Manfion, our 
true Pake:, the building of God, a houfe not made with hands, 
but eternal in the heavens. Which that we may do, the Lord 



grant for his mercies fake. 



s 



F I J^I S. 



N 



THE 

M A N 

O F 

VALOUR. 

Or the Puiffancc ofENGLANDs Great 

CHAMPION. 

Delivered in three Sermons , in the Parifli 

Church of Walt ham K^fbbey f upon Duke Albe- 
marle % coming up to London, and Decla- 
ring for a Free Parliament. 

<By T h o. Re e v e , D. D, dndf reader there. 



Who art thou before Zerubbabel oh thou great Mountain , 
Zach. 4. 7. 

For Mordecai the Jew was next to King sAhafuerus , ani 
great amongfl the Jewes , and accepted of the multitude of 
his brethren , feeding the wealth of his people , and fpe aid- 
ing peace to all his feed , Efter 10. 3. 

Da mihi virlim, & omnia cgregia pcrfick. Lipfius. 



LONDON, 
Printed by /, R. for the Authour, 1661 



TO THE 

High, Honourable, Worthy, Praife-wor- 

thy, Country, worthy, Church-worthy , 

Prince-worthy Duke, 

GEORGE 

DUKE OF 

A L B E M A R L E; 

His humble Suppliant wi/heth 

Fame, Felicity, Eminency of Honour, and 
Eternity of blifle. 

May it pleafe your Grace. 

Aint Bernard faith , that good things which are new centia bo- 
are mott delightfull ,, when they are compared with na ju« 
evill things , which arc old. Our prefect happi- cundius 
nejfe then mufi needs highly affeEl us , when it is c,ar " " 
matched with our former wretchednejfe , which did f aci ( nt 
fo deeply affliEi us. O how great was our precedent mifery ! compara- 
Our chaine was heavie. We were the proverbe , and prodigee of tamalis 
the earth: Wickliffe did define a Friar to be a dead carcaffe\ Paribus 
which did come out of a Sepulchre , covered with grave clothes y ?^'- . 
raifed by the Devil to plague mankind. . So fuch a kjnde of u ^ SgCtl * 
dead Corps new quickened have we had amongft us , / meane £ « . 
our late Novelift , which feemed to be clad with nothing but ver motm 
grave-cloathes,Mortification,&yet was aBuated with cunning de- tuumc 
fignes y politicly contrivances ; an ignorant Creature , but arro- fepulcrho 
gant , illiterate , and yet mnfl be illuminated (elf -denying, and c g rc ffun» 
yet felf -ended ; who talked much of the fpirit , but did fhew f^foi. 

but involtttum, a diabolo iatcr bomiacs agitatum > WnkHJJi in Trial, pag, 14* 

little 




Nimium 
altercan- 
do Veri- 
tas amit- 



Polixo. 



Sue to a. 



little religion ; who was full of revelation , but not fo full of re- 
generation ; who f aid he did fight for the birth-rights of the 
free-borne people of England , and yet could rifle coffers ; who 
talked of i he keepers of the liberties, and yet left to the people 
nothing but fetters ; who told the age of a Committee of Safety, 
and nothing injafety , but every mans nech^ was in danger ; who 
cried up new lights, and yet they were new Criticifmes,J£nigmaes y 
Paradoxes ; this Creature had filed the land fo full of flrange fpe- 
culations, and figments , that there was fear ce any of the old faith 
left , the truth was lofl in altercations, difceptations , and captious 
cavils. Tet there was a notable craft , that religion was written 
-4itur.P in the front Ifpice of every de/ijrne , that he which did oppofe the 
dehgne mu/t fight againfl heaven it J elf, jujt as the Governour of 
Ephcfi'S tied all the gates, and walles of the City with ropes to the 
Temple of Diana , that whofoever battered the gates and walles 
fhouldfeem to wage war with the holy Goddeffe Diana. Oh the in- 
finite blinds andflratagems, inventions and circumventions, which 
we were then fubjetl to ! Auguftus Cse far fa id that the Romans 
mthe reigne of Tiberius would be eaten up with leane jawes , 
and fo were not we devoured with thin-chaps ? yes a kinde of pale- 
faced, meager, macilent profeffors, which talked of nothing but 
contempt of the world,abnegation,crucified hearts did crucify us to 
purpofe.Thc kanc kine did eate up thzht.Good religious fouls they 
charmed the hand,as if they intended nothing but the reducing us 
into the right way, bringing us into ihe light, opening our blind eyes, 
reforming a corrupt Church , but by what Evangelical Phyfick^ 
would they do this ? by Mercury precipitate, fteele pits , the oyle of 
Sco'pionSjTrochifchie vipera .They fought to convert us more with 
their armes, then the'r arguments, their gibbets then their pulpits, 
their fecjne fir ations,confif cations, decimations, then their informa- 
tions ; there were fewfet conferences, but many fet battels ; their 
Morter-pe'ices dif charged oftner in the fie Id, then their Minifters 
did in a Colloquy ; a rude, raging, ravening generation they were, 
which would neither give counfel , nor hear counfel ; which acled 
more by fury, then perfwafion ; we found little bright amongfi 
them, but bright harneffe ; nor free, but free-quarter ; ncr divine, 
but divination. They were much for the Gofpel, and yet a pious 

Tea- 



Teacher could fcarcely live under them\they fald they were facred, 
and yet they were guilty of facrl ledge ; theyboafted much of their 
love to their deer country, and yet they killed a King, executed 
Nobles, caft the Merchants into a phthlftck^and were bringing the 
Judges Into ulcus profundum. They Imprifoned us, as If we had 
been but their bondmen, and plundered us as if they would have 
made the whole Nation a begger, aud fl aught ere d us, as If their 
purpofe had been to have depopulated the Land. How nigh were 
we to a Maffacre ? how nigh to an exturpation f Our golden Scep- 
ter, and golden candleftlck^were even gone, who can reckon up the 
wafts they made, the millions of treasure they f pent, the flouds of 
blood they fhed ? They were come to thatpafjc , that no Oaths y 
Prlv' ledges, Lawes, Artlcles,Anclent tltles,or Ancient foundati- 
ons were ref peeled by them. All muft be modelled according to the 
frame of a new government, and the will of new Conquerours ; 
Co that the welfare, renown,glory, honour and very name of Eng- 
land was even expiring, and yet thefe our own dear Natives, and 
kjnde bretheren that came out of the fame mother-womb of pro- 
fefslon ; But God deliver us fromfuch Country-men, andfellow- 
proteftants ; Barbarians, Cannibals could not have ufed us worfe y 
as Julian fald by way of reproach concerning the ancient Chrlfti- 
ans, That no wild beafts could be more favage one to another, then 
Chriftiar.s were to themfelvcs-; fo the very fame may be affirmed Am.Mar*. 
concerning them. Indeed they courted us highly into prosperity, ** ! ^ ^ 
but fuch futers are not to be liked which come a wooing with z2 ,m.8. 
fwords, as the citizens of Byzantium told Philip. They which p.is3» 
hewed down all which would not confent to their projects, there Philoft. 
was little prefervatl on to be expelled from them ; no, A fecuribus 
nulla fecui kas, There is no fecurity from Hatchets , as Giraldus. Girald. 
fald of the oldlxiCh. Oh deplorable age to thinks of / ah I amen- u°£° S ' 
table times to fpeak^ of ! were not all places full of dread, and 
defpaire ? yes It was with us In the mldft of our Civil dlftraBlons 
as It was with Chrlftendome in the tyldft ofthefchlfmes of the. 
Popes. All right was confounded , there was no faith, no lawes, ^ VeD J* 
no peacc,no humanity ,no fhame, no fecurity ,no reft from evils.// B i er . 
thefe had continued I do not fay eighteen years longer, but. eighteen l-7.p.$47 
months, nay eight months,what a correclion-houfe,flauhter-houft 

had. 



had this Nation been made ? Compare we then our prefent fettle- 
ment to our former difir action, and our prefent freedome to our 
former thraldome, and what may we fay, but that the yokj of our 
burthen, the flaffe of our fhoulder, the rod of our Opprejfour is bro- 
ken in pieces ? Oh ftrange deliverance ! Oh bleffed change ! And 
to whom under God may we afcrlbe all this but to your Grace f It 
if you, which have been our noble Patriot and pulffant Champion, 
It was your tender compaffion , Ingenerate affection , profound 
wifedome , vigilant clrcumfpecJlon , referved fecrecy , herolcal 
heart , and victorious hand, which have procured us all this joy, 
peace, liberty, felicity, fefilvlty, fecurlty. And to your high ho- 
nour be It fpokjn, you fhewed all along as much Prudence as pu- 
iffance, and Moderation as magnanimity,, and Humility as har- 
dineffe. It was an high attempt, as full of difficulty, as dignity, 
and hazard as honour. Now It is done, fome may make light of 
QcCurr. /r > but before It was done, It would have made Alexander hlmfelfe 
have f aid, It had been a peril anfwerable to his great mind, what 
an honourable workjwere you pleafed to takj into your honourable 
hand ? what glorious things have you been inftrumenPal to bring 
to perfection ? you have reflored a King, a Church, two Houfes , 
two ZJnlverfitles, the Courts of Juftlce , Manufactures, Mer- 
chandlce, what not ? It isfuch a redemption, that millions of real 
Captives bleffe you, you have made a duvnb Land to fpeakj, and 
three weeping kjngdomes to fng. whatfoever true Engllfhman is 
left In the Land, his heart cannot thinks of you without joy, his 
ears cannot hear of you without delight, his eyes cannot look^ on 
you without pleafure, his tongue cannot f peaks of you without ho- 
nour. All thefe are ready to acknowledge you their Preferver, 
and to call you their Deliverer ;you have wifely conquered all the 
Capital enemies of the Klngdome without oneflroke,and you have 
happily won all the loyai hearts of the Klngdome with twofpeeches; 
you did but cry A free Parliament, and what fhouts were there f 
you did but cry King Charles, and what trances were there ? for 
thefe things every good man do defre to carve your name upon 
pillars, nay to engrave It there where the Characters (hall conti- 
nue longer, then upon the lafilng marble ; yau fhall have the never- 
dying memory of fuccef/ive generations to perpetuate your renown, 
your Trophees in future ages will be as famous as ever were thofe 



of Miltiades^ Themiftocles, and your Tombe will be as much ho- 
noured, as whas that of Achilles by Alexander ; you fhall live I* 
the Zips of fame, and you fhall be buried In the bed of fame. Ton 
will be one of the longeft lived men of the Nation, for you will live 
as long as England fhall have a Chronicle \your name will be eter- 
nised. Onely ( noble Sir ) cafl -up your eye to heaven , and look^ 
Hpon the face of him, which called you forth, and gave yon cour- 
age, and gave you aide , and gave you fucceffe ; which not only 
eounfelled you to manage your enterprlfe, but lent you a key to loc\ 
up that counfill In your bre aft, where by you did great wonders In the 
fleld,difperfing a daring army without a broken head, and greater 
wonders in the City , diffolvlng a Frantlck^ Parliament without a 
broken fpear. Thofe high things you could never have dene, but by 
the Moft high;//- was not you alone which effctlcd them , but the 
Lord with you.Thls (jod therefore do you ever honour & this God. 
do you ever ferve, and fo may he preferve you long to enjoy the fruit 
of this vltlory, & perhaps re ferve you for further conauefts. And, 
when you come to take your laftfarwell of all earthly honours, as yon 
have been a blefting to the Nation, foyou fhall be bleffed out of the 
Nation, and be conveyed up to a new Court, and wait upon a new 
King, wherewith a triumphant palme In your hand, and a Robe 
of glory upon your back^ llkj a true conauerour you fhall Jing the 
fong of Mofes and the Lamb. <iAnd thus befeechlng God to pi 
your life full with day es, your heart full with grace, your name 
full with honour, and your Soul full with blifs,fubmijfivelj I take 
leave, and reft. 

Waltham Abby Your Graces very much 

in Effcx * devoted Servant 

H Tho: Reeve. 




The Man of valour 

Or, 

Thepuiflanceof England's great Champion, 




Iudg.6. 12. 
The Lord is Tcith thee thou mighty man of valour. 

Ere arc the Ifraelites in great extremity, for they had 
done evil In the fight of the Lord, v. i . they had done 
evil, and they rhall fuffer evil enough ; 

p&nas d ant f anguine Teucri, '£&' *" 

with the price of their own bloud they know the price of difobe- 
dience, the Midianites fword had taught them that, which Gods 
Laws could not. T lagltlum ftagellum, finne doth carry a whip 
at her tack. God doth (hike out of the flint of tranfgreflion, 
the fire of Divine juftice ; or the Cockatrices eggz of trefpaffc is 
good for nothing, but to bring forth the flying Serpent of ven- 
geance. Do we fuffer ? it is good to put out finnes in the head of 
our fufferin^s, that though we fuffer highly, yet we may know we 
do fuffer juftly, Qui/que [uos fatimur manes ; All of us are but 
tortured with thofe fpirits, which our iniquities have raifed up to 
afflict us. 

fatla virum mutElantes vlndlce posn<z Catullus. 

Eumenldes. 

Thefc are the Eumenides, or Furies which we have brought upon 
our felves, to make us know our contempts againft heaven. Our 
difeafe prepared the bitter potion, God had never written fuch 
bitter things againft us, but that we fharpned his ftile with the ar- 
"guments of our crimes ; criminal doth go before penal. 

H 2 Exerit 

a 



jimos % 
6. 



60 The man of Valour. 

Ovid. $. Exegit dignas ultrlx Rhamnupa foenas, 

Tri/l. Juftice do but do juftice upon us, in the glaffe of our miferies wc 
may fee the face of our grievances. Judgement is a vifitation,God 
does but come to vifit him that made himfelf fit for nothing but 
the Lazer-houfe. Is there any evil in the city and the Lord hath 
not done it ? But God doth not his evil, till wc have done ours. 
Well, Ifrael doth finne, and iliall know what it is to fame ; flic 
had as good have broken her bones, as broken God's Laws. God 
doth bind his Church it felf Apprentice to f^Midian, to take 
down her (lout heart. For the Lord delivered the Israelites into 
the hands of xJMidian [even years, v. 1. They which will not 
obey a gentle God fhall find fevere Matters. They ill all have for- 
row enough, and time enough to confider whether it had been bet- 
ter to fubmit to God's commands, or the Ifraelites tyrannies ; they 
which will not do reverence to a gentle God lhall be laflied under 
imperious, and infulcing Lords. Let Ifrael now fpeak, whether 
it had been better to be Gods fervant or UWidiarts flave. If If- 
rael be taken out of Gods hand, and delivered up into the hands 
of OWidian, will there not be a change of Matters ? Yes, alia 
vita, alia ditta. Ifrael will foon be brought to ftiort commons, 
and have more buffets then fecond fervices. Ifrael was once green, 
and flourished ; yea, fo long as the Church remained holy, it did 
remain vernant, but now ye might fee, 

y irz T ^ Latices nigrefcere facros. 

&nc& The Ifraelites for all their holineffc change colour, green turned 
into black. The great Lords of the earth becoming Bondmen, 
do they keep their complexions ? no their faces are blacker then a 
coal, nay if ye will, black and blew ; ^Midian is a Corre6tion- 
houfe. Now Ifrael 

livida geftat armis brachia, 

is trunchion'd and fcourged, till he can fcarce ftand upon his 
legges, fo afbamed of the whipping-pott, that he blufhed to fliew 
his face, for the Ifraelites made themfelvcs dens in the mountains 
and caves, v. 2 . lived like vcrmine under ground. What is become 
now of their former fulnefle ? alas their trading was gone, a ge- 
neral decay there was of all induftry, and husoandry ; for what 
benefit was it to take pains , when the ft ranger, the enemy enjoyed 
the fruit of all their labour ? what encouragement for handi- 
craftsmen. 



The man of Valour. 6 1 

craftsmen and merchants, when there was none for the Tithmen 
and Heardfmen ? they could not fow, but the Midianites were 
reapers. 

Bar bar pts has fegetes, & h*c tarn cult a novalla 
Miles habeblt. 
The fouldier came in with his fickle ; they could not feed cattel, 
but they were farted up for the purloyner. 

Non ego te vldl Damonis peffime caprum 

Injidlis cepijfe ? 

Wash not thy practife ( oh thou lurching Midianite ? to d ive 
away the Ifraelites beafts in open fight to thine own ihamblcs ?) 
were the Ifraelites any more then graziers for the Troopers ? no, 
whofoever paftured the cattel, thefe were the Drovers. Vlvltur 
ex rapto. There was nothing but thieving and plundering to 
be feen all the Countrcy over. So it was, that when Ifrael had 
[own, that the ^Midianites came up, and the ^Amalekltes ani 
the children of the Eafi, even they came up agalnfl them, Ani 
they came up, and encamped agalufl them, and deftroyed the fruits 
of the earth, till thou come to Cjaz,a ; and they left them no fu- 
fie nance, neither Jheep, nor ox, nor ape. For they came up with 
their cattel y and their tents, and they came as grafhoppers for 
multitude, for both they and their camels were without number , 
and they entredinto the land to deflroy it, v. ?>, 4, 5. Now how 
could Ifrael be but in a perifhing condition £ what was there to 
be feen amongft them but a face of calamity f no, there was no- 
thing vifiblc but fcarfity, penury, waftcs, wan :s ; For Ifrael was 
greatly Impoverlfhed be caufe of the (^Midianites, v. 6 . They had 
nothing left them but a ftock of grones and lighs. It was in vain 
to complain to men (for enemies have deaf ears, and flinty hearts) 
the Midianites, Caldeans, and children of the Eaft, would rather 
have augmented their miferies, then taken companion upon them ) 
and therefore they turned their fupplicating tongues towards hea- 
ven, t hey cried unto the Lird,v.6. Man had no mercy, and 
hath God any {>ity ? they defpifed him when they were in a flou- 
rifhing condition, and will he now look upon them when they are 
in extremities ? no, it had been juft with God to have left them 
in their exigents. What fly to him whom they had neglected ? 
cry to him whom they had contemned ? What had God to do 

H 3 io 



6 2 The man of Valour. 

to liften co fuch Petitioners ? might he not have deafned his ears 
to their cries ? yes, let them have cried ftill under the Midianites, 
rather then hefnould have regarded their crouchings, or yellings; 
Let the Midianitcs and they try it out ; if the Midianites had not 
made them miferable enough, let them double, and treble their fuf- 
fcrings. But God hath more companion then the Midianites,and 
will help a crying people againfl: their cruel OpprerTours. It is 
true, he doth not.inftantly help the Ifraelites, nor fign their Peti- 
tion, not give them aid upon their cry; but he doth expostulate 
with them, before he doth exhibit favour, and accufcthemof in- 
gratitude, before he doth releafe them from their thraldome. They 
cry, and he cry ; they cry out of indigence, and he cry out of in- 
dignities. For the Lordfent a Prophet to the children of Ifrael, 
which faid unto them, Thus faith the Lord God of Ifrael, I 
brought you out of 'Egypt, and brought you forth out of the houfe 
bondage, and delivered you out of the hands of the Egyptians, and 
out of the hand of all that opprejfedyou, and drove them out before 
you, and gave y oh their land, and faid unto you, I am the Lord 
your God, fear not the gods of the Amorites In whofe land ye 
dwell, but ye have not obeyed my voyce, v. 8, 9, 1 o. All this was 
fpoken, to fhew how neceiTary it is to have our finnes prefTed up- 
on our confeiences, and that we hear enough by the Prophet ; for 
they are not Midianitcs ufually that do convert us,but the Prophet; 
the threatnings of a Prophets lips may do us more good , then a 
thoufand ftrokes of the enemies hand. Oh happy thing when God 
do fend fuch upon his errand, and the Prophets, the MefTengers are 
not partial. A Nation is never nearer to deliverance) then when 
he do hew down men by his Prophets. For ufually when God 
hath done with his Church-work, he doth begin with his heaven- 
work. 

*Jffr f • Ccelo tandem mlferatm ab alto efl. 

At lair he doth fend down mercy out of his own San&uary. As 
here, when a Prophet doth go before, an Angel doth follow after, 
zmi. Hear the Prophet, and fee the Angel. Oh then that any 
men would be freed of their judgements, but cannot endure to 
hear of their guilts ; which would have the rod of the Midianitcs 
taken off from their backs, but have not the patience to be told of 
their faults. Yes, let the Chirurgcoris ufe the Lancet, for then ye 

have 



JEn. 



The man of Valour. 6$ 

have the greater! hopes of a cure, when your corrupt ulcers are 
cut, and fearched to the bottome ; If the Midianite can humble 
:hce, the Midianite. is giving his laft pinch ; if his rebukes can be 
but heard, thy cries may be heard ; but thou art never an accepta- 
ble Petitioner, till he be aneffectiial Teacher. Therefore flop not 
the mouth of the Miniflcr, left thy mouth doth cry to no purpofe, 
but fubmit obediently to his reproofs, and thy chains may be fal- 
ling off; Thy diftreffes may be thy enemies difafters ; the mife- 
ries which they have inflicted upon thee may return upon them- 
felvcs, yea the Ifraclites fufferings may be doubled and trebled up- 
on the Midianites ; for a reforming Miniftry may work a ftrange 
change, the Prophet may bring in the Angel. Well, the Angel is 
come, what news ? the Ifraelites are even at liberty already, theCe 
fame Midianites which had fo long tyrannized over them, he doth 
make pitifull creatures of them ; they had been Termagants a 
great while, but he makes MuLhromes, Mimicks, Minums of them, 
the very fcorns of the age, and contempts of the world. What 
are all the Furies upon earth, if God do but fend his Angel f But 
doth the Angel all in his own perfon f no, he doth raife up a 
prime Substitute, an illuftrious Agent, one called Gideon, Who 
is this Gideon > 

Eftne cUr us [anguine, an faEiis Creon f Seneca i* 

Is he famous by bloud, or atchievments ? tiuly his difcen: was not Oedip. 
defpicable, for he was of the family of the Ez,rites y but his at- 
chievments were peerleffe ; he did the greateft work by the leaft 
means, that ever was heard of; He delivered Iirael without a 
irroke (truck ; punTant he was enough, but he wrought all by poli- 
cy . He brake never a fpear in the bufineffe, he brake onely a few 
earthen pitchers. Alas he had but an handfull of men againft a 
formidable Army, yet with thefe huntfmen ( as it were ) that were 
fitter to follow a chafe in the Forreft, then fight with a fix^d 
Camp in the field, he made all the hort of the Midianites to fly. 
Oh Gideon; thy name is worthy, thy contrivance was fingular, thy 
conqueft was glorious, thy deliverance was admirable, thy fame 
will be immortal. But did he all this by his own ftrcngth ? no, the 
Angel doth tell him, that he was defigned fiom heaven to this 
work, the Lord had fealed him his Commilfion, he had given him 
his authority, and he would give him his affiftance ; Thou lhalt 

not 



6$ T be man of valour . 

not goc alone Gideon, no, the Lord will goe with thee , the mighty 
God will attend upon fuch a mighty man of valour. The Lord t* 
with thee, thou mighty man of valour. 

In the Text confider , 
i . The Prince , The Lord. 

2 . The Favorite, With thee. 

3. The Title of Honour , Thou mighty man of valour. 
The Lord. 

Firft, For the Prince , The Lord , from hence obferve that the 
Lord is to be Supream in all high undertakings. An Angel here 
ye fee can lay no better foundation, and it is the Devil which 
Tcti. com. teac heth the World to be new groundfelling. Cufiodiatur cecono- 
" mi& Sacramentum,hct the Sacrament of aeconomy be ftri&ly kept, 
^ in and doubtlefTe there is no better houfhold-government then where 
Ulud6. God is Pater-familias in domo fua. It is God which is Vnus 
TVlattk. univer fans , that one chief good from whom every particular good 
TaUr Ke ' doth flow. They which do promote and project without him, 
Ju/i M ' \ ^henagorM doth call them impios & fine Deo homines , wicked, 
Expof'fid. an ^ men without God, a kind of Atheifis, The fool hath f aid in 
^ithenag. his heart there is no God , and thefe fools make no ufe of a God. 
in ^poL To take away from God his priority , or fuperiority, is aknoft 
ad Anton. t0 c j en y ^j s J3ivinity. A believer is to be found in his Decalogue, 
as well as in his Creed , in his anions, as well as in his principles. 
Thoufhalt have no other Gods but me , or before me , is as Theo- 
logical, as Credo in Deum, The Devil can affent to all the Arti- 
cles, but he is the right ProfelTour, which doth make confeience of 
the two Tables , to make God a Law-giver as well as a Tiuth-gi- 
ver. There is no greater Infidel then he which can fay all the Scri- 
pture by heart, and yet doth make Nature his guide, or hath a Ca- 
codemon for the dire&our of his life. I doubt whether that Lad- 
der be Jacob's, though it doth fecm to reach up to Heaven, which 
hath not God upon the top of it : or whether he be not as ill as 
Nebuchadnezzar , little better then a bead:, which doth not ac- 
knowledge that God is to have the dominion and power from Ge- 
neration to Generation, Dan, 4. 3 1 . What manner of Kingdome 
is that, where we do fit like Princes in our Thrones, and will fritter 
no Deity to be Crowned but our Diademed felves , and the great 
God muft give place to the great Craft-mafter f This arrogancy 

blew 



Thi man of Valour. 6$ 

blew down the top-branch in Heaven, Lucifer , and yet we muft 
have more of thefc Windfals. Oh we love to be killing our own 
hands, and to be held grand defigners and contrivers. But thofe 
are the brighten 1 gemmes, which have moft in them of the celeftial 
influence ; thofe are the refplendent anions which have moft in 
them of the Divine affiftence. Is God the osflpha in all underta- 
kings / no, we make him Zeta, Eta, Theta,v\3.y EpJilon,Omicron, 
we care not what, or how little. But is this to give him his God- 
right ? or his Bible-right .? no, who is he that hath called the ge- 
nerations from the beginning f / the Lord am the firfi , and the 
lafi, I am he, Ifa. 41 . 4. Who is Ignorant of this, that the hand 
of the Lord hath done all thefe things ? Job 12.9. We are deaf 
to hear directions , or blind to fpy out inventions without God. 
For [ince the beginning of the world men have not heard , nor per- 
ceived with the ear, nor the eye hath not feen, oh God, befides thee, 
Efa. 64. 4. How elfe is he the Creatour, moft High and ancient 
of dayes ? yet whofoevcr is great , the Lord is the glory of his 
ftrengtb, Pf. 89,1 7. We that preiume fo much,and affume fo much, 
that prefcribe fo much, and afcribe fo much ; that force and fore- 
caft to much, yec we can do very little , we are but as the little fin- 
ger to Gods great hand , for Thou oh Lord haft wrought all our 
worhj for m , Efa. 26. 1 2. or in us. That though they were for 
us, or in us, yet they arc from him. Let the Stoicks exclude Gods 
providence out of the world, and Valentinus be triginta Deorum Cyril. C<i- 
Prtdicator , The Preacher up of thirty gods ; and Synerus be' e ^- 6 * 
trium principiorum,& naturarum Author, the ^Author of three ""&' ' 
principles, and natures : and Colarbaftts hold 7. Stars to be the jj) n eo j 9 
vital beginning of all things : and Bajilides hcid the 35?. Hea- /*&. 
v.n ( which he called by his myftic a n^me of Abraxas ) the Or- ^»g- bar. 
dcrer of all things. Yet as God is but One, fo he is the One , and 4 * 
onely A&ourand Authour. If tho:\ haft any thing therefore to 
be done, thou knoweft now thy maftcr-workman, The Lord ; and 
good reafon for it, becaufc he is moft skilfull, moft powerfull, moft 
fakhfull, moft watchfull, moft indefatigable. 

Firft , Moft skilfull, that whereas man is fearching out caufes , 1 • 
and di awing out conciufions , dividing and compounding; abstra- 
cting and feparating ; examining rules, and obferving precedents , 
God doth need none of thefe tedious difquiiitions, foi n knowcth 

I all 



66 *Tbe man of valour. 

all things infeipfo, in himfclf ; for Gods knowledge is neither by 
Species nor multiplication, nor fucceilion , but by one individual 
a& of his own infinite wifdome he underftandeth all things. 
Shall any one teach God knowledge? Job 21. 22. With whom took^ 
he counfell ? who hath inflrucied him, or taught him in the path 
of judgement ? Efa. 40. 14. No, His under/landing is infinite , 
Pfal. 147. 5, There is no fe arching of his underftanding , Efa. 
40. 28. Oh the brightneffe of Gods intuitive knowledge/ there 
is dothing doth happen, but he hath a praeexiftency of it in his e- 
ternal wifdome. He may do all things, for he underftandeth all 
things, he is moft skilful. 
' Secondly, he is moft powcrfull . Tot us manus eft , He is all 

hand. God hath made the wifdome of this world foolifhneflfe ; 
~4»g. in Oftendendo illud ejfe pojfibile, quod ilia impoffibile ejfe judicabat , 
Cor. ur.t. Shewing that to be pojfible which that wifdome did count im- 
T. A<p\n.poffible. Potentia eft principium operationis , Power is the begin- 
ning of operation ; and in God there is fo much power, that there 
is-omnipotency , for he can produce into a£t whatfoever hath the 
rcafon of entity. Shall any thing be impoflible to God T oh ex- 
cellent and incommunicable property / Pompey the Great, Alexan- 
der the Great, were never like to our Almighty. He hath an out- 
ftr etched arm , and who can turn it backj> Efa. 14. 27. No, he 
is excellent good at removens prohibens , removing that which doth 
hinder. who art thou, oh great Mountain} Zach.4.7. He weipheth 
the Mountains in fcales, and the Hills in a balance , Efa. 40. 1 2-. 
Thou cameft down , the Mountains flowed down at thy prefence 7 
Efa. 64. 2. Obftacles are but trials of his greatnefle , or rather 
Trophces to his Omnipotency : what is not poifible then to him 
that isfo powcrfull ? 
? Thirdly , He is moft faithfull , For whereas we have many fic- 

kle Agents, and mutable Undertakers, which promife high things y 
and afterwards are falfe to their own engagements, and decoy the 
world with their perfidious tongues, God is none of thefe guilefull 
Impoftours ; who can accufe him for violating a promife ? no , 
Faithful is he which hath promt fed, Heb. 10. 23. Not a word 
of his fh all fall to the ground, Jof. 2 2 . 14. Heaven and earth 
fhallpaffe away, rather then the leaf tittle of his word fh all fall. 
So that the faithful may be miniflied from amongft the fons of men, 

the 



The man of Valour. 67 

the world may be full of Tcrgiverfa tours and Truce-breakers , but 
the honour of God is to keep Covenant for ever, for can he be but 
true, who is unchangeable ? therefore he muft needs be a fpecial 
Agent, who is-faithtul. 

Fourthly , He is watchful , Argus that had the hundred 4« 
eyes may be caft into a drowfy fit by Mercury's Syrinx , but 0y| '' 
t he eyes of the Lord do neither fl timber norfleep. Alexander might p^ 
ileep whileft ^ntlpater did watch for him , fo we may 
be fecure whileft the Lords eyes which do run to and fro through 
the face of the whole earth doth incefTantly overlook our perfons 
and actions. In that dayjlng of the Vineyard of red wine ; I the 
Lord do keep, and water it every moment , lefl any thing Jhould 
ajfail It, / do keep it day and night, Efa. 27. 2. 3. So that God 
is a keeper, and and a vigilant keeper, he is at his charge every mo- 
ment, yea day and night looking about , left any thing fhould af- 
fail his Vineyard. So that God is the moll apt and abfolute for 
cycry thing, becaufe moft watchfull. 

Fifthly , He is mod: indefatigable. Hercules had his twelve 5., 
Labours, and there is a (tint of them , but can Gods actions be li- 
mited f no, he heapeth benefits upon us , and there is no end of 
his goodneffe, he is as infinite in doing as in being. My Father 
worketh hithertowards and I work. When fhall there a tally be 
made of Gods works ? or the laft Scene or Epilogue of his works 
and wonders brought upon the Stage ? Hath he helped, and will 
he aid no further ? Art not thou from everlaftlng my Lord , my 
God, my holy One} Hab. 1 . 1 2 . The Current of his goodnefle and 
greatneffe doth never dry up. Haft thou not known , haft thou not 
heard, that the everlaftlng God, the Lord, the Creatour of the 
ends of the earth, nelher falnteth, nor is weary ? Efa. 40. 28. So 
that there is no Agent like unto God, for he is uncelTant and inde- 
fatigable. Therefore if ye would have a compleat Aclour, choofc 
the Lord : whofoevcr be inferiour Officers, yet now ye know your 
Prince, The Lord. 

Firfr this doth ferve to reprove them, which would take away ^/fptl. 
Divine providence, which hold that either God is ignorant of 
worldly things, or they are too inferiour for him to deal in. The 
Scripture doth give us Come hints of fuch kind of men, Thou falfi % 
how doth God know ? and can he jtidge through the dark^ cloud f 

I 2 Jol* 



6$ . The man of \alour. 

Jo b 22. 15. And thou falft, doth God know ? u there knowledge 
in the mo ft High ? Pfal. 7 3 . 1 1 . JP0 #/tf /7w#, fr&tf fee/^ deep to- 
hide their coup f el from the Lord, Ef. 29.1 5. as if there were no 
all-feeing, nor all-difpofing God. They fay unto me, -where is the 
■word of the Lord ? let U come, Jcr. 17. 5. by which they inferre, 
that there is no fuch thing as the will of God,or the word oF God, 
or the warning of God. No, it is but your Panical fear, or dif- 
maying fiction ; ye love to fanclifie ail your inventions and in- 
tentions, devifes and defigns, wkh the purpofe and pleafure, mind 
and mandate, name 2nd notion of a God ; for that your actions 
might be conlecrated to the world, thus ye hallow them ; but this is 
but your own fupeiirition, forcer y, forgery, to gain reputation to 
your politick pretences and projects, but God hath neither word, 
way, or work in thefe inferiour things: if God hath ever pro- 
nounced that he would do any thing in fuch things, let us fee him 
Mailer of his word. If it be the word of the Lord, let it come. 
Therefore they fcoffe at Gods prcfence and providence, as if he 
would never appear for the defence of his Saints; for they fay, 
Where is their God ? Joel 2. 17. and where is the God of judge- 
ment } Mai. 2. 1 7. as if this world had no God, or God of judge- 
ment. Say what ye will in the name of your God, we fhall never 
be the worfe for your menaces, for The evil fhall not overtake, or 
prevent w, Amos 9. 10. Bring forth all the curfes of the Law, 
ye fhall never appal us, what do ye think to daunt us with your 
Scriptuie-frights ? no, away with all your Bible-comminations, 
and intcrminations. The pen of the Scribe is in vain, Jer. 8.8. 
As if they would charge the Scripture with fimplicity and folly, or 
put a cheat or a plain ly upon the pen and pen-men of holy 
Writ ; for according to their opinion and exprellion, there is not 
a true Scribe amongft them all. This conceit is that which make 
them to live fo merrily in their inchanted Cattle, and ring away all 
dread of an avenging God with their old infatuated Canticle, 
pax, pax, peace, peace ; yea, they would imbrute the whole earth, 
andun-God this nether world, as if the fear were but an imagina- 
ry confternation, and the fervice of God were but furpluflage of 
duty and devoyre ; and repentance it felf were but a fuperftuous 
and unnecclTary torture and penance to afflict confeiences with, do 
not their wOrds teftifie as much ? yes, It is in vain to ferve the 

Lord, 



The man of Valour. 69 

Lord, and what profit is there in keeping his commandements, and 
walking mournfully with our God? Mai. 3. 14. But all thefc 
things do but favour of the old opinions of the Epicureans, which 
heldthat all things came by chance; or of the Stoicks, which held 
that there was an tif&P$*-> a concatenation of all caufes, which 
caufed a fatal neceffity in every thing ; or of thofe which the 
learned call Naturalifts, which held that influences and inftinib 
produced every thing ; but all thefe opinions are but the foloecifmcs 
of diftempered wits, or the paradoxes of depraved reafon. But 
hath refined Religion no better Maximes ? yes, there all things arc 
terminated to the iuperiour regulation and difpoiition of a Divine 
providence. And can it be otherwife ? no, doubtlefTe he that ta- 
kjth the weight of the winds, and weigheth the waters by mea- 
fure, and hath made a decree for the rain, lightning, and thunder, 
Job 28.25, 26. which know all the fowls of the mountains, and 
thebeaflsof the field, Pfal. 50. 11. which hath his way in the 
whir Iwixid, ft or ms, and clouds, Nahutn. 1. 5. doth look to things 
of greater concernment, it cannot be but that he which doth 
number the hairs of our heads doth number other events. He 
that will notfuffer a [yarrow to fall to the ground but by his ap- 
pointment, he will not fuffer actions of higher moment to happen 
but by his order. For wherefore is it faid, that he doth fit upon 
the circle of the earth, If. 40.22. and that he doth tread upon the 
high places of the earth, Amos 5. 3. and that the earth is his 
footftool, If. 66. 1 . And that in his hands are all the corners of the 
earth, Pfal. 95. 4. And that his eyes do run to and fro through 
the whole earthy Zach. 4. I o. And that he is the hope of all the 
ends of the earth, Pfal. 65. 5 . And all the earth is called up to 
fear him, Pfal. 33.8. if he had not a fupreme jurifdi&ion, and 
a general government in all things that are acted upon earth > 
How can we call him Creatour, if be did look no better to the 
works of his hands ? or King, if his Soveraignty were no more 
difcerncd within his own Territories ? but he hath made all, and 
he doth govern all, he is King, and the fhaking of his Scepter is 
felt farre and nigh. Let nature then fland by as an Handmaid, 
and Fortune be looked upon as a Chimera, and Deftiny be ac- 
counted an Hobgoblin, and let all the honour be afcribed to Di- 
vine providence, for he is a ferious Infpe&our, and a folemn Di- 

I 3 rectour 



7 o The man of Valour. 

r e&oar of all accidents in the world. S. tsfttgufline in his i . book 
of Retract, c. i . doth lament that ever he uled the word of For- 
tune, and he doth change it into -Providence. Yea Synefius /. i , 
de prov. faith, that Providence is like a Mother, which doth not 
onely bring forth a child, but doth conferve it when it hath given 
Qutsnon itaoeing. Who doth not feel that this world which is per felled 
fentiat in fuch an admirable manner, mufl needs be governed by fome 
bunc mm- providence ? becaufe nothing can fubfift without fome general 
dt*mtarn Moderatour. Providence to ^Plato was Adaftia, becaufe God 
JJ^ e % had an influence into all things ; and Ficinpu the great Inter- 
perfeflum preter of ylato , though he held there were medii fpiritus, 
aliqua middle {pints, which did order ail things, yet he held that Provi- 
providm- dence was the chief Governour. But ye will fay, what need all 
*'*?* this large difcourfe, when there is no man in thefe dayes which 
L*ftan.. ^ otn ^ en y Providence ? Yes, I have met with one in BufFe, that 
3.20. was as ready to fight God out of the world, as his King out of 
the Throne, who held exprefly that all things came by nature, 
and that there was no providence ; and I doubt, that there was 
lately in that Army a Brigade of fuch Souldiers, for they could 
never have done fuch horrid things, if they had believed that 
there was a God which ruled in this world ; and I doubt that I 
may lift amongft thefe a great company of our Ruffians and He- 
ftours, high-witted Gentry , and quickfilver'd Difputants and 
Aftrologers, Chymifts, learned Phyficians, which are fo conver- 
fant with Nature ; and I am afraid, that many of our Hobling 
Divines are infected with this plague-fore. For our felves, let us 
beware of thefe new Dogmatizcrs, and hold nothing cafual, but 
hold that there is a great adminiftratory ordinating hand in hea- 
ven, which doth manage all the occurrences in this world. There 
is the Bails of all events, or the womb of all births, which do ap- 
pear here in time with their naked faces. There is a Spirit ( as it 
were ) in this Chaos of accidents, which doth bring out all things 
according to their diftin£t Natures ; whatfoever Angels do move 
upon the fides of the ladder, God is upon the top of it. The chief 
in ordering worldly things is the Lord. The Lord. 

Secondly, this doth ferve to beat down the great Idol of the 

2 - Age, for how would Man fet up himfelf as a Numen ? His wit, 

his policy, his puifTance, his forging and fortifying, forcfeeing and 

fore- 



The man of Valour. yi 

Forccafting, (ketches of brain and ftratagems of action muft be 
adored. Thefe golden calves are worshipped from Dan to Bethel. 
Omne lignum habet vermem , there is no wood but hath a worm chryf. 
in it, and man hath a worm-eaten piece in hisbreft ; great parts 
are accompanied with ^rcat haughtinelfe, in (lead of f elf-denying 
there is nothing but felf-deifying. Vain-glory is an inward gar- Eyagr. 
ment that man is too much veftedwith. Many hate Popery, and 
yet are too much taken with their own merits. Man,with the Frog 
in the Fable would fwell himfelf to be as big as an Ox. Thefpirit J^^ 
of pride is the Waggoner in this Chariot. Tins fame *>**&«*, in hoc cur- 
which is an empty extolling of our felves, is too inherent in moft rueftfpi* 
of our natures. It is our ingenioufnefle which doth contrive,and rUH * A" 
our dexterity which doth a6t all. We take horns to our felves,^ '** 
and do facrifice to our own nets, and burn incenfc to our own 
yarn. But alas, what hath this atome to do to create this Moun- 
tain of defigns } what hath this fly that doth fit upon thefpoketo 
move the wheel of great actions ? \\o y . let us take out our own 
names out of fuccenes, and let us imprint Gods chara£r.eis. Not 
unto us, O Lord, not unto us, but unto thy name let all the glory 
be given. What is't our potency ? no, let us afcribe greatnefTe unto 
him, with the Elders let us caft our Crowns at his feet , let the 
Sun fhine, and all the ftars lofe their light. A man by nature 
cannot fee his own face, let him not then eye his own excellencies. 
Away therefore with idolizing thy felf , the true Deity is to be a- 
dored, the Lord. The Lord. Stand by fervant, there is a Ma- 
iler fiift to be looked upon ; give leave, give way Infer iour, and 
fufrer thy Better to be ferved before thee, the Lord. The Lord, 

Thirdly, this doth ferve to reprove them which are addicted to 5 
unlawful arts, which like Strunnius Crorocatta, which S. Jerome 
doth fpeak of,who changed himfelf fo often into a Lion,a Dragon, 
a Chimera, that he was called a new Beaft made of many Mon- 
fters ; yea, as the Telenires built Amos with the Stygian water,fo 
.thefe erect their defigns by any manner of helliuh projects. Let 
them but thrive, and they care not by what means they do profper, 
be it by perjury, treafon, inchantmenc, witchcraft,confulting with 
Magicians, Aftrologers, nay with the Devil himfelf. Abfalom^ 
which depended upon his s/fchitophel; Pharaoh upon his Iannes^ 
and Iambres ; the wife of Jeroboam which ran to BeUebub ; the 

King 



Vint. Con- 

Tlin I.7. 
c. z. 
Aniomn. 
liberal, 
in Met a* 
wrph. 



4- 
Defenfir 
eft mum-, 
quos in 
cliente/a 
babet, Ja- 
cob. Sj>ie* 
gel. 

loVna I. 



yi The man of valour. 

King of Babylon, which looked into the liver ; the Israelites 
which took counfelof them which did peep and mutter, not woife 
then the Pra&itioners of thefe later times, many Statefmen ha- 
ving taken thcfe men of the black art for their privy Counfellours 
and familiar fpirits ; oh deformed vifages, more horrid then the 
Morians / oh Hags of Common-wealths which are fit for nothing 
but with their Fiends to torment Nations / like the Tbybes which 
Pint arch fpeaks of, which are able to infect all with their breath; 
or like the BythU, which killed all men with their fiery eyes. How 
do thcfe wicked Artifts murther all which converfe with them ? as 
all the women which lay with UMlnos King of Crete, were poy- 
foned to death by his venemous conftitution. Oh wo and alas 
then, that many of our Religious fcrofeflbur's are too inward and 
intimate with thefe / Do fuch talk of God, and have Scripture 
as the breath of their lips, and yet knock at hell-gates for advice, 
and dig to the bottomleffe pit for inventions, to get fire-brands 
from Tophet to burn Common-wealths, and to borrow teeth from 
the roaring Lion to tear in pieces their enemies ? Is not Belz^ebub 
the Prince of darknelte the God they pray to ? is not Magick 
their Scripture ? and Divination their Creed ? Oh beware of 
thefe men which ftudy in the dark, and make Abaddon, s^polly- 
on the Prefident of their councel, or the Mafter-gunncr to dif- 
charge their Ordnance, what from the living to the dead} from 
the immortal God to infernal fpirits ? Is Hell now become an 
Academy ? thefe are like to be bad ftudents, and vvovfe Gradu- 
ates. Juft Counfels are not to be fetched from the clofe Commit- 
tee but from Gods Counfel-table. The wife Direftour of all law- 
full attempts muft be the Lord. The Lord. 

Fourthly, this doth fliew the confidence that people may have, 
if God be the Patron of their caufe, Cod is the Defendant of 
them whom he hath under hi* protection ; he is a tutelar Numen, 
for If God be with us, who can be agalnfl us ? He is Ucc^fUTv?, 
aula flat centra omnes adverfarlos, becaufe he doth (land for us 
, againft all our adverfarics. What Enemy can appear before UB, 
or keep his ground, if the Lord arife in our defence ? David then 
with a ftoneout of a fling can deitroy the great GolUh ; Samf- 
fon with the jaw-bone of "an AiTe con lay heaps upon heaps. I 
read of Petrus Surra, that he fought feventeen pitched battels, 

and 



The man of Valour. 73 

and prevailed in all, and that CM. Servilius got the upper hand SaUl £* 
in three and twenty battels ; and the Saints under the Lord, who c*. 
is the Lord of hotis, fhall ever come out of the field with triumph. 
Though Conon the great Captain of the Athenians loft a Sea-fight 
againft Lyfander,zn& wonne a Land-fight loon after of the fame 
L) fancier, yet was it ever known that the Lord had thefe various 
turns in war,to be fometimes winner fometimes loofer ? no, he may 
be called the perpetual Conquer our. O happy they then which dwell 
between the fhoufders of the Lord, Deut.3 3.1 2. tnat can f av > & a 4 
himfelf is with us for a Captain, 2 Chron. 13. 12. For is there 
any fear of the fucceffe of the day ? no, their hands fhall be made 
firongby the mighty God of Jacob, Gen. 40. 24. The blafl of 
the terrible Ones fhall be likj aftorm againfl the wall, Ifa.2 5. 4. 
They that fight under his banners fhall be as a Lion amongfi the 
beafts of the forrefl, and as a young Lion amongft a flocks of fheep, 
if they go through, they fhall tread down, tear in pieces, and there 
fhall be none to deliver, Micah 5.8. They fhall not lie down till 
they have eaten of the prey, and drunk^of the blood of the [lain, 
Num. 23.24. For who can refill: the Omnipotent, or put to flight 
the invincible ? no, his name is the Lord, and he will be' the Lord. 
Conquer! is then on your fides which march under his colours, ye 
cannot be diivcn backward, or broken in pieces, but ye fhall come 
upon your enemies 3 s mortar , and bray them under your feet as 
the Potter treadeth the clay, ye are fure of victory, for your Cap- 
tain-General is the Lord. The Lord. 

Now let us come to the Favourite, Gideon. The Lord is with 
thee. With thee f with whom ? Qui f nam tu ? Who art thou ? 
It was Gideon, one little thought on, le(Te efteemed. For though 
he came of a good houfe, his Father Joafh being at that time the 
Father of the E^rites, and that houfe might have been of great 
honour and fplewdour in former Ages, yet then many Families 
did exceed it, though not in antiquity, yet in dignity ; for faith 
he, Behold my Father is poor in CManaffeh , and I am the leafl of 
my Fathers houfe, yet this fame half-great-man is he whom the 
Lord would make his whole-great Captain ; for it is notfaid that 
the Lord is with (ome of the Potentates, or the Princes of the 
Tribes, but thou Gideon art the perfon which the Lord hath fixed 
upon, The Lord is with thee. From hence obfervc, that the 

K worlds 



74 The man of valour. 

worlds Inferiors are divers times the Lords prime Agents ; Thou, 
kjaowefl not the worl^ of God, which worketh all, Ecclef. II. 5. 
that is, thou knoweft not how , or by whom he will woik. The 
feeble may be as David, Zach. 12.8. The lame may take away 
the prey, £ia. 33. 23. The Lovd can find grapes in the wilder- 
nefTe , and caufe a Raven to bring meat in her bill to feed his 
Chui ch. The grajfe of my planting [hall be the work^ of mine own 
hands, that J may be glorified, Efa. do.2 1 .A little grafte God can 
make as fruitful as the goodiicft tree , this is the work, or fuch is the 
work of his own hands , that therein he might be glorified. When 
God will bleiie infirm things, howpowerfull are they ? the hold- 
ing up of hands can flake down men as well as pole-axes, the blow- 
ing of ti umpets c;:n (hake down walls as well as battering rammes, 
a very jaw-bone may (laughter enemies as well as a two-edged 
Sword. See Gods inftruments, very mean, and yet very effectual; 
and fes Gods Champions, very vulgar , and yet very victorious. 
God chofe one out of the Flags to fmite Pharaoh out of his 
Throne , and one in fack-choth to break the neck of Haman the 
great Courtier ; and a Shepherd with a (ling in his hand to (hike 
dead the great G oil ah. Thus then 
Oyid. 1. F lamina magna, vldesparvls de font lb us orta, 

rm°.d. Thou feeit great Rivers to arife from fmaU fprings, high a£ts to be 
Senec. cp t performed by inferiour men. In minimis rebus f&pe res magna 
1 o,z. deprehenduntur , In the fmallefi things oftentimes great things 
are obferved ; Thofe whom the world have not the greateft opi- 
nion of,God divers times doth make them Mirrours. He doth take 
the poor out of the mire, and fet them with Princes. If thou canft 
raife thy Darlings, furely God can raife his Favourites. The little 
mi:ftard~feed may grow up to be a great tree wheyei a the Fowls of 
the air may build their nefts. For a Commander ±^?. by God it 
need not be faid , that compleat Artillery is wkh thee, or a well 
difciplined Army is with thee, or ftrong Caftles are with thee , but 
onely The Lord Is with thee , for this fame The Lord Is with thee, 
doth bring Ammunition, Troops and Garrifons along with it ; 
The Lord, and his Second /ve abk to do the work by themfclves. 
The Lord is not alwaies with the tryed Souldiers, or with them in 
the chief place, or with them that the whole Nation have admired, 
and eyen adored, ( for wc have feen redoubted Souldiers that have 

gone 



The man of Valour. 75 

gone forth on conquering and to conquer , and won ftrange vi- 
„ Tories, at laft defeated, and difperfed even to aftoniilimcnt ) but 
the Lord is where the world doth lcaft look for his prefence , and 
expect his aid , the Lord is for fome latitant Commander , one 
that doth live in a fecret corner , under the Oakc of Ophrah , 
far oft* from the place where the work fhould be done , and far un- 
likely ever to effect it , and to fuch an one doth he yield his afli- 
ftence. The Lord is with thee. Gideon (hall fooner winne the 
field againft the Mldlanltes , then all the Heroes of the feveral 
Tribes. So that as we know not what God will doe for his Church, 
nor at what time, fo we know not by what perfon, 

Naiades ignorant, Ignorat & Inachtu ipfe. Ortd* r: 

All the Ripe heads of the world know not Gods fecrets , it is be- ***um. 
yend mans fcarching. 

Caufas penltus tent are latentes , y ■ 

To pry into thefe hidden caufss. If thou knoweft not the way of faiU, 
an Eagle in the aire , nor of a Sfpent upon a ftone , thou dort not 
know Arcana Imperii , The fecrets of Gods State-policy. 

obfeurum vobis , pleblqne Velrfga Tnims 

EJfe rear 

Thefe are oblcurities that all the Sages of the earth I believe can- 
not bring to fight. Here we fee , that every Tribe thought they 
had better Chieftains then Gideon , and yet God doth put toe 
leading {taffj into his hand, The Lord is with thee ; not millions 
of mony arc with thee, w-fildeon at this time had none ofthe rich- 
eft purfe ; nor the votes of the Trices are with thee, no, they would 
never have chofen him ; nor great Allies are with thee, no, Gideon 
had none of the gfeatcft Confedeiates ; nor great heirs are with 
thee, no, the Count; cy w:s not forward, and God was backward 
concerning this, for Ifrael (hall not vaunt agalnfl me, and [ay my 
hand hathfaved me, Judg. 7. 2. Gideon flood alon^ as ir were by 
himfe'if for awhile, he had none but himfelf,and one fecret Friend, 
The Lord , The Lord Is with thee. But Gideon ihall not be long 
alone, no, this one Friend will bring him Friends enough , the 
Lord will feech him in the confent ofthe Nacion , the confederacy 
of the Nation, Allies, Treafures , Troops, what not? ail things 
llull be with him, fo long as the Lord is with him. So that the In- 
feriour is made a Supei iour ; he that threfhed his wheat by the 

K 2 wine- 



7 6 The man of Valour. 

wine-prefTe, and hid it for fear of the Midianites, fhall now goe r 
and threili the Medianites,imd make them fly out of the husk ; So 
that Gods Commandeis are ftrange CommandciS ; he creates mean 
Agents to do the moft memorable things , that as our Saviour by 
clay and fpittlc made a ftrange medicine , fo by ***bilia medi- 
camenta (as Hippocrates doth call them) ordinary receipts, he doth 
work foveraign Cures. He doth perfetl his praife out of weakjtefs. 
There was a little City and a great King came againfl it, and com- 
pared it about, and built Torts againfl it , And there was found 
tn it a certain poor wife man , and he delivered the City by his 
ypifdome, Ecclef. 9. 14, 1 5. Poor men may be pretious men, poor 
men may be potent men , bright Lamps may thine in homely 
fockets , rich gold may be found in a barren foyl , Pearls may be 
Ad*g. fiilied out in common ftreams. Th: old faying was Dithyrambus 
won eft,ji bib at aquam y That that man was not fit to ling fongs to 
Bacchus which did drink nothing but water , but they which have 
had no other wine-cask but the running Fountain, have been made 
by God the mofl melodious Chanters upon rhe face of the earth. 
A ia«*e beauty may come out of a flaves womb , excellent Phyftck 
roc y be extracted out of a Wall-flower. The Fabii , the Fabritii, 
rero )ud. tne Cincinnati jam? at laft to be the nobleft Families in Homeland 
v proy. yet they had but a very mean beginning, as- Salvian faith. He 
17H hb.i. that hath no other palfrey to carry him but his feet, may at laft 
f Zt afcendere vehiculum , mount the Chariot, Quemadmodum in 
J neC £ f via,fc in vita , <*^As it doth happen in a joumey,fo in a mans life. 
€ ap.i. "' Hz that doth carry the leaft of the worlds ponderous things upon 
Lud Viv. h\<± back, doth out-run him in promotion , which is moft laden with 
de v. jap.) 1 kh pofTclilons. Cleomenes fuperat cubile , Cleomenes doth get in 
°^' 3 • time better lodging, then the firft bed which he did lie upon : 
Tot a domus Codri rhe da, componitur una , 
The houfe of Codrus at the beginning was no more then one little 
Cart. How many great deliverances have been procured by mean 
Agents I how many glorious Conquefts have been wonne by the 
Minumes of worldly greatnefle ? the Champions of the earth have 
not alwaies been of the higheft defcent. Phocion the great Cap- 
Tht. \n um Q c Athens, glor iab at ur paupertate, ut virtute, gloried in his 
* 0C ' poverty as well as in his virtue or prowejje. Claudian faith 

that 

Pauper 



The man of Valour. jy 

Tauper erat Curl us reges cum vinceret omnes , claudian 

(furius had but a mean cftate, and yet he overcame all the Kings J Con ^' 
of his time. L. 7\ Exnillus the glory of Rome , who conquered p/ T ' de 
Greece for them, yet had no great patrimony to boaft of. Titus yir x \\ u fi. 
Mlnntins which attained at Iaft to high principality ; yet had not Diodor. 
once feven talents to redeem a beloved flave. Almohadi who was Sunt. 
atlaftonc of the great Miralmumims of Africk^, was at firft *?**%*£ n 
but a Potteisfon. Zingis who was one of the greateft conquerours ^ 
that ever the earth beheld, yet at firft was but a Smith. So that 
what iiiould we talk. of poffeflions, and progeny ? the world I con- 
feffe will chcofe none but thofe which are of high defcent,and high 
fortunes ; but in defpieht of the world's contempt they may be ho- 
noured which are here abafed. God ye fee doth here neither re- 
fpeer wealth nor womb , one of no great family was his Favourite, 
even Gideon ; he pafs'd by all the eminent men of the Tribes, and 
tell him by his Angel that the Lords prefence was principally limit- 
ed to him ; The Lord is with thee. Now there are many reafons 
to confirm this. 

Firft, becaufc the ordinary way is not ufually the fucceffe full 
way, therefore God doth choofe by himfelfe,~and doth not ty up 
himfelfe to mans rules, but doth follow the method ofhisownc 
providence. God feet h not as man feeth, nor God he/ pet h not as 
man helpeth. It is not an arme of flciTi , but a confecrated arme, 
which muft do his work; how little is done in the world noflro 
Marte, by our own power jfc permilTively there may, but not regu- 
larly, legitimately, and app; -obatively; no, wo be to our hand at. 
Jaft,and our handy-work, if we do not borrow a ftretch from Gods 
right hand. Luna radiis non mature felt hotrus , the green grape of 
our defignes will not ripen by the moonclTune of our endeavours,if 
there be not the funfhine of Gods bleiTing, Manca eft- omnium Proffer. 
mortallum induftrla, niji favor afpiret Divinus , The induftry of 
all mortals is lame , unleffe it be ftrengthened by Divine favour. 
Our help flandeth in the name of the Lord^ he he I pet h the arm that 
bath no ftrength, and is our arm every morning. Therefore thou 
hadft need to fay to God, Help Lord , for vain is the help of man, 
the help of man without thy help. 

Ad te confugio^fupplex tua numina pofco , 
jB fly to thee oh Lord, and fuppliamly implore thy fuccour. Infi- 

K 3 nitc. 



78 The man of valour. 

nice waies may be ufed, and all fruitlefTc , till God doth conic to 
his new way,his unknown way, his own and proper way ; Many 
a well-wifher may be no well A&OCtf , but end with diigrace and 
dishonour, till God doth raife up his own Party, his Gideon. 
2. Secondly , becaufe the Church iliall know that God for her fake 
will work miracles. For is it not a miracle to raife up fuch an one 
as Gideon to be the inftrument of a general good > the great Mar- 
tial Commanders in all the Triocs could not do it , and Gideon 
fhall do it ; look upon this as the work of Heaven , behold it as a 
miracle ; for what elfe can it be when God doth out-wit us in his 
actings ? and relieve us when we were at our wits ends ? fuch a 
mercifull, fuch a miraculous preferver have we , who is not onely 
great In councel, but excellent in his workj, Efa. 28. 29. Glori- 
ous In hollneffe, fearfull m prayfes, doing wonders, Exod. 15. 11. 
We cannot crufh our adverfaries with ail our power , and he doth 
breast he mighty without feekjng , and fetteth up others in their 
ftead, Job 34. 24. We cannot difpatch them in many years, and 
he makes a quick riddance of them. For when he draweth the 
mighty by his power, none is fure of his life, though men give them 
affurance that they are Infafety , yet they are exalted but for a 
little, they are gone, they are brought low as all others, they are de- 
ftroyed, they are cut off 'like an ear of Com, Job. 24. 22, 2 3, 24. 
And is not this now then fo memorable , that it may be called 
miraculous ? yes, God doth terrible things for us, that we looked 
not for, Efa. 64. 3. He doth marvalls , fuch as have not been 
done In all the earth, nor In any Nation , Exod. 34. 10. Have 
we not Precedents of this ? yes, how wonderfully were the Ifrae- 
lltes delivered out of the hands cf Pharaoh >,J ablnSenacherlb < was 
it not a miracle for God to raife up an Ehud to kili Eglon ? a 
Jephtha to conquer the Ammonites ? and a Sampfon to lubdue 
the Phlllftlnes. When all the wife States-men cannot cure a Na- 
tion , then God hath an^l^*?*^^*, a rare medicine of his own 
preparing, and compounding , which was never heard of before. 
Dentet »*-.Wc can have nothing gnawn afunder for us , but by tht ftrcmgefl 
we*, quam teeth , but God can have the teeth of a Moth to tear things in 
derates a- pieces for him, as well as the teeth of the Boar of the Forreft. The 
pn. Hugo ^ ma |j £- t j rie W01 -id can humble and confound his enemies , ns well 
l. durum. as tn€ & reat anc * mi g nt V- Things of wonder fhall have as little of 

man 



The man of Valour. 79 

man mingled in them as may be, that in marvellous things the ^ ttnvg - 
power of God might onely be admired, Yea,that he might bring yftifani*- 
forth a work that all the world might acknowledge to be Divine, u r4 & 
he doch divers times have it difcerned by the Agent; he dothyfr j>oten~ 
find ow fudj an one as the people in genera! had the leaf! hopes *** factin- 
of, he doth raife up a Cjideon. God will ftand as In mount Pe- *"> A *b 
ra&im, and as in the valley of Gibeon ; and do his work^ hi* 
ftrange work^, and bring to pajfe his acl, his ftrange all, Ifa. 
28.21. 

Thirdly, becaufe the Lo'd will lliew the world, that by one man ?• 
he can blefle multitudes, JEmathi* columen Felu, one Felu (hill 
be the pillar of all JEmathia ; fo one Agent fhall fupport a whole 
caufc, a whole Church. That whereas in the courfe of Nature 
oftentimes many cannot blefle one, here divers times by Divine 
providence one fhall blefle a multitude. One CMofes made a 
Prince and Deliverer by the hand of the Angel which appeared 
to him in the bufh,At\s 7. 35. One Zorobabel made a Jignet 
of Ornament and welfare to the whole Nation of the Jc\\s,Hag. 
2. 24. Onz CMordecai appointed/-*? procure the wealth of his 
people, and to fpeahjpe ace ably to all his feed, Efter 10. 3. One E- 
liakjm made a Father of the inhabitants of Jerufalem, and of 
the houfe of Judah, and the k^7 of the houfe of David fhall be 
laid upon his (boulders, and he fhall be faftened as a nail in a fure 
place, and he fhall be for the Throne of glory to his Fathers houfe, 
and they (hall hang upon him all the glory of his Fathers houfe, 
even of the nephews andpofterity, Ifa. 22. 2 1,22,2 3,24. As all 
die names of the Tribes were written upon one ftick^, Ezek.37.15. 
fo all the bleifmgs of a Nation may be written upon one man. As 
Phocion for the high fei vices which he had done for the Atheni- 
ans was called Chreftus, the profitable, and Fabins for the great 
deliverances which he procured,was called Clypeus Romx,the Tar- 
get of Rome, and Valerius for the general protection which the 
people often received from him, was called Publicola, the prefer- 
ver of the Public^ fo one man may be profitable and beneficial! 
to the generality, yea 

dec us, & tutela Pelafgi 

JVominis. 

The glory and fafeguard cf the whole Nation, Secnieft th-u oh 

Gideon 



go The man of Valour. 

Gideon never fuch anlnferiour, yet I will make the world know 
the worth of thee ; the Tribes think thou art but a fingle perfon, 
and therefore it is but a very little good that thou canft do in fo 
great an extremity, but they fhall fee that they do prejudice thee, 
and derogate from me ; for though thou beed but One, *md the 
lead in thy fathers houfe, yet I will make the leaf! and greater!: be- 
holding to thec . Thou art onely to be their Deliverer, when up- 
on experiment they could not all this while deliver themfclves. Let 
them put all their (trength together and fee if they can cxpell the 
Midianites ; no, Slaves they have been and Slaves they will con- 
tinue, if they have no better affiitance then their own ; it is thou 
Gideon that muft do the work for them ; therefore to ffiew that I 
have rerlrained all my tutelar power to thee, I promife my p re- 
fence and preservation onely to thy perfon. The Lord is with 
thee. 
4 Fourthly, becaufe the Lord would animate him unto the work. 

For Gideon was lo mean in his own eyes, that he thought fuch an 
under-Captain fhould never be able to bring any thing to perfe- 
ction ; but difcourage not thy felf, faith God to Gideon, for I am 
thine, the Lord is with thee ; therefore though thou been 1 mean, 
I am mighty, though thou beeft low, I am high, though thoubeelt. 
impotent yet I am the Omnipotent ; remember that thou doft not 
depend upon thine owo arm, or go forth in thine own (trength, 
but The Lord is with thee. How difmaid might many a man be 
in being the chief A&our in a great work, if he looked onely up- 
on his own power and puifTance, he might fly from it rather then 
clofe with it ; but the moft Abject in the world how fortified 
may he tbe , if he can be perfwaded that he hath the Lords pre- 
Intimtu fence going along with him, that he is made the Intimate of the 
cunttortun heavenly powers, as Pythla the prophctefs of Apollo told Lycur- 
celicela- ^ m ^ | ie ma y t ^ Qn re f i vc U p ou anv thing , yea, incounter with the 
rum* g rea teft difficulties, knowing that (asitwasfaid of Judah) his 
hands {hall be f efficient for him, Deut. J 3. 7. as God encouraged 
Jofuah, Be flrong and of a good courage, fear not nor faint, for I 
the Lord thy God am with thee whither -foever thou goeft, Jof. 1 .Q. 
There is fuch a league between God and his choice and chofen 
Paler. M.Ag cncs > that as he that fought the life of Decius Brutus ihould 
/. 4.C.7. feck the life of Servlus Terentius too, fo they that fcek to del troy 

Gods 



The man of Valour. 81 

Gods Champion fhall feck to deftioy God himfelf ; for they two 
arc fo joyned together, that they are like to the facred Cohort a- 
mongit the Thebanes y they mingle blows in all extremities, & fuffer JJJjJ^* 
equally in all accidents ; yea, as it was faid of Celrickjiwd'Cleonlph 
two Kings of the Weil-Saxons, that they brake a fpear between 
them, that he that aflauked the one fhould affault the other alfo ; 
So God hath broken a fpear with his warlike Delegate, that he that 
fhikes at the Delegate fhall feemto fmite at God himfelf VTht vio- 
lence done to me and myflejh be upon Babylon, and what doth fol- 
low ? Thus faith the Lord, I will plead thy caufe, and take ven- 
geance for thee, Jer. 51. 35,36. God and his Champion are 
Confc<ierates,therefore let Gideon fearnothing,for how frail foever 
he may feem to be to himfelf , yet he is flout enough when there is 
power fent him from heaven, and faith the Angel, The Lord is 
with thee. 

Fiftly, it was becaufe he was to be the grea: rcftorer of Religi- 5. 
on, for the times had been infinitely addicted to Baal, and how 
ihould a man fo obfeure as Gideon offer to reform a corrupt 
Church ? well let him fear nothing for this, for the Lord is with 
thee,\\iou fhak not fail in tftis preparatory work, no, Baal ihz\[ 
fall to fhew thee that Midian fhall fall, thou fhalt be Jernb-CMi- 
dian, for thou ilia It be Jernb-Baal. A man hath no greater aflu- 
rance to proiper in worldly attempts , then to have an inviolable 
heart in religious things ; Qui Deum timent nihil timent , They ^*£« 
which fear God fear nothing elie. llbi virtu* ibi conftantia&^mb.ai 
fortitudo , Where there is true virtue there is conitancy and va- sim P^ c - 
lour. Qui coeleftium rernm contemplation firmatus eft, manet Cdfsiod. m 
femper imp avid us. He which is fetled in the contemplation of -*' 1 ' 
heavenly things, doth remain alwayes undaunted. That whereas 
Gregory doth fay, that Reproborum fortitudo eft tranfitoria , The Greg. 7. 
valour of Reprobates is mutable and iranfitory,for the leaft hazard Mural. 
makes them tremble • Hugo comparing them to thieves and rob- Hugol.z. 
bcis, which are onely bold and confident fo long as they have the dedaufirQ 
upper-hand and are fure to prevail ; on the other fide, the courage mm * % 
oi a true righteous man is unlliaken and unchangeable, for he hath 
prefer ved Religion in her purity, and purged out of the Church 
all conuptions of the faith, and therefore the bleflmgs of the 
Church, and the guard of Angels fhall go along with him. So 
\ L that 



&2 The man of \ulour. 

that to make a valiant Captain, there is nothing more efreftuaf 
then a fmcere heart in the worlHp of God ; the pullirig down of 
Baal fhall bean irrefragable and fatisfa£t,ory argument, that he 
fhall be able to fubdue all the Midianites. There were many If- 
raelites no doubt but had done their beft to free their Country 
* from Invaders ; for when the Enemies entered, there were no men 
fo ftupid as would fufrer their throats to be cut without oppofition, 
why then were they not Conquerouis ? oh they had ill fuccefTe,be- 
caule they were ill principled; Baal ftuck in their hearts,and there- 
fore conqueft could not (lick to their hands ; thefe fame new re- 
ligions, and new worships, and new Directories, and new feledt 
Congregations, and new paradoxes, and new revelations, contrary 
to the firft conftitution and m ft reformation of a Church, blaft the 
moft noble atehievments. Gideon onely doth profper, bacaufe he 
did carry a fincere heart to his God, and was the profefTed enemy 
of Baal, The Lord was not with the reft of the Defigners, no> 
The Lord is with thee, 
6 # Sixtly, becaufe God would take all pride out of his Comman- 

ders heart ; for, Gideon, thou faift that thy Fathers houfe is poor, 
and that rhou art the leaft in thy Fathers houfe, then thou canft 
call in but few Voluntiers and gather few bands of thy felf ; no, it 
muft not be thou by thy felf, but the Lord with thee, it is the Lord 
that muft be thyMufter-mafterand raife the Country for thee,thou 
didft well therefore to lay, ^Ah Lord, whereby (ball I Jave Ifra- 
e I ? Judg. 6. i 5. whereby indeed ? thine own ability and au- 
■ thoncy is too weak, it is not thou but the Lord with thee which 

i-x'hi mu ^ ^° tms § reat wor k to ^ avc a P eo P lc ' ^hey are tne keft Lea- 

m xn fa dei s then which take their fword at the firft out of Gods hand,. 

Um, am and at laft hang it upon Gods Altar. Oh it is a lingular thing to 

giarifam to fee an humble Commander, which in the height of his confi- 

txore exr d tn ce doth make the Lord his confidence. It is a rare thing to 

A*V ' r °~ rcat * °^ * Timoleon the Corinthian Captain, that nothing infolent 

*Non tint ^r vain-glorious ever came out of his mouth; * for indeed wrought 

fecunU to do our duty to our Country, not onely without the expectation 

felhm fid f fa reward of falary, but of applaufe. It was an heroical fpi- 

%****• rit of P. Sclplo^ that when the Romans for his great conqucft 

Flat, in 0YCr r ^ e Carthaginians, would have fet up Statutes for him in the 

4rijbd, Scnatc-houfe^ and the pleading-places, and the chappel of Jupiter •? 

and 



The man of Valour. 8 3 

and would have had his image adorned with a triumphal Orna- 
ment, and laid upon the bolfters of the Capitol in a Tabernacle p ^ m 
where they placed the Im gesof their gods, and that for his good ,„ mi y rf _ 
fcrvices they would have given him the Confulfliip and perpetual cufandi* 
Di6htourfhip, he modeftly refufed all thefe,and rejected honours honoribu* 
with as great courage as he gained them ; and fo indeed ought a\\f e Z e f** tf 
good Captains to do,not to pride thcmfelves in their great 3^Q r JLgjji 
to vaunt and glory in their dilcomfiting enemies, but tokifTe Gods eme rendi*, 
hand, and engrave their conqucfts upon Gods fword. For theVal.Max. 
Lord doth fight for them, and deliver their enemies Into their f.4-««*« 
hands, the bat tell is his, i Sam. 17. 47. He doth go before their 
face, 2 Sam. 5. 24. his t err our doth fall upm their adverfaries y 
Exod. 23, 27. He doth put them to flight, 2 Chron. 25.8. make 
thempoffefie their gates, Gen. 24. 60. breaks their bows, Jer. 
49, 25. He doth give them the walls of their palaces, Lam.2. 7. 
yea give them their neckj> Gen. 49. 8. What hath the moit fa- 
mous and fortunate Commander to afcribe any thing to himfelf, 
or his own prowclTe ? no, he fhould turn all his fucceffes into fa- 
crifices, and all his victories into vi crimes ; that is a field well 
wonne, and he is the pious Conquerour, where God doth go away 
with nil triumphs and trophies; that man might have onely the 
favour of the victory, but God the fame ; man the benefit, but 
God the blerlm-; ; man the priviledge,but God the praife. For man 
is not the fole Act our in this high ac>, nor the principal but the 
fubordinate ; it is not mans hand which hath fcatteicd or flaugh- 
r.ercd, no, he may thank his good Coadjutour. It is not the Cham- 
pion by Jiimfeif, but the Lord with him. The Lord is with 
thee. 

This doth firft fhew, that Gods Champion Is a Saint. The *• 
Lo: d doth paffe by all the eminent men in the Tribes, and choofe i/fppi* 
onely Gideon. The Lord Is with thee, and why with him ?be- 
caufe he was with God ; God defignes him, becaufe he would de- 
flroy Baal ; he hath no great eftate, but he hath a good heart ; he 
was no Prince of the Tribes, but he doth cxcell all the Princes in 
zeal ; the zealous creature then is Gods precious creature ; God 
cares not for grandure but for grace ; not for pomp but for piety; 
net for vantage but for virtue. It is true, in this world the rich 
mans goods are hlsftrong confidence, but with God they arc but a 

L 2 very 



84 The man of Valour. 

very weak confidence. • That which is to be dejired of a man is 
his gcodnejfe, and this God doth chiefly dcfirc and delight in. In 
the world there arc many motives to incline men to approbation, 
but with God there is but one, 
Juv.Satyr. Unica virtus, 

' Virtue, and virtue alone, this is that which before him 

$ j ' J,c ' Intaminatisfulgethonoribus, 

doth fliine with unfpotted honour. The man which is efteemed in 
heaven.is not he which doth excel! in revenue above many, but he 
tyulenua which doth fear God above many ,Nzh. 7. 2. for wealth without 
fmevtrtw v j rtue [^fa no delight with God ; he \s a God of y'ure eyes, and 
hetvolu- ' tnere iS no °bje& fo pleafing to his fight as purity. * The Stock, 
ptatenty which God doth value is virtue. Therefore if ye would know 
Maxim, who is Gods Commander know it by the integrity of his Religi- 
Monacb.) oru jf y e can £ n( j a man yfo 1S ^^ p j nt€C { t0 Gods caufe, 

magna anc ^ ^* s neart nan g perpendicularly with the purity of worship, 
fimt wrft£ anc * keepeth his meafures Diametrically with that, that is the man 
tes> ^ug. fent of God. Ye may fee it here in Gideon, he had not the 110- 
^Mar&.bleft family, nor the moft fplcndid means, but he had a jealous 
J.2.C.2. fpi r i t f or hi s God, and God chofehim for that ; God loved him 
becaufe he was Jerub-Baal, a prof eft enemy to the falfe deity that 
was Competitour with him in Divine honours. The Tribes had 
no fuch fervent affections in them, no, they were tainted in their 
inwards, the Gangrene fpread over all the Country ; who but Ba- 
al with them I infomuch that when Gideon had deftroyed his 
Image, and pulled down his Altar, they were ready to have fired 
the houfe upon him, or to have cut him in pieces, if they could 
have got him. For when the Idol was rafed, They faid one to 
another, who hath done this ? and it was faid Gideon the fonne of 
Joajh. Then the men of the city faid unto Joafh, bring out thy 
fon that he may die : for he hath deftroyed the altar of Baal, and 
cut down his grove, Judg. 6, 29,30. Yea, the people notonely 
fhewed this fury to promote Baals worfhip by his life time, but 
they fell into as great rage after his death ; for fo foon as ever they 
had laid G ideon underground, up mud: the altar of Baalhzizx. 
again. For when Gideon the fon of Joafh was dead, the children 
4>f Ifrael turned away and went a whoring after Baalim, and 
made B aalberith their God, Judg, 8. 3. Where, if I may turn 

Expofu 



The man of Valour. 85 

Expofitour, there are three things very obfervable. Firft, that the 
religion of many men is but a fmooth compliance ; folong as a 
good Governour doth live they will conform, but let but an oppor- 
tunity come that they can get rid of him,& my bofome Baalift doth 
appear ; the Israelites are one fort of men whilft Gideon is living, 
and another fort of men when he is dead. Secondly, that though 
corruption in Religion be abfolute whoring, yet thefe old Lechers 
will be renewing acquaintance with their old Strumpets. Third- 
ly,that there is nothing that doth tie the ftnot of Errour fo ftrongly 
as a Religious bond, for this Baal was Baalberith the god of their 
covenant ; oh that they had Covenanted with him,this is the con- 
fcience of the caufc ; there was little conscience to God, but great 
confidence to Boat, oh their holy Covenant ftuck deeply with 
them ; they bad taken an oath to God, and they care not to be 
perjured ; but they had framed up of themfelvcs a Covenant to 
Baal, and that pious Covenant miift not be violated; Baal Will 
hardly ever be forfaken if he be Baalberith. But thefe are but 
fpcculations by the way, the main thing is, that the Tribes in ge- 
neral were for Baal, and he was Baalberith ; now why fhould 
God take up a Covenanter for his Champion, or one that would 
perfift in the Covenant ? no, Gods Commander muft be a Saint, 
one that would abrenounce the Covenant and abolifh Baal, There- 
fore God doth leave all the Tribes and cleave onely to Gideon ^Gi- 
deon thou art a good Church-man, and therefore thou fhal: be 
Gods Camp-man. The Lord is with thee. 

Secondly, this doth fhew, that Religion doth give the greateft 
afTurance ; the Saint is the moft certain Conquerour upon earth ; 
he that will null the Covenant, and break B-aal into fhiveis, and 
turn firm and fidele to his God, that man fhall have conqueft wait 
upon his Eniigns ; for the Lord is with him, and his Lord will be 
Lord and vanquifh all the new made lords ; Committees of Safety, 
iliall be but Committees of Sedition,and made Committees of fer- 
vility, fhame, flavery, fubverfion. The Committees fliall break 
up and be broken in pieces ; for what are an hoft of Anakims and 
Zanzummims to oppofe a true Saint ? no,no weapon that is formed 
fhallprofper. The Midianites that have dealt fo wilily fhall have 
their skins plucked off, as from the backs of cunning Foxes, and 
fcarcely there fliall be feen any of their cubs remaining. Away 

L 3 Baah 



%$ 7 be mm of valour. 

Baalberith when Jerub-baal doth come. What fhould I fay > 
The htart of the wicked is little worthy and the hand of a Pi<>my 
can do as much ; but the heart of a Saint is much worth, and his 
hand is like the hand of nAdmi, or Ez,ni, the firft. of Davids 
three Wot chics, 2 Sam. 23. 10. They were the Saints which by 
their faith fubdued Kingdomes, of weak were made ftrong, waxed 
• -valiant in battel, and put to flight the Armies of Aliens, Heb, 1 1 . 
34. They are the Saints which have the high afis of God in the'ir 
mouths, and a two-edged f word in their hands to execute venge- 
ance, Pfal. 149. 6. God is faid to cleanfe their J word, Joel 3. 
2 1 . Yea, he does promife himfelf to be the f word of their glory, 
Deut. 33. 29. God is pleafed to call to fuch to arife and threfh, 
for he will make their horn iron and their hooves braffe, ,for they 
(ball be able to breal^in pieces many people, Micah4.i3. None 
(hall be able to ft and before them, Deut. 11.25. They (hall not 
ly down till they eat of the prey, and drinks the blond of the flain, 

Lattant. Num. 23.24. Virtus felicitas. Virtue doth carry felicity with 

Aug. it. Qui pr&fumit de viribus fuis, ant e quam p ugnat pr oft emit ur, 
He that doth prefumeupon his own fhength, is vanquished before 
he doth fight ; but he that goeth forth in the ftrength of the Lord, 

Bern.De ^oth ma ^ e bis. enemy fly when he doth but denounce war afar off. 

noramUi- Si hnafuerit caufa pugnantis,pugn£ exit us maltts effe nonpotefl. 

t'ta. If the caufe of fighting be good, there cannot be an evil end. 

Homer. 'Af^oTttfi &*<rA<sCs t u}<x%$ 1 x&Tigs riu%^tm, 

It is the good Prince that is the good Souldier. k Who obtained 

the great victories in Scripture, but David, <»Afab, Jehofhaphat, 

and Hez,ekjah the Holy ? and who in Ecclefiaftical Hiftories were 

greater Conquerours then the godly Emperouis ? Gratian deilroy- 

Cufpin. cd 30000. Almains at one battel. Theodofius the fi ill conquered 

id. Maximinm and Eugenim, the great Tyrants of thofe times, fn- 

Sigon. fl'mlan dcilroyed the Herules, B ulgarians,Hypali us ,G ilimer , Vi- 

tiges, infemuch that he was called Alemanicus,Alanicus,Gothicus 

Vaults Vandalicus, Africanus. Heraclius vanquithed Sais,Ruz.atenes, 

Due. Sarbarus, the three great Peufian Captains, and at h(\ deprived 

Cufp'm. Ch.ofroes and Siroes his fonnc both of Kingdome and life. Otho 

. the firft, who was honoured with the iirname of Great, fubdued E- 

TMrk. \ ) \.berhard,G\felbert,Conrade, and Berengaritts ; and that famous 

/lory. Godfrey of Bolleign, flew an hundied thoufand Turks nigh to the 

river 



Tbt man of Valour. 87 

river of Sangar'ms. So that if ye would know when an Army 
fhould profper,fee whether there be a religious Leader , whether 
Jernbbaal be in the Camp, and be the Head of the Bands. Gods 
prefence ye fee is annexed to Gideon the pious. The Lord is with 
thee. 

Thirdly, This doth exhort all that none be defpifed for want of 3 . 
outward means, for was the Lord with Gideon ? then how may 
many an Inferiour in this world be one of Gods Worthies ? there //«gp de 
is aptrea pauperis , a golden poverty. An Eagle may fly out of daufl, a* 
an homely neft ; a Phoenix may be found in the Deferts of ^Ara- •"**•"*• v 
bla : fhall worth be judged by the large rentaile ? no, let the ca "' 
world thus create Peers , butdefert hath more honour in it then 
the greatcd Noble which hath nothing but his yearly Incomes to 
make him a Lord. As the home-fpun garment doth not hinder the 
body (faith Socrates') from health , fo a mean cftate doth not hin- 
der the mind from high perfections, Dives eft qui cum pauper- ^ditca ep: 
tate bene convenlt , He is rich which can agree well with his po- I0 * 
rerty, and doth excell others in virtues , as well as they do him in 
grcatneife ; the rich (lock is not the true wealth, but The fear of 
the Lord is the treafure^ Efa. 33.6*. Grace is more pretious then 
the Topaz, otJEthlopia , and good qualifications are of more value 
then the Talents of Pe lops. I do not find that £lias had any great 
eftate befides his Mantle, nor John Baptlfi befides his Leathern 
Girdle and his Coat of Camels hair. Plato with all his wifdome Suidas. 
was Land-holder but of a little Garden ; Epamlnondas with all his 
valour, got not money enough to pay for his Funeral charges, but Tl*t. mm 
the Thebanes were inforced to bury him out of the common treafu- ***»« 
ry. Oh then that we would have none eminent , but thofe which 
can outvy others in Lordlnips, and royalties : what is this but to 
trample them under our feet , which the Lord at raft will make up 
amongrt hisje>vels ? Can there not be then a worthy Captain , but- 
he rruift match the beft of his times in worldly dignity? ycs,<7 1 deon 
was the leaftof his Fathers houfe, and yet the greater! in Godse- 
fteem. The Lord was with him rather then with the Princes of 
the Tribes. The Lord is with thee. 

Fourthly, this ferves to lnew that we ought never to difpair of 4, 
help, if we have ingratiated our felves into the Lord ; for cannot 
he_ when we are in a deplorable condition raifc.up a Gideon > yes, 

he 



88 The man of valour. 

he hath a prefervativc againft all dangers, when we think that pe- 
ril is beyond prevention. He can call light out of darkneffe, and 
caufe things that are not to bring to nought things that are, i Cor. 
I. 26. wlio can find oui the Lord to perfection ? how unfearcha- 
ble are his judgements, and his wales p aft finding out, Rom.i 1.33. 
Dens provldebit in monte , The Lord fhall provide for us in the 
mount, fh doth know our difeafe, and will provide for us a re- 

ctypfift' medy. Slcut lac fine laborc , as milk doth come out of the mo- 

htm <%%.m t | ierS b rca fl. without any labour ; fo help doth come from the Lord 
* without any difficulty. Digittts Del , The finger of God can do 
more then the arms of Giants. 

0v ^ 4< Ad op em brevis hora ferenda eft , 

Met, Though mifery hath continued many years,yet in a fhort hour God 
can caufe an happy redrefTe of all things. Stay but Gods time , and 
doubt not of his power. Who hath defpifed the day of [mall things} 
fma II things may turn to be great things : The w aft e ground may 
flourifh as the Rofc. Out of the Defart may be gathered a Pofey 
to rcfiefh thee with a fragrant fent : He that can bring forth 
Maz,z>aroth in his feafon, can bring forth a Deliverer, at his fit 
opportunity; If the Lord of Hofts hath pur po fed a thing , who 
(hall dlfannull it } if his hand be ftretched out , who (hall 
turn it back^ ? Efa. 14. 27. The brains of Politicians will 
ake to coniult againft the Omnifcient God , and the armes of He- 
roes will be fliivered to fight againft the Omnipotent God. Thou 
maift lay thy hand upon thy defignes , and threaten terrour to all 
them which do oppofe thee , but haft thou an arm like God ? and 
canft thou thunder with a voice like him ? Alas poor Infect of 
pride, Glow-worm of haughtineflfe, and Ant of vain glory/ who 
art thou to enter the lifts with him, who fitteth between the Che- 
rubims, who flieth upon the wings of the wind , and rideth upon 
th£ Heavens as an horfe?Hc will but call for a Fly and it fhall tor- 
ment thee,and hit's for a Bee, and it fhall fting thee to death. By 
defpifed agents God will work wonders : For In that day the 
Lord (hall defend the Inhabitants ofjerufalem, and the feeble (hall 
be as the ^Angel of the Lord before them, Zach. 12.8. Fear 
not oh worm Jacob,t'or he will defend a worm, and by a worm , a 
defpifed creature, will he deliver an afflicted creature. Help then 
[s far from the imgodly,but when are we to feck for help if the Lord 
be the Patron of our caufe ? no, if we were brought to Jehofap hat's 

exigent, 



The man of Valour. $9 

exigent, that we are info reed to cry out , W ; e are not able to ft and 
before this great multitude which doth come out againft us, neither 
do we kj;ow what to do, but our eyes are towards thee , 2 Chron. 
20. 12. yet it" our fi^k be truly fixed upon him , our eyes may fee 
(bange things. For Thorns there may grow Firre-trees , and for 
Nettles Myrrh-trees, Efa. 55.13. God can raife np rulnes, and 
build them up as in the dayes of old, Kmos 9.1 1 .When every mans 
hands arc upon his loins as a womanin travail,and all faces do ga- 
ther palcncffe, and cry alas for this day, for none hath been like it, 
it is even the time of Jacob's trouble , yet can God then breakjhe 
bonds , and grangers fh 'all no more ferve themj elves of his people , 
Jer. 3 o. 6, 7, 8 . When mens doovs are fhut up, and people in ge- 
neral lock up themielvcs, as afraid to fhew their faces for the fuc- 
cour of a diltreffed people , yet a door of hope may be opened in 
the Valley of Achor, and after penfive plaints and grones , people 
imyfing again as in the dayes of their youth , Hof. 2.15. Shall 
thefe dry bones live ? yes , as dead and as dry as they are , yet the 
Spirit of life may enter, and bone may come again to bone , and 
they may be flelhed and skinned,and become a great Army .Things 
are never fo fetlcd in a fad condition, but a man may (as Pythago- « « ^ 
ras's great word was, %oun^Jux^H9 , fee things in a new ftatc, or deFrovS. 
fee things which were never feen. wherefoever divine pro. z. 
vidence doth work^ it doth fruftrate all contrary things. Mifery rtuun<iue 
may ieem to look upon us with an uncouth countenance, or we may f ue ] u ? r0m 
be dim-Mghted in beholding the true phyfnomy of it, yet by divine V fodtt* 
operation it may come to pafTe, that Qua putetur poena, medicina otMn j* con- 
fer , That that which is counted a punifhment, may be but a medi- traria. 
cine. Mifts do difperfe fo foon as the Sun doth appear , the Au t- de 
Midianites arc gone fo foon as God doth raife up a Cjideon. Who^' Cier ' 
would have thought that Gideon fhould have been a Deliverer ? 
yet he doth drive all before him,fo foon as the Lord doth lend him 
an hand ; Gideon could have done little by himfelf, but what can 
he not do when he is armed with Gods power f therefore to fhew 
that the (late of Ifrael was not defperate , as difabled a perion as 
Gideon may appear to the eye of the world,yet he fhall be the man, 
he fhall be enabled from above. An Angel is fent to him, and God 
will make him the Angel of his Country ; either he fhall feem to 
come out of Heaven to do the work, or God will come out of 

M Hca- 



po The man of Valour. 

Hearcn to afiift him in the work , he (hall have Gods prefencc and 
aid. The Lord is with thee. 

Fifthly ,this fcrves to fliew that an high deliverance ought to be 
an admiration; for hath God delivered I [rati by Gldton ? was the 
Lord with him is fuch an high a£t, of prefervation ? could not all 
the Tribes do any good for themfelves, and is Gideon the general 
propugnator , the patron of his Country ? oh miraculous God / 
oh confpicuous Gideon! how might all /[rati ftand amazed / oh 
thcn,are we delivered, and is not our deliverance by fuch a meanes, 
and fuch a Manjhe -wonder of the wholt Land ? how then do we 
wrong both the Lord and Gideon ? For did God chufe 
where we would not chufe ? and effect that which we could cx- 
peft. ? was there little of outward meanes, and cannot we fee how 
much there was of divine providence ? then what rtrange eyes and 
ft range hearts have we, that we neither difceme Gods adt , nor 
his Agent ; that we neither acknowledge his favour, nor his fa- 
vourite ; that we neither confider what hath been done, nor by 
whom ; but fo foon as we are fet free , we are both blind and 
dumb? Such an incredible, infinite, ineffable mercy doth deferve 
more rcfpc6t and reverence at our hands. For were we once all 
in defpair, and fhould we not now be all in admiration ? yes,we 
fhould fay that the Lord hath [aved our lives by a grtat delive- 
rance. Gen. 4$. 7. And wrought grtat [alvation for us in /[- 
rati. 1 Sam. 14. 45. Ht hath givtn us rtfi from our [orrowts y 
and feares , and hard bondage. Ef. 14. $6. Wt have bttn 
plucked out o[ tht mouth o[ the Lion , as a [hepherd taketh two- 
leggs y or the piece of an eare^kmos,. 3. 1 2. Oh are not thefe things 
aftonifhment to us .? Were they once beyond our hopes, and are 
they now beyond our apprchenfion ? fhould not fuch an admira- 
ble prefervation draw from us admirable praife ? yes,where are 
*We*well tuned Cymbals, and the loud founding Cymbals to mag - 
nifie God for fuch a mercy ? oh that there fliould be a dumb 
tongue in the Land / that the whole Nation fhould not be a great 
Qu,ire to chaunt out Gods peculiar companions t Did the /[rat- 
lites ling a fong upon the bankes of Jordan for their deliverance 
out of Egypt ? did Jo[uah build an Altar upon mount Ebal for 
the winning of *Ai ? did Dtborah exprcfle high melody upon 
the conquering of Siftra ? #p,Deboran, up y ari[t and[mga[ong y 

ari[t 



The man of Valour. 91 

arife Barack thou Son of Abinoam,^ lead the Caftlvltie Captive y 
Judges. 5. Did the people of Godfhout , and the very worn** 
come out of the Cities Jinging and dancing with Timbrels , ant 
inftrttments of joy at the cutting ojftheJjead of Goliah ? I Sam. 
17. Did Jehofaphat, and the people for the great vi&ory, whicii 
the Lord gave them over the Ammonites, Afoal?ites,2ind Edo- 
mitts in the valley of Berachah fo praife God , that it is called 
the valley of bleffing to this day ? and did they come to lerufa- 
km with viols, harpes and Trumpets f Did Agrippn ( though \ ''** 1 * 
none of the beft Saints ) upon his deliverance out of Prifon go * s ' 
home to Jerufatcmfic pay his vowes in the Temple, & hang up his 
golden chayne (which Caligula had given him of the fame weight 
that his iron chaine was ) upon the top of the Treafurie for a Mo- 
nument ? did Conftantine for the overthrow of Maxentius fet up M f V*£ 
publick pillars } did Theodojius when he beard that Affar his jjL,'/ / 
General had taken John the tyrant at Ravenna leave the Spc&a- $ccid.Imf. 
clc5.( at which he wasprcfent ) and repaire to the Temple to give 
publick thanks to God in a moft folemn manner ? did Alphonftu 
for a great victory which he got in Afia nigh to Troy, not fo 
much as unharnerte himfelf, but in his complcat armour performc . 
his devotions to God in the great Church ? did Henry the fift of m > u j f j r# 
this Nation for the great victory which he got at Dagincourt ( or *# jit/fa. 
as fomc, at Agin-court ) fall down upon his knees, and with 
tea;s, and hymncs blelTe God ; enjoyning thanksgivings for many 
dayes after to be kept in the Churches, and the day of Crifpin, p iyj m 
St Crifpinian to be annually kept in a moft facred manner to the Vtrg.l,i*t 
honour, and memory of the high blelTing of the day ? oh then 
that we like a people which know not, or will not know what do 
belong to tablets, Records, the mufkk of favours, and the peace- 
offering of deliverances do only tell ftorics, drink healths,weare 
plumes, put on a cap of maintenance, glifter in golden chaines, 
and cloth of filver, walk in exotick garbcs,and with out-ft retched 
necks, but know not what do belong to a facrificing duty,Church- 
triumphs,or an heavenly gratitude / oh have we gotten a blefsing, 
and loft fpeech upon it ? could we cry for it before it came^nd 
not fing at the appearance of it ? for hath God pricked out a 
fong for us, and can we not tune it out in the right ditty ? no 
marvel that many of us hate Church-mulick fo much , when 

M 2 God 



9* The man of Valour. 

Cod hath fo few Anthemes from us ; no marvaile that many 
of us diflike the Liturgie, when we have forgotten our UWag- 
nificat, Benedicius, and die folemn Te Deum Laudamus,. Oh 
fhould not the whole Church be an Altar, and every foul a Prieft? 
It is no ordinary Canticle, that ought to be funglipon fuch an oc- 
cafion , but a fong of degrees, a Pfalme to the excellent Mufiti- 
an feduthun , or to him that cxcelleth upon Neginoth. If we 
fainted in the wayting for the bletTing,how ought we be to be fain 
tn iinging at the Commemoration of it ? If our captivity hath 
returned like the Riveis in the South , how ought we to be like 
unto them that dream when we behold a full tide for an ebb ? 
Alas who fo all live when God doth thefe things ! Num. 24. 2 3. 
And hath God done- thefe things , and do we live and fo foon 
as we have gotten God into our eyes lhall we lofe him out of our 
mouths ? no,we ought to afcribe great neffe to (7^Deut.3 2.. 2. ^i 
offer in his tabernacle Sacrifices of joy. PfaL 27. 6. Our mouths 
jhould be inlarged. 1 Sam. 2. 1. We Jhould be adorned with 
tabrets. Ier. 31. 4. We fhould praife the name of the Lord 
which hath dealt wonderfully with us. 2 Joel. 2 6. Everlafi- 
ing joy fhould be upon our heads. Ef. $1. if. We Jhould fing a- 
loud upon our beds. Pf. 149. 5. Oh therefore let us give the 
right accent to Gods favours, and fay, Sing unto the Lord , for 
he hath triumphed glorioujly Exod. 15. 21. Yea with amaze- 
ment let us look upon our former mifcry, and prefent releafe and 
fay According to this day it (hall be faid of Jacob, and Ifra- 
el what hath God wrought, Numb.. 23. 23. If he that offereth 
praife honour eth God, Pfal. 50. 23. then how ought we to ho- 
nour him ,which hath honoured us, and to praife him who hath 
perferved us ? elfe what eyes, mouthes and hearts have we ? If 
we finde that the arrow of Gods deliverance is foot forth.! Kings 
Jug.cont . t 3 # ij m there ought to be the fongs of our deliverance. Pf, 
*~ v, k£" 32. 7. If we are made the molt blefled people, we ought to be 
phetji.c.. 1 ^ m °ft bleffing people. Quid facratim efl, ejuam laudis fa. 
is. crificium? What is more facrcd then the facrifice of praife } 
Si non How are we then an holy people, if we do want the moft fa- 
gratum crC( j ^ j n g p It is an hard, thing, if we do not receive, thank- 
ttuod pra-faty T ^ at w hich we have received freely ? let us returne love for 
nt 4«epii,Rcd<UmHS amwmprqdfbitp, cburitatcm fro miwtrt) Jmb. jam, 1 j. in Luc. 

a debt 



T£* man of Valour. 93 

4 debt , *nd fervour for a favour. We cannot count him an 
eloquent man which hath a filent learning, nor him thankful!, 
which doth conceal hencfits. There is not a greater Bankrupt 
then he which doth run away with Gods bkfsings, and doth nei- 
ther pay Ufe,nor Principal for them. That mans tongue doth 
feem to be cut out, or he is but a (till-borne Creature, which mak- 
eth no mention of rich Priviledges. He doth deferve new chaines, 
which doth not confider & conferTe what the fweetnefXe of Liberty 
is. Oh that we fay often Thy will be done ufon earth as it is 
in Heaven, and that God hath his glorifying fpirics above, and 
but few~ -Angels here beneath to ring to him Hallelujah/ Yea 
that the Heavens do declare the glory above, and the firmament 
doth fhew his handy-work, that one day doth tell another, and 
one night doth certify another, yea that the fields do laugh and 
ffhg, and that the trees of the wood do clap their hands together; 
that beafts and all cattel, creaping things and feathered fowles, 
Dragons and deeps, fire and haile, fnow and vapours magnifie 
God, and yet that we are woric Church-men, or fong-men , then 
the dumb creatures ; that we are the people fpecially created to 
Gog's praife, and yet do deny to God the fruit of our Creation/ 
Oh is a banilTied King reftored to his Throne , and an enflaved 
people to their Liberties? are fequeftrat ions taken off, and free 
quarter removed ? are all returned to their own, and fome promo- 
ted to greater preferments, then ever they could expect to be their 
own, and all this by Gideon y and the Lord by Gideon ? and hath 
not God an Eccho returned him for fuch a loud fpeaking blefsing, 
yes, mc thinke the whole Kingdome fliould be in a trance; and 
we rhould fet Heaven in an cxtafie to fee us ravithed with the 
fenfe, and joy of Gods invaluable goodneiTe , and kindnefTe. 
As this hath been the Land of preservations, fo it iTiouid be the 
Land of praifes ; yea praife God with our lips, and praife God 
with our lives, that God might be magnified, and we fanclificd. 
Oh that I could hear the noyfe of a regenerate Chantrey in the 
Land, I fhould prize it more then to heard the title of a reformed 
Church. How do wc praife God if we do only extol Gods name, 
and we do not cfchew the violating of his lawes, and the ftayning 
of his calling ? this is praife with provocation, or praife with 
pronhanerTe. will God eat Bttls flefh ? or accept of the facrifice* 

M .3 q£ 



94 T4* wdn of Valour. 

of Libertines f What thcn?are we delivered to be delivered up t> 
our own hearts lutts ? to turne the grace of God into wantonneflc? 
to feek out the delights of the Sons of Men ? to nourifh our 
hearts in pleafures as in a day of (laughter ? to minde nothing 
but riots, revenge, rapines, feeking after ftiange fleili , and 
ftiange apparel , blafphemey , bribery , keeping the keyes of 
our newgotten poffefsions , and drinking the wine of the con- 
demned in the houfe of the Lord See. Here is a thanklefs thanks- 
giving, and a praifc noway praife- worthy. What arc men come 
out of baniiliment from beyond Sea,and freed from inthralment at 
home thus to thrcfh with inftruments of iron, to beat Gods people 
in pieces, to caufe a rent, and a cry, to neigh after their neigh- 
bours wives like fed horfes, to make the Land mourne with oathes, 
to make fhameful fpewing their glory, and to fill the land wi:h fin 
from the one end to the other .? Do ye thus reqnlte tfa Lord, oh 
foolljh people? is this your gratitude ? is this your commemoration ? 
no doubtleffe, if God hath made us againe the happiefi: people, w: 
fhould be the holieft people ; we Should entertain fuch a guefi in 
a fwept roome, lay up fuch a prefent in clean linnen, and preferve 
fuch a Jewel in a rich Cabinet. I have heard your ftlvcr Trum- 
pets, I have feen your frreets hung with tapeftry,but where are your 
renewed hearts, and rinfed conversations ? y e have Sacrificed, but 
I am afraid, that a Spotted bea/t hath been laid upon the Altar. 
Oh obedience is better then Sacrifice , therefore walli and make 
clean,for the Sacrifices of the wicked arc an abominarion to the 
Lord, if thou bringeft the ficke and the lame is it not evil? yea one 
had as good cut off a dogs neck, offer fwincs bloud, and blefle an 
Idol ; for this is not to honour the Altar with oblations, but to co- 
ver the Altar with teares. Oh therefore away with all impenitency, 
and impurity , and let us See your contrite hearts, cleanied 
manners, and the ripe fruits of thofe trees which are called the 
planting of the Lord. If the brick-kills of Egypt could not 
reforme you, yet let the entrance into Canaan convert you. Oh 
happy blcrTing, if it can make you penitents , Saints , votaries ; 
Remember that i: was as high a mercy as any Nation almoSt ever 
enjoyed, one of the cheifeft of the wayes of God , therefore be 
ye as miraculous in your change, as God was in his providence. 
Oh let not the houfe of Ifrael go any more aftray , nor be pol- 
luted 



The man of \alonr. 95 

Kited any more, but let there be fo many circumcifed fpirits, and 
hearts fprinkled from an evil confcicnce, and Saints cloathed in 
fine linnen, white and clean, that the Church may ftand aftoni- 
nithed at her numerous progeny, and fay, who hath begotten me 
all thefe ? Do ye renew obedience to God by miracle, for God 
hath renewed love to you by miracle. What little likelihood was 
there of your Deliverance when the Midianites had impoverished 
you fo exceedingly ? or when they had fo rifled and Gripped you, 
chaftifed and chafed you, that ye were not onely their prey but 
their derifion ; for fee how theie Hebrews creep out of their holes? 
they had driven you into holes, and it was a wonder that ever ye 
hhould come into holds, that the power of the Nation and the 
(trength of the Land fhouldbe rcfiored into your hands. The 
prefent Age could not hope for it, and an after-age will fcarcely 
believe it. G ideon himfelf could not credit it when he was under 
the Oak of Oprah, an Angel could fcarcely perfvvade him that 
the work was feafable : yet this is our great God which can do 
things againfr great improbabilities , and beyond fecming im- 
poflibilitics ; that which is impolTible to man is eafie to God ; Gi- 
deon (hall do it, and not fail to do it, yet not Gideon but the Lord 
with Gideon. The Lord is with thee. 

Now let us come to the Title of honour, Thou mighty man of 
valour. From hence obferve, that valour doth carry value with &/"•»• 
it, valour is a virtue ; if a mighty man of birth, or a mighty man Jjji *&' 
of wealth be to be admired, how much more a mighty man of va- Am } )< tf< j 
lour ? For valour is * viri liter agere, to a6t the part of a man; vir Simplic 
a viribns, man is called from his manhood , and what is that but BSSpt'wfli' 
his prowefle ? \ Ufum & infrmitatem nature tranfgreditur , He %% 1,T*T\ 
doth go beyond, or furpaflfe the ufe and infirmity of Nature, he is t J{ n ^ t , " 
the extraordinary man. A timorous man varicth with all acci- nit,forti- 
dents, but a. true valiant man nee augetur, nee minuitur rerum mu- tub ren~ 
tationibns, is neither heightned nor lelfened, happen what will. ^ at X,?^ 
That which lattice doth feeh out. and -prudence doth find- valour , : „„/ 
doth challenge, and this is a circuit of the virtues. Kali ant men tMS v /r/*- 
may be killed, but they cannot be bowed. For a man of valour doth tnm.Bern. 
offer his breft to all dangers, and ftandeth firm in the midft of all Occidifxf- 
accidents, he doth feek for honour and doth contemn life ; he hath^" ,f, ^ f * 1 
patience in evils,and courage to remove them, he, is moft mercifull jj^ ' 

when 



$6 7 he m<w of Valour. 

when he might be moft cruel, and moft bold in a time of fear ; he 

is a protection to his friends, and a dread to his enemies ; he doth 

difdain every filthy thing, and is ambitious of every worthy thing ; 

he had rather drink poifon then difgrace, and burn quick then a6t 

that which is irregular,or live inglorious; he is not led by opinion, 

nor daunted with cenfure, a man of no infolence and yet of great 

confidence, for he hath magnanimity enough and yet no arrogan- 

cy;he doth not contemn Abje6ts,nor fear Tyrants,he doth feek for 

better gems then the Indian pearls , and winne more prizes then 

ever there were at the Olympian games. Oh thou mighty man of 

valour , how can I fufficiently defcribe thee ? Thou art no child of 

Fortune, and yet the firft-born of Honour , the Patron of the 

oppreffed, and the pattern of the well-minded, which doit not 

grieve at lofTes, nor fwell with fucceftes, which canft go the right 

middle way between fear and rafhnefTe, between torpulency and 

precipitancy. Thou art every way fo accomplished with fuch rare 

properties, that as it was faid that the Lacedemonian women onely 

foUlace- brought forth men, fo I may fay, onely virtue doth bring forth va- 

a^/tfww* liant men; for though Nature be a fruitfull Mother, yet fhehath 

tiros. few true men come out of her wombe, not fuch men to whom de- 

Tlut. bell at a eft fort una, antequam inimicus, all chances of war are o- 

******* ^ vercome in their brefts , before their enemies be overcome in the 

rt>* gent- &dd. A valorous man then being fuch a compleat man,no marvel 

rat.Vegtt. that Alexander had rather have of the Prieft otTroy the fpeare of 

de remilit. Achilles, ix\tx\ the harpe otT arts, for what arc all the frolicks, and 

'• 3- c - 3°- pomps of jovial men to the trophees of a foldier? A valorous man 

e ™ c * e r- is fuch a perfon of repute, that he hath not onely the fame of the 

world, but the honour of fcripturc, for there fuch men are called 

men ofwarre, and fit for the battel, i Chron. 1 1. 8. Such as can 

ftirre up themf elves in their bregandines. Ier, 51.3. able to bear 

the buckler, and the [word, 1 Chron. 5. 18. To draw a bow with 

the fullftrength, 2 Kings 9. 24. Tea to breaks in pieces a bow 

of flee I, 2 Sam. 2 2. 2, 5. Men of might, 2 King. 24. 1 6. Which 

have in them theftrength of an Vnicorne, Numb. 22.22. Lion-. 

like men, 2 Sam. 22.20. Thefe are thofe which are famous 

throughout all the world, Jof. 6. 2J. <*And called the glory of 

the Forreft , Efa. 10. 18. Such were J fh ua , and Caleb, and 

Ehud, and Othoniel, and Shamgar, and Baraks, and Sampfon, 



The man of Valour. 97 

and David, and David's three Worthies, and the Maccabees, and 
AJinaus, and AniUus, Themiflocles, Phocion, Mi blades, Leoni- 
dot, Pau[ania4, Epaminondas, Hamilcar, Hafdrubal, Hanibal, 
Curius ( Dentattis,i\\o. two Gracchi,t\\t 3 . Scipws ; yea how many 
for valour have been firnamed the grea: , as Alexander the great, 
Pompey the ° > xz'\\.,Gonfalve the greatfwhat thenflhall a man »f va- 
lour go without his note of eminency ? no, whofoever doth defeive 
honour , the Martial Hero Cantari dignus is worthy to be cele- 
brated ; an Angel here doth beftow upon him a glorious attribute , 
and that with an acclamation , Oh thou mighty man of valour. 

Firft,this doth lhew that the calling of a Souldier is a juft calling. 1 . 
For though the Anabaptifl doth fay that all war is unlawfull , be- 
caule our Saviour doth fay Mat. 5, Thou (halt not kjll , and rejifi 
not evil, but rvhofoever Jhall [mite thee upon the one cheeky, turn 
to him, the other alfo ; yet that killing is meant of (laying men 
out of Private revenge ; and (o the refitting is underftood,that 
men muft not be too prone to refift for perfonai injuries , and to 
fight out a retaliation. So faith Calvin y that here is not an Epan- 
orthojis and degree of perfection intended to Chriftians, that they _, . . 
muft be fuch abfolute men, that upon no occafion they might draw proximo 
a fwDrd, but onely that our neighbour fhould be ufed tenderly, & dico, quo- 
all friendly meanes uled before we fall into a6tsof violence. And fc* aif - 
Afufculus faith that our Saviour meant, that we muft not be too fff 
ready to work our teene for private wrongs, • but we muft forbcare JJI^p| 
as long as may be, even to the enduring of injury after injury, to amice com- 
iriew that we have minds free from revenge. What is this then a- mittitur. 
gainft fighting for our Countrey,or preferving our Prince againft Cal - Ab " 
the violenc of rebellious Male-contents, or injurious Invaders? \tf n<l . *r 
is pity that he ihould live in a Countrey which will not fhew an derioST 
armed hand for his Countrey ; or draw breath, which will not 4i£U ut 
draw his fword to defend his lawful Soveraign ; it is as Iawfull to potws qua 
kill Traytours, as to kill wild Beafts ; and to cut offtheie fcftered ff/ff 
fores in a Kingdome, as to cut ofYdead flefh. What fpare Rebels ? % f"™™ t „ 
what is this but to nourifh a difeafc ? to fuffer a fire to burn with- ^aillnT 
out quenching ? or to fpare Serpents till they fting the body to malit no- 
death? they which know not how to obey, ftab their dilloyal *■■ ***■ 
hearts till they bleed to death; they that rife up to caufe infurre- F re ' . 
&ions in a Kmgdome, knock them down; they which third for the **£," 

N . * blood 



in 
I.Matth 



98 The mtu of valour. 

bloud of the Prince, let them wallow in their own bloud ; they 
come but for free-quarter, and plunder, and patrimonies , and 
Crown-land, therefore let fuch Thieves and Murtherers have no 
other bar but the naked fwoid, nor no other Judges and Juries to 
try them, but a tire of Ordnance , and the braining Pole-axe ; ye 
valiant Souldiers, ye have a Tribunal in a pitch 'd field to execute 
fuch Malefaclours ; there is evidence enough againft them by their 
feditious troops gathered together, and they are condemned by the 
firft musket they do difchar^c,and therefore let your puiflant hands 
be their gibbets to difpatch them; they are but Cons of Belial y 
why do ye furfer th:m to live to new-principle the Land with 
trayucrous Paradoxes to cut your throats f let them call themfclves 
the Reformed Chinch, and fay they fight for the purity of the 
Faith, and the propagation of the Gofpel , yet do ye with a piftol 
iilence thefe new Preachers ; alas, thefe are no Protectants, but di- 
rect Jefultes trained up in the Academy of Regicides , and there- 
fore let them die for their bloudy Popery ; they hold no Suprema- 
cy, Tranlubrtantiation,Pui gatory, fjrt % but they agree in the Gun- 
powder School-queftion, the true polemical Controverfy , and 
the moit dangerous , cue-throating Popery that ever was 
broached , and therefore let them have a Jefuitical doom, 
that fentence , that all the true-hearted Protectants , and loy- 
al Pnpljts in the Land will thank you for ; well, fight 
againft thefe lawlelTe Subjects ; and fight againft boundlefle 
"Ufurpers , I mean forreign Invaders. - If any outland- 
ifh Prince ihould come like an AfTaulter to knock at our 
King's door , knock him off; if he ihould endeavour to break 
open the door, knock him down ; if any would fhoulder our King 
out of his Throne, fhoulder him out of the Kingdom ; if any afpire 
to make this Land his reigning place , make it his burying place ; 
for thou which wilt fuffer the Crown to be plucked from thy Prin- 
ces head, thou doft not deferve an head upon thy fhoulders ; thou 
which at fuch a time wilt not exprefTe thy felf thy Soveraign's har- 
dy Subject , thou doft deferve to be a Foreigner's bafe (lave. 
Be ftrong, and let us be valiant for our people, and the Cities of our 
God, 2 Sam. 10. 12. When IJhblbenob one of the fonsof/fo- 
raphah, the head of whofe Spear weighed three hundred fhcklcs 
of brafs, ftruck at David , Abljhal the fon of Zerviah fuccoured 

him, 



The man of valour. 99 

him, and fniot the Philiftine and killed him, 2 Sam. 21. 1 6. 17. 
F or all the Subjects of the Kingdome , when the Kings life is in 
hazard , are but the proper Squires of his body , or his great Life- 
guard : have not Kings had their Champions in all ages to defend 
their heads ? is it fit that their pretious perfons fhould be left na- 
ked to the fury of mercilcrTe Invaders ? No, when Zerah the King 
of jEtbiopla came up againft Afa with his ten hundred thoufand 
men,what a Camp-royal was there ready to fight out their Princes 
jiift right? Afa had an Army ofjudah that bare fhields and fpears 
three hundred thoufand, and of Benjamin that bare friields and 
drew bowes two hundred and fourfcore thoufand, all thefe were va- 
liant men, and <*Afa went out before them , and fet the battell in 
aray in the Vallev of Zephathab befide Marefhah, 2 Chron. 14. 
8.10. And what a goodly puifTant anny had <*y4maz,iab to de- 
fend his perfon and Countrey in all extremities ? zAmazJiah af- 
fcmblcd Judab^nd made them Captains over thou fands, and Cap- 
tains over hundreds, according to the houfes of their Fathers 
throughout all Judah and Benjamin^ and he numbred them from 
twenty years old and above , and found amongft them three hun- 
dred thoufand chofen men to goe forth to the war , and 
to handle fpear and fhield, 2 Chron. 25.5. How rcquiiite is it 
for all Kings to have thefe hofts of fighting men •about them, 
which are expert in war, and can anfwer their enemies in the gate? 
for they which come to challenge other mens Countries are thorns, 
and they ought not to be handled gently , but the man that would 
touch them muft be defenced with iron , and with the fhaft of a 
fpear, 2 Sam. 25.7. See then, oh ye Souldiers,your Cormnirfion 
fealed from Heaven , fight not for tumults, infurredtions,Traytors, 
pragmatical, ambitious and feditious Male-contents , but for your 
lawfull King, and it is as lawfull as to be Watch-men or Senti- 
nels for the Nation, yea, the calling of Merchants, Phyfitians, 
Lawyers, Clcrgy-mcn not more juft and juftifiable ; your fword 
is as lawfull as the yard-wand,or a potion, or a plea, or the preach- 
ing of a Sermon ; your lifrnings, marchings, chargings, brand i liv- 
ing your Swords, theftriking through the loyns of your adverfa- 
ricfi and laying heaps upon heaps are authorized. For wherefore 
doth our Saviour fay Give unto Csfar the things that are C<efars; 
if SuLfidics and Tributes for Souldiers fees (being one great part of 

N 2 their 



ioo The man of \alour. 

their Royalties) be not tolerated ? and if the rmintenence of Soul- 
diers be allowable, why not their calling ? John B apt ft when he 
doth bid Souldiers be contented with their wages , and to do no 
man wrong, he doth but rectify their calling, and not abrogate it. 
Auvib. Qulbus proprlumftipendium pr& fleer e praceplt militare tion prohU 
.Serm. in bait , He which doth permit to Souldiers their wages, doth not 
percent, forbid them to fight. Do any cry out againft men (lain in the 
J»gCont> war, which deferved to have their bioud flied > Hoc reprehendiffe 
Mitncb. tlmldorum eft , non*rellg\o[orum , This to reprehend it is the part 
jimb.de of Cowards, and not of religious men. Forth udo, qu<e per bella 
ojfic. tuetur a barbaris patrlam, vel defendit infirmos, vel a latronibtu 
focios, plena juftitia eft , Valour which doth defend the Countrey 
from barbarous enemies , or doth defend the oppreffed, or their 
fiiendsfrom cut-throats, is nothing but full and manifeft juftice. 
Are there to be no Souldiers under the Goipel ? then why doth the 
Apoftle fay in r Cor. p. 7. whogoeth on warfare at his own coft f 
he might have denied the warfare, as well as confented to the wa- 
ges. Are there to be no warres now } then why is it faid that 
The Kings of the earth (ball kjll the whore , and make her de fo- 
late and nakjdy and eat herflefb, and burn her with fire > Rev. 17. 
16 . It would trouble the heads of them that hold this opinion to 
ftiew the true meaning of Michael and his Angels fighting with 
the Dragon and his Angels ; is it meant of a peribnal war between 
Michael and the Dragon ? no doubtleffe , but of fome eminent 
Saints fighting againft fome inteftine adverfaries of the Church. 
But I fliall not need to beftow any further pains in refelling this 
opinion, when the Father hath been the executioner of it. Doth the 
Anabaptift cry down all Souldiers ? then why hath he appeared in 
BufFe, worn the Steel bonnet,blown the Trumpet,been the Mafter- 
gunner, and the bloudieft cut-throat in the field that ever appeared 
upon earth ? Were Harrifon^Hewfon y lreton^Lambert y Pride^Def- 
brow, no Souldiers ? what were they then ? Spirits, Fiends, fent 
from the Angel of the bottomleflfe pit, to make a Shambles of the 
Nation ? Oh cunning Impoftours, nay Arch-lyars to deny that 
which they daily a6t. ; but the policy y (o^>hi{hy ^Legerdemain of the 
bufineflfe is this, The Anabaptifls would diiarm all Chriftians that 
they might the more readily butcher them , and take all weapons 
out of their hands, that they might the better cut their throats ; 

thofe 



Tbi man of Valour. 101 

thofe heads into which they cannot inftill their opinions,they will 
daih out their brains; if they cannot corrupt their hearts, they will 
11m them to the heart. Hath there been a bloudier Tigre that ran- 
ged upon the earth then the ^/fnabaptifi } no, infernal he was c- 
nough in Germany, but in this Land he hath (hewn himfelf to be 
twofold more the Child of Hell. Had there never been Souldier 
in the world before , yet we had need to raife an Army to ftrike 
dead fuch a defperate heads-man to Church and ftate. For his 
pradtifethc Souldier is neccflary , and for all his opinion the Soul- 
dier is lawfull, God himfelf is the Lord of Hofts, and fo there may 
be Hoils , and a man of valour is a man of honour, for the Angel 
doth here ex:ol him, Oh thou mighty man of valour. 

Secondly, this doth ihew that every fighting man is not a fa- ». 
mous man, no he muft be a man of valour. There is a great difte- *.*? , *J"» 
rence between a man ol valour , and a man of rancour, a man of™'*! 1 
valour, and a man of tumult ; a man of valour, and a man ofp Jrum 
prey; there are fome that go into the field only to do rnifchcif, i»i/ei,£« 
and to a 6t outrages , to leave marks of their favagenefle behind rafmns. ^ 
them, and to fray, and flay all places where they march ; ihe Mtluesli ' 
fpoyles of the Country are their booties, and the cries of the^^. 
Country are their mufick ; now thefe arc Bafiliskes and not foul- muntim- 
diers ; this is is not valour , but vice ; fuch as thefe bring an moderate 
infamy upon the warrs , and fcandal the calling , which m'mdtf ecc4n ^' 
nothing but rolling garments in bloud, flaying the mother with ^Jfifc 
the children , to live like Ifmael by their fwords , and to gather ^smUtta- 
the wealth of a Nation, as one gat her eth eggs, Ef. 10. YJ^iretfpd- 
By fuch perfons it come to pafTe that wans arefo much exclaimed 1******* 
upon and have fuch odious blemilnes fixed on them; as That a man^T 
cannot be a fouldier , unleflehebe wicked. Soukiieis undertake 2J»r " ' 
the warrs, that tb:y might have a licence to fin imniDderately. It Crttddiui 
is called the military right, and yet there is no fhew of right in «»i»* fru- 
it , for they handle their own more cruelly , then the enemies. "2/"** 
An army cannot be looked upon without horrour. V*™ 

Taxn mult <£ feeler um fades. jw/. 

There are fo many faces of heinous finns to be feen in it. Georg. 
Nulla fides, pietafque vlris, qui caftra fequuntur, Lamprid. 

There is no equity, or piety to be feen amongft them , which, ^ t * €an - 
follow the Campers if it were the fink of all filth, or the dung- ± ti ^>j 

N 3 V\\phtarch 



toi The man of Valour. 

hil of aJl bafeneflfc, thefe think that juftice miift not be talked on 
fo long as the warrs continue, as Antlgonus faid, or that the 

Id. lawes are not to be heard, fo long as the noife of weapons rattle, 
as (f. Marius affirmed ; thus the fouldier by taking up amies lay- 
eth down confelence, and by imbruting himfelf the very virtue 

Tim. in of the man doth perljh y as Archldamtu the fon Zeuxldamw faid. 

Latin. Now fhould a true martial man do thus ? no, becaufe he doth fight 
for the honour of his Country, he lliould preferve the honour 
of his actions ; and be fpotleffe, becaufe he is in danger upon 
every pitched battle to be breathlelTe ; the hazards of the war 
should make him the moft wakeful Saint upon earth, he may dy 
without a ghoftly ConfefTour, and part with his laft gafpe with- 
out a gafpe of rcmorfe, When thou, goefl out with the Hofi a- 
galnfi thy Enemies, kjep theefuom all wickedneffe. Deut. 23.9. 
Eudamldas faid, that the {tames of all the Lacedemonian gods 
flood armed to fright all their fouldiers from finning, and fo in- 
deed fuch lhould think that God doth ftand with his drawn fword 
to take vengeance on them that defile his Campe, if they be the 
Lords foldiers, let them not provoke him, who can inftantly exe- 
cute Martial law upon them. The Lord ypatketh In the mldfi of the 
Camfe, therefore let the hofi be holy, that he fee no filthy thine 
in It, Deut. 23. 14. Such had need make peace with God lcfi 
he be their firft and nercert enemy ,and be pure in his eyes , left 
he ftrike them dead as the grevances of his fight, and leave them 
amongft the fapy carkafes as the fpots of the Army; oh that foul- 
diers fhould come into the field as Prodigees , and curies to the 
Camp , to take up Armes only to fupply their wants, and to get 
fpoilcs to fatisfie their corrupt Natures, which care not how they 
abufe the peaceable, nor how they damnifie the innocent, which 
fhew more fury in the march, then they do in battel, and are 
luftier fDidjers in their quarters, then in the Companic , and 
more formidable to the Country-man,thcn to the enemy, which do 
more mifcheife when their fword^s are in their fcabba/ds , then 
when they are drawn , and are more couragious in breaking up 
cherts, then in breaking of fpears ; wbich win more conqueft in 
a pitched Family , then a pitched field, and are more skilful in 
the feats of harmes, then the feats of armes, which have a better 
art in skinning of beafts, then Adverfarks, and can undo three 
widowes foon:rthcn kill one man, very drcadfull to them that 

are 



The man of yatour. 103 

are naked, but very cowards to them that are armed ; a kind of 
shamelcfTe, lawleffe generation, which torment the people like fu- 
ries, and pofleffc all places where they come, as if they were 
haunted with fpirits, men groaning whilfi they behold their faces, 
and blclling Cod when they may fee their backes, dciired of none, 
but belt beloved when they remove their ftations ; fuch as none 
delight in their prefence, and when they arc once gon, every one 
willi that they may have kQn their laft of them ; now for men 
to demean themfclves fo, that they procure the hatred of all, and 
area general execration, is this to be men of valour ? yes, when 
Adonibez,eck^ , Rabfhakjtb,Haz.ael (hall be counted valorous, 
then thefe iTiall be men of valour. The man of true valour doth 
difdaine all thefe irreligious and inhumane courfes. For as 
for his God he doth feck him early, and ferve him fhicktly, he 
think he cannot be puiflant, till he be penitent ; nor a Conquerer, 
till he be a Convert ; he think he can never fhed bloud, till he 
hath llied tears , nor kill an Enemy till he hath mortified his finns; 
he doth heal up his own wounds to draw bloud , and /hake 
off his own fetters to get Captives ; he doth bend his knees to 
buckle his foes, and doth hold up his hands to heaven to lay on 
victorious blowcs, it is not an head-piece he knows that can de- 
fend him, therefore he doth defire •, that God might coter his 
head in the day ofbattel;it is not his own military skill that he 
doth tiuft too,but he do befecch God to teach his hands to warre,&, 
his fingers to fight ; he doth put on a pure confciencc before he 
doth appear in his bright harneffe , and fend up a vow into 
heaven before he doth denounce warre ; when he hath the ar- 
mour of rightcoufneffe on the right hand and on the left, he 
then thinks he is in his compleat< armour ; yea he doth then judge 
himfclf to be a true Souldier , when he is a true Saint , and 
thus he is towards his God ; and for man , he is the man , 
were fh all we finde fuch a man ? he is a man of valour, for he 
hath conquered his paflions , he is a man of valour for he hath 
conquered his defires ; he hath in him more fortitude then fury, 
and courage then covetoulneffe ; he will not be grevious to his 
friend, nor injurious to his enemy , he doth obferve the lawes of 
a march to the one , and the honour of a truce to the other ; the 
Country shall not call him Plunderer, nor the camp shall not 

call 



HMX. 



104 7 he man of \ dour. 

call him Blood-fucker ; he hath war in his hand, but he hath not 
war in his heart, he will not fpare when men cry out defiance, nor 
he will not kill when men cry out for quarter ; he is bountifull to 
his Captaines, and mcrcifull to his Captives, he doth hate infolen- 
cy, ond difdam inhumanity ; he hath in him as much mildneffe, 
as manhood, and equanimity, as magnanimity, he is invariable 
in his trull, and noble in his conquelts, admired by his friends -, 
and honoured by his enemies. Now is there no difference be- 
tween this PhemXj and the other Harpy f yes, the other is but 
an Hermophrodlte y half a Man, this is your compleat Man, your 
true Son of Mars ; to make an abfolute fouldier he muft be more 
than a Man at armes he muft be a Man of valour. Oh thou 
mighty Man of valour. 
3. Thirdly, this doth shew that valour hath her degrees, there is 

Virgil, a Man of valour ', and there is a mighty Man of valour ; there 
Seneca. [ s the fame Spirit but feveral adminiftrations, fo there is the fame 
virtue,but feveral eminencies in it. many may haile a name ; but 
not magnum & memorablle nomern. great and memoialle name; 
no, Quis qwrat Alclda, patrem^ who can find the like to Hercu- 
les , fome may be None -likes. Fama Marcelll mlcat Inter Ignes. 
the fame of Marcellm doth retch as high as the ftarres ; David 
had many renowned fouldiers, but none attained to the honour of 
the three ; fo fome are tranfeendent worthies,hercfore let us know 
the tv , and obligation of confpicuous defcrts. We are 
bounden to all which have been beneficial to us, and let every 
one have their due efteeme, but fome have been fo highly meri- 
ting , that we havefcarce hearts enough to valew their worth, or 
tongues enough to refound their honour ; letevciy ftar have its 
brightneiTe admired, but let there be one inine before our eyes 
like a Mar of the grcateft magnitude ; let every Patriot be unto 
us like a good Angel, but let there be one like an Archangel ; let 
all the fheaves of the bretheren bow to one lneaf, let the counfel of 
Hufhal the architc carry the preeminence , let David which 
hath flain the great Gollah have the lowder feng ; I will not 
fay but the Land hath an engagement upon it to many , who 
have done lingular fervice to redeem us out of our thraledome, 
but are we not deeply indedted to one, who not only fought, 
but wrought our wellfare in a new way, in an high way, in an 

unknown 



The man of Valour. 105 

unknown way, in an unparallelled way; to whom wc owe our free- 
dome of Religion,our frecdome of trade, our la\vs,our libertics,our 
lives ; which helped us when we were hclplefle, which helped us 
when we were hopelciTe,which helped us in the dark, which helped 
us into the light, which helped us invifibly, which helped us incom- 
parably, which hath comforted us more then thoufands, which hath 
bicfTcd us more then all. Can we forget his name ? can we forget 
his title of honour? No, h% name is Gideon, and let his title of 
honour be valour in the higheft degree ; The Land hath many men 
of valour, but let him be accounted and acknowledged the mighty 
man of valour. 

This doth ferve to reprove the vilifying Detra&our, who for 
deferving men hatch nothing but depraving terms, or inftead of 
Elogies hath nothing but obloquies ; What is Gideon fuch a famous 
man ? no, know his houfe, it was but at Ophrah ; muft he be cri- 
ed up for fuch a Mirrour? we have them that are as tranfparent 
in worth as he, that are aspuifTant and more noble ; it is but the 
blandillimcnt of the times to make him fo eminent , for could 
no man have deferved the name of Conquerour but he ? yes, there 
are they that have followed the warres as long as he, and have as 
much skill in feats of arms as he, therefore why fhould he be voi- 
ced abroad to be fuch a vivl:orious perfon ? He hath the honour of 
the Conqueft, but others might have worn the Lawrel ; he had 
the Iflck of the day, but there are hundreds in the Tribes that do 
equal him both in Tadticks, and Stratagcticks. Should we but 
name our choife Sword-men,there is many a brave Spark amongft 
us could have done the deed ; yea Hi and He, if they had been in 
his place, and had had the conduct of his Army, could have made 
the Midianites run as well as Gideon. Oh courageous Souldiers 
when the victory is obtained /before the work no man durft under- 
take it, and when the work is done every one dare comment upon 
it; and inftead of being thankfull arc fpightfull,and inftead of juft 
admiration exprelTe nothing but barbarous emulation ; thus it is 
hard for defert to go without depravation, and eminency without 
envy; An Angel from heaven may give Gideon his title of ho- 
nour,but there are few Angels upon earth which will call him That 
mighty man of valour. Hqw difficult a thing is it for a tine va- 
liant man to be prized ? He never met with more enemies in the 

O field, 



106 The man of Valour. 

field, then he doth in the fh'eets,nor fought a fiercer pitched bat- 
tel for his life then he mutt for his fame. Thefe dead flies cannot 
but cortt'pt the iwcet ointment, thele Alps cannot keep their ve- 
nome within heir lips. Oh the bafe humour of detraction / oh 
the ignoble fpi lit of difdain / Stout Nehemlah met with them 
that fought out matter of an evil report to reproch him, Neh. 6.3. 
David that delivered his Country from the great Giant who dtR~ 
ed the whole Nation, and made all th#hoft to tremble, though for 
theprcfent he be brought home wich triumphant fhouts, yet he 
•iliall find a Saul that will be his perpetual Maligner, for Saul had 
an eye on David from that day forward , 1 Sam. 18.9. an evil 
eye for a good work, Saul hated David becaufe he had been the ge- 
neral Prefer ver of King and Kingdome ; and becaufe he had his 
jult praife for his heroickattempt, not onely killing the Giant, but 
driving the whole Army of the Philiftins out of the Country ; 
and befides he met with a mercileiTe Famicide, and a reproachful! 
Detra6ler , Nabal, which with an impudent mouth traduced 
him, as if he had been a man of no worth,nor ever had done any 
thing which fhould deferve a name of dignity and honour in the 
Land, for who is this David ? who is this (on of IJhal ? there are 
many men now adayes which breakaway every man from his Ma- 
fter, 1 Sam. 25,10. Breakaway, when Nabal is run out of his 
wits, then David iliall be a Runagate ; when the man cannot 
find out a reall crime, he will take up any thing that can bear the 
fhew and lhadow of difgrace to afperfc his reputation withall.And 
though this be not generally exemplary in this Nation,for our King 
is as Royall in valuing omDavld, as David himfelf was noble in 
procuring the BleiTing ; next the happineffe, we are happy in no- 
thing more then in feeing a Princely Rewarder as well as an Illu- 
ftrious Conquerour, a peerlefle pair in their feverall degrees ; and 
there be likewife very many of honourable fpirits and generous 
hearts, which grudge no cfteem nor veneration to fuch a tranfeen- 
dent A£t, but would make the man invaluable and the work monu- 
mental, and if they could,would immortalize both ; yet there is a 
fplenative generation which would, and do eclipfe the one/and ob- 
tenebrate the other, which would neither have the man fo memo- 
rable nor the work fo admirable, but would if they could, make 
boj>h dcfpicable. H .. 

Ecce 






The man of Valour. 107 

Ecce iter urn nigros corrodlt livid us ungues. | M<trtul. 

This blew-faced, fthy-henrted , worth-fretting , virtue -mincing 
Creature, is ever gnawing hi* blach^nails, there is no noble biith 
burthat which doth call him Father, nor a perfect fteel blade but 
that which he hath tempered. The man is in cktp love with him- 
felf therefore he dotrrknow none to be his Better ; he hath not the 
heart ( kind foul ) to think himfelf evil, nor to acknowledge ano- 
thcrs ^ood ; he is ^loriovs, vain-glorious to himfelf, that he would 
if he were able make all elfe inglorious; inftead of valuing, he 
is notable at vilifying ; inftead of perpetuating others mens noble 
actions, he hath an as: N himfelf of pertcnuating. The ^ en -^°^. 
hirer is ever blackening white, and clodding bright. Tu quod bo- ~ ranh 
vi eft excerpis, diets quod mali eft , Thou art ever biting off that Bern. 
winch is good, and the fpittle of thy lips is of nothing but that 
which is evil ; thou haft a pencil for thine own actions, and thou 
haft a fpunge for others mens; thou art a S:age-builder for thy 
felf, and a Grave-maker to thy brother. How many valiant men 
have met with thefe Levellers / Epaminondas after his famous Leu- 
6trian victory, had (o many fecretand open Repiners, that he had B a £** n ' m 
his Command taken from him, and was inforced afterwards to 
ferve in an exreciidon againft Alexander the Tyrant of Sicily 
as a common Souldier. Scipio the fplcndour of Rome , after the 
prizclefTe fervices which he had done for Rome, was fo fpighrcd and SabelUr* 
fplccned, for that he muft be cried up for the onely glorious man, nn *' 
that in conclu/ion he was rewarded with nothing but reproach, and 
was bafnrfhed to Lintemum. Hannibal had his Hanno chattering 
againft him at Carthage; Simias envied Pericles, Aclm*onThe r 
miftocles, and Clodius Tompey. Yea, there is not a Worthy which 
doth walk upon earth but he-hath his Caeodaemon a: his backhand 
doth find one black Raven or other croaking in his ears. As 
h 1 !-patcd Caligula canfed all the beautifull Youths in Rome to be 
fhaven to disfigure them; fo many which have not a good hair up- 
on their own heads, have notwichftanding their Ra fours in their 
hands to be Shearers and Detonfors of the beautifull locks of other 
mens reputations. But what a Icandalous thing is this to malign 
other mens fames ? and to decerp or pare that which they cannot 
equal? that every Faint-heart will judge the Heroicall, andeVery 
Pttitc in proweiTe willblaftr/tf mighty man of valour f But oh 

O 2 ye 



i o 3 The man of Valour. 

- ~.:cing and* depraving. 

become yo« tori - . credit, and raviirithe 

of the caiocDt ?B - I : n :er the lifts againil die Cham- 

i Djel -gamit his honour f Dare 
. -ire ye creadupoa 
f your bur-bolts Ekc ? this is inhu- 

manity, yea p._ ragnanimiry 

mI report 

_ : ."urn, and ye never did deferve. But 

g ._ ...- nah:.. s vorth lhall ; c pegett -nd his name 

veman:. He hathdrr.. i enaagkto do, and 

:._..: r IB banc :: .: ; Hid i:~:ed i: with that 

. : i "dome, confidence md courage, as if he had had the 

s of ail the wife Sages, 

anc net :"_.::. : . . d Champions of the whole 

N_: .s Osf pe: . : and : : . i .. as there had been 

many arterr: - r:> ir^z rhe Land from fh i ::her it was 

provider. ;lfe in Parties, or 

af.: rcldneffe in an a c ever profpercd or 

ha j : bkned clo'e, : ifecrated from above, God 

g • ned : all the : : : : hands to heaven ( which we 

have heard af before ) dourtierTe this mans hand was lift up many 

Cl : them ; if their hands touched the gates of heaven, 

this mans hand touch: & : - 1 very Throne af God, it was lift up, 

i- . i : : J - : - BldTing, as rhe oldeft man, or the oldeft 

Z - . have heard in thefe 

. :e, but let Friends and Enemies 
(peak, ax :•;::: -rial providence. In the 

t . . e Land, in the fight of the whole world, hath not 

pr : : speared here in her tAcme ? yes, fince the Redemp : i - 

on . * -: - . rized providence ; and I truttthati: 

will be as immr-zable as it is incomparabfc ; not cnely a perrriilive, 
but a permanent providence, fetled and fealed to theKingdome, 
thai ge fhall find the comfort,and after-ages the conftancy of 

. : . He ■ : Jd we ever have enjoyed this^f the Lord had no: made 
this Land the Centre of his Divine favour ? yes, There the L*r& 
tfptmtei m blejjing, and I hope we may go on and fay, A*d life 
rjj pw ^ PH. 155.4, And I fay the Lord, for could Gideon 

ever 



Tbi man of Valour. 109 

ever have done this without a fpecial afTiftance out of heaven > no, 
quertionleffe the Lord flood at his right hand, fent him forth, 
ftrengthcncd, and flickered him, gave him will,judgemcnt, courage, 
fidelity to frame this grand Mifter-piece of a National prefcrvati- 
on ; not onely good fuccefle was with our Gideon^ but the Lord 
was with him. He is blind which doth not fee /f , he is ungrate- c*ctu eft, 
full which doth not confefe It. And hath the Lord been with 7*' »o» 
him, and wilt not thou be with him? not value him whom die T ^ pr, "*l 
Lord hath prized ? not magnifie him whom the Lord hath digni- jjJJ ™„ 
fied ? yes, if thou wilt not honour him for the works fake, honour confiutuu 
him for the Lords fake. Let all take heed how they reject him, left <*»& 
God pronounce on his fide, and fay, They have not cafl thee arvay^ 
hut they have cafl me away ; for he is the man whom the Lord 
hath taken by the hand, and moft eminently declared him to be 
his Agent in this miraculous and extenflve blelhng. If for all this 
the haughty hearts will not leave fwelling,and the cenfuring tongues 
not wax filent, fcorn on till ye make your felves fcorns. If ye wil 
not give him his Camp-right, his Conqucring-right, yet in fpight 
of all your obftrcperous and obftrigillant fpirits, your Betters fliall 
honour him, and all the Ingenuous of the Land mall call him U- 
luftrious, yea doubtlefie my Gideon hath an hymn fung to him in 
heaven, he hath fame in that Court, he is there acknowledged un- 
der God prlmlpllaris , *o#tps , Captain-General. Some Angel 
or other will give him due and high praifes,and be his lowd-found- 
ing Clarion to puhlifli his title of honour , calling him Gideon 
the puijfant, the great Conquerour, The mighty man of valour. 
Oh thou mighty man of valour. 

Thus have I made a general explication of the feveral parts of 
my Text, give me leave to make a particular application to the un- 
happy and happy accidents which we have furfered under, and 
been delivered from ; fome glances I have cart upon the Subject 
before, but fuch a remarkable Spectacle ( and we have been made 
Speciaculum^ a Spectacle to the whole world ) would be looked 
upon with a broad eye. Is there no refemblance between our ftate 
and the ftate of Ifrael } yes, Face doth anfwerface in water. One 
balance will ferve for us both, 

Nee hacplus parte fedet, nee fur git ab llla^ 

It doth fall and rife to both alike. Sure lam the mifcries of both 

O 3 are 



no The man of valour. 

arc as like one to another, as the two great thunderbolts were in 
*ir m ' Germany, the one of which fell in the reigm of Ot h* the grcat^ 
and the other in the reign of ^Maximilian the firit. Thelfra- 
elites ferved as Slaves under the Midianites, and were not we for 
many years bound Apprentices under our Tyrannical! Matters ? 
yes, and our fervitude and thraldome much alike. * 

x For fnfr,as the Midianites rifled the Countrey, fo did not we 

live under old "Plunderers f we did fow and others reaped, wc fed 
beafts and others made banquets with them ; the whole wealth oS: 
the Land was but a State-ftock and a Camp-fee ; what devifes were 
there to fcrue out eftates by Excife, Taxes, Sequeftrations, Decima- 
tions, and what not ? never did there fuch inft rumen ts of iron 
threfh in a Nation, we were damped like grapes in a Wine-preiTe*. 

Ctcerol, 2. a s L syji a f et U p n j s fp ear? an d faid, that fpear muft be maintain- 

°^ s ' ed with the wealth of the Country, whereby he drew to him the 
riches of all good men and wealthy men ; lb we paid dearly for 
our Spear, the fixing of that coft. this Nation many Millions ; all 
the filver ftreams of our Jordan did but run into that dead Sea ; 
all callings were but Journimen for the ravenous and infatiable 
Souldier ; So that in this we did both of us 

Horat. -- — fpadonibtts fervlre rugojis, 

Epod.g. fervc under rough-skinned Eunuchs. 

2. Secondly, as the Midianites fcoffed at the Ifraelitcs, See hovt 

thefeHebrews creep ont of their holes^io thefe poiTcfTed our houfes, 
and drave us into caves, and if we did but ftiew our heads we 
were fure to be called Creepers. We were fmittenwith their rods, 

Va\. M**. an( ^ froitten with their tongues. For as Valerius Cftlaximu* laid 
of Pompey^ that fortlffimum el erat maledlcere, His greater!: va- 
lour was in railing; fo fuch valiant men we met with, who were pu- 
iffant in checks and derifions ; they caff us out of our juft inheri- 
tances, and thev,caft out our names as evil ; they persecuted us with 
their language, as well as their ufagc. We were taken up in the 
lips of talkers, and the very Abjecls made Songs of rs. Bccaufc 
we would not yield them oureftates we were Malignants, becaufc 
we would not give them our confeiences we were popilhly affected, 
becaufe we. would not fubmit to inch lawfull Governours we were 
Rebels ; oh merry Age for Nicknames ! Our Midianites had the 
gift of mocks and fcoffes. Did ever people live under a more in- 

fultkig, 



The man of Valour. in « 

(biting, deriding generation ? they faid they were full of the fpirit, 
. but they had very little humanity in them ; they faid they had cir- 
ci'ir.cifcd lips, and yet they (hewed the fore-skin of taunts uncut ; 
they could draw out the tongue and ihoot out the lip beyond any 
other ; men of bitter ipirits and bitter language ; we were made 
gazing-ftocks among/t them, not onely by afflictions, but alfo by 
reproaches,//^. 10. 33. 

" Thirdly, as the Midianites had their fubtilties, for they vexed 3. 
the Ifraelites with their wiles , fo had not we cunning Impoftours ^hx, ah 
to deal with ? yes, as Tiberius made a law for to dcccive,fo a man ^ (x ' 3 ' 
would have thought that thefe had the legiflative power of cir- 
cumvention ; Our Midianite was the ^reat craft-matter of the 
world , 

Sifyphus interris, quo non aflutior alter . 
Were we not inchanted into a Free-ftate , till there were nothing 
but chains to be feen ? and into Keepers of liberties, till there was 
not one priviledge of the Subjects remaining ? and into a Com- 
mittee of Safety till no man was fafe , but every man ftood in fear 
of his life ? and into the purity of the Gofpel , till our Orthodox 
faith was even taken away • for our Church-doors were even upon 
the point to be locked up , nay our Churches to be rafed to the 
ground , and our Church-men to be lilenced, either with death, or 
deprivation ? we were brought to that mile; able plight, that it 
might be faid, This is Sion y th\s is the wafted Kingdome, and the 
ruined Church. 

Sat patri&^^riamoque datum , tt 

There had been enough of defolation to be feen amongft us to ex- #^. " 
tirpate the memory ofa flour iihing Countrey , an ancient King- 
dome, and a famous Church. For was there not the general Gib- 
bet fct up to execute a whole Nation ? if Lambert had returned 
Conqucrour out of the North, what had we been but (laves all the 
Land over ? We were looked upon with a foure brow, and fpoken 
to with fulminating lips., a fatal rumour, was fpread through the 
whole Land , 

Prxfentemque viris intent ant omnia mortem , Tjrgi 

All things that we faw or heard threatned nothing but immi- 
nent deftruction. Doubtleffe there had either been a general Ba- 
nishment , or a .general Maffacre. For they had given out that 

they 



in The man of Valour. 

they would have left never a Noble-man, Gentleman,Clcrgy-man, 
Judge , Magiftrate , or any man of power, which fliould counte- 
nance a refiftance againft them ; no, they were refolved to fettle all 
things for thcfuture,:hat no man nSould whifper,or peep,lift up an 
hand or tongue again!! them; they were fo felfe-fure,that they pro- 
phefied,77^ there fhonld never be an Infurreclion till t he Re fur re- 
Elion.Oh. bloudy resolutions / Oh doleful & difmal times to thin/c 
on / But when we were full of nothing but frights and ftrei^hts , 
rage and rapine, ruth and ruine, fears and tears ; our goods and 
good names, confidences and confeiences , lawes and necks lyin<* 
open to the ftab, and bleeding to death, every one looking with 
difpairing countenances, and taking their laft fad farewell of one 
another, as if they fhould never live to fee again any face of true 
welfare in this Kingdome, did not God by miracle raife up a De- 
liverer t yes, and me think here is 

Afiyanaftis imago , 

The very lively image, and vifageof Gideon, Did he not liv« 
under the Oake oiOphrah, in the tribe of CManaJfeth , at one of 
the farther parts of the Land , as if God from farre would fetch 
fafety , or no place were fo diftant , but God could bring a pre- 
ferving Meffengcr out of it ? Well God calls,and Gideon doth pre- 
pare for the journey. And what was the firft work that he took in 
hand I was it not the deftroying of the altar of Baal} yes,his name 
is Gideon fie his firname is Jcrttbbaal ; For when the faith of God 
was even upon the corrupting , and the government of the Church 
upon the altering, and the fchooles of the Prophets even upon the 
plucking down,did he not lay for the ground of the wane, that the 
old proteftant faith muft not be innovated,that the Government of 
the Church muft not be abrogated, that the maintenance of Clergi- 
men, and the Univerfities muft not be feifed upon ? oh Deliver- 
ance fettled upon a pious foundation / oh devout Gideon , which 
hadft fuch gratious motions infpired into thy heart , thou vvert Jf- 
rubbaal,2Xi& now Jerubmidian^ let Mldian plead for himfelf ; the 
breaking down oiBaal will be the bruiftng,uSivering,i"hattering of 
Mldian ; thou wen zealous for thy God , thy God will be jealous 
over thee ; his eye (hall watch over thee, his right hand fhall be 
ftretched over thy head to fecure thee ; thou wert thrcatned to be 
torne in pieces for deftroying Baal , Bring forth thy Sonne that 

he 



The man of Valour. 11 3 

he may die.How great were thy dangers without the Land,& with- 
in the Land ? nothing but taunts, and threats againft Gideon ; they 
thought to have beaten thee into *s many pieces,as thouhadft done 
Baal ; a crufhed creature thou wert in their opinions, refolutions, 
and vaunts ; But in vain Is the net laid before the bird that hath 
eyes. The Lord watched between thee and them, the Eternal 
was thy refuge, and thou wert fafe under his everlafting armes, he 
that keeps the feet of his Saints kept thine , he hid thee in his pavi- 
lion, and in the fecret of his Tabernacle , he was thy ftrong wall 
againft the blaft of the terrible Ones ; thou beganneft with God, 
and he never forfook thee , thou wert continually bleffed with his 
providence, protection, and prefence , The Lord was with thee. 
And did it not appear ? yes, thou no fooner didft blow thy Trum- 
pet, but the Lord fent thee in an army, 

Vndiqtie convenlunt Teucri^ ml fit que S leant , 
Scotch and Englifli came flocking to thee from all parts. But as 
God would not have the work wrought by multitudes , left Ifrael 
fhould fay my hand hath faved me ; So did not God put it into 
the heart of our Gideon not to appcare with a numerous hoft? yes, 
he might have had Soldiers enough, but to fhew that he would 
, reft upon the arme of God, the arme of flelli was very weak. With 
what defpicable forces did our Gideon apearfan handful of men,the 
very gleanings of a Camp; who would ever have thought that fuch 
an halfe-faced Army fliould have dared to have appeared upon the 
borders, much leiTe have entred the Nation, and gone through the 
length, and breadth of the Land ? Leonidas at ThermopiU with 
a few troops (as it were) oppofe the great Xerxes with an army 
contayning no lefle (as Herodot. I. J.Juftin.l. 2. Sabell. I. 2. 
Enn. 3.) then twenty hundred thouland men , that the two 
great rivers of Scamander and Lyffus were not able to give his 
horfes water enough to drink ? So our Gideon with a legion op- 
pofe the Mldlanltes with numbers , ammunition , and all manner 
of warlike preparation? no, a man would have deemed that Gide- 
on with his forces had been fitter to come and viftt friends , then 
incounter enemies; or appear for an hunting Voyage,rather then a 
fet battel ; but Gideon brought the Lord along with him , and as 
Afah faid,/V is all one to him to fave with many , or with few. 2. 
Chron. 14. 11, fo it pleafed God to bleflfe this inconfiderable 

P Anny, 



l f4 The man of valour. 

Army , and to make it an invincible Army. We cannot think 
that man alone being no better manned could ever have difper- 
led fuch forces , no it was He, 

$twt(4 in Cujus nutu Jimul extreml 

^i 4m * Tremuere poll, generis noflrl Jupiter auflor , 

Our great Creatour , at whofe beck both the Poles do tremble , 
which made fuch an Army give back, and turn their backs. We 
cannot ,. we will not afcribe it to humane ftrength barely ; no, it 
was the Sword of the Lord, and Gideon. Further, as the Midla- 
nltes had a dream that Gideon would work their overthrow, for 
Behold a certain man dreamed a dream, and told it to his neigh- 
bour, andfald,Behold I dreamed a dr earn, and a cake of barley 
bread tumbled from above Into the hofi of Midian , and came unto 
a tent, and [mote It , that It fell and overturned It, that the tent 
fell down. And his Fellow anfwered and (aid, this is nothing 
elfe fave the fword of Gideon the fonne of Joafh a man of Ifrael y 
for Into his hand hath God delivered Midian,~c^ all the hofi,]ud^. 
7. 1 3,-14. And went there not a ft range prefage amonft our Ad- 
verfaries that our Gideon would be the ruine of their good old 
caufe ? yes, his firft riling w ! as a ftrange confternation to many of 
them , and his march was a dread to the ftouteft of them , though 
fome carried on all with vapouring and vaunting ,, and counted it 
a forlorn attempt , faying, that Traytors were mad to draw out 
them to go fetch them home to the bloud-axe , and faid that the 
Settlement of their caufe muft be confecrated with the bloud of 
their Enemies, and that royal Charles Stuart had gotten but a bad 
iphnter for his broken bone, and that they muft be troubled 
twice to conquer Scotland, and that they would bury all Rebellion 
under this graveftone, and that this fhould be the Coronation-fo- 
lemnity to fet Chrift Jefus in his Throne with Majefty , and that 
after that Army overthrown, the Saints fhould reign, and appear 
like Crowned Creatures to all the earth ; and many fuch frolicks, 
and infulfe boafts the high ranting Phanaticks had ; yet the more 
fobcr party amongft them were not halfe fo lufty and inflate, no, 
they heard of the newes with anguifh , and went out with an 
ill will, very low and calm i and flat, they were full of 
fufpicions, and fad predictions , and divined that this man 
would give the check to all their haughty undertakings , and dc- 
p- ive them of the glory of all their former victories , the Axe was 



The man of Valour. 115 

brought forth to hew up the root of their flourillnng tree, the 
Pick-axe was at work to dig up the very foundation of their 
glorious ftmc-lure ; that as Caligula drcam'd that he talked with 
the Sea to fhew the inundation of Ana'Imates which fhould 
take away his life ; and Nero that failing in a lliip the rudder was 
wrcftcd out of his hand, which ftgnified that his Government was 
at an end, and Otho that the Manes of Galba vexed him , which 
foretold that he mi;ft die by the hands of Vltelllus for that cruel. 
murther ; So thefc men were full of nothing but dreams and dreads 
that their bloudy caufe would have a blond y end. Ah this Gideon^ 
this Gideon will be the fatal Conquerour over the Midiamtes ! our 
wafts and our wiles, our free-booty and frcc-quarter,our incroach- 
merits and inchantmems , our Lording it in Delinquents eftatcs 
and King-lands are even at the laft gafp , 

hlcftablt clvlllbus exltus arwis , 

We fhall be able to lengthen out the civil wars no longer ; we have 
ha raffed the Country , and like Tigers fucked bioud , but the 
Huntfman is come forth , and the wild beaft muft lofe his skin. 
Ah this Gideon, this Gideon will hinder the braved: range that e- 
Tcr was, we fhall not break open thefe fame Israelites doores, nor 
-carry away their furniture in their fight, nor lie in their beds at 
pleaiure, nor feaft our felves with their provifton to the fatiating of 
our appetites, nor drive them into their caves, nor dig in their 
bowels to try the points of our weapons, nor infult upon their 
Judgcs,nor brave upon their Priefts,nor (trip their Merchants any 
longer ; oh we had a brave free Mart for a while , but it is even 
at an end, the Mldianlte from henceforth will be a pitifull fellow, 
be will Icarce have a {word in his hand , or a word in his lips, but 
be glad to hear of all his outrages with patience, and not whifper, 
left his skin fmart for his tongue ; oh what a dumb and delpica- 
ble Daft will the imperious Mldianlte be , and for all this may we 
thank this Tame active (Jldeon ! ah woe and alas that ever we heard 
of this Gideon ; we hear of him to our difmaying, and we fhall 
fee him to our utcer mine. And happened it not fo ? yes, Gideon 
no f ooner appeared, but the Midiamtes are vaniftied , they are 
readier to cut their own throats, then to make a ftroke at Gideon \ 
An dour Gideon was no fooner feen upon the borders,but in a ihort 
time the whole Army was in an uproare,a general tumuk there was, 

P 2 Incer- 



u6 The man of Valour. 

Incertl quo fata ferant 

B:ing uncertain to what deftiny they were appointed, yea before 
they faw the face of Gideon , the Mldlanites are in a rout , they 
threw down their arms, and left their Commander in chief naked 
in the field, and he that threatned to beat the mountains to dull, 
to rend in pieces rocks like rotten threds, to fhake down all the 
pillars of the Land at a blaft, to lead the Lion in a ftring, to build 
a Babel that fhould reach up to heaven,to bring out of his brain a 
Minerva that fhould teach all the Nation new principles of fub- 
lime wifdome,to blow up the fundamental laws with an earthquake, 
and to pluck down the brighteft ftarrs in our Firmament , to have 
been more famous then ever was Pericles , Themlftocles, Achilles, 
Atlas, or Hercules the great, now like a pale, quaking, difmayed, 
difcruciated creature, he is at his wits end, and as ready to run as 
the quickeft of foot, or he that was firft in the fright or flight, yea 
like one confounded in himfelf he doth not know to what place to 
turn his face or foot, or where to hide his ominous and odious head, 
he doth leave himfelf to the mercy of Gideon rather then lift up a 
manly hand to defend his puiftant corps or pious caufe. So that 
the dream is true, and the interpretation of it is found in the bare 
field. Ah this Gideon hath left the tents of the LMldianltes em- 
pty / the poor Mldlanites may now go fing Dorfa damns, pedem 
retro ferlmus, fuga rebus confullmm x or Quo nunc fe prorlplt ? 
Well, now the flight ispaft,the Camp hath not a Souldier left in 
it, and what doth there now want for a compleat victory? no,(j/- 
deon is conquerour, the Lord hath been with him , and appeared 
for him, and what doth there now remain,but that all Ifrael fhould 
goc forth and meet him, and call him Deliverer, and give him his 
true Title of Honour, even to ftile him The mighty man of valour. 
The Lord is with thee thou mighty man of valour. 

Well, the Mldlanltes are gone , the Ifraelltes may now goe 
home and take poffetfion of their juft rights , they are owners a- 
gain, they have now reft from all their enemies , God hath broken 
the bow and the fword, and the battell out of the Land, and is not 
this a ftrange change, that inftead of cries they have fongs, inftead 
of taunts they have triumphs , inftead of fpoiling of their goods 
they have the fruit of their labours, inftead of thraldomc they have 
frecdome ? how could God have been more benign, Gideon more- 
ben efi- 



The man of y dour. 117 

beneficial, or Ifrael 'more happy ? well then let God be praifcd, 
Gideon honoured, and Ifrael cleanfed. 

Firft, let God be praifcd, for was it God that heard the groanes 
of the Ifraelites , pitied their fufferings, raifed up a Gideon>znd 
profpered his attemps > oh then that this God fhould not be 
known , that he can be forgotten, that we should not kiffe his 
hand, and Sacrifice to his goodneffe ; yes the magnifying of 
God we fhould make it our full , our forwarder!, and our fer- 
venteft worke ; we fhould not flay too long from it, nor break off 
too foon, nor end too torpulently ; oh that fuch a mercy fhould 
be a ftilborne child, that now wc fhould not rejoyce at the birth of 
it, that we fhould not embrace it in our armes, that we fhould not 
bleffe our felves in the beauty of it, that we fhould not give it it's 
Chriltendome; wherefore have we hearts, eyes, tongues, and feet, 
if our hearts should not be tranfported, if our eyes should not 
be dazelcd, if our tongues fhould not chaunt, and our feet fhould 
nor leap at fuch a deliverance ? yes, we fhould eat our bread with 
joy, break forth into ringing, have the voices of them that fhout 
for mafterie, fet up our banners for tokens ; we fhould grave fuch 
a blelTing upon pillars, write it upon the ftarrs, fend our pofts in- 
to heaven to carry news of our gratitude. Gratiojiora funt Ca r.^i 
pr&coma, quam trlbuta, Our praifes are more accep:able then lg ' " 
our tributes, for our affections are dearer to God, then the richeft 
prefents we can tender to him ; not that die laft fhould be want- 
ing, but that the firft are moft pleafing, and precious. Pene om- Oreg. i. 
ne quod de Deo dicttur , eo ipfo indlgnum efl, quomodo enim el Morat - 
ftifficit loqnens lingua } Every thing which is Ipcken of God is 
unworthy of him, for how can a fpeaking tongue be ftifficient for 
his rich mercies ? Oh then that we that can do nothing but fpeak **&&** 
do remain mute under his favours,and that we which we cannot e- ^Tj"' 
quail them will not magnify them/ Et habere te cognofce^ & ni- nimim *' 
hil ex te habere^ ut nee fuperbm fs nee ingratus, Know both meam, 
thou haft a thing,& that thou haft it not of thy felf,that thou maid luiafinfc 
not be proud, nor unthankful. But how do we teftify that we 
have a thing, if we do not acknowledge it ? or how are we not 
proud in our felves, if we be unthankfull to our God ? It is an 
heavy thing, when Prafiita dona non n timer ant #r,Mercics vouch- Cafiod, 
fafed are not kept upon the tally ; or that amongft the reft of the 

P 3 Arithmctick 



ii8 The man of Vatotir. 

Arithmctick, which wee do life, we do not cipher up Gods fa- 
vours. We can do little for God, if wc cannot blefle him. Oh 
then for this high mercy, which God hath vouchfafed unto, us, 
that we iriould onely bellow the looking on it, or a greedy en- 
joyment of it, and have no memory of the mercy after wc have 
gotten the participation of it/ There are ten that are cleanfed y 
where are the nine ? A whole Nation hath been cleanfed, where 
is the generality of the Land, which hath returned to give thanks? 
I am afraid that many have talked of the deliverance, which have 
not extolled the Author for it , which have bought a new fuit 
for it,but not fung a new fong for it;which have drunk healths for 
the joy of it, but not taken the cup of Salvation to pay their 
vowes unto the Lord for it. God hath pleaded our caufe, but 
hath he his lawyers fees ? We are cured, but have we paid our 
Phyfician well .? are we full of the mercy of God ? then' what is 
this but indevotion, impudence,impiety, a fear and a curfe to be 
•ungratefull f to what end elfe is the zeal of profelHon ? to what 
end elfe are the fongs of the Temple ? we have not facrificed 
rightly to the blelfing, till God hath received the free-will offe- 
rings of our moutheS) Pfal. 119. 108. The fruit of our lips. 
Heo. 13.15. is better then the noife of our bels, or our muli- 
cal inftruments, or the roareing of our Ordnance. Then do wc 
confecrate the blclilng when wc glorify Gods name •, let us remem- 
ber, t hat God doth Inhabit e the pralfes of Ifrael. Pf. 22. 3. Oh 
•then hath God fetled us in our dciircd poiTeifions, and will we not 
fuffer him to dwell in his proper habitation ? or hath he provided 
us dwellings,&: will not wc permit him to have a Man/ion amon^fl 
us f oh let us know that our praifes are his palace , or if ye will 
our lips are his fan£tuaries. Seeing God then hath brought us 
again to goodly refting places, let us allow him houfe-room a- 
mongft us, and let us not lliut him out of his two leafed mufick- 
chamber , or deprive him of his facrcd Quire. Oh then 
feeing God hath vifited us with fuch a high return of bleflincs 
let us fay fih God pralfe waiteth for thee In S Ion. Pfal. 6$. 1. 
Yea if God hath beitowed a lich banquet upon us, let us thank 
our Feaftmaker, if he be our King, let us crown him with praifes ; 
let us endeavour to be called the magnifying Nation, the thankful! 
Kingdome ; Shame to him that hath gotten his fetters off from 

his 



Thi man of Valour. «9 

his heelcs, or his keye s into his hands, or the profit of his rents, 
or the benefits of his laws, or an cafe from Troopers, or an ex- 
ereifc of his religion, and hath not paid unto God his Safety- 
debt, oh that for fiich a National happineffe there fhould not be 
a National 1 ymn / are the (JM'idianitcs gon ? how come the 
Country auk of tliem > they would have fixed their Stations here 
if the Lo;d had not railed up a Gideon. Oh then for this Land- 
ringing, Earth-ecchoing mercy praife God in the highefi. 

Secondly, let Gideon be honoured. For though God were the 
principal Authour, yet Gideon under God was the prime Agent. 
As the Man is, fo is his firength ; and as the Man is fo is his 
mafter-piece. Let him be called a mighty Man of valour for his 
mighty deliverance, it was a quick, a timely, a (hange, a gentle, 
a miraculous,a large and a lading deliverance. 

A quick deliverance, for Gideon did but appear, and the Mi- T. 
dianites fled ; f o our Gideon did but (hew his face, and the Army 
was difperfed ; their overthrow dajhed upon them like aftorme 
Ezeck. 38. Ortheir deftruttion came as awhirlewind, Prov. i.plut.in 
27. In matters of war plurimum habet moment i celeritas, Ce- Jpofn* 
lerity is of high moment, then this was a true expedition, which 
was difpatched on the fuddain, for he did but come , and over- 
come , as it is faid of the victory, which Julius Cafar won of 
J?harnax. 

2. A timely deliverance, for had the Mid lanltes prevailed at 
that time, the Ifraelites in all likely-hood could never have lifted 
up their heads with freedome and honour againc, yet then Gideon 
arofe,and the Midianites were fcattered. So our Gideon gave us 
a feafonable deliverance, even when the Granadoes were brought 
into 3fc City to fire it, and the Aldermen ready to be hung up 
in their golden chatnes, and all the loyal perfons of the Nation 
defigned to be either imprifoned, banifhed or executed ; yet in the 
midil of all thefe feares and terrours , and impending miferies 
we were plucked like brands out of the fire, we had a refuge in 
due time, even in the needfull time of trouble, 

HVec tampr&fentes alibi cognofcere divos, Ovid. 

God himferf was never prefent at a greater (height, nor with 
more fpeed haftened his a^ent, 

Vela Ztphyris^ latere pennio' — ~ Yfrg& 



no The man of valour^ 

— —fuglt ir re par tub He temp us. 
3* A ftrange deliverance, for when the Midianites ovcrfpre^d 
the whole Land; then Gideon freed his Country. So our Gideon 
freed us,when we had neither an army formed, nor fhipping, nor 
Caftles,yet then their army disbanded, their Shipping fubmitted, 
and their Catties were new garrifond,what agajnft fuch a formida- 
ble ftrength to fubdue all ftrengths, is not this Arrange? yes, 

Ovid 1 a. vlfum mirablle cuntlls; 

Met. Every man that faw it. 

v "&'}} ■ Obftupnlt varia confufm imag Ine rerum. 

m ' A gentle deliverance, for Gideon loft not a man in the Con- 
4' queft : So our Gideon had not a drop of bloud died in his vi£ta- 
amo Si- r y« Oh it is a comfortable, and an honorable thing to fee a vi&- 
cyoniiho- our hold up a white hand, and to come out of the field with 
nor/pit, Enfignes in their fiift dy, that not a bone hath been broken, nor a 
quodpa gafping creature laid upon the ground. Ufually battles are not 
tyrannide tnus won > but r ^ e ^ worc ^ devours till it be fatiated with bloud, 
tticoclis m ens carkafTes fall like dung upon the earth, the Land is foaked 
abfyue with bloud, the flu eld of the mighty is made red, and bloud comes 
ftnguine U p t0 tne Horfe-bridles. But look upon our vidtour, and he brings 
i, , er * vt f' , not fo much as one wounded man in his whole holt, there was no- 
^trato. ' thing broken, but a few broken pitchers, al] the Midianites chaf- 
ed away without a bloudy fide, or a brufed limne. Oh gentle de- 
liverance, all this was done fine mi lit is u[n y I do not fay without 
the prefence, but the ufe of a fouldier. 
e A miraculous deliverance, for wonderfull it was that God 

fhould chofe Gideon to be the prefcrver of Ifrael, fo was it that 
God under the oak r>?Ophrah faould find out our Tutelar Heroe. 
can any good thing come out of Nazareth > So can any good 
thing come out of that inaufpicious Country > yet out of Egypt 
have I called my Son, out of that finifter Nation came our dex- 
terous Manumiftbr. That Nation which was wont to bridle Kings, 
and fpur them, and flay them too,now gave afllitcnce to rceftab- 
liih a King. What Saul among the Prophets? Scotland amongft 
thofe Nations who would reinthrone a King ? half the two hun- 
dred thoufand pounds for this very a& may be rebated ? that was 
the price of bloud, this was the price of life ; that fold a Crown, 
this was earneft-mony to buy one ; yet the Samaritan laid down 

his 



The man of Valour. 1 a* 

his two pence , Out of the eater there came meat, that Scotland 
fhould ever be fo kind it was a miracle ; fecondly it was wonder- 
ful that Gideon might have affaultcd the Mldlanites with two and 
twenty thoufand men, and yet by divine appointment he carried 
alon^ with him oncly three hundred men ; and as wonderfull it 
was "that our Gideon might have had a punTant Army, and yet 
God put it into his heart to appear onely with a fele6t com- 
pany that could lap water with their tongues , now that fo 
great a victory fhould be obteined by fuch weak forces, was it not 
a miracle ? thirdly it was wonderful , that the Mldlanites (lew 
one another, For the Lord fet every mans [word upon his neigh- 
bour, 7jofh. 22. and as wonderful it was that we fhould have 
a fpirit of diyiiion in the Land, when our Gideon entred , far 
what fractions , litigations, altercations, rancour , and deadly 
fetids were there between the infolent Army,and the arrogant Non- 
tf//>/7,fnafte,drcgs of a Parliament? they which had ca(t in their lots 
together & had one common purfe,& one common fword to robbe 
all that they met, yet now thef* old high-way men cannotagree 
amongft themfclves , but the confederacy break out into a conteft, 
and a bitter jarre , and rent. Now that fuch fworn friends 
fhould become fo interline and inplacable enemies , was not 
this, a miracle ? and that our Gideon, and Phnrah his man fhould 
cxpofe themfelves to fuch hazards, and yst come off fafely, and 
that all fhould be done in the night , the dark, that our Gideon 
was upon the Mldlanites before they fufpected an enemy , his in- 
tencions being fo referved , that he would truft none with the 
keeping of the key of his clofet, but his own heart ? and that by 
blowing of trumpets, and Iampes in pitchers, by madenoifes, and 
brave invented lights ( neat ftratagems being as lawful inwarre, 
as furious charges ) a fright fhould be ftruck into the Hod of Mi- 
di an, and the whole camp break up, and break in pieces, were not 
all thefe miracles f yes, I could fhew you /(me think ) a feries of 
wonders throughout the whole palTage. The Lord was with hlm y 
and fhon upon him with fome of his owne celeftial beames to give 
him clear light in all his undertakings. IW/> this appertain to Man 
oh Lord God ? 2 Sam. 7. * 1 9. no , humane forcfight and 
perfpicacity, could never have effected all thefe things in fuch a 
profperous and aftoniihable wzyXherc is a fpirit in a man but the 

Q^ infplration 



1 2X The man of Valour. 

ittfptratioa of the Almighty glveth underftandlng, Job. 32.8. 
Wc may fliew the figns and wonders which the high God hath 
wrought towards us;how great are his figns, and how mighty are his 
wonders} Dan.4.2,3 # Surc I am,by the heavenly afliftence and illu- 
mination, never any bufineffe was carried on more privily, prudent- 
ly and profperoufly ; there was in it as much judgement as impor- 
tance, and confciencc as confequence, and fucceffe as confidence, 
God forbid we fhould efteem it as a vulgar work, no it was a me- 
morable, myfterious and miraculous Deliverance. 
6. - A large deliverance, for as Gideon did not prefcrve a particular 
Caftle or City, but all the Tribes ; So our G I dean did not refcue 
a Family or a Country, but three Kingdomes. Who, farre or nigh 
amongft us, do not find the benefit of this victory f yes, all the 
Camp was fed with this Manna, or this brafen ferpent lift up heal- 
ed all that were ftung with the fiery Scorpions, who can count 
the dufi of Jacob, and the number of the fourth part of Ifrael f 
Num. 23. 10. If any one can count them, I can tell them they 
have a fhare in this general Dividend. What coftly Spikenard is 
that which doth perfume the whole houfe ? what a rare pillar of 
fire is that which doth conduct fo many hundred thoufands to a 
land of promife ? what a moft extafying Deliverer is he which hath 
fet three Kingdomes into a trance ? Except it be the vanquilhed 
Midianite,whohathnotcaufeto have gladnefTe of heart, and an 
. abundance of joy to fpring and fing, to leap and (hout, to lift up 
tdmirans bands and clap their hands, to open their mouths and inlarge their 
numentmj mouths, to adorn themfeives wich tabrets and to turn themfelves in- 
matrefque to tabrets ? For confider what he hath done, and for how many he 
vlrofaue, jj at h d one g 00C J # He hath brought the King to his prerogative, the 
2Jf2- Npblestothei* peerage, th« Biiltops to their chairs, the Judges to 
htm, ml" their Tribunals* the Merchants to free-trade, and the whole Land 
ferabile to liberty and their native birthrights. Who then may not feci 
vdgw> the comfort and fweetnelfe of this high and happy work? oh it is 
^^* 3 ' an univerfal b letting, a large deliverance. 

n ' n A lafting deliverance. For as amongft the Ifrael ites the country 

to as In quiet neffe fourty years in the dayes of Gideon, Judg. 8.28. 
So the benefit of cur deliverance may ftretch to fucceeding gene- 
rations. As Zeuxis hid,pl/go <eter»itatl, I paint to eternity, fo 
I uuft our Gideon may fay, J conquer to eternity ; that though 

fome 



The man of Valour. nj 

Fome commotions there nave been, and more tumults there may be 
( for it is an hard thing to keep the Serpent from hiding, the Leo- 
pard from worrying, or the turbulent fpirit from fedition ) yet I 
truit that all theic mutinies and garboils ihall be but like the crack- 
ling of thorns under the pot ; no future accidents ( in likelyhood) 
lliall edipfe the glory of this victory ; I fear not all the Male-con- 
tents in the Land, I fear onely the incorrigible Sinners. Let thefe 
change, and Gideon hath brought us in welfare that will never chrity. 
change ; this conqueft will be a felicity topofterity, the BleiTing of I*fo». 
Ages, a lafting Deliverance ; there will not onely be pax aurea, c ° m *i ? 
a golden peace, but pax facttlari*', a peace to generations, this lliall r ^^"*' 

remain ver«#. 

dum facia volabunt, I*vf». 

till the laft hundred years be upon her flying wing. Envy can- 
not, 

Neve, operis famam pojfet delerevetuftatj OvM. T « 

nor length of time fhall not deftroy the fame of this work. ^ ct * 
Oh candied peace i oh embalmed conqttefl ! oh lafting Dell* 
verance I 

Well, hath Gideon done all this for us, and lliall we not honour 
him f yes, the King doth honour him ; for as he brought in the 
Jewel o£ Chriftendome intfo the Land, a King of Royal birth and 
rare perfections, Heir to his Fathers graces as well as his Domini- 
ons, a Luftre in Strangers eyes, yea the Gcmme of Monarchy ; fo 
the King knows not what eftimate to fet upon flich a meriting Sub- 
ject, not how to heap honour enough upon him ; he doth account 
him as his Champion, yea he doth prize him and reverence him as 
his Father ; it cannot but be delight to fee what obedience there is 
in the one, what obfervancc there is in the other ; what proftrati- 
on in the one, what veneration in the other ; how the one doth 
vow his Sword, and the other doth vow his Crown for the benefit 
of each other; oh there is mutuus recurfus^ a mutual reciprocal 
recourfe of refpects between them. And doth the King honour 
him, and (hcill not we imitate this honour ? yes, ftudy out honour 
for him, What (ball be done to the man whom the King will ho- 
nour ? Let us honour him for the Kings fake, yea honour him for 
the Kings fafety, that as we tender the Kings life, fo let us value 
him that hath prefentccj unto us a living King ; yea, not onely a 

Q, 2 living 



t?4 The man of Valour. 

living King, but a reigning King ; which hath turned a loft King' 
into a Majefticall King, which hath not onely landed him in his- 
own Dominions, but feated him in his own Throne, till he is not 
onely a Mirrour but a Terrour, whom all Princes admire,and many 
fear; we cannot have Loyalty enough for the King, we cannot 
hive honour enough for the Kings Buckler-bearer. The Preferver, 
Reftorer, Rcinthroner of a King, and fuch a King, doth deferve 
highly of all, and the debt is lb great, that when we ma ve paid all 

i that we can, we muft crave day to make full fatisfaclion.. Look 

• ypon the face ef the King, and think what ye:owe to that hand, 
ahati armed hand, that conquering hand, that brought him, foughc 

Jiim forced him in ; that would not fuflfer him to come in upon his 
knees, but upon his feet; not a fettered King, but a free King; 
not with the gleuous name, but the Princely. Prerogative of a 
King ; not according to new-born Politick Votes,but according to 
the ancient fundamental Laws. To bring in a King, and a King 
in fuch a manner and with fuch Ma jelly, doth deferve flagrant re- 
fpe£t, fragrant report, eminent triumph, eternized renown, a mil- 
lion of hearts, nay if ye will, a Myriad of praiies. Gideon may 
die, but the name, the fame, the virtue, the valour, the magnifi- 
cence, the marvclls of Gideon fhould never die ; Oh he hath done 
wonders, miracles fhould carry an immortality with them. If ye 
know not what he hath done, go to the prefence-Chamber and 
there is a Book in Folio for you, written in Royal paper and in 
Court-hand, where ye may read his honourable and heroick A£b. 
The Subject of the book is Kin^, and the whole Narration of the 
book is the Revaluation of the King. But if ye will not honour 
him for the Kings fake, honour him for your own fakes ; for he 
hath not onely reftored the King but the Kingdome, the King 
to his Throne, and the Kingdome to its Liberties. Is there 
any thing in the Kingdome that is precious.? thenyc may 
thank him for the enjoyment of it. He found you with moift 
eyes, and wiped them dry ; he found you in fetters, and filed them 
off ; he found you ready to be plundered, and hath prcferved you 
in your eftates without the loife of a deneer ; he found you de- 
igned to a Maflacre, and hath kept the bloudy fvvord from your 

* throats , he found you ready to be inthi ailed with moil pernici- 
ous opinions, and he hath continued you in yourfir/t Protectant 

princi- 



Tf?e man of Valour. 1^5: 

principles ; what therefore are your comforts, frcedomes, eftates, 
lives, confciences, dear unto you ? then know whofe hand ( by the 
Lords being with him, and by his own mighty valour ) hath pro- 
cured you fafety and iettlcment in a quiet and fweet porTelTion of 
all theie things. It is this Gideon which hath prcferved every cal- 
ling, and the whole Kingdome. Therefore, as it was faid before, 
What fhall be done to the man -whom the King will hononrj fo now 
it may be faid, What fhall be done to the man whom the Kingdome 
■will honour ? Noblemen, do ye grudge him no honour, for which 
of you or your Progenitours ever did a more famous work for 
King or Kingdome ? Clergimen v do ye pray for him and prize 
him, for without him ye had delivered your laft Meffage, and 
preached the Funeral Sermon to your Function ; the Souldier would 
have locked you out of your Rectories, and ye need have kept no 
Terrier for gleabs, nor year-book for Church-duties ; and Uni ver- 
ities, be ye Academical in innobling him, if there be a refined Wit 
amongft you, choofe him to perorate upon his matchleiTe worth ; 
yea bring forth alKhe Mufes to ling forth the praifes of this migh- 
ty man of valour ; for without him ye had not had by this time a 
Gown upon your backs, nor a Col ledge-chamber to lodge in. The' 
daughters of Pier I as hate none like to the Mufes, and thefe Pha- 
natick fpirits fpight nothing more then the Univerfitics ; And 
Innes of Court, what obfervance do ye owe to him ? if the Law 
carry Rhetorick with it of it feif, then how ought every Lawyer 
to turn Oratour to (peak of him in a moft Encomialtick accent ? 
they had need be emphatical exprelfions that fhould defer ibe d.z 
true dignity of a perion of fuch fublime deferts. Whcfoever is 
obliged to him ye mud: come into the ingagement, for withou: him 
ye had taken your laft Feas, and feen the laft Term ; we might 
have gone and fought for juftice, and ye might have gone and 
fought for Clients; the Church doors, and the Innes of Court 
gates, I am afraid would have been locked up with one key. The 
Land fhould have had none but Ruffct-coat-Divinity, and B.irlV- 
coat-Law. I doubt Divines and Lawyers fhould no: have been hU mr- 
like Caflor and Pollux the two twinnes of Jupiter and Led a, the m/m, Hie 
one mortal the other immortal ; but rather like the twinnes in Hip- * mm ™<*- 
focrates^ we muft have laughed and wept, lived and died together ; ( "'* "/ 
Have we our Churches, and ye your Courts of juftice open ? then J7f 

Q^ 3 wc 



i2 6 The man of valour. 

we two above all other ought to have a joint trance, that we are 
free of the Midianitcs, and to bleffc the name of that Gideon that 
hath cleared the Country of them. I have fpoken to all thefe al- 
ready, and I call upon all in City or Countrey, at Sea or Land, 
high or low, old or young, that they yield due praifes to him that 
is fo truly praife-worthy. Oh when I read that when Miltlades 
?"** /» Had overcome Datis and <*y€t tap hemes at the battel of Marathon, 
1 tta e ' that in the porch called Pcecile they fet up his image in a moft 
. ftately manner, and defcribed all the battel ; and that Theagenes 
I $ '**' Tbajtu* had 400. crowns bellowed upon him for his noble fcr- 
vices, and his name was counted a Numen to all fick perfons ; and 
Tlin. de that Horatius fides, for fo valiantly oppoftng Porjena at a paf- 
•rir. illitfl. fage, till the bridge fell down at the back of him, had a ftatuc 
*• * *• erected to his honour near to the Temple of Vnlcan\^vA that Sem- 

* E n Mad'P romus Gracchus, to perpetuate the memory of the conqueft over 

* ' HamonixBeneventum, had a rich table hung up for him in the 
Cbryfer- Church of Liberty ; and that Orthryades the Lacedemonian, for 
»»«*,/. j. (ubduing the zArglves, had a lofty Trophee erected to him, made 
h^eP' onc ty °^ t ^ ie helmets of them that were flain ; and that the 7V#/7, 
Herodou hecaufe they fought fo valiantly at Salamine for the Athenians, 
/ 4 8, had their names written upon the Tripos of Apollo ; and thatTftf- 

miflocles, after the great victory which he had gotten over the Per- 
fians, had all Greece came out to fee him at the Olympian games, 
and counted it happinefTe enough if they might behold the face of 
Taufan. in that famous Captain ; and German! cm ( who was ever dearly be- 
v4nai. loved) when by his valour he had fuppreffed a fedition in Germany, 
the people were fo affected with him, that when he returned, all'of 
all ages and fexes went ovt to meet him to the twentieth (tone, and 
Smton. it though but two of the Pretorian bands were commanded to go 
Cahg. foi th, yet they would all break out to teftific their joy and honour 
towards him ; and when I read that many Conquerouvs have had 
high triumphs beftowed upon them, as L, Papyri us Curfor, for wi- 
ping out the difqrace which the Romans received under the con- 
duct of Sp. Pofihumius at the chaps of Caudis, by a notable con- 
Sabell. 1.' qucft which he obtained over the Samnitcs, was fo honoured, that 
j>i^ n J £ ^ c ^ vas h ought into the City in a molt triumphant manner, and ^o 
illuQ c 2? vvas Fanus Cam: Urn tor {ubduing the Veil after ten years fiege ; 
and above all, when I read of the three famous triumphs, the mil 

of 



Thi man of Valour. 1 27 

of Z.Sclplo for his conqueft over Antlochus, where there were - , ... 
224. enfigns ftuck upon his chariot, the draught of 1 34. towns i 7% En,< t 
Which he had wonne, 1 2 3 1 . ivory-teeth which he had gotten, 
234. golden crowns, and above a thoufand chefts laden with rich 
treafure and furniture, as the fpoils of warre ; fccondly, of Lucius 
Paulus lEmUlus, for that memorable conqueft which he had over 
Perfeus,zn\d indeed over all Greece ; for which, coming home in 
triumph, the people flood waiting for him all in white caffocks, all 
the Church-doors were fet open and decked with rich crowns, and 
perfumed with rich odours ; then the colours and painted tables 
were brought along, and all the beautifull fpoils of the Macedoni- 
ans, as the rich armour, drinking- veiTels of Antlochus, SeleucM, 
Thericlesy which Perfeus was wont to drink in. Then the Sacri- 
fices with guilt homs, then the Captives holding up their hands to 
the people to pray for them ; thirdly, of Pompey y who had three ***** '* 
triumphs, one for conquering Domains in Afrlck^, the fecond for 
conquering Sertorlm in Europe, and the third for conquering Ml- 
thridates in sAfia, and fo he feemed to triumph over all the world; 
but the laft the greateft, in which there were carried before his cha- 
riot vefTels of fiver and gold in abundance, and two thoufand 
cupsmixt with onyx-ftone provided for the fpeciall ufe of Mithrl- 
dates y 20000. talents of filver and gold and the Souldierspaid; 
then the Captives Tigranes and Zopme^ feven children of Ml- 
thrldateSy Cdtalces the Vice-Roy of Chalcos, (JMenander the 
Governour of Laodlcea, and dArlfiobulUs the King of the Jews,; 
and there were pictures carried before him of a 1000. Caftlcs, 
^00. Cities, 800. piratical l"hips which he had taken. When I 
read of all thefe images, ftatues, tablets, Crowns, triumphs, which 
former Conquerours have enjoyed, what honours do I think that 
our Gideon doth deferve ? For they wonne their victories chiefly 
over effeminate men, but he over them that were called the Con- 
quering army ; they with much tedioufnelTe, he in a lriort time ; 
they with vaft armies, he with {lender forces ; they with grievous 
{laughters, he without a drop of bloud fhed ; oh then that I could 
fee this mighty man of valour valued according to his apparent 
and approved cminency. His modefty doth require nothing at 
your hands, nor his puiffahce need not, yet gratitude is a requiiite 
tirtue. He hath made a whole Kingdomc happy, let a whole 

King* 



J*8 The man ofvalottr. 

Kingdome exalt and illuftre him ; Bleffe ye the hour that he was 
"born, count him born to redeem his Country out of thraldomc, fee 
how many fubtil brains he hath out-wittea, how many bold ene- 
mies he hath dauntcd,how many Catties he hath brought into your 
poiTcffion, how many ihips he hath reduced to obedience, how ma- 
ny pernicious meetings he hath fcattered, how many dangerous plots 
he hath prevented, how many he hath plucked out of prifon, how 
many he hath fent home to their houfes, how many hundreds he 
hath put into places of preferment, how many thoufand glad hearts 
he hath made, how he doth watch for your fafety, how he doth 
wait to make you more glorious ; how he hath given you a free 
King, a free Parliament, a free Charch, and free trade ; and if it 
were podible he would make you free from all fpights, and free 
from all fears, that ye might have reft on every fide, and ipend 
out all your dayes in quietnerTe. Oh then, a man that is fo bene- 
volent, and hath been fo beneficent to you, how ought ye to have 
him continually in your lips, and to let him ly nearer! to your 
hearts ? Oh think no honour nor ornaments too much for him, re- 
Joyce to hear his name, reverence his face, acknowledge his aits, 
cxtoll his virtues, prefcrve his body, pray for his foul ; fo long as 
he doth live let his perfon be dear unto yon, and when he is dead 
let his afhes be precious ; yei, leave him not when he hath left you 
and all the perifning pomps upon earth, but accompany him to his 
grave, and weep at his grave, laying, Here lies the Guardian of his 
Country, the Preferver of three iCingdomes. Yea, let your affe- 
ction be fo firm to him, that it may live to his pofterity. It was 
the finne of Ifrael that they lhewed not mercy to the houfe of Gi- 
deon, according to all the goodnevTc which he had inewed to them, 
Judg.%. 35. But let it not be your blemifh or trefpafle to rafe out 
the memory of our Gideon in his progeny; but whofoevcr doth 
bear his name, let him be the heir of his reputation, and have the 
• fruit and blcliW of his famous works to all generations. Thus 
everyway in perfon, memory, and pofterity, let Gideon be ho- 
noured. 

The Iaft thing is, that Ifrael be clcanfed. For are our judge- 
ments gone, and inall not the filth of the daughter of Slon be pur- 
ged away ? yes, Thou art made whole, fin no more. Oh let us re- 
member that it was finne which brought in the Midianitcs, and 

when 



7l?e man ofyalonr." 129 

when the Midianites are ca(t out, let our finnes be chafed out with 
them ; it is much that Gods fcourge hath not reformed us, but it 
were heavy if his embraces fhould not renew Us ; if the miferies 
of the Age could not reclaim us,yct let the miracles of the Age con- 
vert us ; ohconfider how many Wondeis God hath done for us, 
and what to remain Prodigies in his eyes ? yet as farre as the Mi- 
<lianitcs are gone, have we put iniquity farre from- us ? where is 
our mortification ? where is our repentance from dead works ? oh 
I am afraid it may be fa id, that God hath not given us hearts to 
perceive, and eyes to fee, and ears to hear unto this «/^Deut.2 9.4. 
there arc few that have framed their doings to turn to the Lord, 
Hof. 5. 4. Wo unto thee, O Jerufalem, wilt thou not be made 
clean } whenfhall It once be } Jcr.i 3.27. O Ephraim what fh at 
I do unto thee? O Judah how jhall I ' Intreat thee ? Hof. 6. 4. Is our 
drofle purged out ? or have we purely taken away our ftnne ? is 
not the root that tears gall and wormwood (till amongft us > are 
not our grapes grapes of gall ? are our Lifts, riots, blafphemies, op- 
preffions, old cult omes, new fafhions, anything abated.' arcwc tf/-- 
any thing the better for our deliverance t or having gotten liber- ret ) neH( u 
ty, do we not break out in a rage after our fenfuall defires ? Are &> confi- 
our lives faved, our priviledges reftored, our King and Kingdome ?««»<#> 
fetled for this ? Oh wo unto us then that ever we tafted of mercy, 3*°&J*P» 
or heard the founding of Gods bowels, or felt the cords of Gods'^ yetah 
love drawing us f Hath God deiired nothing more then to fupply Teccatnm 
all our neceinties, and is there in us nothing but a defire to retain obligate t* 
or purfue that which juftice doth forbid? As crooked as things tdrctlim- 
were, hath God made all things ftreightto us ? and are we fo di-J: m?w 
ftorted that we cannot frame up our felvcs to any recVitude ? do we wo £ po fa m 
pufh with our horns at him that bred us ? Hath God deferved fo mmfireg. 
well at our hands, and is there none to offer a facrifice to him but Aritt* 
one Pyrrhlas, fomc particular devout foul? where is the Tribe of"f" w ** 
pious fouls ? where is the whole Nation of Saints ? that there JJJjj^," 
iliould be one Libertine in the Land, or one prophane perfon in ^ emo 'i e _ 
the whole Country / what hearts have we to feel companions ? we m»rho 
what eyes have we to look upon miracles ? Wo be to thee Coraz,ln, borem 
wo be to thee Bethfalda,for If the great workj which have been immla ' 
done In thee had been done In Tyre and Sldon, they would have rf- Tyr ,fo. 
tented In facecloth and afhes, Matth. 1 1, 21, Paynims and Infi- «*, pfo 

R <dcls 



1 3 o The man of valour, 

dels would have been converted with fuch an aftaninhable deliver- 
ance, and are we yet to become Penitents ? Oh confider that there 
hath been a refurrection in this Nation, this Kingdome hath been 
twice born, and is the dead government onely revived, and the 
dead finners as caikaffe-ftrong as ever ? hath this been a Land of 
Safety, and fTiall it not be a Land of Sanctity ? yes, we fhould 
look upon Gods works, and apply our felves to Gods laws, be as ho- 
ly as his mercies do invite us-to be, be as dutifull as his Deliverance 
doth bind us to be. Would we not be Slaves again, then why are 
•we not thankful! for our Liberty > Would we not have the Midia- 
nites Lords over us again, then why do we not obey him who hath 
freed us from their Tyranny ? when Hiall God open your eyes to> 
fee his goodneffe, or open your lips to confclTe his greatneile, or 
open your hearts to have a feeling of your duties, if not by fuch a 
miracle as this ? oh let this miracle ? be written upon your door- 
pofts, upon the pillars of your Temples, upon your Tribunals, up- 
on your Parliament doors, in every corner of the Land, in every 
corner of your hearts, that ye may be the Lords by vow, by fruits, 
amongft the holy people of the earth, above all the holy people in 
the world. Confider how much there hath been of Gods provi- 
dence, and how much there hath been of Gods omnipotency in the 
Land, and walk ye aniwerably to his vifiblc cxprefTions and your 
fenfrble experiences ; fo may your welfare continue, your deliver- 
ance be fattened as a nail in a Aire place, your Jhrone be as the 
dayes of heaven, and your happy Government be lengthened out 
to the utmoft bounds of the everlafting hills ; and when ye have 
tried what the fweetncAeof peace, the benefit of profperity, and 
the bleffing of liability oi times is upon earth, ye may come to the 
Prince of peace, the hVirof all things, to him who hath neither 
beginning nor end. Which that we may do, the Lord grant for 
bis mercies fake. ^Amen. 



FINIS. 



S H E B A S 



HEAD 

Call over the 

WALL 



O R 
The Dead Scalp «f 



REBELLION 

Exprcffcd in a moderate Treatife , (hewing that 

K I N G S are not to be refilled by force 

of Armes. 

^ _ 



®;Tho.Reeve,D. D, Preacher of 
Gods word at WalthamAbby in £j?cx. 



nsfgalnft a King there is no rijlng up. Proy. 30. 31. 
Is it fit to fay to a King thou art wickjd, and to Princes 
yee are ungodly ? Job. 34. 18. 

Principi nullum alium effe judicem nifi Deum, 
ZiphHlm^ in Antonio. 



L O N B O N, 
Printed by z.R for the Authour, x 6 6 x. 



To the High and Mighty Monarch 

CHARLES 

The Second, 

K I NG of Great Britain, France smdlre- 
land , Defender of the Faith, &c. 

*A peaceable (fovemmem, a pro/per om 

<%e ign y ji glorious 1(ejt. 

Dread Sovereign , 

Hough the warres be 
ceafed, yet men have 
war in their hearts > 
your Act of Indemni* 
ty could not quell 
new infurre&ions. ToB bellum tumult 
tut. An end of one warreisnot the 
end of all tumults > men may have 
laid down their armes, but not their 
animofities. Cuflode, &• cur a naturapo* 
tentior omni, An ill nature is hardly 

ever 




ever to be cured yet wicked men may 
be convinced,if not converted,&to 
0en cefuch clamorous ftridulent lln- 
ners I thinke that there is no better 
way then to shew them,that though 
their fpirits be untraceable, yet their 
actions are unlawful; if fin were once 
killed in the conlcience , it would 
fbon dye in the prac~tife. That there 
might never then Rebels be feen 
moreinyourKingdomel have en-~ 
deavoured in this Treatife to shew, 
that the violent refining of Princes 
by force of armes is not only danger 
rous but damnable, fo that if men 
have not a minde to go to hell , let 
them never take another march to 
< Kebels- heath. What I have written up- 
on this tubjecl, I have done my bcft 
to exprefleic both perfpicuoufly,and 
modeftly. God give a bleffing to the 

en- 



enterprife, that it may be true pre- 
venting phyfick. Thus leaving all 
to your Majefties judicious perufall 
and favourable conftruc~tion , upon 
my bended knees begging your 
long life and happy raign , fubmi£ 
lively I take leave, and reft 



Your Majefties fincere, and 
facrificing Subject 



T h o : Reeve, 




TO 

Duke of FomerfetyGcotgQ Duke 

#f Albemarle* Thomas Earleof South- 
ampton, lames Earle of Northampton, 
Lionel Earle of Midelf ex } Gcovgc 
Earle of Norwich, and the reft 
of the Nobilitie of the Kingdoms 
of Englandiunftained honour* 
and undoubted Salvati- 
on. 
Right honourable, 

Ou have had your (hare In the fufferings of the Times, 
and have found and felt, what a capital Enemy a 
Rebel is to your honorable families and perfons. The 
Noblemen of Sion comparable to fne Gold, hove have 
they been efleemed as the earthen pitchers , and they which have 
been brought up In fcarlet how have they been made to embrace 
the dunghill ? The Tumult uoufnefs of The times fequeflred mofl 
of your efiates, layd many of you in Prlfon, cut offfome Noblmens 
heads, braved upon your perfons, and pulled down your houfe of 
Veers. O brave frollckj, or lymphatlcf^prankjs of 'armed Wild- 
heads ! what therefore will ye be Marfhalsof the Campeto fuch 
male -contents ? or leaders to fuch Lunatlcks trG0 f e s ? t ^ en it "**& 
happen to you as It did to the Lacedemonians by their Servants 
tailed the Hdots,7*h& getting arms Into their handstand having 
fome principal men f&r their conductors , the rebellion could 
fcarcely \be quieted in vpn years. Paufan in Atticis. Or as it did 
to the Athenians, when their bond men mutined , and tookj the 
Caflle of Sunium , the rifng could hot be quelled till an hundred 
t how f and, or myriads were flam as Athen. !. 6. c. 7. Or as it did 
to the Romanes when the fervlle rout and the banlfhed men joy- 
nlng together, and crying out arme , arme, Liberty, Liberty , and 
drawing Appius Herdonius a rich Sabine to be their Captalne 
Oeneral,they took^the Capitol, made havockjn great mens houfe s, 

defaced 



defaced a great fart of the City, and at lafl could hardly by all the 
Jlrengt h of Rome be fubdued. Sabellic.l. 3. Ennead. 3. Oh when 
fuch rnferiours mount the S ah die , ye muft hold the ftirrup, Re* 
member that Bellum Rufticum eft tatum Procerum. Oh there- 
fore never let it be f aid that yon do fefler againfl your Soveraigne, 
or to revenge yonr private quarries , do f oft er fuch f editions, fiafti- 
ous mificreants,fior they do but draw you out into the field to draw 
far ties to them,fio fioon as they have corrtpleated an Army, they will 
turn you out of office, and fend you home to be derided like popu- 
lar Puff es and Gulls, For you to take part with finch, it is not 
only unChriftian, and ignoble, but the height of indificretion, and 
madnefife, ; ye had as good go and provide a lodging for your 
fielves in Bedlam , or hire ftage -players to acl Comedies of you at 
your Gates, or buy fetters for your childrens heels. God be pr ay- 
fed fome of you had the Grace, and wit to rcftft the temptation, and 
inchantment, whereby ye are looked upon at this day as Perjons of 
candid fubjetlion, and unf potted loyaltie. And I befieech you ft ill 
fry the name of Chrift,and the blond of Chrift , by his pure lawes, 
and his holy example , by the afhes of Martyrs , and the duft of 
your Progenitors , by your honourable Families, and the houfie of 
Lords, by the Kings throne, and the Kings Patent, by your folemn 
Oaths and your ftritl reckoning-, that a Peere be not a confede- 
rate with Pef ants, or that a Nobleman which fhould b* a leige-man 
to his King,bc not a league-man with Hindes, and Plebeians.//*?*? 
difhonourable was it for any of you, to offer your plate to raifie an 
army againfl your King, and to fend your Horfes into the field, 
froteftwg that ye had rather drinks in wooden difhes and walk-on 
foot , then fuch a righteous caufe fhould mif carry ; was this likj 
grave States -men ? was it Peer-like? was it for the honour of your 
pedigree , or the peace of your confidences ? did they ever give you 
thanks for it ? did they not pay you your own at laft with cudgels , 
did they not un-peer you? and were they not about to have divided 
your eftates as more proper for the meriting Leveller s?did they not 
drink, healths of ficorn to you in your own plate, and come curvet- 
ing upon your own Horfes to brave upon you at your very 
gates > what elfie could be exfipetled f and indeed what elfie did you 
defierve f Learn therefore hereafter never to take part with fuch 

S abjetls, 



dbjetisybut as ye- derive your honmrsfrma King,& by him art 
created Noble^fo be ye hi* feleB Noble life-guard > which that 
ye may be I do here ofer unto -you Scripture Grounds, which leave - 
ingto your prudent consideration^ and your Lor dfhips to the di- 
rection and tuition of the Almighty^ I humbly takf leave and 
rtfi 



Your honours in all laudable and 
confcionablc defires and dcfigncs. 



Tho: Reeve, 



TO 



TO THE 
Right reverend Fathers in C o D 

GILBERT Lord Bishop of fy$ 

don j Matthew Lord Bi 1 op of Ely, George 
Lord Biftiop of JVorcefter, Iohn Lord 
Bifhop of Rochefter, and to the reft 
of the reverend Bifliops of the 
Kingdoms 

Right reverend Fathers in God, 

W all quarrels the Priefl-hood is Genus invifum, 
the hated flocks ; whofuffer more then the Clergie- 
men f If any of thefe fpeak^ reafon to defperate 
men , prefently they fay the Prophet is a Foole, 
the fpiritual man is mad ; if their deflgnes be re- 
prehended, A fnare is laid for him that reproveth 
in the gate. Feriunt fummos fulgura montes , The lightnings 
flafh mofl andfoonefl upon thefe high mountaines,it is the Church- 
man that is mofl fpighted,and persecuted :Then Quaerite Athanafi- 
uni, Seeks out Athanafius, then Lienor poft Cyprianum, Let the 
Emiffary be fent out after Cyprian, / could a Hedge many inflan- 
cesj but what need I, ye your f elves are inflances. The fat Bulls of 
Bailian have roared mofl upon you,the rafour hath come sharpliefi 
upon your heads, the archers have levelled mofl of their arrows 
at your breafls, the p lowers have made the deepefl furrowes up- 
on your backs. The great works of perfecutton if to dig down 
Altars , and to flay the Prophets. How were the Church-orna- 
ments in this hand carried -up and down with Triumph, and the 
Church-men made Spetlac/es, and Ga^ivg-ftockj ? Well ( right 
reverend Fathers )ye have gotten your Rochets upon your backj, 
and the Pafloral flaves into your hands yet once again, and how 
might you for many years enjoy your lurifditlion freely, and ft 
quiet ly^ and honourably in you chair es, were it not for the difturb- 

S 2 ance 




^"IJ 



*nce of the fefons ^f Belial ? That ye may never r !f God Be p lea- 
fed ,tafie again the like bitter fruit, that ye have formerly, I have 
endeavoured to plucky up this root that beareth Gall, and Worm- 
wood. Thus if you shall deigne to caft your favourable and fa- 
therly eye upon mypaines, and pronounce that I'have handled the 
fubjetl foberlyjt may be a great furtherance to the Treatife, that 
it may be acceptable to others, and efficacious to prevent future in- 
furretlions. Thus depending much upon your approbations, and 
fubmitting what I nave written to your grave judgements with 
all due river ence proflrating my f elf at your Honours feet I take 
leave and reft* 

Waltham Abby. Your LordiTiips moft dutifull Son 

in Effex, ^ mo ft obfequious Servant. 

Tho: Reeve; 



t o 




TOTHE 

Right honourable St. Robert Fojler, 

Lord chief Iuftice of the Kings bench 
Siv Orlando Bridge -man Lord cheif 
Iuftice of the common picas Edward 
y^tkins one of the Barons of the 
Exchequer and the reft of the 
, honourable Iudges. 

Right Honourable, and Grave J u B g b s , 

Hat a chafe hath there been In this Land f ye 
have gone a Pilgrimage from your Courts of 
Juftlce. The whole Land hath been pofieffed 
with evil fplr its , and Weft mlnfter -hall hath 
been a Demonlack^ I read in Scripture of 
fome men of your pro fefi2on that can tume ajide 
after lucre, wreft the Law, pervert judge - 
ment, turne judgement into gall , and the fruit of right eoufneffe 
into worme -wood, Judges that have been as firery as the Evening 
Wolves. Have there been fuch In the Scripture, and not fuch 
in the Land , yes I e labels Judges, -which have framed ft range 
inftruments, and pronounced bloudy decrees , the Kings-head, 
and many Clergy-mens neckj may be laid to the Charge of fuch 
pernicious , perfidious, and perjurious Judges ; they fomented 
treafon, and told the age, that fighting againft the King was not 
Rebellion, but legal magnanimity . But I truft that this Hericano 
is over and that this Devil is exorcised out of the Body of the 
Law. I believe now that the Judges are reft ore d as at thefirft^. 
and that there is never a Pilate, Felix, Gallic, or unjuft Judge, 
that neither feareth God, nor r ever enceth man fitting among you. 
Te are welcome then Into your Tribunals, and I pray let the 
King and Kl ngdome finde that there are Judges now which will 
tell the whole JVatlon what the Eminency, and Immunity of a 
King is. It would be an exqulfite, and It is almoft a recjuifite 
ypork^ to fear ch up all the feditlous Pamphlets, which either fub- 
tile States-men, Mercenary parajites, or hlgh-bralnd, halr-bramd 
Lawyers have publlfhed teaching the people the juftlce^necefftty, & 

honour 



honour of haughty off of tiorts againft lawful andfetledautho rity, 
and by your concurrent opinions and joint judgements to give "a 
diftintt,pojitive anfwer. It is not one alone that can work^ this 
cure , no J his fick^ patient had need have the counfel. and help of 
a whole Colledge of Phyjicians, that men may not dy in impeni- 
tence, as Hugh and his fellow Huguenots did, not one of them 
conf effing rebellion to be a (in , or asking pardon for it. Oh 
M'\\:on,how haft thou tnfufed that poyfon, that fcarcely any Phy- 
fick^ can expel ? Rebellion when it is once rooted is like and old 
Oal^e which cannot be blown down, but muft be chopt down. If 
any thing remedy this mifchiefe it muft be advice, and clear rea- 
fon,a Bench-cafe only will not do it, a book^cafe might efpecially 
Rerodot. attefted with the unanimous confent of all the fudges. Quum 
I, 7 . plurcs fentcntise di6tac funt, licet tanquam puram auram deligere. 
^r</*. 3. Quod per fe difcemi nequeat, compaiatum cum altero difcemi 
Kbet. poifit. Weltthen,Judlccm, & aramidem efTe, as Archytas faid. 
A fudge would be reverenced like an <iAltar. Fafcibus obedire 
KUan. pl erumc l ue poteftatis ncccffitas jubet. It would be an high fatis- 
yar .hijivt.fatlion to fee our fudges likj the Egyptian Judges appearing t9 
I 15.C.14 the eyes of all with an Image wherein the pitlure of truth were 
engraven, who might not change his minde, when that Image 
is prefented to him ? It is an hard thing for men not to be awake- 
ned at the loud call of all the fudges of the Land. We canfpeak^ 
to the point fo farre as it comes within the reach of Divinity, 
but when they tell us of fundamental lawes, and that the power 
of the King is mixt by the conftitution of the Nation, and 
many other fpeculations contrary to our principles , though 
we hold them but cunning foments , yet thefe beivg proper 
law-fcruples we hold it expedient for you to unriddle , and un- 
fecret thefe difficulties. One learned decijion of yours would do 
more good then the moft powerful Sermons, the moft Theological 
determinations, and the moft fevere curfes of the Church would 
do from us. Tour Syftema would be more terrible then our Ana- 
t hema, for people hold their eftates and necks by the I awes ; 
and we find by experience, that their freeholds and their skins are 
tenderer unto them then their confciences. Speaks then oh ye ludges 
of the Land in this weighty point what the Law is, that all the 
Kingdome may liflcn to you as an Oracle. The quackjahing 

Empincks 



Empiricks mil be of no account, if the expert Vhyjicians will but ap- 
pear; I hope(as I [aid be forest hat ye have no medly-Judges amongft 
you,as roe for theprefent have medly-Clergy-men,but I conceive you 
to be as jufi as yon are judicious, & as incorrupt as ye are intelli- 
gent, which being, declare your ] "elves to be Saints as well as Sages 
in delivering to the people the true maximes of law concerning obe- 
dience, & rebellion. If this motion doth not p leaf e you,yet I befeech 
you by Chrifl the expounder of the law, and Chrifl the Law -giver, 
by the Kings Seal, and the Kings fecurity, by his fcepter and his 
Sepulchre, by his hand and his head, Imeane by your Commifsion, 
and his conservation ; or if ye will,by his light and life , by his 
Crown and his neck^, by his Royal fword, and the Rebels axe ; or 
further by the good of the Land, and the bloud of the Land, by 
the penury of the Nation, and the peril of the Nation, by your 
flipends , and your Statutes,by yonr Robes andyour records,by your 
Seates, andyour fafety, by your poffefsions, and poflerities, by the 
reverend Judges which formerly fat in your feats, and by the 
fcandalous Judges which ufurped your feats, and by the Judge of 
quicks and dead, that ye do your beft to preferve the Kings ho- 
nour, and the Kings bloud, to free the kjngdome from old err ours, 
and new combuftions, fo fhall your government be happy, your 
Names be honoured, and your foules blejfed. Thus humbly in- 
treating you , that this Treatife may have your infpe&ion, and 
protetlion, that it being patronised by you , it may the more 
authoritatively teach the whole Kingdome jufi obedience, and alle- 
giance, wifhing all honour to your calling, andprofperity to your 
perfons,I caft my f elf down at your Tribunals, and reft, 

WalthamAbby Your Honours in all due 

in EiJex. \ reverence,and refpeft. 

Tfco s Reeve. 



(145/ 




Shebas head caft over the wall. 
Or the dead Scalp of Rebellion. 



The QJl E S T I O N. 

Whether Kings within their own Territories may 
be refiftedby force of^yirms* 

His Queftion is propounded for peace,there» 
fore there mult, be no humour in the deci- 
ding of it ; palTion is a bad Advocate, and 
a worfe Judge ; the face cannot be fecn 
in troubled waters*, nor the clearer!: voice 
heard in a tumult,Godwas not in the earth- 
quake, nor rain, nor fire, nor ft rong wind 
that rent the rocks, tore the mountains, but 
in the ftill and fofc voice ; the mildctt fpi- 
rit is moft perfwafive, as fuppling medicines enter further!: into the 
further! members. This is no time to fear i if y and currode ; no, 
the molt proper and ready cure will be by lenitives. Omnia ve- l c of { $^ t 
flra in char it ate fiant , Charity is palatum cordis, if the palate be Jug, 
out of courfe nothing will favour well. I profeffe therefore a free- 
dome from all diftemper of affe61:ions, or prejudice of opinion, 
ddiring to fatisfy this doubt with as much nicckneffe as frecnefTe , 
and humility as intcg ity, uiing onely Scripture for my way , and 

T con- 




146 Shebas heAicafi over the ^aU. 

confcience for my guide. And it is not probable ( if my judge- 
ment doth not deceive me ) that I ftiould be (educed , for I have no 
dependence ( but according to the relation of general duty ) either 
upon King or Parliament ; wherefore I can make my cxprcflion 
without any finifter ends, or carnal refpe&s. Innocens non met nit 
™(y« legem , and an upright man feareth not cenfure , for he that is free 
from the fnare of engagements cannot juftly be fuipedled of parti- 
ality, or corruption. The old faying was, Whofoever might be too 
remifs or rigid in delivering his opinion in the Senate-houfe , yet 
Catonem non cjfe ; fo though I be not ambitious of praife, yet I af- 
fect this comfort, to deliver a direct and free refoludonof any 
thing I conceive ; for my hearts defire is in all things,that the Spi- 
rit may be fo my Prompter , and integrity my Interpreter, that I 
may never carry about me a reverberating or recoiling confcience 
Rom. 14. t0 acc ufe me or amate me at Gods judgement feat. Happy is he 
22. that is not condemned in that which he allow eth. He hath the 

*%/". Icafr. hope of pardon that carrieth his domefticum carnificem, and 
Tv. $.u, t ^ e foreft judgement remaineth for him r who is mfaw&K&l®' ' ha- 
ving therefore fouls peace in the buiineffe, I may ( I hope) goe a- 
bout to quiet the ftrife of the Q^ieftion , and to fettle the prefent 
difturbances. Beholding now then no contrary wind blowing in 
the aire, and finding not my fliip over ballanccd on the one fide^ 
or the other , and feeling my compaffc rightly touched, I weigh up 
anchor and (leer to my defired Port; the heavens aifift me,and that 
good God thatgivcth the blelTing to all juft endeavouis, leave not 
mine without fucceffc, which was begun in his fear, and intended 
for his glory, that it may be a means to free many from errours, to 
preferve bloud and to fave fouls. To come now then to clofe with 
the Queftion , whether Kings within their own Territories may 
be rejifled by force of arms ? 

We finding Kings to be of the higheft command , and their 
own Territories but feveral circles of their own Dominions, and 
refiftence by force of arms to be a thing violent and unnatural, 
I determine negatively , That Kings within their own Territo- 
ries are not to be rejifled by force of arms. 

Now that this truth may be the more manifeft , I. will lay down 
three grounds, and adde to them three Corollaries, and then draw 

the inference. 

The 



Sheba's head cafl over the Teall. 1 47 

The three grounds. 

Fiift, that the calling of Kin^s is divine. 2. That this calling 
muft be garnilhcd with fiifrlcitncy of authority. 3. That all au- 
thority exercifed within a Kings Territories muft be derived from 
that fufriciency that is inherent in him. 

Fir/I, that the calling of a King is divine. For Government is 
a branch of the Moral law,infomuch that intheftate of innocency 
there fhouldhave been a natural fubje£tion;though not fervltlum^ Lmh 
yet officium ; for it cannot be conceived how there fhould be a Fa- 
ther and Son, Husband and Wife, a Head over a Family and thofc 
under his governance, but there muft be command ; for honour is 
the infeparablc attendant of fuperiority , according to that of the . . 
School-man , Obfervantia eft propter alicujus eminentiam fupra 1*™*** 
nos , This dignity is as natural as for the heavens to rule in fublu- 
nary creatures ; or the Elements to carry a predominancy in mix- 
tures , the foul to reign in the body, or the Head to order the mem- 
bers. So then as Government was appointed by God in the ftate 
of innocency ,a fortiori it was in the ftate. of corruption; for if Pa- 
radife had need of a dreffer , much more the wilderneffe ; if 
the tame creature had need of a Keeper, much more the wild. 
The fall how had it not only cracked and crazed our fair compo- 
fure, but broken it into a driver , left it a (herd } the Mirrour was 
defaced, and the pretious Diamond broken in pieces , man depra- 
ved in his intellectuals, diftempered in his, affections. For we 
were fallen out of the bofome of God , cjr in poteftatem Diabo/i Jug.Litl 
traditum eft humanum germs ; Original righteoulneffe which was ° e 0r '&' 
as it were the radical moifture of our fouls* was turned (as the fame ca ^' IZ * 
Father fa ith) in virus pat err. urn , into*hereditary poyfon , man 
of an exact,mrned into an exorbitant creature , hard to be kept in, 
difficult to be ruled ; how requisite therefore was it to have a Gover- 
nour fet over him $ And fo indeed that nature might not be a 
burthen, and work outrages upon it felf, God appointed that after 
man hsd flipped that auremn framim, that golden bridle of a wil- ^ .. 
ling obedience out of his mouth, that he lliould be held in with a 
ftronger bit,evcn ruled by forcible & compulfory means; fuperiours 
having a more coercive command over men then formerly. And 
though God did not fet up Kings inftantly,bccaule the world was in 
her minority, yet as it came to be more peopled it came to a greater 

T 2 perfection 



j 4$ Shdah's bead caB dver the ^all. 

perfection of Government. For as God at fiift clothed man with 
the skins of beafts,and afterwards with more gorgeous rayment; and 
as God at firft fed man with the fruits of the earth, and afterwards 
with richer diet ; and as God at full taught man by traditions, 
dreams, &c. and afterwards with that pure Oracle of his truth y 
his holy Scripture ; fo God at firft ruled the world by inferiour 
.- kinds of Government, but afterwards by that which was chief, pro- 
ceeding according to the courfe of Nature \ab imperfetlioribtu ad 
perfetliora, Beginning at Fathers, PatriarAs, Heads of Tribes, 
Leaders, Judges, and at la ft ended in Kings. For whereas God had 
6e«. 17 6* promifed to Abraham, that Kings fhould come out of him, and in- 
fpircd Jacob to prophefie that Judah fhould have a Scepter, he in 
43* f] n e fhewed himfelf Mafter of his word, and brought in the King- 
Jy Government, as the top-branch of command, and the Vertical 
of aurhority. And this he did not only to the world in general , 
but to that fair fpot upon earth , his principal Several, his Scig- 
noury, his Royal Demeans, the harbour of the Spirit, the haunt of 
ihyf. Angels, that Heaven upon earth , ( for Ecclefa caelum efl ) his 
Church, for even over the Chuich God appointed Kings. There- 
fore God was not angry with the people ( as the Learned hold ) 
for asking a King, but for asking of him before their hour ; as if 
they would rather force a blelTing, then wait for a blelfmg • Kings 
then he gave, and he gave them with his full allowance ; though he 
were diftafted with the impatiency of the petitioners, and the pre- 
propercufnerTe cf the motion , yet net with the requeft it felf , for 
God did ever approve of the Order, and had decreed it, only he 
would not have man to be his directour , and to anticipate his in- 
tentions. Therefore we find that they are given of him, and be- 
ftowed as the Crown of favours upon his dearcft people , for Thou 
Dent. 17. (halt in any wife fet him King over thee, whom the Lord thy God 
15. (ball choofe ; and if God did not like Kings, why did he choofe 
them? When Samuel prefentcd the peoples requeft concerning a 
King, did he reject it ? no, Samuel heard all the words of the peo- 
i Sam, t. pie, and he rehearfed them in the eais of the Lord, And the Lord 
2i. [aid unto Samuel, hearken unto their voice, and make them a 

King j here then is Gcds full confent for the party, yea he confti- 
t'utcd and ordained him ; for God lent Samuel to anoint Saul , 
and brought him as is were by miracle, that he might have the fa- 
ding 



Shebas keadcajl over the "Of all. 1 49 

cring of thefun£tion,as it is evident in that the Lord told Samuel 
in his ear a day before Saul came, faying, Tomorrow about this * . 
time will I [end, thee a man out of the Land of Beniamln, and thou j * j$ # 
fhalt anoint him to be Captain over my people Ifrael ; therefore 
when the Hallowing waspaft , is not the oyle (as it were) called 
Gods, and theaction accounted a bleffed touch of his own heaven- . 
ly finger } yes, Samuel took^a phial of oyle and poured it upon 
his headland kjjfed him, faying , Is It not becaufe the Lord hath x am ° # 
anointed thee ? and did not God confirm this calling to be his to 
Saul j by a fourfold miracle > yes, by the finding of his AfTes, by a , s am>la 
prefent brought to him from Mount Tabor , by the gift of prophc- 2, j, 6)9*. 
fie, and by beftowing a new fpirit upon him ; tnefe miracles were 
full teftimonies that God did author ife the calling , therefore Saul 
goeth ever after for Gods King , for See ye him whom the Lord l S"»«k>* 
hath chofen , and I have fet up Saul to be- King. And is not Da- \^ <% 
i>/Vfaid to be thus peculiarly chofen by God ? yes, Samuel with tlt 
all his wifdome, and graces, and light of prophefy could not fever 
him out from amongft the reft of the fonnes of Jejfe , till God sin- 
gled him forth , for The Lord f aid, arlfe, anoint him, this is he ; * Sam > * 6 » 
and God it was that gave him the fpecial endowments for the I2 ' 
place , for the fpirit of the Lord came upon David from that day am l6 ' 
forwards; yea, T>avld acknowledged it to Mlchal , It was be- ^ Sam 6 
fore the Lord, that chofe me before thy father , and before thy 2 ,. 
fathers houfe to appoint me to be Ruler over the people of the Lord; 
And he makes an humble and thankfull confclilon to God himfelf, 
Thou haft brought me hitherto. And how came Solomon to be 2 ?am. 7- 
King but by divine appointment > yes, he was the youngerl , not l3 » 
born to the Throne,a child not fit for Government r if God had not 
called him even to admiration to fvvay the Scepter : it was David's 
pious meditation, and dying apprehenfion upon the bufinerTe , for 
Bleffed be the Lord God of Ifrael, who hath given one to fit on my l Kin g> r * 
Throne this day, mine eyes even feeing of It ; and zsfdonli ah {ub- 4 *' 
mits to it as to an evident and irrefiltible truth, and fo maketh re- 
lation of it accordingly unto Bathfhebah , The Klngdome is turn- 1 ^ing.i, 
ed about, and is become my brothers, for it was his from the Lord; 1 5 * 
yea Solomon in his Kingdomc-prayer devoutly afcribeth the enjoy- 
ment of all manner of princely dignity unto God, for Thou oh I ^ ^ 
Lord my God halt made thy fervant King in ftead of David my 7 ' * 

T 3 father. 



I so Sheba's head call eve the T»a!l. 

Father.! need not therefore to fearch farther, yet abundant fearch 

cannot be. fuperfluous in this point, for it is the fupporter of the 

' Throne,& this one principal,the ground of all our future difcourfe ; 

for apparent it is, that the tenure of Kings is as the lawyers fay 

^mbfer. fc another kind In Nttbibus, in heaven. "The Magiftrate is given 

7. " of God , as Ambrofe ; By whofe appointment men are borne, 

inn. cc by hj s appointment Princes are con(tituted,as hen. Kings in that 

cuq>, i«i t j^ e y are>t [j : y are f God, as Chry. We reverence the Prince as 

a mortal man next to God, of whom he holdcth all things, as 

Hugo. Tertul. God made the Empsrour as Opt at us. Kings hold of 

Gm. I. *• their primer Lord, For by me Kings r eigne, Pro v. 8. 15. And 

dejure God giveth the kjngdome to who?7?foever he will. Dan. 4. 27. 

L I; c ^e ^ m P^ re * s an no -y tn ^ n g-> as ^ lt came by divine appointment. 

z. 1.7. So then the rii^ht of Kings is by the belt conveyance, here is the 

true Magna Chart a, their calling is divine. 

The fecond ground is that this calling is to be furnifhed with 

fufficiency of authority; for as in Nature if there be a defect there 

is but a kind of imperfeft. Creature ; fo in government if Princes 

have not power aniwerable to their places they are but dwarfed 

in there calling, and appear like a kind of Monfter, Perfettum 

. eft cm nihil dceft, Princes therefore being the molt perfect Go- 

* vernours, they rriuft want nothing for the conveniency of their 

xs n tj cftates ; for ,; Av«f a King come of «*»*%«& worthy in thehigherV 

au?. degree ; yea/k>z£ mult is alia, fed nullis tali a, for there is not on- 

Hofins ty foteftas , but CMajeftas ; the Lord hath commended to thee 

Cm/iantio Majefty with the Empire, as Hofins told Conftantlm 5 to fpeaTt 

apud A- of Kings in low termes is to undervalue their greameflfe, therefore 

tUnaf. r^fljk fulgent ius let us not be unmindful of the Kingly dignitie. 

d ta^ri- ^ nc c1na ^ en g e °t Henry the eight was, That he was furnifhed by 

tes. tnc SJooSncfe and -fufrc ranee of Almighty God wirh plenary power. 

Fulg.l.-. And thus indeed it rnuft be;for a King to be deftitute of any au- 

<td Tfcaf thoiicy, what is it but to make him like a valt houfc fet upon a 

re^.c.2. we ak pinning f therefore that Kin?s mi^ht want nothing for the 

* difchaigcof their high places, the Scripture hath fet them up in 

their fublimity, and g-moad them wi:h iummity, and tranfeenden- 

cy of authority. A King is the head of gold, Dan, 2. 38. The 

highefl branch of the Cedar, yea the very fpiractilumvitaby 

which the whole Nation is quickned, The breath of our noftnls. 

Lam. 4. 20. Yea the hrightneffc of a whole Kingdome feemeth 



C. II. 



Shells head caji over the^all. 151 

: contracted into him, for he is the light oflfrael, 2 Sam. 2 1 . 

17/yea fo great,that othcis arc but hillocks in companion of him, 
for Kings arc called the Mount aines of Ifrael,EitV.^6. 7. God 
hath lifted them up into a higher degree, that they fhould furpafs 
and ex':el others,as Ca/v. yea there ihineth in them the very ma- Calvin in 
jetty of God as Gallaf that as God is above all his Creatures, fo* - 10 *. 
theie above all their fubje£b,yea as God wants no power, fo thefe 22< 
no authority,for they are Images of God,as Cyril. Therefore God Cyril, in 
hath lent them his own name £t a piece as it were of his own om-Io.io, 
nipotent arme, for / have [aid ye are Gods,Vh\ m 8 2. 6. and greater 
then himfelf he cannot make them; their power then is fuperlative, 
enough to make them compleat Commandei sufficient Rulers. 

The third ground is that all the power that is excrcifed within 
a Kings own territories mult be derived from that efficiency that 
is inherent in him ; for though I hold not all the goods of the 
Land to be the Kings, becaufel fmde a reftraint for this in the 
Scripture, that the King muft not greatly multiply to himfelf fdver 
and Gold. Dcut. 17. 17. and the Kin^s portion is fct out in . Conce Jp° 
the prophccie of Ezcck. 48 21. 22. If wee ihould mtitle^ yt ai. 
the King to all there would be no commutative juft ice, and wtgalfam, 
lliould hold all in villanage, that without the Kings permiilion we & tnbtt* 
fhould not give an almes, nor make a purchafc, or conclude of z t0 ™ m tn ' 
bargaine but there would be the guilt of thefc implied. ^^^^EoZ 
Afachirznd Barzlllai had fhewn David then no Kindnefs, when dUnis o* 
they brought him beds andbafons,and earthen veffels,c?r wheat and anniver- 
barly, and flower, and -parched Come, and beans, and lent lies, andfa' lls > mn 
hony,and butter, and Sheep, and Cheefe , 2 Sam. 1 7. 28, $p\^ s ?"** 
and <sy4raunah had expreiTed no great bounty when he offered t<; n ?cefsitas 
the King, as a K\ng,Oxen for burnt offerings, and threfhlng in-exign 
ftruments,& other inflruments for wood 2 Sam. 24.24.2 2. Ahab ^ttgadl. 
needed not then have requeued of Naboth his vineyard 1 K'mp, 7 ' a y' 
21. 2. nor the King of Egypt pur chafed of the people their r Jr' m 
Land for come, Gen. 47. 20. Therefore the King is but to m. c . 
have an ample part out of the Land, and the goods of the fubjecls ? 1 
are their own,except it be in cafe of extremity, and for fpzeia'/™ Rl fit- 
honourable ufes, and in this kind I flnde that Solomon made a \ c _ de ft"*" 
vy. * But though I hold not all the goods of the Land to be thc.'g c [' 
Kings^ yet I hold all the power of the Land to be the Kings, for it Cofsinia* 
is Gods free gift, and who can queftion his grand Charter ? May 



15 2 Shebas head catt over the t ! ! 

/ not do with mine own what I p leaf e} Is thine eye evil becaufe mine 
fV^gW? Match. 20. 15. Shall we pat in a reftraint to his free 
Patent ? no, the government cannot be mixt in fuch things where- 
in he hath made it entire, for this were to evacuate a Divine infti- 
cution by a humane conftitution. The power of the Land then is 
the Kings, and nothing to be attempted in his Nation without his 
fufterance, for the fecund caufes operate in the (trength and virtue 
of thefirft. The King therefore is the fountain of power, and all 
the ftreams of command and -■ jurisdiction mud flow from this 
fource, this Head-ipring. He is to be the great wheel to actuate 
all our motions, if he do not ftirre, all the reft muff ftand ftill, 
therefore he is called a Commander to the people, Iia. 35.4. as if 
without his injunction, or Royal Commilfion, nothing were to 
be a£ted or agitated in his Kingdome ; no, all are Governottrs to 
be fent by him, 1 Pet. 2. 13. that is, they mult be delegated, or 
they are not authorized Governours ; therefore fayes Solomon, 
Where the word of a King is there is power, Ecclef. 8.4. If he do 
no: articulate hisWord, power in others is but a dead found,if not a 
diabolicall noife ; for he is Supream, 1 Pet. 2. 13. and how Su- 
pream, if it were not an ufurpation of power to enact any thing,or 
Vriharnt to make any binding Order without he Roy le voyt { Subordinate 
jiquinai, habent dependentiam, Subordinate non agunt mji aprimo movent e. 
Hofubi Therefore faith Hofius to (fonftantius, The Lord hath intrufied 
fupra. y 0HT (JWajefty with the Empire, that is, with the fole difpoling of 
Jo. Da- all things within your Dominions ; yea Damafcene calls them Gc- 
mafc. pa- vernours whom Kings have created ; and Gratian faith, that Who- 
1 l ' foever without the Kings authority takes the fword, fhall per ifh 
Gra't. z$. with the fword. So that no Subje&s have any right to inter- 
j.S./w- meddle in the governing of a State, or ufing any compulfory cour- 
yag. 1. f es without the King;no all power is to be derived from the Kings. 
Thcfc are the three grounds, I will now adde to thefe three Co- 
rollaries. 

The Corollaries. 
Thtymf- The firfl Corollary fhall be, that feeing the calling of Kings is 
diflion « Divine, that a King is not the "peoples Creature. The people are 

committed 

of God -• Uagbhates are the Mini {las and Deputies cfGod-—Suh)ecls ought to be led, rot 
ondy with feat of Princes (a* they are to yield to their armed enemy) but becaufe their obedi- 
uues arefhow to Gad,forafmncb <** the poter of Princes h of God, CeU,l»/lJ.*.c.iQ. 

but 



ShebashetdcaBoverthe ft all. i$j 

but helps, not caufes to bring forth a King ; for that is the proper 
efficient caufe, not by which, but from which the being comes ; 
now Kings originally derive their being from God, the people do 
but fubferviencly pur them into their places ; their making of a 
King therefoie in proper and direct terms, is no more then taking 
of a King. And this holds in the moft free elective Kingdomes 
in the world, where their choonxu* is but the chooflng cf the per- 
fon, not creating any power ; for there is no power but of God. Rom. 13. 
Which fhews a plain mistake in that eminent Lawyer, to fay, Vote- *• 
ftatem hanc cipopulo efflux-am ejfefor then the King fhould direct- Fortl f cue ' 
Jy reprefent the people which choofe him, which he doth not, but 
God, who hath courVred the authority upon the calling ; (or The 
Klngreprefenteth Gods perfon upon earthy as Sir Edward Cook^ Ccokl * 
(asgrcr.ta Lawyer) plainly faith ; which is agreeable to that of '** J0JJ£ 

Tert ull. The Imperial CAtAJefty is ordained of God and L /, /^ 

holdeth folely of him. The power of Kings then is the efflux of zfp.+j. 
Gods order and inftitution, and not of the power of the people; TemlL 
for there is v.opoteftas radically in them, they do but onely hand a< *S ca P' 
Kings unto that high State that God hath annexed to the Throne; 
they may be difpoiitive caufes, as the inclination of the firft matter 
is to the form, or adjuvant caufes with the principall, as the Mini- 
ster is with God in the act of rcpcntance,who doth not truly work 
converfion, but diredl: or incite men to it, but the Origination 
and productive caufe of all pow ; er comes from God, therefore we 
fee God challenge the abibhte right of authorizing Princes, for the 
office is his, and the Ordination is his, //. 45. 1. Cyrus is called 
His anointed, and Nebuchadnezzar his fervant, Jer y 43. 10. yet 
no qaefti on but the people had fornething to do miniltcrially a- 
bout thefe Princes to order the woik, but not to raifc the Ordi- 
nance ; no; Magiftracy is the Ordinance of God y Rom. 13. 2. 
yea the Heathens could fay, that Kings were given cf God. How- HefioL 
focver in Scripture we find that what whatfoever the people do Maiim.' 
about Princes, it is held fo iittle, that it is not accounted worthy to ni4ri " 
be put into a Kings Title ; for he is not called, as Barclay hath Bardai 
well obfeived, the Minifter of the people, but the U\tinlfterof contU ** 
God, Rom. 13.4. Therefore ft range it is that people will be held narc ^ 
founders of Monarchy, and concurrent caufes with God, when a 
King in jure perfon<e, and in jure Coron&, holds properly of God; 
for of David it is faid, that God hadfet a Crown of pure gold nf- 

V or. 



1 54 Shtbas head caft$ver the fyatt. 

on his head, Pfal. 21.3. The people do but lliew themfdves 
wearied under the inconveniencics of Democracy, or Arif1:ocracy r 
and defiie the happineiTe of a Monarchy ; their work therefore is* 
no more then to confent that they are willing to leave an incorn- 
pleat government, and to own a more perfect, and upon this to ad- 
mit a King into his State, to give approbation to Gods Ordinance, 
to acknowledge the benefit and blifTe of this calling, and in a ta- 
cit Ceremony to vow their Allegiance. So then Kings are Gods 
and not the peoples, the peoples for ule and benefit, but Gods for 
conveying to them their Sovereignty and authority. Now that 
the people cannot make Kings, it (hall appear, Firft, becaufe none 
€o< & of them are Kings, and Nemo potefl plus juris in all urn 
complCop. transferee quam tffe habet, the 'cavfe mufi cany an equiparancy 
f$4f -*fvwitb the effect, for Nihil agit extra fpharam fmt N'ativitatis, it 
zabanl. j s not connat ural then to Kings to be created of the people,for there 
is no fuch inward principle to advance One to fuch an high State. 
Secondly, the people do not make a King, becaufe they do but elecl 
\4tWot. him, now election is not ( as the Philofopher faith) of that which 
a man hath; no, a man properly choofeth majus bonum, quam in 
Vnhmarf. f g \^ 9 \ubet Y a greater good then he hath in himfeJf ; the objeel 
of election, or the thing chofen, is 9^9" > f° nie external thin^,and 
counted fuperiour to mans prefent happineiTe ; for no man choofeth 
his hands, or eyes, or wifdomc,. or beauty, becaufe he is born to 
thefe things ; but if a man choofe any thing it is fomething that 
Nature hath not gifted him wiihal!,and this he feeketh to and cm- 
braceth as a fupcrvenient comfort. God then giveth the liberty 
of having Kings, and we accept oi this privilcdgc as a Divine fa- 
vour, yea ss a greater good and happineffe then man without the 
heavenly Ordinance can attain to of himfelf, fo then for the thing 
chofen men do nor make Kings. Thirdly, people cannot make 
Kings, becaufe they honour Kings, and Nemo -honor at, quod ipfc 
% flfc fabricates man honourcth that which lie makcth himfelf; no, Nero 
Senutk f° r his Idol-^odscould fay, Stultc verebor. ipfe, quos faciam deos ?• 
Tr<jg. Shall I f:ar thofe gods- that I can make ? if people then make 
Kings and honour them, this were to commit Idolatry wich the 
woi ks of their own hands. . Did ye ever fee any man kneel to his 
own Favouiitc, or Hoop to his own Sonne ? no, thofe things that 
4fpcfi» come from our felves arc ( as it were ) partes nojlra, our parts and 
.numbers, and wc count them inferiour to our own perlbns, .howfe- 



Shebas bead caft ever the tvatt. 1 55 

ever wc fcoi'n to give them ourpcrfonal obeyfance ; we grace them, 
and beautifie them, and make them fliine with the beams of our 
own bounty and favour, but we do not honour them ; for this were 
.to undervalue our ielvcs, from whom thefe things draw the cxtra&fc- 
on of their worth, and to acknowledge a greater eminency in 
them then in ourfclves, which the creature cannot have in rcfpc& 
of him that conftitutcs it;fecing then the people honour Kings,they 
do not make Kings. Fourthly, people do not make Kings, becaufe 
Kings as Kings do not j'uftly carry the portraiture of the people in 
them, yet Omni* caufa dignifcitur a caufato y for Affimilation is a <***£*« 
principall thing ( as <±A quirt as faith) that the effect draws from 
the caufe ; in naturali and artificial! things we may fee this; in 
natural things, for the Son hath the feature and phyfnomy of his 
Fathers brows ; in artificial!', for the Statue, or image, is the 
draught or print of the Amfants wit and invention ; but Kings 
( as ye have heard ) carry Gods lineaments in them, they are Dei- 
form pieces, we may know therefore by the curioufneffe of the Fa- 
brick who was the true Maker of Kings. 

The fecond Corollary iliall be, that feeing there muft be fuffi- 
ciency of power in Kings, that ther* can be no refervation of 
power ; for this refervation of power is terminw diminuens, and 
cannot ftand with Kingly authority ; for he which is to be com- 
pleat, muft not have his prefent power infirmed by a privy power, 
for how then a King? Quod refervatur abftrahitjhzYt is an abftra- 
ction in every refervation, and it leflentth the thing from whence 
it is taken according to the proportion. But the unjiiftnerTe of 
this reierved power may be lliewn by many pregnant reafons ; firft, 
there caji be no referved power becaufe it was not at firft inherent, 
and refervations are from fuch things as a man hath ; as he that 
rcferveth an annuall rent had firft the demeans, he that referveth 
ingreffeand regrefTe, had firft a clear Title to that meflu age and 
land in which the refervation is made, b'.it people before they had .^ ♦ 
Kings had never a power to refoun Superiours ; no, th?re was go- t fa* 
vernment before, but no authority to order them which ruled in fhallint 

chief, ioxyar In -par em non habet author it at em^ much Icffe the mk-P u ^K 

Ordinance 
he behoofefull to be amended, let ntt themfihes raife uproar^ hor put to their binds to the do- 
ittgoftt, which they *!l ought to have fafi found in this behalf but let tbim commit it to the 
ytdgemem of the Magi^wt^whofe band alone if herein at liberty) Cd, In/lit l.+.c. ae./!jj» 

V 2 riour 



156 Shcbxs he id eaji over the f»all. 

riour over the Supcriour ; the common people upon default of 
government could not order a Democracy, nor a Democracy up- 
on the like occafion order an Ariftocracy, no more can all thefe or- 
der a King ; for the higheft authority ( by what names foever 
they be called ) are above the command of them which are under 
them, it is againft the nature of Infer iours to order or reduce 
their Betters. Secondly , there can be no refervation, becaufe 
there wants an exception, for refervations are clear exceptions out 
of a thing granted, for he that referveth royalties upon the fale of 
an eftate mud: iliew his evidence,or elfe it will be thought he pad an 
abfokte eftate ; he that referveth a dwelling in an houfe durante 
vita, muft fhew his Covenant, or clfe h: will be accounted and 
found a TrefpaiTer ; fo that refervations muft be viiible, for refer- 
vations muft not be pretences, but the certain exception muft be 
produced. But where is this refervation to be feen ? if the people 
did pafTe any thing to the King, or could, yet where is this exce- 
ption recorded in which they kept in ftore to themfelves this un- 
granted power ? when was it covenanted ? where was it conclu- 
ded upon ? no, thofe Laws of the Land that have given to the 
King full command, have not mentioned any fuch refervation of 
power to the people ; whereas if there had been any fuch thing 
intended or held juft, we fhould have had the right of the Com- 
mon-wealth inferted. If there had been nothing written there 
might have been fome doubt, for then the authority of King and 
people might have been held notional things, but where the right 
of the King is in terminis fet down, and the people not fo much 
as intimated, it is to be conceived that there was never any fuch 
thing purpofed. The Lawyers fay, that when things come to wj l- 
ting, wbatfoevcr is not in fcriptu; though before a juft title and a 
warrantable claim, yet it is not after pleadable. Seeing then our 
Laws have declared the Kin^s right, and witnefted no fuch thins 
concerning the people, we may ealily perceive there was never any 
fuch refervation ; for things referved muft have their expreffe ex- 
ception, but who ever heard of this refervation till wi chin thefe 
few years ? Thirdly, there can be no fuch refervation, becaufe it 
is not proportionable, for things referved muft have their due mea- 
fures, chey muft not be of too great a latitude ; no, refervations 
are agreeable to the eftatc made over, not to give a man a Fcc- 

fiivmlc. 



ShebAS head eatt over the TvdL 1 5 7 

fimple, and then to intangle it with fuch burthenfomc and cumber- 
fome conditions, that the whole ftiall be endangered, for nothing 
is given where there are fuch refervations. Refervations are ufu- 
ally of fmaller things, and matters of infei iour nature, as to re- 
fer ve under a Prince fome mean Cu/tomes and petty liberties ; but 
if there were fuch a refer vation as this, it fhould prcfume a greater 
power in the people then in the King ; for the King muft rule by 
known laws, but thefe by arbitrary commands, which how incre- 
dible it is and incongruous to fupream government, all can judge. 
And indeed it would &t up a power to endanger the King in his 
very being, for if they have power to referve, the next claim may 
be they have power to reenter, even to feiz upon all that belong to 
the King ; for when they prevail they have the Kings life and 
Crown at their mercy ; fo that he is neither a King in honour or 
fafcty where there is fuch a refervation. For the King then is no 
Governour, but as a perfon under triall, and to be brought to ac- 
count and to endure the heavy doom of his people, and fo the 
Common-wealth liable to miferable garboils and diftra&ions, 
through differences and difputes between power and power. For 
where the people have a reciprocal power with the i^ing to reflect 
upon his actions of government and compell him, what can we 
look for but to have the whole State made the Stage of fuflfc rings ? 
for this referved power is enabled continually to queftion and pro- 
fecute the Ordained power. This refervation of power therefore 
were but the refervation of ruthes, the rack of Nations , and the 
murthering-inftrument laid up in ftore to deftroy the /Gngdome ; 
if ye will look into it therefore,ye fhal find this referved power not 
proportionable, cither to the ICings welfare or the peoples happi- 
neffe ; and feeing this kingdome hath no Tribunal at which our 
ifings fhould be arraigned or tried, and the Lawyers freely con- 
fefTe that a J<Ting cf England is not punifhable, it is not imagina- 
ble that there can be any fuch refervation. Further, this referved 
power is not agreeable to the Law of God, or the Law of Nature, 
or the Law of Nations, or the Law of ordinary government, or 
the Law of common reafon. Firft, not to the Law of God, for 
that bleffes the chief Governour with full authority, for it is fnid 
of Jndah the great Ruler over the Tribes, that his hands frail be 
fujjicicKt for him, Deut. 33.7. Amongft all thofe K'\\\<™> that came 

V 3 by 



1 5 % Shell* headcafi over &e%4L 

in poprfo by Divine appointment, God never furfered fuch a popular power 
M>t*% t0 cro ff e w j t [ 1 tac R e gall power by way of allowance ; no, this 
fuere Re- re ^rvation hath not in Scripture its confecration. Secondly, not 
ges din- to the Law of Nature, for what infcriolir thing in Nature doth 
ni bu. .reform the iuperiour ? the mixt bodies doc not reform the elements, 
mttiiqite thefecond conco£Hondoth not re6tifie the firft, the vegetative or 
^ummns ^ ei ^^ ve Acuities do not order the reasonable, the branches do not 
mutuant dirfufe fappc to the treeaf the root do nor, the matter do not re- 
mfcriores ferve power to difpofc the compofitum, if the form* , qua eslucun- 
Magiftrx- tnr e potentiH materia, negleit. their operations; no, Nature 
tu*,m leaves all government in the highelt, and fuffers no predominancy 
plurimi ininferiours. Thirdly, not to the Law of Nations, for in what 
fuereviri Nation was it ever known, that ever any King took his Crown up- 
piio'foit- on fuch conditions,, or that the people ( I will nor fay ufed, but ) 
tes t tdfibi re f ervec l f uc h a liberty as held lawfull to rile up againil Superiours ? 
^ttmbfe- ^ ure * am > r ^ c Tribunes, and Confuls, and Di&atours, were more 
runt, ut fi' ce &r tr *cir time ; after they were out of tneir office it was a rare 
Kegtbtu thing for any of thefe to be called to account, but fo long as they 
vim uU were i n tnc ir Office, who could queftion them t no, they which 
°tt ' fet them up in the time of their government, could not force them 
Htf ' to make fatisfacYion for their errours in government. And amongft 
Gmitnyl. all the Kings, H:atheni(Ti, Mahumetan, or Chriftian, was it ever 
lJe )ure known that there was fuch a refer vation, that if the Kings did not 
heL ty ru i e according to fuch Laws, or conditions, they had forfeited their 
fact*, c.4. autri0 rity, their Subjects were difcharged of their Allegiance, and 
the power did revert to the people ? Indeed fome humble protefta- 
tions there were of form Princes, that they defired no longer to 
enjoy the fword, then that they fhould ufe it to the welfare of 
them that were committed to their charge, but that the Common- 
wealth ever fo conditioned, or covenanted with them, that if they 
failed in government, the people iliould have power to work their 
own remedy, it cannot be (hewn • no, the people in no Nation 
till this day ever yet expreffed any fuch immodefty, that their pro- 
ceeding was accounted juft. Shall our Kinp,dome be worfe then 
the molt barbarous, or our Kings move retrained in it then in the 
moft Elective ? no, the Law of Nations condemn this. Fourthly, 
slot to the Law of ordinary government, for docs the fcrvant re- 
form his Maftcr, or the fon his Father, or the wife her Husband ? 

Do 



Shtbts htadcafi over the 'waIL r 5 9 

Do Burgers rule the Incorporation, if the chief Magiftrate be re- 
mil's? or the County execute Writs, if the Sheriff be defective ? 
no, in fubordinate governments we find no fuch power left in In- 
feriors to exercife power inftead of their Supcriours. Fiftly , not 
to the law of common rcafon, for the individuum ovfpecies do not 
order the Genus, or the fecunda fubflantia the prima y or the minor 
or conclufion, the major proportion. So then we fee that Kings 
if the^ tranfgrefs they are left to the conviction of their own con- 
fidences, there is no refer vation of power left in the people to bring 
them into better temper. 

The third Corollary nSall be, that feeing all power in a Kings* 
Dominion muft be derived from that fufficiency of power that is 
in him,that there can be no coordination.For coordination prefup- 
pofeth an equality , but can a King and his Subjects be equals ? no, 
the Scripture makes a King tranfeendent, he is to rule alone , and 
none to bear any fway but by his commiffion or permiffion ; For 
of Judah the cheif Ruler it is fa id , that His Fathers children 
fhall bow before him , yea he is the Lion amongft all the Tribes y and 
who fhall roufe him up } Gen. 49. 8, 9. Surely, not to tell him 
of his faults in that lofty manner , that they fhall have power to 
force him to better courfes ; no, Unto himfhall be the gathering of 
thepeople y vcr. 10. that is, all the people fubjec^ed to him; yea, 
the chief Ruler is to be by Gods appointment more then an equal , 
even to be King over them ; Deut . 17.15. if a King ever them 5 . 
then not a King with them , yea, Jothans parable teachem this , 
where The Trees went forth to anoint a King over them y and he 
was to be promoted over the Trees , Judg. 9.8. Nay, it was Gods 
direftion at the firft fetting up of a King,that the King was to have 
a chiefty amongft the people, for This [hall be the manner of the 
King that fhall reign over you y 1 Sam.8. 1 1 . and the people were 
not offended at this fpcech, but hid y There fhall be a King over us y 
I Sam 8. 19. And that appears by the two branches of his au- 
thority, that he (hould judge them y and goe out befofhthem y \ci\2 o. 
Judge them, and fo he either in his pcrfon or by his fu 1 ftitutcs to 
parte all the decrees in the Nation ; and to goQ out before them ? 
and fo not a man left to tread out the way to him , or with him , 
as his fellow-guide. Did not God ratify this in Saul } yes, by 
many teftimonics, as that he chofc him a man higher then all the 

people 



160 Shebis head caji over the^ill. 

people from the fhoulders upward, i Sam. 9. 2. And lay there 
not a myftery in thefe natural dimensions? yes, it was to (hew that 
a King for ever iTiould carry a iuperiority over his people; Samuel^ 
ye may fee, drew this argument even from his eminent ftature , for 
See ye not him whom the Lord hath chofen, that there is not tht 
like to him amongft all the people } 1 Sam. 10.2 4. And that- -place 
is remarkable where it is faid,that The itefire of all the people fhould 
be fet upon him, 1 Sam. 9.20. as if there were not a man but he 
had given up his heart unto him, and fubmittcd to his authority ; 
and that likewife is considerable, where it is faid that he (hoitld he 
Captain over Gods inheritance, 1 Sam. 10. 1. as if the whole in- 
heritance were delivered into his hands , and configned over to 
him ; therefore when the whole reprefentadve body was met, Sa- 
muel faid , The Lord hath fet a King over yon, 1 Sam. 12. 13. 
And as David was his SuccefTour in the Throne, lb not in power > 
yes, the Lord (tates him in all the precedent privilcdges, and makes 
him Saul's equal in all manner of Royalties , for Thou (halt feed 
my people Ifrael, and thou [halt Rule over them, 1 Chron. 1 1. 2. 
Yea the whole Kingdome even fo many hundred thoufands afTem- 
bled to acknowledge his command over all , For all the men of 
war that could keep rank_ carne with a perfect: heart to maf^e Da- 
vid King over all Ifrael, and all the reft atfo of Ifrael were of one 
heart to make David King, 1 Chron. 12.38. So that here are 
the greateft as well as the fmalleft yielding fubjecUon ; nay, his 
own free confdfion witneflkth it , for He hath chofen Judah to 
be Ruler , and of the houfe of Judah, the houje of my fat her , 
and amongft the fonnes of my father, he liked me to make me King 
over Ifrael, 1 Chron. 28. 4. And infinite teftimonies there are 
to lhcw that this was actually performed,for The ^philiftines heard 
that David was anointed King over all Ifrael , 1 Chron. 14.8. 
And David reigned over all Ifrael, 2 Sam. 8.15. And David 
the fon of Jeff e reigned over all Ifrael, 1 Chron. 29. 26. And 
had not Solomon this general authority conveyed unto him? yes, 
All Ifrael obeyed, even all the Princes and mighty men , and all 
the fonnes of King David fubmitted themf elves unto Solomon the 
King, 1 Chron. 2 9. 2 3.24. infomuch that not fome of the mean- 
er fort, but the beft of the Nation are faid to be fubje£fced to him, 
for the whole Land was the Land if his Dominion, 2 Chron. 8.6. 

There- 



Shebx$ headca/l ova t he ^aH. \ 6 1 

therefore is k faid that Solomon was King over all Ifrael y 
i King. 1 1. 42. Yea, it is enough tc confirm this, that the Throne 
:s called The throve of the Kingdoms, 7 King. 1. 46'. and The 
Throve of Ifraely 1 King. 10. 9. |S i£ 'he whole Nation were un- 
der the Kings command , therefore is \: faid that The Kingdoms 
(that is,thc whole power of the Nation) was efi^blijhed in his hand, 
1 King. 2; 46. He that iittcth in the Throne, hath he not an in- 
communicable (tile ? yes, he is called the Chief Cover no ur, and 
mofl excellent ±\ Chron. 29. 22. and if Chief and moft excellent , 
1 Pet. 2. 13. Who are to compare with him ? no, fo far are the 
people from bearing nn even height with the King , that they arc 
laid to be under htsfhadow, Lam. 4. 20. If ye would have any 
more out of Scripture, thefe pregnant places are to be weighed, 
who ft all lay his hand' upon the Lords ^Anointed ? 1 Sam. 26. 9. 
as if none could lawfully lift up an hand againft the King , or Go- 
vern in his Land with equal authority; for Government hath 
vim coacllvam^t requireth enforcement; and that place is likewife Jqtlnxs* 
to be considered , Let every foul be fubjetl to the higher powers^ 
Rom. 1 3.1 . Every foul, that is, * the fouls of the Magnates as well 
as-thc Infimates;yca a notable proofe it i?,that all the Ofticeis of the 
Kingdome arc called the King's Officers , for thefe are the Chief of ^ 
the mighty men whom David had^i Chr. 11.11. ^Andfuch are tauIh* 
called Chief Rulers about Davld^i Sa. 2 0.2 6. And all Governoursomntma- 
(as it was faid before ) are filled Governours fent by the King , mmamfi* 
1 Pet. 2.12. J So that they have no power to order or prcfo ibe^L™" J 9 ' 
any thing direclively, or correctively , but by the King ; for Da- f^^^ 
vi d executed judgement and iuftlce to alt his people, 2 Sam. 8 1 t y.ejfert*lt- i f 
That though others be initrumcnts, yet the King is * principal : rftiam AU- 
dirtributivc juftice be the Kings, theri cfoubtfeffs" he may challenge 0ram 
this as his proper and infcparablc right. Seeing then the Khg is j^"? f * 
fo often faid to be over the people, and over all , and the Princes, ffJloGr§. 

L de)ure 
belli,&paepsi.c.4.f.6. f Mdgiflratibns tdnquam mxfi'u a Rege, tdeJt,poteflatemjU<tm 
a Regeducentibtu. Hugo Grot, ubifupra. * Multfim fallnntur qui exjjlimant, (urn Regcs rf« 
Cla qutiamfHi no!»nt ejjerxta nifi a Senate ant alio i«tu aliquo probentur par tttionm fieri poter 
fata, nam qua afla eum in modum refcindw.ttir, intelligi debent, refcindi regis ipfitts iwperio, qn- 
tomodoftbi carerepotuit, ne quid fill trite r imfttutum pro rer* ipfimvo'.uKtatt bditTttm 
mgQGrQt* I. l,c. 3/ffl. 18. • 

X and 



1 6 % Shehatis head calt over tht Tmll. 

and Captains, and reprefentative bodies of the Kingdome did fub~ 
mit to him, and his Throne is called The Throne of the King- 
dome ,and the Land, The hand of his Dominion, and that he is the 
Chief Go vernour, and all his Subjects are to be under his fhadow,. 
and that a hand cannot be (tretched out againft him , and every 
foul muft be fubjeft to hirr^ and all Govcrnours are to have depu- 
Tert ad zzllon ^ rom him > anc * tnat r ^ £ w hole Ji'ftice of the Kingdome is 
leap. his, there can be no coordination. For we make him Soveraign 
over all , in that we make him fubje£t but to God alone. u There 
tc is no man above the Emperour beiides God alone,which made the 
optat. it "Emperour;and Optatus reproves Udnatus becaufe he did net fear 
febif. and reverence him whom all men fhould honour next unto God. 
Donat.1.3- We may fpeak unto you (oh Childerlck^ faith Greg. Turon.) ifyou 
lift not to hearken , who can condemn you but that great God 
fe-jf /. / who hath pronounced himfelf RighteoufnefTe ? Kings (faith Otho 
cap, i. Fripngenjis) have none but God himfelf above them , whom they 
need to fear. Yea, "Pope Ptns himfelf iaith , Let there be an end 
of contention , and one principal Head to determine all temporal 
matters , let the occafion of perpetual debate be taken away , let 
men acknowledge themfelves fubject, to their Prince , and give re- 
verence to him whom God hath made his Vicegerent ; yea, not 
only Chryf. Iaith that Rex non habet par em fufer t err am , but 
Braflon. B ration faith that Rex non habet par em In Regno [uo , The King 
/. i,c. s. hath no equal in his own Kingdome , but All are under him, and 
17> An* he under none, but only under God ; which is agreeable to the Ar- 
ticle of our profeffed Religion confirmed by Acfc of Parliament > 
which faith, that the Kings majefty hath the chief power in the 
Realm of England, and other his Dominions- unto whom the 
chief government of all Eftates of this Realm doth appertain ; and 
Sr.sd*. $i r Edward Co^avoucheth it as Law, that it appeareth as well 
^l+iriel ' °Y ^ 1C anc * enc Common Law of this Land , by the rcfolutions and 
cafef. 40. jndgemcivs of the Judges and Sages of the Laws of England in all 
fucceilion of ages , as by authority of many Ac-b of Pai liament, an- 
cient and of later times, that the Kingdome of England is an, ab- 
folute Monarchy , and the King is the only Supream Goyernour, 
i Elixb. as wc ^ overEcdefiaftical perfons, and in Ecclenn/tical caules-, as 
.,,.> temporal within this Realm ; nay, the Oath of Supremacy (which 
iliould put every man in mind what he hath bound his foul to ) 

plainly 



Shebas head eafl over the *KaH. 163 

plainly (wears the whole Kingdome, and the Parliament it felf to 
conreiYc, that the King's HighnelTe is the only Supream Govemout 
of this Realm ; no marvail therefore that Henry g.claimeth to 
himfclf the -whole and entire power, prerogative , and preeminence; 24/fcii.f. 
yea, that with difdain he rejected the motion of his Parliament , c . 11. 
when they would have conftraincd him, to an Act of Grace ; for 
when the Houfe of Commons denyed to parte the Bill to pardon 
the Clergy ("eing in a Premunire ) unlefle they might alfo be par- 
doned, he' fa id He was their Soveraign, and would not be compelled &•**&• 
to (hew mercy. Where there is a King then, there can be no joint v ? ^'* 
Commanders; no, That is necejfary in nature, and profitable to Diou.Cdfs. 
men, that fome fhould govern, and others obey. What power have 
any to execute Juftice, but by his authority ? no, It is the Office vhdo.l. ie 
of the King to command what things are fit to be done y and to in- ™<* Moy~ 
hibit what things are fit to be forborn. Other men have nothing ' xu 
to do, but to maintain their pi ivate intercfts , but as for Govern- 
ment it is wholly inverted in the King , as that wife Heathen refol- 
ved, To C* far belongeth the power over all , to every man elj >&«*«• 
but a propriety in his own. Therefore it is an enforcement upon 
Royal command to challenge a joynt authority in ordering a 
Common-wealth with a King. But to make this more mani- 
feft , I will adde thefc convincing reafons againft Coordination. 
Firft there can be no Coordination, becaufe to be a King's equals 
or Coordinate,enters not into the definition of a Subject,for Sub- 
jects are wholly to obey the laws of their Superiours , and not to 
make laws to them , or without them , as we faw lately how many 
Orders and ordinances arc forced befides, or perhaps againit the 
(landing laws of the King, when this Coordination is urged. Se- 
condly, Kings and Subjects are not under the Tame Species, and it 
is neceflarily required that coordinate Agents, or partial caufes 
fhould be ejufdemfpeciei, or elfe it is an equivocal Coordination : 
now though thefc be under the Came Species as men,yet not as Go- 
vernors , for both the Hcufes acknowledge and ftile themfelves 
Humble Subjects. Thirdly, where there is a more noble form , 
there can be no Coordination , but Kings have a more noble form 
then any Reprefentative Body , namely to be God's immediate 
Vicegerent , which is a ftile that never was, nor can be given to 
the two Houfes. Fourthly , that which is accidental cannot be 

X 2 coordinate 



1 64 Sbdas head caft over the Teall. 

coordinate with that which is of it felf , for Quod per fe <?/, &> 
vtrjlQt. ftmp licit er> & natura fna tale eft , magis tale eft y qnam id quod eft 
per accidens , ant per participationem : But for a King to govern 
it is dTential to him, and that he take any to help him in his go- 
vernment it is but accidental , for many, Kings have governed 
Xepor without fo much as a privy Counfellour, as it is faid of the Scottlfh • 
Motrins. Kings for two hundred years and odd , and how long privy 
Counfellours and Parliaments have been in England is uncertain. - 
Fiftly, there can be no Coordination becaufe the King is the firft, . 
now nothing can carry cocquality with the firft, for the firft in e- 
ZibdreB. very kind is The meafure of the reft , and that which is Chief . 
Spin. Is the Rule of all other things. Now that the King is firft , not 
only in order, but in honour and Efficacy is apparent , becaufe he 
calls the reft, for the Reprefentative Body meet at his appoint- 
ment ; and now if they may meet without a formal Writ , yet it 
is by the Kings content , which is a conftant Triennial call , for ■. 
without the Kings ratification, they had had no power to hold > 
that great Aflcmbly. B:fides, he is not only firft in the call, but 
in the concluding upon that which muft pafte for a law ; for except 
his negative voice be denied him , any thing may be denied 
that is propounded , for what he doth he doth out of judge- 
ment and affedtion , and not by compulfion , as that great Law- 
yer hath well determined ; We know full well ( faith Elfmere ) 
"Bfrntn. from the practice of all former Parliaments , that the three E- 
poflnati ftates are fubordinate to the King in making lawes y wherein the 
f. a%. chief power confifteth 7 they may propound or confent, but it is ft ill 
in the Kings power to rcfxfe or ratify... Now where the King is 
iii ft in the call , and firft (that is chicfeft) in the concluding there 
muft needs be a priority, and fo no coordination. Sixthly, there 
can be no coordination becaufe the King is a diftincl: perfon , and 
to be confide! ed feparatim as the head from the whole body , now 
that which is limited to the Prince cannot be communicated to the 
fubjeft , for XJna eademejue res duohw fuppofitis non pot eft eodem 
* w " ' gradti excellere ,for this were then to deftroy diftincl:ions. Seeing 
then Gods ordination for government is ictled upon the Prince, 
(and that proved not only by clear teftimonies of Scripture, 
but likcwilc by perfpicuous rcafon ) there can be no Coordination. 
Thcfe grounds being laid, and Corollaries annexed, I come now 

to 



Sheba's head casi over the W/. 1 6 5 

co draw the inference, which is this,that leing the calling of Kings ^. ^ 
is divine and the people have but an inteipretative power, in the a ^ Hm j r . 
making of them, and feeing there muft be a fuftlckncy of power rimm fa- 
in them which will admit of no : refer vation, and feeing Jll*u- '/****** 
thority cxercifed within their own Dominions muft be fo derived J7*™' j w 
from them, that there mu{t be no co-ordination, that refinance by fy \ n p^. 
force of Armcs a^ainft a Piincc is a thing unreasonable, and nami hunt 
unjuft ; for refinance is a kind of iudicial adt, yea the fevereft of in Reg»*n 
punifhments, for it carries in it a vindicative power , now whom**" 6 **"" 
hath God appointed to take vengeance upon a King ? no, it is ha y itHm 
a principle engraven into ail our bofomcs,jthat the liigheft is not rum.ut 
to be judged, and Solomon confirmes it, for who may fay unto a nee altar 
K ing, what doeft thou >Eccdf. 8.4, that is,not to fay whatj&eft kg*p*** 
thou, as I am freed of my allegiance, and can lawfully meet thee in "' . 
the field to tell thee thy errour in a pitched battlemo, the fentence ^ ja i ent co . 
of that famous Lord-keeper Elfmere is very pertinent to iV\s gtndi. 
purpofc, who when the Parliament in Rich, fecond's time told the N*w£«- 
King that if he neglected his duty and would not do that which he nmo > .*** 
ought to do, they could compel him to it,pronounccth thus of that n0npo r 
pa(Tage,that this very thing depriveth the King of all foveraignty, fuvtpro- 
and maketh his Governmcn: an Ariftocracy contrary to the ji ft ice cedtre nifi 
of our firft Kings, and the judgment of all Ages ; and it is a good •* rolun '_ 
obfervation of* Speed that when the Barons threatnc<] the faidj^^-" 
King, that if he would not come to Weftminfler, and fettle articles fr,^/^ 
of Peace, they would choofe another King, that they labou-^p»j, o* 
red not with humble words, and dutious reafons , but bc~*f#«r*- 
haved themfelves contrary to their allegiance, and all good older ; Vi rtin ! 
for to feek to compcll a King is to drew that a Nation hath an ^r"^ 
Armed power to force a King to juftice, But again ft a King there neC j Ue 
muft be no rijing up. No rinng up, and yet fomc rising up ? no futfic'wnt 
rifeing up, and yet rifcing up with an acute diltinCtion ? doubt- l j£jj*£* 
lefTe the diftindmn is as much forccd,as the infurrcction, i: being q£^* 
the high rape of judgmcnt,& conf cie nee ; Therefore I fay no more, r> , 4 k^; 
but as Solomon faith, that He that provoke: h a Kino ■ to wrath, 2. 
finneth againft his own Soul; Prov.2 0.2.and not only againft the 
bliiTc of his Soul but the peace of Ms Soul ; for there cannot but &fimere 
be a thoufand reluctances, bickerings , rccalcitrations , and con- Pwntti.f. 

99* 
Sptedin thchff} Rich, 1, anwu- of h'u wgn? t <mm dom,J}1$, fro. 30. 31. 

X 3 vicliops 



1 66 "sbeUs beaicajl over the W/. 

virtionsjhow that can be done, that is even impolfiblc to be done 
for the Kings high calling, his compleat authority, his neceffar 
deputing alt to exercife authoricy within his own dominions can- 
not but reftrain all refinance. A King then in his own territo- 
ry i is not to be rejtfted by force of Armes % But that this may b: 
made more evident I will prove i: by many irrefragable argu- 
ments. 

The firft ("hall be drawn from (Economical government , for 
what is houfe-hold government , but the lower ftaires to a Princes 
prefence-chamber > what is a Kingdom?, but a great Family ? the 
Father is a kind of Prince at home, and the Prince, a great Fa- 
ther abroad ; how the Prince ought to be tendered we may know 
by that how,the Father ought to be refpe&ed ; for the obedience 
to the Father is the Index to tliew, or the Primer to learn loyalty 
to the Piince. Now the Father hath been a venerable perfon in 
all ages, infomuch that he that hath neglected his honour to the 
Father hath dcfiliated himfelf, & remained but as the mifcarriage 
of Nature, or the Abortive of duty. He that did but uncover his 
Fathers nakednefTe though he did not try Mafteries with him, or 
put in his probe into his brcaft to feai ch his heart with cold fleele, 
is to this day called the cttrfed Cham Gen, 9. 25. And the con- 
temner of his Father, that cannot look right on his Father, or had 
not reverence enough fitting on his eyebrowes towards him, it is 
faid that the ravens of the tallies fhall pick^ out his eyes. Prov. 
30, 17. Yea the prefumtuous child that was procax,ox pervlcax y 
though he did not lock the doores upon his Father, or endeavour 
to brain him at his own threlTiould, yet if he fpake not in a 
Sonnes dialect , or did not walk compalTe with his Fatheis com- 
mandes he was to be carried out of the Gates of the City, &: made 
a publieke example,not to be killed onely, but flo ned. Deut.2 1 .2 1 . 
Orlgtn. Therefore faith Orlgen. Patri vel Matri nulla modo cwtmdlcere 
hem. ii; £ e y emH$ ^ dl C ant, faciani qu& volunt, We muft not contradict our 
'Father, or Mother, though they fay or do whatiocver they 
pleafe. Homicide hath fomtimes been committed , becaufe man 
to man in general (if confanguinity do not ty him with the fir- 
mer links, ) holds himfelf a ftranger, but fuch is the propinqui- 
ty betwixt Father and Son, that Parricide was held incredible ; 
yea the very Heathens thought they need not ena6l any law a- 

gainft 



Sheba's head taji ovtrthe Ivall. 1 6 7 

gainft it,becaufe Nature was a law to it felf.If the Father then was 
fo accounted of in the family, what ought the Prince to be in : he 
Common-wealth ? If we had childrens hearts in our bofomes, 
doubtleiTe we lhould know our duty better , and live in more 
humble fubje£tion to our nuifeing Fathers, yea thorgh they fhould 
hold us to ihorter meanes, or fcourge us griveoufly. The authority 
o£ a Father requires much at our hands, do not that then to thy 
Prince , that thou wouideft not do to thy Father ; thou wouldfr. 
be unwilling to have it faid, that thou fhouldft ftir thy Fathos 
bloud , then whyjyvouldft thou hazard to ilied thy Princes bloud f 
no, Parentis locum ebtinet^ ac vicijjim tanquam a germanis finis p^ ^ 
reverentiam poftulat, He ftands inftead of a Father, and jufrly vim 
expects reverence of his Subjects, as of his natural Children. Moifis, 

The fecond fnall be drawn from the firft entrances of publick 
government. How did God confecrate thefe with a ncceflary duty 
to Supcriours ? what fay ye to Mofes ? he had a people committed itrom. 
to his charge,but fuch as would tranfilire limites^ be out-leapers,and 
not keep within the boundaries of fubje£Hon, how did they feel , 
the fmart of their difobedience f they which murmured or muti- 
ned, affronted or affaulted their Governer, they went not to their 
graves without their vengeance-fpot feen upon them. Were not 
Corah, Dathan , and Ab'tram for this put into a grave m\- 
undigged ? yes,fo faith Chryf. Infnrrexerunt Corah, Dathan, & *fef^*« 
Abiram, quid ergo ? nonne illi periere ? Corah, Dathan, and A- l 1 *?t , > z * 
biram role up againft Mofes, what came of it ? did they not B^fil.bm: 
perifh ? yes, Basil, faith, quafi defcenderunt in infer nun? damna^ 9. 
torum, not only the earth opened and fwallowcd them up, but 
they were buried in Sheol it felt, in the pit of the damned, fure wc 
it /.hey did not dy the common dea. h of all men nor, were vljited 
w ththe vljitatlon of all men Ni rrv 1 6, 2 9. 3 o. but God created a 
new thing, even buried them net as dead caikaffes, but with their 
breath quick in their bofomes ; yea though this rebellion was car- 
ried on with ftrength, for there were two hundred and fifty Prin- 
ces of the AJJembly, fim&us in the Congregation, and men of 
reno)vn,Numo. 16. 2. even the Optimates ( as a man would 
fay }to be their compUces,yet God was fo incen fed at their carri- 
age, that he held the ground unworthy to bear them ; therefore that 
which iliould have been their pavement to walk on, God made it 

their 



J6% 



Sheba's bead caH eve the Vail, 






Tana jj 

icrroi ad 
•mjlff. 



their pitfal to finke into, Gcd hid as it were tluirnm: of 
tfraul underground. Why then will men renew thofe courfes 
that Gods judgements have punted unlawful ? why d:> they wal 
in thofe waies} where they may (tumble upon the Rebel ttrooke to 
death, with aftonilliablc rut h ? Fear they not to perifh in the gain- 
faying of Corah ? may not God againc create fome new thing, 
even raifc up Tome ftrangc judgement, that the world before was 
never acquainted with, to accurfe fuch a fedition withal ? yes,the 
Lords arme is not fhortned, he hath not emptied all his arrowes 
out of his quiver, he hath more fparkes of his vengeance ready to 
glow. I lay no more but according to the old Adage, That which 
is a punifhment to a few, let it be a terrour to all. Doubtleffe 
thefe things arc written for our own learning, if our bad matters, 
even our own humours have not left us indociblc; how the re- 
counting of thefe things may prevaile with many I know not, but 
they ftruck fuch a general dread into the hearts oi thole that fol- 
lowed cJJ/6>/>^that there was not a rebellion to be heard of in the 
dayesof J*f*Ay or the Judges. The Lord therefore fanctify this 
judgment to this Nation, that they may conjRdcr, that that is a 
ttrong reafon to fright men from any attempt that is drawn from 
Gods real cxri'diion of difpleafure upon it ; no preiidcn:,or Book- 
cafe like to it. 

The third reafon iliall be drawn from the inttitution, for after 
the Lord had given the world experience of inferiour Governours, 
he at latt brought in a Kirig,and after what fort to be ukd ? to be 
borne withal though intolerable ; not to be oppofed, though he did 
which it force rch(hnce;for though he did take away their liberties, or did 
, i deprive them of their Land or inthral their perfons, or potteritie 
[cfrtytj t0 lclv ^ e imploymcnts , yet he was to be at liberty , his Crown- 
obcy f and Land not to be feifea on, his Royal perfon not to be endangered ; 
they might no,they muft endure all thefe injurious, and vexatious carriages, 
*ot'efiil ns t hc lot of Government. For God knew he had not fct pure 
'ml'lhad "Angels., orimpeccant Saints over them, but fuch as through the 
laid the height of their place, or the (Length of temptation might de- 
mllfmll- dine from the ftrcight rule of luftice, therefore God would not 
»ej?e of have their errours t >o much iniiftcd upon; no, though culpable, yet 

if iCingS 

shall run t*fnch licntioufne/fi vhich it shall not hi your part to refijl, ti %h*mthis Only thitt£ 

tbaU bt left to ebtj their (Qww*ndmtnt> wdtork?* t9 tbeir *Qrics c*lv , Jnjh.i^.c iof.it. 

not 



It vat 

called m 
right over 
t'^c people, 



Shebas head cast over the T»all. 1 6 9 

not puniftiable, therefore there is no other redreflc then that of the 
Poet , Levins fit patientia , quiccjuld corrigere eft nefas, To How*. 
make that light by paticntcc, which cannot he othc : Ife*, p . 
formed without fin. For what ? right thy feif againfta King ? Jaj Rf '_ 

no, juftice here were inji'ftice ; all that thou canft do is to cam* £«m efc- 
p!ain,or toexprefTe thy griefs with earneftneiT:, but not to remedy fcribens 
thy felf with violcnce,or howfoever not with Gods a]lowancc,F<?r '? llS9 f* n ' 
thou (bait cry out in that day, and I will not hear the, 1 Sam. 8. r UiR y \' s 
1 8 t here is the inftitution 1 Sam, 8. 1 1 . die *JM regit, his tire mptrUs 
prerogative, not to be rcfponfable for wronges, or not to be forced mlltmin 
to repaire them ;no,jtts populi is taken away, if there be any jhs P°P ul ° 
Regis; for if it be operative in the one , it is cxtinguifhed in [ e ' * m 
the other; the peoples dcftitution is apparent out of the Piinces Hu 
Inftitution, all hands are tyed by the inftitution. Princes then Grotius 
are to remain undifturbed in their own Kingdomes , for it is the dt)urt 
fecurity of the Inftitution , it were execrable ye know to vi- hdlt . & 
olate an Inftitution. Inftintion of Sacraments, of the po-.vei gl 
of keyes, of Church affemblics &c. have ever carried a folemn /.' zo . 
regard. It hath been accounted a kind of Athifme, that men 
would be law-makers to themfelves againft an Inftitution, for an * ru^i*- 
inftitution hath in it a kind of legal efficacy, according to that of p u d s* 
zsficurjius , Inftitutiones funt prtceptiones , quib'/.s inftituntur, mutl.m 
Inftitutionsareinthe Nature of Precepts to thereupon whom they fftdc )urc 
are impofed. ' H£«3T 

The fourth fhall be drawn from the Ceremony of Inaugurati- r „o, /a > n . 
on, that a King is anointed. Now do not this anointing preferve tiaptaret 
him fiom dangers? yes, or why are not the worthies, and grandees necde-jure 
elfe anointed ? Doubtleffe it is to fhew 2$ theexcellency,fo the in- g"^ 
tcm:iatcneiTe o:~ a Princes perfon,that it mi' ft be a moft defiled hn- &* M ™' 
g:r,that /hall wipe off this ovle, or ftrike at that forehead that the f ac Ji (att 
oyle hath touched, tor, who can lay his hand upon the Lords a- hcry/ie.ey 
nointed and be guilt lefe ? 1 Sam. 2(5. 9. he n [i _ -up.l a\i- 
ftro;klcfle xhat would be guiltkfle ; if a man hath Yn?n'?' 

to a guilty hand , he muft not ftretch out a bloudy hand, i J^Sk 

ratio yivendi pr<efcr:bi.ur inea parte I'gis, <}**£ eft de officio Regs) neon nudum j clum 
iod'.cari: nihil enim in eo ej?et rximium-, cum injuria; fucere etiam priyaii pnratis f leaTt.fed 
faflurn quod ijfcclum aliquem 'umhabtal, id tfiyr.onrefi/ler.dtobligathntrn # idea additur pO' 
pulnm prej?um ifiu injuriis D t optm irr.pl or at ur um t (jn:afci!tctt hnrrana rtmedia n/lia ex- 
taunt. Hug. Grot, de-ujebeli, cr pads lib. i.e. 4. f J. 

Y a 



i ?e Shebas head cajl over the W/. 

a hand that is framed with fiich an horrid pollution I cannot 
purge it, for God doth not cleanfe it. David cannot acquit the 
tsfmalekjte for this, for, How waft thou not afraid toftretch out 
thy band againft the Lords anointed ? 2 Sam. 1 . 14. nor the Phi- 
liftines for being a means to takeaway the life of Saul y for the 
/hi eld of the mighty is vilely caft awayjhe fhicld of Saul y as though 
he had not been anointed with oyl y 2 Sam. 1 . 2 1 . for though thefe 
perfons had not the written Law of God to direct them, yet he 
thought that Nature had fufficiently inftrudled them, lent them an 
inward reftraint, a fouls-curb, not to take away a King, becaufe he 
was the Lords Anointed. If the Amalekite, or Philiftine then 
be noxious, the ProfefTour cannot be innocent ; for that which 
daunts the Heathen, may juftly deterre the Jew or Chriftian. The 
King then is to be intattus y becaufe inunBus , not to be an- 
noyed, becaufe anointed ; yea, it feemeth not onely to be a fin, 
but the higrieft of fins, facriledge, to deprive a King of life or dig- 
nity ; for the oyl is holy, and the Prince to this day counted for it 
Zefol.<\. a facred perfon ; therefore faith Beda y David pepercit Sauli y qui 
is S*m> malitiose eum perfections <?/?, quod erat ejus Domlnus inun&usfa- 
cro oleo y David fpared Saul which malitioufly perfecuted him, 
becaufe he was his Lord anointed with facred oyl ; and Auguftine 
Jag cont, much to this purpofe, Qu&ro y ft non habebat Saul Sacrament i fan- 
lit. Petti llit at em, quid in eo David venerabatur ? I demand, if Saul had 
Z.2.c.4$. not j n hini the holineffe of Sacramcntall oyl, what was it that Da- 
vid did reverence and fear in him ? no, he honoured oncly ( faith 
iSfnguftine )^he holy and facred tmccion, for this he reverenced 
him while he lived, and revenged his death ; yea he was troubled 
and trembled at the heart, that he had cut off the lappe of Sauls 
£2rmen\ ho ( faith that good Father) Saul had no lnnocency y yet 
he had holineffe ', not of life y but of untllon ; the Unction then 
ihould be a fifficickn: Antidote againil the poyfon of refi- 
nance. 

The fifth fhail be diawn from the Oath of Allegiance, for that 

j*r*m?». Subjects might not be loofe, God hath made them to carry their 

turn e(lf- duty-ftiing about them to tie them clofe to their Soveraign without 

itifigrurn (} u - rin 2;for a King hath not his people upon uncertainties, but they 

\™ are mad^. his own by an Oath;for what is the nature of an Oath but 

tf.HTn ten* J 

)un(hm (Htndti tejjimonh, fbthde$l<nWiQ»e&* 

for 



Shtbas head cafl over the Ttall. 1 7 1 

for men to detect and to imprecate againft their own fouls, if Wh n zc- 
they prove falfe in their engagement? oh the breach of this is a f^"' 
f nare, an inextricable fetter. Solomon thou ght fo, and therefore he^.^ £ 
urges it to fuppreffc all tumultuous proceedings. Cenfure not(iaith b*ch<t<l- 
he in effect ) thy Princes actions, howfocver teach him not his du- ne^*', 
ty at the fwords point; no,though he does things difagreeable to thy *^™]V 
hking,and perhaps ditfonant to equity and piety,yet ftudy out thou^^ 
no evil againft him, feek not thou to compellhim to that which u y^ ue 
feemcth more rcafonable to thy apprehenfion, or more honourable igniig*J« 
to the Nation, becaufe this is not thy part, in that thou axtfi^m 
not his Ruler, but he is thy Governour ; thou haft fworn thy fetf*y?*V 
either to'obedience or patience ; he hath the fole command of his m ^ ■ 
actions without thy conn oil or contradiction, thou ma ift lament ^m <fo- 
thy ftate, but not foment fedition, condole but not conlpire, thou cente, 
muft be quiet for thou art oath-ftruck ; according to that plain te-^O^ „ 
ftimony, I advertife thee to take heed to the commandment °f the a ™'^ * 
King, and that in refpett of the Oath of God ; Be not hafty to go Ant -^ ' 
out of his fight : ft and not In an evil thing, for he doth whatfoever chen, 
pleajeth him,Ecck(. 8. 2,3. Therefore faith Carthwright, That earth- ' 
Solomon might turn people from dif obedience and rebellion, he lay- *right 
eth the ax to the root of rebellion,that they fhould not fuffer their h ° m - '" y 
f elves to be carried away with a troubled or dlfcontented mind , for cc '* 
from thence it comes that many fail in their due fubjeclion, when 
they depart from their duty through anger, imagination, ambition, 
defire of lucre, &c. And all this upon good reafon, for what is it *? e . <) *" 
to be hafty to go out of his prefence, and to ftand in an evil thing,*^^^, 
but to feparate from the King with a bloudy rent, and to rife up in duett* 
rebellion? now how can the Subject do this if he remember his animo 
due fubjedtlon, and his bounden duty that Mr. Carthwright talks /* r/< "* 4 " 
of f what is this lubjection and duty but the tie of the oath ? there- *J% 1*1 
fore to conteft with this oath, it is to quarrel with the covenant and £ ec } e r 
decpeft vow, that not onely our lips, but our fouls have engaged 
thcmfclves with ; therefore this fury is no other then fedifragy,and 
this pervicacy then perjury. How excellently doth Solomon open 
this f Thou fhouldft have ftayed longer upon the btifineflc, and 
not been thus hafty, for be the pretence never fo good, yet the un- 
dertaking is not good ; no, it is to ftand in an evil thing. Thou 
canft not circle in a King to thine own conditions, nor hold out a 

Y 2 fpears*. 



iy i Shebas headcajt over thctoall. 

fpears-point to make him Teal Covenants, for this is againft the in- 
nate freedome of a Prince, he doth whatfoever pleafeth him. 
mi bt ^ 0t f ^ at Solomon C as Carthwrlght fayes ) holds this lawfnll for 
hbifuprd. Kings to do, but that he might repreffe the boldneffe of StibjeEis, 
and that he might teach them rather to depart from their right , 
then to contend with a King, And that Princes fhould be thus 
patiently fubje6ted to, it is no more then the peace of the Oath. 
Thou canft not be duty-free, becaufe thou art not oath-free ; thou 
canft not abjure thy Prince, becaufe thou haft made thyfelf his 
fvvprn liege-man ; thy oath will not fuffer thee to rebell, or to 
take up a w'eapon againft him ; it is a wofull bridling of a Kin** 
£p. Let- that is gotten by perjury. So the Churchmen of Liege endca- 
dienf.apud voured to filence Pope Pafchall, when he ftirred up Robert Earl of 
Stmfttr- F landers to deftroy the Billiop of Liege, and the Pricfts that took 
part with him. who ( fay they ) can jufily blame the Bljhop that 
takjth his Lords fart (which was Henry the fourth againft his 
fonne, that ufurped upon the Empire ) to whom he hath [worn alle- 
giance ? Perjury is a great fin, whereof they cannot be innocent 
that by new Schifme, and novel Tradition, do promife to abfolve 
Subjects from the guilt of perjury, that forfwear themfelves to the 
Ttrt.Uh. Lord, the King.. YznTertullian caft it as a foul afperfion upon 
4 Jw ?- the Emperours Courtiers ( whereby he juftifics the Chriftian againft 
the Heathen Subjects ) that they fhould fwear by the Emperours 
Ddty, and vow and offer facrifice for the Emperours health, and 
yet are found inftantly the Emperours enemies. The Bifhops of 
Spain therefore affeinbled at Toledo, upon this very ground made 
a feverc cdift againft them that did forfwear themfelves againft 
Conctt. Pnnces. whofoever amongfi m fhall from this time forwards vlo- 
ToUian. i ate t fj e Q at fo t f oat f je fj at fo taken for his Country , the fafegard 
of the State of the Gothifh Nation , and the prefervatl- 
on of the Kings LMajefty ; whofoever fhall attempt the Kings 
death or deprivation, -whofoever fhall by tyrannical prefumptl on 
afpire to the regafl Throne, let him be accptrfed before the holy f pi- 
nt, the bleffed Saints, let him be cafl out of the Catholick^Church, 
which he hath defiled by,per]ury. So that Princes are not to be re- 
fitted, to efchew the hainous crime of perjury. 

The fixth fhall be drawn from his Titles;Princes Titles are their 
*ftralds> the Vouchers of their right ; for the name is the Inter- 
preter 



Shebas head c aft over theft all. 1 73 

preter of the thing, and the Title the abridgement of power. God 
which taught nAdam to give apt names to the Creatures, hath not 
himfeif given insignificant Titles to his immediate Vicegerents ; 
no,ashehimfclf is known by his Attributes, fo Kings by their Ti- 
tles. They are called often the Heads of the Tribes ; but how are 
they Heads of the Tribes, if the Tribes could be Headsjor cure their 
Heads with a ponyard or a piftoll ? they are the lights of Ifrael, 
2 Sam. 21.17. and how lights, if they can be thus eel ipfed ? or 
remain like the Sporades, dark fpots without a diftinguifhing beam? 
The fplendour of Princes is wonderfully obfeured, when if they 
fliine not according to their peoples liking, frarrcs of a greater 
magnitude do appear ; they are termed Jhields of the earth, Pial. 
47. 9. and how Shields, if they cannot Shield thcmfelves from 
violence? if their very places cannot bear off the dint of force? Oh 
confider, if thefe very Titles, and infinite more that might be a!— 
ledged, do not preach obedience, and aw the foul from contriving 
or confpiringagainSt Kings. All men clfe defire to be ufed ac- 
cording to their Titles; for Captains, and Juftices,and Noble-men, 
count it an high aviling of them not to receive reverence anfwer- 
able to their Titles; they fwell to have their Titles undervalued,they 
will (pend their bloud for their Titles;oh then that the Kings Titles 
were precious in our account, doubtleffe they would make his per- 
fon fo precious, that he Should not be refitted. 

The feventh reafon /hall be drawn from Gods intereft in the 
Throne, for who hath to meddle with the Throne but he that fet- 
tles Princes in it ? comes not the Institution of Princes from him? 
doth not he gite them their Seats and Sovereignties ? yes, if they 
were the mod wicked Princes, yet they come from his lending and 
fettling, for, Set thou a wicked man to be Ruler over them. A 
King is not alwayes fent in favour ; no, / gave a King in my 
wrath, Hof. 13. 1 1, but though he come in wrath, yet he is given 
of God, and for his fake that fent him he is not to be mifufeci. 
What is it then but to derogate from Gods wifdome, or to quarrel 
with his juftice, or howfoeverto qucftion his right, to cxpreitc the 
leaft opposition againft a King ? yes, and for this very reafon, bc- 
- caufe the King hath none to pronounce fentence againft him, or to 
punilli him, or fo much as to call him to account for his govern- 
ment but God ; for he is a Judge amongfi gods, Pfal. 82.1. He 

Y 3 loofeth 



i -74 Sheb&s he&k caji overthe^ilL 

loofah the collar of Kings, and cafleth them away, Job 1 1 .1 8. He 

u the King of Kings, Rev. i J. 1 4. and why fo, if there were any 

Tett.lib. other to exercife a Dominion over them ? therefore faith Tert. We 

ad Seap. j- Q ma j^ e j ' im Soveralgn,that we make him (ubjetl to God alone. If 

Grt ^', V ^\ an y °f us ( faith Greg-, Turon. to the Kin^ of France) do paffe the 

c. e. 1. bounds of juflice, you have power (Oh King ) to correct him , but 

Ep. Lsoi, f you exceed your limit, who fhall chafllfe you ? no, he afterwards 

nbifupra. concludes that none can condemn him but that great God. The 

Clergy-men of Liege ( that I told you of before ) told the Pope 

plainly, that Mo man had power to chafllfe Kings , Kings may be 

admonlfhedby fuch as be dlfcreet, and fober men , but Chrlfl the 

King of Kings on earth who hath placed them in his own (lead , 

Otho Frif. ^ at ^° re f erve d them to his own judgement. It is a good fpcech of 

ep.dediccit. Otho Frljing. to this purpofe , Cum nulla perfona mundlalis inve- 

cmcCkron. nlatur, qn<z leg I bus nonfubjaceat, &c. When there is no perfon 

upon earth which is not fubje£t, or liable to laws , yet Kings arc 

placed over laws, and are not to be reftrained by them , but are to 

be referred to the examination of God. God is the only juftitiar 

then left upon earth to regulate or reform Princes 5 it is not for a 

whole Nation of Subjects to bring him to accompt , or howfoever 

to lay heavy hands upon him. Is not this that which David of 

old practiced himfelf, and taught the world ? yes, when Ablfhai 

would have had David to have fmitten Saul , he deafens his eare 

# **■*' againft the motion, yc rejects it with deteftation , * As the Lord 

v ™" m liveth {faith he) the Lord (hall f mite him,or hi* day fhall come to 

auamvis ^le, or he (h/ill defcend Into battell & perlfh,the Lord forbid that I 

mxlumin- fhould flretch forth mine hand agalnfl the Lords anointed. Ocher 

terficere , caufes God hath left to inferior Courts, but this fame Kings-crime 

p*nam e- {S Qaftis rcfervatus , a Cafe referved only to Gods own handling. 

"JUL!. £! ^ is high prefumption then to meddle with I^inccs , it is as ic 

min reab were to exiuccorate God , and not to iufrer him to be the free di- 

e9 qui Re- fpofer of his own rights , or the infli6ler of his punishments. 

gemdedtt. The eighth rcafon fhall be drawn from the kinds of the duties 

Jofephui that arc required towards Princes, and that both negatively and 

deDavide. affirmatively ; negatively, as that We mufl not fpeak^ evil of the 

Ruler of our people, A6b 23. 5 . Athanafius was carefull to clear 

»4tb*ttaf. himfelf of this , when it was informed the Emperour that he had 

ctifjhnt. g' lvcn nar d language of him to lus brother Conflans: The Lord is 

my 



Shebas head cajlover the *WslL 1 7-5 

my record, and hi* Anointed your brother , that I never made Mil mo- 
ment ion of you to him for evil. Lucifer Caralitanus was the fi; ft M****!"* 
that ufed any immodtft fpecches againft Emperours , and for this ^Xfcr/V 
hc is blamed by St. Ambrofe , Lucifer feparav it feipfum a noflra r j^ #fj ^ 
communione , Lucifer hath fcparated himfclf from our Communi- Magi/Ira- 
on , as if the whole Church had inftantly difclaimed him for this tn \ * M m 
difloyal a£tio;if wemuftnot fpeak evil then ofPrinces,then doubt- ,* »£T 
lene we mi it not do evil to them , it our tongues are tycd to the 
good behaviour, our hands are bound to the peace. Secondly, 
that we muft not curfe them , for Thou fhalt not revile the gods , 
nor curfe the Ruler of the people, Exod. 22. 28. And curfe not 
the King In thy thoughts, Ecclcf. 10. 20. We ought not to be no- 
ted with any fufplclon (faith Fulg.) of contumacy or contumely a- Fn!g I. r. 
gainfl Kings ; no, we mull not defpife them for their wickednefs. *&Thra£ 
David ( faith Beda ) doth inftiuft us by moral precepts, that we c ' ?\ 
fhould not jtrike our Governoursjo much as with the J word of our in $ am 
lips, nor pre fume jlanderoufly to tear the hem of their fuperfluous 
actions ; therefore fa id Athanaftus, when he was accufed to be a Mhanf. 
reviler and curfer of the Emperour , / am not fo mad ( faith he ) apol ad 
neither have I forgotten the voice of God which faith , Curfe not Conflant. - 
the King in thine heart, and backbite not the mighty in the ferrets 
of thy chamber , for the birds of the aire fhall tell it , and the 
•winged fowl (hall bewray thee ; If then the things which arefpo- 
ken in fecret againft Princes cannot be hid, is there any likelihood 
that I in the Emperour's prefence, and before fo many as continu- 
ally attended his pcrfon, would fay any thing otherwife then well 
of your Majefty? So then if we muft not curfe Kings, we mud not 
curb them ; if we muft not curfe them, we muft not confound them. 
Thirdly , that We muft not meddle with them that are given to 
change, Prov. 24. 21. "For we teach, (faith Juftln Martyr) that iuJliMart.- 
no evil doer, nor covetous, nor feditious that lieth in wait for blond z a P°l- ad 
(by which he means Conipiratours and Rebells) can have acceffe to ^ nton ' 
God. This was the counfell that Walt ram gave to Lewes an Earl 
of the Empire, diffwading him from combining with :he feditions £ * w*Ur, 
of the Times againft Henry 4th. his lawfull Soveraign. Con- in vit. 
cord (faith he) is profitable for all Realms , and juftice much to be #'»• 4» 
deftred , thefe viitues are the mother of devotion, and the confer- 
vation of all honefty ; But whofoever feeketh after civil diffcntU 

ons, 



176 Sbebas head catt over the Tt>dll. 

ons, and incenfeth others, is a murtherer, and partaketh with him 

\\ ho gapeth for bloud,& goeth about feeking whom he may devour. 

Now coniider,if we may not meddle with them that are given to 

change , then we may not joyn with them in their plots, nor enter 

a confederacy with them , or howioever not hazard with them to 

(heath a lword in their Sovcraign's bowels. And as thefe duties are 

required negatively, fo likewife there are affirmative duties,as where 

Fear, Prov.24.21. Honour, 1 Pet. 2. 17. Subjection, Rom.i 3.1. 

Tert. I. ad are enjoyned to Princes. For as Tertul faith, The Imperial Ma- 

Sca P- jeftie' is neceffarily to be loved, reverenced and honoured. Tea^ 

F t 1 we know ( faith Fulg. ) that fear i* to be given to God, honour to 

adTkrxf. K^gs, the ^Apoflolical Dotirine fo warning us. Therefore 

cap. 2. we are willing to give unto your Princely graceyour due fervice of 
honour , to whom we fee the top of Royal Authority to be confer- 
red by the bounty of God. Now what fear where we dare look 
our Prince in the face, as fworn enemies * what honour where we 
(teal away the hearts of his Subjects from him , and draw them to 
lift their hands againft him ? what fubje&ion , where we purfue a 
Prince, and chafe him in his own Kingdome , and challenge him 
as it were unto a duel ? If thefe violent courfes deftroy not all loy- 
alty, I undeiltand not the nature of duty. 

The ninth reafon iliall be drawn from our fervent dcfires/ or we 
feem to wiili all comfort to the Prince , and to defire the prcfer- 
vation of his life ; for is not this the accent of our gratulations ? 
the tone of our acclamations ? yes, we no fooner fee the face of 
the Prince but we are ready to cry out Vivat Rex , Floreat Impe- 
rator , thefe feem to be our inward pantings, the very fufpiria a- 
nimarum , breathings of^ur fouls , and Scripture hath taught 
us thus to chaunt and eccho in a Princes ears ; for All the people 
(houted, and f aid, God favethe King, 1 Sam. 10. 24. and in a- 
nothcr place, God fave King Solomon, 1 King. 1. 39. and in a 
third, Oh King live for ever, Dan. 3.9. Yw, thefe we feem to 
make a part of our Orilbns, a branch of our folcmneft prayers , and 
that by command , for / will that prayers and fupphcations be 
made for all men, e [penally for Kings, 1 Tim. 2. I. 2. And 
how faithful! were the primitive Chriltians to make frequent and 
fervent prayers for the welfare and fafety of their Princes, for their 
long life and profperous Reign, &c. Jufiin Martyr , Origen , 

Tertullian 



Sheb&s head cafi over the t»all. 177 

TertuUian & Cyprian do diffidently teftify it. Now if thefe be our 
requisite dedres and necefTary prayers for Princes, then the defire H»&; 
of every man is the gUfs of his font ; and his prayer is the inter- A$ um ' 
preter of his fpirit. And fnall we feem to be contrary to our 
iclvcs to faldfy our dedres and dcyotions ? no,if we be but well ac- 
quainted with our own hearts , or fpeak not with borrowed 
tongues , we cannot intend mifchicf , where we have wish- 
ed for happinefle, nor practice to fhorten that life which we have 
been petitioners to God to continue. 

The tenth reafon iliall be drawn from the want of divine appro- 
bation , for whereas the Scripture is our fpiritual touch-ftone , this 
mull teach us compofttis incedere greffibus , to walk with ft ea( ly w'^r 
pafes. u For to the law,to the teftimony, if they fpeak not accord- * E r J**' 
" ing to this word they have no light in thcm;peace is only aflured 
" to them that walk according to this \w\zfiaL6.i6\t is the com- 
"fort of the Scriptures onely that afford us hope, Rom. 15.4. For 
God alTevers with a deep proteftation , that whofoever addeth f 
thefe things^ he will adde unto him all the Plagues that are writ- 
ten in this book^ Rev. 22. 18. Seeing then the Scripture hath ex- 
prefly bound up people to fubjc&ion, and given them no toleration 
for redftance , it is an evident argument that this pra£tice is un- Ktm,\\\% 
lawfull ; for a divine precept ( that carries damnation in the 
neglect of it ) muft have a divine difpenfation , as of old , 
in the caufe of Marriage, where they two (hall be one fie fh^ except it j^ 4U l9 
be in the matter of fornication. Now whereas there is a command 
from God :o force obedience, and no limitation , that in fuch and 
fuch cafes there may be refinance, the duty to the precept is in- 
evitable ; for that which binds muft loofe , Vnumquodque enim 
folvitur eo quo ligatur , whereas Scripture then is dlen: , men 
ought not to bring in a devifed relaxation , for Argumentum ab 
authoritate Scripture negative neceffario ligat. 

The eleventh reafon fhall be drawn from the fruftrating of a na- 
tural duty , for Honour thy Father and thy UMother^ is a branch 
of the moral Law that nature writ in the womb, or penn'd in the 
cradle ; we either received it at the firft quickning when we re- 
ceived a fenfe, or we fucked it in with our firft milk. Into what 
brelt hath not God put this natural incentive?what Infant hath he 
not taught this primordial duty f yes, the eye no fooner can diftin- 

Z gutfh 



178 Shtbds head caH over the Tvall. 

guifh the face of a Father, or the tongue call Father , but the heart 
finds this ingenerate motive to obedience : what is the Father there 
but the King } for the Paternal and Patriarchal power was Kingly, 
there were the cfTential things that did belong to the Regal autho- 
rity , though Kings were not then grown up ; they did want 
ly their quantitative dimenfions , ibme external, accidental cir- 
cnmftances, as number of Subjects, and fplendor of Government , 
Sr. Walter k ut %\ n <j S c hey wcre ;. which Sir Walt. Ralelgh,i\\zx. matchlefs Hi- 
**«'£'' *rftorian confidently afmmeth , faying, The Fat for s of Nations 
the world, wereatfirft as Kings, and the Eldeft of Families as Princes. See- 
f. i.e. 9. ing then all power of precedent Governours is devolved unto 
§ 1. Kings , and that power which was in a difperfed manner amon^ 
other Commandeis is now cumulative in Kings(^j light that was 
Xaf. Hex. featured in the aire, is gathered into the orbe of the Sun} they 
ought to have as high & full command as ever any ruling in Chief 
did enjoy. Thofe then. were not refifted , no more ought thefe , 
for that which is natural ought to be perpetual , yea, every natural 
r A-n(i I 8. tn i n g IS neceffary, according to that of the Philofopher, That 
Pk>f '• '• w hich is by nature ought to be (imp I 'e and. immutable, and not fome- 
o* 18. times thus, fometimes otherwije. That duty then, that was ever 
cxpreffed to Superiours ought to be conftantly pra£Hfed, for if na- 
tural duties could be omitted it were to nullify duty, and evacuate 
nature. 

The twelfth reafon fhall be drawn from the mifchief in it , for 
that which hath an infeparable evil adherent to it muft not be pra- 
cticed though never fo much good occaiionally fhould come of it , 
for We mufl not do evil, that gcad may come thereof. Now this 
refinance is malum infe, becaufe it overthrows order , it is malum 
prohibitum, becaufe it is forbidden by a pofitive law, and it is ma- 
lum complicatum, becaufe many other evils are irweloped in it, as 
diffembling with Princcs,(landering their perfons,difcontentednefs 
under their Govemmcnt,inveigling away Subjefts'from their obe- 
dience; rapine, blbud-fhed,perjuiy, yea it containeth in it mi lie a- 

Bus vetttos , & mille placula. Now though the good that 

fliould come of it fhould be never fo advantageous , yet for the 
evil that is annexed to it, it is to be fhunned , becaufe vertue and 
an acceptable duty admit of no fuch bad mixturein it , for Bonum 
ifi cxintegris. 

The 



Sheba's hetdcatt over theHtAll. 1 79 

The thirteenth reafon <"hall be drawn from that which is lc(f c 
then refiftance , for if things infeviour to refiftance be forbiddcn> 
much more refiftance it felf, for quo <d convenit minor I convert it 
etiammajori^Vi\iCremajwS & minus continentur fub eodem unl- 
verfali, as if it were unlawful to gather fticks upon the Sabbath 
day,it was much more unlawful to carry burthens upon that day ; 
if it were unlawful to enter covenants with the Heathen, it was 
much more unlawful to contract marriages ; if it were unlawful to 
look upon a woman to luft after her, it was much more unlawful 
to commit actual uncleannefle with her, if it be unlawful to fay un- 
to a brother Racah, it is much more unlawful to kil him ; if fitins 
of precipitancy, inadvertency, or furreption be unlawfu 1 , much 
more finns that are premeditated , and committed with a kind 
of haughtinefTe , feccata vaflantia ; for it cannot be that the 
greater fin can be excufed, when the letter fin want not it's ftain, 
if then the defpifeing of dignities ludc, 8. and the defpairing 
of Gods helpc under their protection be finns, as they are called 
Children of Belial tJoat [aid how fhall this man fave us? 1 Sam. 
10. 27. I fay if thefe things be ofTenfive , how much more the 
coming againft Kings with an armed hand f 

The fourteenth reafon fhall be drawn from exemplary obedience, 
for though we live by precepts, and not by examples, yet where 
there are examples to ratify precepts they carry a double ftrength. 
What examples then are there to confirme this obedience ? thofe of 
the Prophets, Apoftlcs , and Martyrs : fir ft of the Prophets, for 
though they lived in the dayes of wicked Kings, fuch as feemed to 
be fent to vex the world and unbowel Nations, for to what exi- 
gents were thofe wholy men put in the dayes of Ahab , <*y4haz,^ 
Ahaz>iah &c. when Leopards watched over their Cities } yet 
what Prophet do we read of that ftirred up the people to fediti- 
on ? no,though their punifhments were extremities, yet they de- 
pended upon God, rather then forced a releafe by any turbulent 
courfes, and did not the Apoftles tread in their fteps ? yes, how 
did they moderate themfelves under all prefTures ? for they urged 
fub jeilion even for conscience fake Rom. 1 ? . and wiflied people 
rather to endure grief, then to refift authority, though theyfuffe- 
red wrongfully 1 Pet. 2. ip^ And for the Martyrs though their 
torments were grieveous, hideous, which a man Cannot think on 

Z 2 with- 



1 80 shebas headcafl over the 'ball. 

without tears,nor mention almofr. without fwounding, yet how did 
^ . they lay down their necks with patience, rather then lift up their 
11 cant hands w "h violence f as Aug. excellently, Ifli non reffiendo in- 
Faufl.c. terfetti [tint , Ht potior em docerent vittoriam pro fide veritatis, 
7)-7> Theie were not (lain in any rebellious courfes, but they gave ex- 
ample for a better victory in dying refolutely for the traejL y£ 
religion ; yet oftentimes they wanted not power , that if they 
would they might have buckled with tyrannous Princes ; for the 
Cyp.ad. number of our people is very great,faith Cyp.md were we difpofed 
Dewe/r. t0 p ra £jf c p cn hoftili .y, ihould we w? nt number of men, or force 
in Apo'lo- °^ armes ? Are the Mores or the Partbians, or any other nation 
get. more in number then we? zsTertul. If I would havebufied my 
Greg 1.7. felf( faith Greg, when fedition againft: his Prince wa*j lai d 
eptft.ep.i. to' his charge ) with the death of the Lombards^ that nation by 
this time fhould have had neither Kings nor Dukes, nor Earles,but 
all fhould have been in great confufion, and diftra&ion. Now 
what was that that reftraine d them from violence,whcn they 
were able to make their parts good againft the moft puiffant 
Princes upon earth > what but a fetled pcrfwafnn in their foules, 
Tert, uhL that the grounds of their profcfii-on would permit no fuch tumul- 
fupra. tuous, outragious courfes ? zsTert. clecrly profefTeth, it is more 
teg. u 1. ] aw ^ u j m OUr Religion to be flain then to (lay ; and Greg, more 
perfpicuoufly,the reafon ( faith he ) why I forneare was, becaufe I 
flood in awe of God, and I was ever afraid to iTied any mans 
blood,here was the Soulcs-check. What then ? were thefe the con- 
ftant pra6tifes of thefe glorious lights of profetfion in the time of 
perfecution, and fhall we find out a new way in declining of mise- 
ries ? did they reftft with their graces, and fhall we with our cor- 
rupt Natures ? did they fight with their prayers, and fhall we with 
oiir piftols ? did they go cheerfully unto racks and gibbets, and 
flaming furnaces, and fhall we runne to the gun-roome ? was 
ours, their Militia ? no, we have thrown away their fword and 
gantlet, and taken up carnal weapons.Now I bcieech you, do not 
the bloud a little rife in our faces, and our hearts chjl, and thril 
within us, that we have deferted thofe chofen veffels ^n their ad- 
mired patience ? yes, I am even agaft, and my foul trembles with- 
in me to think how many men fhall meet with thofe bleflfed Saints 
at Gods judgement feat, doubtleffc the fight of their faces will 

appall 



Sheba's head caft over the T»all. 1 8 1 

appal them. For are thefe the memorable examples, that they 
have left behinde them for us to imitate ? no , qucftionleffc wc 
have chofen other prefidents, yea v;e have flopped our ears againft 
thefe infpired mefTcngeis, and liftned to other teachers. Men muft 
either therefore fufpe 61 the wifedome, piety, and rcfolution of 
thefe Ornaments of profctfion, or condemn themfelves of haughti- 
ne(Te,& an incbedicnts fpirit to be fubjedt to their diredtions.God 
give men grace once to turn their eyes to thefe true patcrns of obe- 
dience, who by their fervent doctrines, and bitter deaths taught 
the world that Princes by force of a? me s were not to be refifted. 

The fifteenth reafon mall be drawn from the fence of our finns, 
for if tyrants be fent as a juft punifhment for our wicked lives, as 
the Scripture every where teftify, then it is to remain in dcdolency, 
or dead-heartednelTe of our own perfonal, or National tranfgrcfTi- 
ons, whilrr. we refift the Prince ; yea we feem neither to regard 
Gods laws in the firfl place, nor his judgements i n the fecond 
place, but we give up our felves to the fpirit of (lumber and to a 
remorfelefneflc under all manner of provocations, whilft we 
bufie our felves about our Princes crrours,& neglcdc our own capital 
crimes ; the reigning drunkenne{Te,the raging lu(t,the garifh pride, 
the grinding oppreflion for fo many petty-Kings to exenteiate 
their poor tenants in the Country, the execrable blafphemy, the 
horrible facrilcdgc, the bribery, blindneffe, contempt of the Mi- 
niftry, the rife finns of the times Were fubjedts more convenient 
for us to meditate upon then our Princes faylings, for if a Prince 
tranfgrefle, or afflidt the Coun:ry,k is but the fling of our own 
curfed carriages. Can we bear other corrections, as Famine, Pcfli- 
lence &c.( as Bifhop Merx faid)and can we not a Princes evil go- 
vernment?Godly men durft never in former times rcfift a wicked 
Prince in refr^edt of their owne inown tranfgrelfions. This the- ., 
Clergy of Lelge told the Pope, though the Emperour fhould be as Jf Jj" 
bad as you report him to be , yet becaufe our finns have deferved/i^r*. 
fuch a Governour,we fhould be more bufie to defift from fin, then 
refift authority. For if we would change our conversations, God 
might change the heart of fuch a King,this is the courfe that Tho. 
Aquinas prefcribes,that we muft fly to God the King of all Kings, 
in whofe only power it is to mollify the heart of a Tyrant, and 
that men may obtain this at the hands of God, they muft ceafe 

Z 3 from 



1 8 z Shehas head cajl over the Tball. 

from fin, for wicked Princes by divine permiilion are exalted" t^ 

Tho. A<[. punifh the finnes of the people, Tollenda eft culpa, ut cejfet Tyran- 

TtinT' norum pl*g a > Sin is to be taken away , that the fcourge of 

c. c. 6. ' Tyrants may ccafe, In the mean time th: refinance of the molt 

wicked Prince, what is it but a rage againft Gods juftice ? for do 

we hufti the cry of our fins with the noife of armes ? are thefe 

v the weapons to fight againft Gods judgements ? no, bended knees 

were more feemly then harneffed membeis, and watered cheeks 

then fwords and javelins. 

The fixteenth reaibn (hall be drawn from the nature ofproprie- 
^r'tfiUi. tics.- That which is proper to a King cannot be communicated to 
Tc P>c-5* a Subject, for the effence, and elTential proprieties are indivisible. 
Nemo proprium appellat id quod pot eft alii inejfes No man calls 
that proper, that can be in another : for every propriety of one 
fpecles is incommunicable to another yp^/w really different from 
m™. ' IX - Now then if the fword be the Kings propriety, and the power 
Grot- of Armes be ( as a learned man fay ) potifsima pars Regis, then 
Subjects are not to invade their Princes fpecial right, for this were 
to transferre an incommunicable ; but the power of Armes is the 
Kings indubitable, and infcparable right , as may appear by that 
evident place of Scripture, where the King is faid to bear the 
fword, Rom. i J. Now if the King be to bear it, what have the; 
people to do without him to lay hands on it ? befides, he is to ap- 
point Martial Officers , For he jhaUmakj Captaines over thouf- 
ands, and Captaines over fifties, and go out before them, and fight 
their battles : i Sam. 8. 12. 20. How then can there be a 
Captain but by his authorising , or a battel fought but by his 
Royal order ? was not the power of the Trumpet in Mofes ? yes, 
none could blow the alarum to battle but the cheif Ma- 
giftrate. The Ifralites were in a great fright by fmiting the gar- 
rifon of the Phil'ftines that were at Geba, for they were had 
in abomination with their ad verfaries for it, yet none were fo har- 
dy as to fummon the Country to battle but the King, For Saul 
blew the trumpet through the Land faying let the Hebrews hear y 
I Sam.i 3.3.4.thercforc the people are faid in the next verfe/0 be 
called after Saul to Gilgal ; wherefore the people muft have 
an orderly call in matters of war , and the King muft have the 
leading of the Country forth to battle, for the array of the 

Kingdomc 



Shebas headcajl over the t»a/l. i 8 $ 

Kingdomc belongs to him. Ariftot. mikes t! e power cf armesone At'ifi. t.£ 
ofthemaiksof a Monarch, as Aug. faith, that CW<? naturalist 01 "- 
pact accommodates hoc pofslt, ut fufcipiendi belli atithdritas, at- U ^n°r\' 
que conftl'mm penes principem jit , " The natural o.der fitted for il(7? ' 
"peace doth require this, that the authority, and direflion of un- 7 c. 
"dertaking a war,fhould be feated in a Piince, and what our own 
laws fay may abundantly be feen ( both before the Conquer! , and 
fince) in his late Majcfties exadt Declaration about the commi'Tion 
ofarray,therefore a blow is not to be (trook,nor a drop of blond :o Tottime ft 
be fhed,butby the Princes appointment ;for where the people have \xtraipfZ 
but a derivative power, and the Prince is onely to raife ai fries, nulla iji. 
the fubjecl hath not a weapon left him to make refinance withal!. Or T tum 
The fevententh reafon fhall be drawn from the nature of the eTi 2* 0( * 
whole,for whereas the whole hath all its parts in it, for * the whole c ™f* u * 
is that which hath never a part out of it , or the whole is that*/„ r ;^ 
which confifts of the union of more parts : if a King be a mo{\ partium. 
exa& Toturn, then when his Subjects (which arc his parts) come to t SuhUto, 
fever from him, cfpecially fome of his nobler parts (as his two^f r/ ^ nn " 
Houfes of Parliament ) what is this but to deftroy, or to feck to dc- "£*,! t ° ot % 
ftroy the whole f for j " A principal part being taken away, the * inftru- 
<c whole is taken away ; Yea the divifion of Subjects to part from mentnm 
their King with a violent rent , not to follow his commands , 01 in 1 uanm 
not to follow him at his command , nay to rife up againft him^TV 10 " 
with the terrour of arms , what doth this but loofen the union, emi^L*^ 
deavouring either to make the whole but a part , or to fct up the agenti in* 
parts for a new whole, or to have two Totums in a King-y^m^/r 
dome? " na'Ptam 

The eighteenth reafon (hall be drawn from the nature of Infhu- ™""j„. ' 
ments , for a Subject and an Instrument are in a manner converti- flrnmenti* 
blc, they being but a Kings reafonable working-pieces, or inttlli- <*£*r* de~ 
gent engines , he is to rule, and they to obey ; now, fhall the l^-bet difpofi. 
(trument do contrary to the mind of the directour ? or howfoever ' ,re J" l »°* 
turn upon the Agent ? Shall the Ax boaft it [elf againft hhnthat tliHm 
heweth with it ? or fhall the Saw exalt it [elf againft him that principalis 
mweth it ? Efa.io. 1 5. No, " * An Inftrument by fo much as it J&ntis. 
li is not fubfervient to the principal Agent , by fo much it lofeth J l mn * 
* c the nature of an inftrumemt : for " Every Inltniment (as Tho"™*' l ° 
c< s/fqttin, faith) ought to work difpefifcivcly according to the 4r/ , 9 . 

virtue 



i s 4 Shsbas head caH over the TtxlL 

virtue of the principal Agent. There is onely an aptitude in In- 
struments to work, but the determination of their actions is deri- 
ved from their firft Guider and mover ; which thew the vanity of 
refinance, which makes it ielf, I fay not only a concurrent, but an 
occurrcnt caufc againft the Agent. 

The ninetenth reafon fhall be drawn from the nature of an 
effect ; for what is the proper fruit, and effect of Kingly power 
but to keep all his people in fubjedtion, to make them know their 
duties, and live according to their feveral degrees ? this more na- 
turally belongs to Kings then to bring them up in the embracing of 
the fincere faith, or to preferve them in the pure worship of God ; 
for this belong to Kings but by accident, and occasionally, as 
they live within thebofome of the Church, and have the meanesof 
* faving knowledge imparted to them ; but the firft belong to Pa- 
gans, Infidels, Mahumetanes, I meane to all Kings who.arefr.rang- 
ersfrom the Common- wealth of Ifrael y and without God in the 
world. Now if this be the proper effect of Kingly government, 
what duty, or humble fubjection can there be (according to mens 
degrees ) where the higher powers are refitted ? no, there may be 
a King, and by the lawes inverted with fufficient power, but no o- 
bedience as an effect flowing from this authority. But for a 
- Caufa proxlma (which a crowned, hereditary King cannot but be) 
ciufa in to want lts effect,is a paradoxe in Nature ; For a caufe confidered 
aft* m- in act:, it is neceffary for the effect to receive being, yea it is im- 
c*Jfi & poflible ( faith Arlflot, ) for the effect not to follow, In reafon it is 
5JJ e * impoffible, though in practife it be not. 

impofsibfle The twentieth reafon fha 11 be drawn from the Nature of ends, 

ejlejfifl. for and end quiets the appetite, when the end is obtained the appe- 

umnon tite giveth over, it hath no power to move further, or to ftir up a 

fit*** new defire , but dclighteth it felf in fruition, and fatisfieth it felf 

with the plc.fing participation of the end. A fervant when he is 

by himfelf hath a defire, but when he hath gotten a Matter^ he 

hath parted with his defires,For the eyes of fervant s look^mto tin 

bands of their ^Mafiers Pial.i 2 3.2.becaufc the Matter is thefer- 

vants end ; a virgin before fhc is married hath a defire, but fo 

foon as fhc hath acce pted of an husband fhe hath rcfigned up he r 

defires or her defires ceafe, For thy defire fhall be fnbjeSi to thy 

husband , Gen, 3. 16. and Wives mufb fabmit tbcmf elves 

unf 



Shebas head c aft over the Kail. I S 5 

unto their husbands, as unto the Lord, Ephef. 5.22. bccaufc their 
husbands arc their End. So people before they did live under go- 
vernment, they might have free choice to bear, or not to bear fuch 
or fuch a thing difpleafing to them, but when they have once fub- 
mitted to authority, their free choice is gone ; for the very calling 
of Kings {tints all felf-drifts, bccaufc a King is the higheft end of 
order and government ; therefore Subjects having obtained this 
end, there muft be fedatlo affeHnum, an appearing of the affe&i-*v** 
ons, for in the lafl end the appetite is bounded. Wherefore Sub- 1*f* u ^ m 
jeCts ought to bufic themfelves about the ufe of a King, andin' /w<> J£ - 
reaping the fruits and benefits that come by his Kingly govern- ^^^ 
merit (for this is natural to the adeption of an end ) rather then to 
rcfift his authority. 

Thefe are the arguments, and all rhefe rcafons, Divine, Moral, 
and Natural, being lerioufly weighed, I truft judgement and con- 
fcicncc may be throughly rcfolved, that Kings within their ow» 
Territories are not to be refrfled by force of Armes. 

From the arguments I proceed to annex the blemiflies that ad- 
here to this opinion. 

The firft blemitli is, that it carries a contradiction in it fclf,and 
Ts there a worfe caufe then that which raifes a civil warrc in the 
own bowels, that commences fuit againft the own proceedings, 
that gainfayes it felf, and filences its own a6l ? no , a felf-repug- 
nancy, and an inward conviction is the greater! difgrace that 
can be fixed upon any caufe.Yet thus it is here ; for Kings, and re- 
filled, what is it but contradiclio in adjetlo ? the very folecifme of 
reafon, and riddle of duty ? For wherefore Kings, if not free 
from rfTaults ? if not fupeiiour to force? Yes, becaule they arc 
Kings they are not to be oppugned, but fubmitted to ; they are the 
Higher powers, and can have no other power cxercifed' againft 
them ; they are the armed authority, and fit to difarm a whole 
Nation, for Every opvo/ite includeth in it felf the negation of the omue »f 
other oppojite virtually, that when the one enjoyes full ftrength ,/>*/»*»» 
the other cannot have its operation ; for there cannot be Homo,'**!**'' m 
Cjr non homo confidered together ; fo for relative oppofites thcre-^ rtft ** m 
cannot be a King and Subjects bearing rule together in the lame yj ; / w £f. 
Sovereignty ; no, I may as well with the Papifts hold facrifici urn mmm. 
momentum, which notwithstanding deftroyes the nature of a ma- 

A a teriaii 



186 Sheba 9 s head caH wet the letlL 

teriall facrirlce ; or with the Lutherans, hold an Ubiquity, or 
Omniprefence of Chrifts Sacramentall flefh, which notwithftand- 
ing takes away the circumfcriptibility of a body, as hold a King, 
and with it a potfibility in the Subjects of refinance ; for it 
deprives the Superiourof thatfiibje&ion which is infeparably due 
to his high place. Conftder this act therefore, and ye fliall find 
k to be nothing elfe but the jarre of reafon, yea a very feries of 
contradictions. 

The fecond blemilh is, that ic carries a contradiction in the 
difputc, for they which would conclude the thing, know not how 
to ftatc the ciueftion ; no, there is a bickering in the fettling of re- 
finance, as it they were unfettled in the fettling, and were at as 
great a refinance amongft themfelvcs, as they are at againft autho- 
rity. For fome hold that the Ordlnes^ the States of a Kingdome 
may onely rcfift ; others, that allquis ex procen'bus, even a Syn~ 
dlcHs or Decurlo ; others that any private man may do it, even 
qml'ibet exflebe. Some hold that they muft but moderate rejifte- 
re, rather arguing then righting with a King ; having no deflre 
to refift, but telling him that thefe arms are taken up rather in a 
minatory, then a percufTory way, as an harmlefTc fright to reduce 
him to his fii ft grounds of government; Others hold that they 
may purfue a King with violence, even to deftroy him or depofe 
him : Some hold that a King is not to be oppofed unlefle he be de- 
fertorrelyublicdt, that is, that he forfakes his Kingdome in fome 
imminent danger, and live in forraign parts ; others hold not 
this fufrlcienr, but he muft be declared to be hoflis reipublic<e y that 
is, that he feeketh the ut:er deftrucl:ion of his Nation ; others 
hold that this folcmn Declaration needeth not, but it is enough if, 
it be but interpretative : Some hold that he muft not be oppofed 
but for Religion, for the -Tabernacle ftands in the midftof the 
Camp, and the whole Camp muft rife up onely for the defence of 
the Tabernacle, to make good their Covenant, and to preferve 
themfclves to be the people of God. Others hold that the bare 
invafion of Religion is not fufrlcient, for if the King turn Papift,. 
or Mahometan, he is to be born with, but the abufe of govern- 
ment they hold a juft caufcof warrcs. Others hold abufe of go- 
vernment not to be fufficient, for if there be no ufurpation in the 
Title, the Tyranny of government though never fo great ought to 

be 



Shebas head cast over the 'Wall. 187 

be endured, but the main ground they hold of refinance is, when 
Parliaments are not inclined to , that is, when the refults of the 
two Houfes ( which are the ruling Orders of the Kings great 
Counccl ) are not embraced by the King. Thus ye fee how the 
caufe hangs in fufpcnfe,thata man knows not which part (even 
amongft the fworn Promoters of it ) to enter league with, or to 
take into fafe cuftody ; no,an upright Judge would be troubled to 
pronounce fentence in fuch a buiineffe, nay, enforced to give over 
the caufe as a broken Title, or pretended claim, becaufe when evi- 
dence comes to be brought in, the WitnefTes vary in their tefti- 
monics, and this is the commotion in the caufe, or the irrecon- 
cilable contradiction in the ftating of the queftion. 

The third blemilli is, that it ftiuns conference. Conference is 
the skreen, or riddle, that feparates the drofle from the corn, the 
polifhingof doctrines, whereby bright verity is difecrned from 
glittering vanity. / * wifdome dwell with counsel, as if that were 
iufpected wifdome that did not confult and conferre about her 
profound myftcrics.Religionis called light,becaufc every eye might 
fee it, and fearch whether thofc things that belong unto her be na- 
tural or artificial ; therefore it is that our Saviour faith, that the 
caufe that is good hateth not the light. Men mud: not propound 
or profefle things, but prove them , for every one is bounden to 
render a reafon of the hope that is 'in him, 1 Pet. 3.15. It is a 
lingular thing when doubts come to be debated ; for thole are ever 
held the Deft things that have had the beft examination. Nothing 
gives greater fatisfa6tion then when Religion accepts of a Re- 
plier, when Res cum re, & caufa cum causa, as Augttftine faith, 
when reafons are produced, grounds weighed, and fome judicious 
Moderatours parte impartial fentence where the undeniable truth 
lies. But this opinion Jiketh not fuch difcuffing,for it is not fo well 
ftudied in her own principles, that it dare give a meeting to have 
the ftrength of its reafons tried. Heat [of bloud hath made it an 
ancient Pike-man, but ftrength of wit did never till of late make 
it a Pen -man ; it is an old Scuidier but a young Divine ; fo 
young, that it was never yet amongft us known to keep its Ads, or 
howfocver could never get to be Dolour of the Chair; this te- 
net hath rather been a Lecturers fpeculation then any Profeflburs 
Divinity, neither of the Universities have yet given it a Grace, 

A a 2 or 



l S 8 Sheba's head cafl over the W/. 

or honoured it with a pofuive Determination; it feemeth rather to 
be fomeCountry-ranger,orCity-corner-crceper,then any confident 
Acadcmian. For, for all the importunity which hath been ufed, 
and preMlng challenges that have been given Out, yet a fair parky 
could never yet be obtained, thefe Divines would never fuffer their 
Theologicall grounds to come to the Teft ; and as we have been 
ferved for Divinity, fo likewife for Law ; for they which have 
been pleaders for this refinance, as for the jufticc of the Land, yet 
would never fuffer this juftice to be argued by,or before the Judges 
of the Land, or before any other competent Determiners, but all 
hath been Magifterially refolved ; in effect, thus it is, becaufc thus 
it muft be, and no Chriftian or Moral fatisfaction could yet be 
gotten. Whereupon it cannot but feem ftrange, that if cither the 
Divines inftances,or the Lawyers records and preitdents be fo cer- 
tain and unqueftionable, that they would never fuffer thefe things 
modeftly to be brought adfcrittimum before them that want nei- 
ther will to employ 'their pains, nor skill to find out the truth of 
the moft intricate and ai^u&^ertions. So then,where all con- 
futation and conference is declined, and where this opinion that, 
is fo full of feeming courage dare not look an adverfary in the 
face, what a blcniilh is this to a caufe } 

The fourth blemifh is the fcandall, for how do all Nations de- 
teft this refinance } they hold it a troublefome creature, and not fit 
to be harboured in any Kingdome ; no, our very calling is be- 
come odious, becaufe it is a fighting profeifion ; men are loth to 
accept of our faith, becaufe they are invited but to blows ; they 
fee fuch broken Seas amongft us, that they are afraid to launch out 
into this depth ; they behold Religion here fo goared in her owa 
bloud, that they are unwilling to hazard their lives in fuch a wea- 
poncd Church ; for he which knows but how to fuftain life with 
neceffaries elfcwherc, what lliould he do fetting his foot upon fuch 
a combating foil ? no, better were a quiet Cave in any corner of 
the world, then an Ivory palace in this Kingdome. Oh then, if 
men ought to feck thofe things which are of good report , PhiL4.8. 
why do they defame their Religion by molefting of Princes ? 
Doubtlcflfe, fince the time of Reformation, the Protcftant Religi- 
on never received fuch a {lain amongft us. 

Thefift blcmifh is, that it deftroyes. the ancient ornaments o£ 

our 



Sheha's head c aft over the Tv* 1 7. 189 

our State, for wherefore are Crowns, Thrones, and Scepters, if 
the perfons that are defigned to them cannot protect thcmfelves 
from rage } There is little privilcdge in a Crown, if it canrvot fe- 
cure the head that wears it ; there is little honour in a Throne, if 
it be not a Mount above force ; there is little terrour in a Sce- 
pter, if it cannot awe the fedltious ; the gold is not precious in 
that Crown, or the gemmes have loft the luftre, where the Princes 
head lies open to danger ; that Throne hath no Lions on it ( lrke 
Solomms ) that cannot dcterr the Refifter from a bold approach ; 
that Scepter is but as a withered rod, that cannot chaftife the tur- 
bulent ; alas , a coftly bever is as good as fuch a Crown, a 
Country-chair is as good as fuch a chair of State, a walking 
wand as good as fuch an Imperial! Scepter. Oh therefore feeing 
our Progenitours have left thefe badges of honour to Piinces, why 
fhould they be made now as titular Enfigncs ? no, whatfoever we 
have titular amongft us, let us not have a titular Prince ; for no 
man can endure to be made titular, the Gentleman would be loth 
that his lofty ercft, or the Knight that his guilt fpurrcs, or the 
Nobleman that his White -ftafTe or George fhould be difregarded, 
or howfoever thus flighted.. What a vilipending then to fupream 
authority is it thus to diivcnciate thefe ImpreiTcs of State ? doubt- 
*.ile thefe very dumb characters indict many of high treafon or 
high folly. For is there not Ufa (JMajeftas } yes, where a King 
is not obeyed he hath loft his Ma jetty, it is not his Majcfty, but his 
Minority in that Kingdome. Judge then how Piinces are abufed 
where Subjects fit Cenfors over them, and Princes as it were are 
brought to the banc, or led to the pillar, when many thoufands arc 
raifed up to inflidlt correction, and Millions, even the whole 
Kingdome fit upon the Stage to be Specla tours of the punillimcnt. 
Oh joyous fight, oh rare piece of jufticc, is this Country-triumph ? 
no, popular fury. Sure I am, all the Ornaments of a Prince are 
here pluckt from him, or they remain but as a gorgeous mockage,or 
( if the juft term may be endured ) as an Ornamentall gull, and 
what is this but a manifeft blcmirh ? 

The fixth blemirh is, that it makes the Temple the School of di- 
vifionj for when warresarc raifed who fhall fatisrie the confeience 
for the lawfulneiTc of them but the Preacher ? bd it is that muft 
confirm the doubtfiill confeience againft the horrour of the act. 

A a 3 Now 



*90 Shib/s bead cafi overthelML 

Now can there be any thing more unfightly then to fee the Mef- 
fenger of God made the Make-bate of Nations > no, a moil in- 
decent thing it is that he fhould preach the juftnefle, or prefls 
the neceflity of fuch wanes. Chrift fent his Difciples like Lambs 
amongft Wolves, and fhall they prove likeWolves amongft Lambs? 
inal! the fined wheat have fuch a rough husk ? the trees of righ- 
tcoufneffe bear fuch bitter fruit f ihall the ftarres in the right 
hand of God caft forth fuch a gleaming beam > lhall the River 
that fhould make glad the City of the Lord runne in fuch eddies ? 
whatfoever animates men to diflention, yet (hall the Preachers 
tongue be the clapper of fedition f no, Corrupt lo optimi pejfima. 
Miniftcrs that are to meditate of peace ( yea preach and pray for 
it ) how ought they to mediate for peace , even quench tumults 
with tears, and extinguifh the flames of warre with the drops of 
their deareft bloud ? yes, they lhould runne between armies, and 
endeavour to reconcile differences, and to pacific difplcafures ; this 
rather then to runne between Prince and people, or to runne be- 
twixt Nation and Nation to fow difcords, to blow the trumpet to 
Warre, to hold out the flagge of defiance : For what is this but a 
moft unpiieftly action ? yea the ignominy of the facred function > 
for when the Minifter tumsBoutefeau,the caufe carries the blemifh 
upon the brows. 

The feventh blemifh is, that it teaches men equivocation. For 
they are in arms againft their King, and yet ( they fay ) they fight 
for him ; they are his fworn Enemies, and yet his bed friends ; 
they would prefer ve him as a King, and yet deftroy him as a man ; 
what is this but a clew of hypocrifie, a maze of fubtilty, yea a 
ftrong-fentcd equivocation ? Apollo himfelf,that for his uncertain 
anfweis was called Ao|i**, was fcarce ever fo myfticall. For that-* 
men by Proteftations, Affociations, Vows and Covenants, lhould 
pretend the defence of the King, and yet hazard to fpill his bloud, 
it is a plain impofture, a neat fiction, I might fay, one of the 
depths of Sathan, Rome it fclf had fcarce ever fuch an invention. 
Now is it not a moft unworthy thing, that whereas Religion 
fhould be the emblem of finccrity, wherein there fhould be no* 
thing but yea, yea, and nay, nay, by thefc courfes there fhould ap~ 
peai nothing in it but a ftrong-Diaincd delufion, and an high-fto- 
dicd equivocation ? Equivocation is a blemifh. 

The 



Shebas head caft over the Utf#. 19 i 

The eight blemiib is, becaufe it confirms an Adverfary in de- 
sperate courfes, for where: s by the elaborate works andaccom- 
plifht Treatifes of many acairatc Divines, we had even (llenced 
treafons and cniicted rebellions ; for the Romilh Provincials had 
published constitutions to their Jefuitcs to meddle no more in 
State-matters, nor to plot any thing againft Princes ; yea, many 
of the more ingenuous foitamongft the Popifli Divines, had abfo- 
lutely branded the pra6t,ife as unlawfull, as the Rhemirts in Nov, 
Teft.p,ioi, Dr. Kelllfon in his Survey, Toilet, in Sum. I. 5. c. 6. 
Greg. Val.y^.q.6. Lejfj.z.c.9. Chrifiophorf.cont. rebeU. Serrar. 
Az,or.w\th many others,infomuch that we lived in great hope,that 
the Jcfuite would become more moderate and morigerous ; now by 
this unhappy accident, the very flood-gates of rebellion are again 
opened unco them, that they may tranfgreffe by prefident, for if 
they write after this copy we can cxped: nothing but a blur. Can. 
fuch wifli the Jefuitcs not to print that which they fee they dayly 
preach ? or exhort them not to hold confpiracy a part of Chriftian 
policy, when they fee the wifdomeof a Reformed Church hath 
decreed it to be fo ? Can thefe Refiflers take the ponyards out of 
the Jefuitcs hands, by holding them in their own? or wifh them 
to empty their gunpowder barrels in the vault, when they behold 
them filling their own in the Magazines ? or diffwade them from 
confederating with other States to mokfi their Native Country, 
when they fee they have been at an expenhve Treaty to concl.:de 
a folemn Covenant, wretchedly to bring in Forrcigners into their 
own Kingdome ? or can they terrific them from ftriking at the 
Lords Anointed, when they hear how they thcmfclves have dif- 
charged at his Royall Pcrfon and his Life-guards ? or will they 
command them to blufh for the rebellion in Ireland, when they 
know that even thefe perfons have as great caufc to change coun- 
tenance for upholding the fame thing in England, and Scotland} 
no, the JefuitsxLvc ingenious , and thefe ripe wits iliall never make 
them capable that it is not lawfull for them to do that which their 
Adverfarics pronounce juft. Oh therefore, if we ou«ht to wall^ 
wifely towards them which are without, ColofT. 4. 5. "and to take 
heed that the name of God be not blafphemed through us among/1 
the Heathens, Rom. 2. 24. then fuch have been very inconfide- 
rate to teach the Jefuite the an of Treafon, or to juftific his prin- 
ciples ; 



102 Shtbas headcafi over the W/> 

ciples ; they like not to wear a Surplifs, or a Corner-cap with him, 
or to fign a Child in the forhead with the fign of the Croffe, or to 
have fee forms of prayer , or to reherfe a Lit any y no, this is prodi- 
gious Popery, but to make infurrc£tions againft Kings, and to 
make havock of Kingdomes , this bloudy point of Popery never 
difquicts them. Well, the Jefuites arc never like to forfake their 
Popery fo long as they fee them practice it. Is this the way to feek 
the conversion of Jefuites ? no, it is rather to confirm them in that 
which is evil, and vthc confirming of an Ad verfary in defperatc 
courfes is an heinous blemifh. 

Now thefc arc the blcmifhes ; and if neither arguments to con- 
firm the truth, nor abfurdities that people ye fee run into by forfa- 
king the truth be yet prevalent enough to difcover unto the world 
the finfulneffe of this attempt , let me intreat all my ChiilHan Bre- 
thren for a further apprchenfion of this guilt to conlider certain 
cautions. 

The firft Caution fliall be that men plead not humane laws a- 
gainft. divine laws, for though humane laws be of great authority , 
as devifed by the united wifdome and counfell of a State , yet what 
are thefc to the laws of God ? no, the one are but Natures light 
with her cleared beam , but the other are Infpirationes divlni Ih- 
° ' minis , Inspirations of the heavenly light , the one at mofthave 
but theaffiftance ; the other the revelation of the fpirit. There- 
fore what is the chaffe to the wheat ? no, mans laws are not fo 
tW abfolute , that they are exact, much lightneffc, and darkne(Te,and 
much (4s weakneflfe may be found in than. It is God only that is the Veritas 
inbormt p r lma y and his law, that is the undefiled law; either from the letter 
didllU* or cc 3 u * t y °f tms * aw mtJ ft a ^ Statutes, and Cuftomcs, and Prefi- 
97 rather ' dents carry their juft: ftamp upon them ; Derivatives muft be tried 
§fbim that and examined by their Pi imitives , for Sttblato Prlmltlvo cejfat 
£4*e it ) derlvatlvnm, as not only Grammarians and Logicians affirm, but 
1 T* i cvcn ^ u ' Edward Cook^ in point of Law, The branch mu(t not 
fay, that koaft * r fclf againft the root. Whatsoever then hu.nane laws have 

the define* 

of it hath almayes been held,very plaufible. Uni fttrely ko*feever they be not accepted , ( nei- 
ther were it expedient) as the general) and only lam , yet me flail hardly find any other ground 
nbereon the confidence of 'a Iudge mcty reft with eq-al fatisfaclion in making interpretation* or 
gvingjentence np on doubts, artfing cut ofi any iambefidts it, Sr, W.M Raleigh, lib. 2. p. i. 
cap. 4. $. i$. 

fubft rafted 



Shebas headcaft over the J»4ti. 1-9-3 

fiib(h*a6tcd from Princes,that Gods law hath conferred upon them 
muft be rcftorcd for Scriptures fake , or elfc we have no rirft prin- 
ciple into which we fhould rcfolve our obedience. If a thoufand 
humane laws fhould decree that Kings may be refitted, when Gods 
law hath cxprefTed the contrary, we mull leave the broken pits to 
dig waters out of the clear fountain , for to obey iuch laws , were 
but to make a breach of a precept to obferve an erroneous com- 
mand. Let the honour of Gods laws then remain inviolate, for it 
grieveth me to fee the laws of the Land magnified , yea almoft a- 
dored, and Scripture to want its due reverence. Here then is the 
Royal Standard where we muff weigh all our actions, and the c la- 
vis fcientU, the key of knowledge , that mi:(t either open or fhut 
Heaven gates unto us. 

The fecond Caution is that that be not taken for an humane 
law, which may be but a humane conceit ; the fenfe of the law then 
and the genuine meaning murt be conhdered , which can never be 
found out, if he which is the chief law-maker be not permitted to 
give the due interpretation to his laws. Kings then being the prin- 
cipal in the making of laws , they fliould not be the lefle principal 
or only the^attentive Audi tours to lillen how a law fhould be ex- 
pounded ? no, to take away from Princes power to declare their 
laws is to takeaway the judgement of the Law out of the King's 
lips ; The Civil Lawyers (nttllo contradlcente) are clear in this , 
viz,, that the infpewtion and interpretation of laws belong properly 
to Princes, Lut they mud yet beard ; let us then confult with our 
common Lawyers , and iee what they have determined upon this 
point. Bratlon and Britton refolvc it pofitivelythat the King . ... 
muit be the Chief in affording the fenfe of the laws to the people ^ t ^ oor ia. 
for if a difputation do arife, the Judges cannot interpret it , buz t t*r,)Hflici- 
in doubtfull and obfeure matters the interpretation of our Lord the am ten 
Kiiv* is to be expected , for to him it belon^eth to interpret^*""*" 

laws to whom it bclongeth to make them , which is cited by the fc . 

t it-//- 1 & r iii- • • ^ 11 pretart,tn 

Lord El] were, and confirmed by his opinion. To make then fay^ &, 

fuch a conft ruction of a law as the words will ii)t bear , not the obfeuris 

King neither by himfelf nor his learned Council ever declared to D< ""w 

be the fenfe , what is this , but to take up a device inftead of a Rf £" f 5 rtf 

law> W"*' 

The third Caution is, that we prefumenot any thing t«o be tun- p matlQm 

B b damental, 



1 94 Shehds head caji over the 7t>all. 

damental, which is not mamfeft and potfiblc ; for if it be not ma- 
nifest, how can it be forced ? the nature of a law is to be known , 
or elfe ignorantia juris carries no guilt ; for who can be bound to 
obferve that, which with all his endeavours he cannot find out to 
be a rule ? no, as God fbeweth unto man what is good, and what he 
reqmreth of him, Micah 6. 8. So mult a State make all her laws 
evident and confpicuous ; for cite there is invincible ignorance , 
and this makes a man liable neither to fin nor punifbment. A fun- 
damental law then mvft be known, man if .ft to the moft , or at 
leaft to the moft skilfull, or elfe it is a fnare, and not a law. Se- 
condly it muft bepoffiole, for if it enjoyn fitch things as cannot 
with juftice and confeience be performed, it is void in it felf , for 
who can be compelled to do that which ( all other meafures of duty 
being con fide red ) he cannot obferve ? no , this were to urge 
men to difcharge one fuppofed duty with the neglect of many 
certain duties, & fuch a kind of obedience is not credible nor ima- 
ginable, fure I am, not juft, not binding, becarfe it is not within 
the power of man fo to comply with laws , and if not within mans 
power, then what conformity can be expected ? no, Nemo tenetur 
adlmmtjfibilia. Now is not this fundamental that is fo much talk- 
ed, and cried up for a maine ground ( that when the remit of the 
two Houfes is paft, and the King refufc to concurre, that armes 
may be taken up without, and againft the King ) prefumed for a 
law ? yes, there is a ftrong conjecture for it, for where are the clear 
characters, & diftinguifhing cognifancies whereby it might be ac- 
cepted and acknowledged for a law ? Firft, is it manifeft ? if it be, 
why are we not fhewn, who were the politick contrivers of it, who 
was the impolitick incautelousKing, that confented to it , at the 
palling of what Covenant it was inferted , or referved as an Ap- 
pendant, upon what occafion it was framed, in the prefence of what 
witnerTes it was ratified, what afTurances were taken of King and 
people (by oath, or otherwife) to make the law effectual ? doubt- 
leffe for fuch a grand fundamental law there needed thefe and ma- 
ny more fundamental evidences. But when upon diligent fearch, 
and flri£t enquiry no fuch thing can be fhown , net by the pru- 
dcntefl States-men, the wifeft Judges, the moft ftudicd Roll-men , 
<md experienced Antiquaries, but oncly certain inconcludent dc- 
duftions,and late decifions, we may pronounce that this is but a 

funda- 



Shebas head cafi ever the W/. i 95 

fundamental deception to maintain fuch a fundamental law. I 
know it will be objected that fundamentals are not to be feen , but 
fuperftruc'hires. But that were a {{range ftru6turc, where the luper- 
ftructures were laid upon fuch an uncertain foundation ; will any 
man be fo mad as to build there where he is not certain of his foun- 
dation ? no,as we may be fure upon a fouiidation,fo we muft be fure 
of our foundation. Therefore Ipofitivcly determine that foundati- 
ons may be,nay mutt be feen;for if we be doubtfull of them,then we 
muft dig for them , and if there be any fuch things in being , the 
fpade will lay them naked to the eye. And flrangc it is to me that 
fundamentals fhould not be feen, that is,known ; for why may not 
the fundamental laws of a Land be thus, when the fundamental 
Articles of faith are fo > Are not the Trinity, redemption , juftifl- 
cation, regeneration, the refurre&ion , life cverlafting apparent f 
yes, or elfe we are at a lofle in the greater!: perfections of blifs,God 
will not judge us for any thing he hath not made manifeft ; for We 
have the mind of God, i Cor. 2. \6. and he hath revealed unto 
vts his whole counfell, A6l.20.27. and the Scripture is -profitable 
to all things, 2 Tim. 3. i<5. yea, tp^ fhall be judged according to 
thefe words at the lafi day, Joh.i 2.48. Why then may not the 
principles of a State be made manifeft to us, as well as the princi- 
ples of Religion ? ves, or elfe we make too great myfteries of them, 
even incomprehenfibic fecrets. Away then with that inviftbility 
of fundamentals , for if promulgation be of the efTenceof laws, a 
law muft fome way be promulgated, though not in writing,yet by a 
means little inferiour to writing ; if it be not as vifible as a Sta- 
tute-law, yet it muft be as a Cuftome or prefcription. Now a Cu- 
ftome muft: be undoubtedly and undeniably known, or elfe it is not 
pleadable.For would any man fue for a Cuftome that he couklbring 
no better proofs for it then are yet brought for this fuppofed funda- 
mental ? then he would know by his damages the rafhneffe of his 
trial. Fundamentals then are of high authority, but not thole that 
cannot be made to appear, which iriews this not to be a fundamen- 
tal becaufe it is not manifeft. Secondly, is it poifible ? fureiy no, 
for how is it pofli'ble for a man to bind himfelf to the King againft 
all might, power, and rebellion whatfoever, and that by the bond 
of an oath , and yet to be able to aflift the Parliament againft: the 
King, when the rediks of the two Houfes are not confirmed by the 

B b 2 King/ 



1 ?G shebas beadcafi over the TrtlL 

King ? no, it is as potfible to fail with contrary winds, to fwim a- 
gainft the flream, to reconcile light and daiknefte, vice and virtue, 
to make the Arclick^Sc A ntar tllck^ poles meet together, as to obey 
thefe two laws. No man can ferve two mxfters, Matth. 6. 24* 
Chri{l doth not fay , no man can conveniently , but no man can 
poflibly , for if the maflersbe oppofite, he is a $&%<&* that can 
lend a conference to both ; the thing h impoiliole , if the fervice 
be orderly , for he cannot but love the one, and hate the other. A 
man hath not two hearts in his bofome , and therefore he cannot 
obey two Superiouis. And as God expefts no fuch thing , fo nei- 
ther can the law , for he which ftands faithfull to the fundamental 
law (lands perjured to the Statute law. Bzfides our wife forefathers, 
which required but a jr.ft fubjeclion at our hands, would never en- 
join obedience with perjury. They exactly knew their fundamen- 
tals, and tenderly preferved their fundamentals , and if this had 
been a fundamental, they would never have confented to fo many 
Statute laws ( for abfolute unlimited obedience to the King ) that 
lhould have rafed this fundamental. We fhould have had their 
exception in plain tearms , if they had thought that they fhould 
have prejudiced themfelvcs in any ancient unqueflionable right. 
Seeing then thefe wife mailer-builders which held themfelvcs to 
their due commenfurations, their ftridt quantums, and jufl pofitions 
of parts have left out this refervation , we hold it not now fit to be 
inferted , eipecially becaufe it carries fuch a conflict in duty, and 
enjoin fuch an unproportionable obedience. We cannot own that 
fundamental therefore which carts fuch a difparagement upon the 
wifdome and juitice of our Anccftours,and fo wrack the confeien- 
ces of well difpofed Subjects ; it doth not agree with the building, 
and therefore call it out of the foundation. It cannot be a fun- 
damental, becaufe it is neither manifefl nor pofTible. A caution 
then would be ufed about iuch a fundamental. 

The fourth Caution is that matter of fad! be not infilled upon 
as matter of right : For matters of fa 61 arc but done feldome, and 
perhaps out of a violent pailion , and therefore are not to be urged 
a^ainf! thefe things which God hath given, and the State acknow- 
ledged as the Kings abfolute rights ; if matters of fail were a jufl 
titlc,the King could lay plea to little ; for in diflempered Govern- 
ments, or when fome potent faclion hath overfwayed Parliamenta- 
ry 



Sheba's head cajl over the ^>alL 1 97 

ry proceedings, how hath the Kings jult Prerogative been invaded 
in the Reigns of K. John, Hen. 3. Edw.z. Rich. 2 ? In the Reign 
of K. John it was enacted that 25 Barons elected by Parliament 
as conservators of the liberties, and Charters oi Magna Chart a &. 
Charta deforefia ihould with the Commons of the Land diitrain 
and enforce the King, if he fhould violate the Charters, and his 
Caftlcs, and Lands" to be fcLedupon; a rnoft injurious ftatute, 
for can a King be diitiained and enforced if he ihould violate 
Charters ? and his Caftles and Lands be feifed upon ? where then 
rs the exemption that the Scripture hath given to tyrannizing 
Kings ? the Pope was fo offended at this paftage , that by difini- 
tive fentence he* cancelled the Barons Charters, and accurfed both BulL In ' 
King and Barons if either of them obferved the compofition, and n * c ' f *^ 
Matthew Paris fo diflikes :he carriage, that he calls thofe feditious a ^ M<l ^ 
Barons up-ftart Kings, and faith that they had made the King but varif. 
the 26th. petty King in his own dominions,, and Speed himfelf 
counts it no other then an univerfal rebellion. In the reigne of 
Henry the third, anno 5th. Ralph Nevll was made keiper of Matt. Tar, 
the great Seal and Chancellour of England, and decreed it was hijl. Ma* 
that he ihould not be put out nip t otitis Regnl ordlnante Concillo. ) or s /*'<* 
as Matt. Paris, relateth , but whether was i: not as great a fin, V*i* R 'jJL 
for the Parliament to conftitute that new officer, as it was for that 2 2 ' 
King fo often in his reign to deny them their liberties ) or is it not 
the right of a King to difpofe of all officers? the institution of 
a King (hews it ; the place is 1 Pet. 2. evidently, where, as you 
have heard,they are called governors fent by him, and Saul, Da- 
vid and Solomon (all may find) conftantly pradtifed it ; yea this 
with many other paiTages was held fo odious that the French King A ^ t ^ 
being made umpire both ly King and Barons pronounced all the Panf'an. 
ftatutes and acts at Oxford to be void.. In the reigne of Edw. 2. n» 1 263. 
The Lords and Commons in a Parliament held at Warwick^ chal- <? Re & is 
lenged by fundry former Ordinances not only a power to place 47 * 
and difplace all great officers, but even a joint-intereft with the 
King in the Government of the kingdome^oo high a challtngc,for 
doubtlefTc the ftrength of their claime did ly in thofe ordinances 
that were made in King Johns and Henry 3. raigncs, and fo up- 
on an encrochment a right was founded ; for though i^ing John p at ' t nM. 
confented to them at Running-mead, yet he prefentty wrote to ma), 

Bb 3 the 



UdU 



lljli Sheba's headcaB cvtr the f».tll. 

the Pope to crave his curfe againft fuch outragious Rebels, and 
io indeed they were cenfured ; and chough Henry 3. had granted 
thcfc things folcir.nly even with throwing of Tapers upon the 
ground , yet when force came to be ufed for the performance of 
thefe Ordinances , and fome Clergy men had a hand in it, the 
Menkes of thcic times that wrot of it, wonder that any/ bvt efpc- 
cially Prelates duift thus impairc the -Kingly majefty exprefly 
We/lm. againff their fworn fidelity to him ; their clayme then was not fo 
Matt. r<t- warrantable , but it was held a lefTening of the Kings ancient 
rif right ( for that mult be the fence of impairing the .Kingly Ma- 

jefty ) and the accomplishment of it , though it might be ex- 
torted to the high priviledgc of the fubjett ; yet it is branded with 
perjury ; and I have feen many Hiftorians upon that paffage, call 
the Lords that were the aftive Inftruments in that bufineffe, turbu- 
lent Lords, and their practife conjuration, &c. In the time of 
Rich. 2. it was concluded by Parliament, that the four great Of- 
ficeis^Chanceilor, Treafurer, Keeper, Chamberlain, fhould be al- 
wayes fuch as the Parliament fhould approve of : a ftrange decree, 
but no marvel that they which durft afterwards take upon them to 
choofe a new King, dm ft now choofe new Officers. The demea- 
Speed in ours of the great men was then fo difloyall, that Speed calleth the 
Kicb. i. Barons the Kings Lords ; becaufe they were more Mafteisin the 
t m ?Vy A Nation then the King, and that the whole time of his Govern- 
i ment was full of unfufrcrable abufes offered to his high Calling ; 

for now the People, and then the Peers, foyl and trample the Re- 
gal Authority under foot ; and his bell term for them in many pla- 
ces is, that they were popular Lords. So then though in unictlcd 
Reigns, or in violent Meetings, de fatlo^ matters have paft on the 
Parliaments fide againft the Kings Prerogative , yet becaufe thefe 
things are but particular paflages (and individuals prove nothing) 
therefore onely fuch things as have been commonly, end conftant- 
ly done, ought to be taken up as the certain rule ; for if right pre- 
vail not againft matters of fa£r, all Titles and claims are ihaken. 

The fifth caution is, that that which hath been done in the mi- 
nority of Princes, or in their extreme old age, be not pretended a- 
gainft that which hath been done when Princes have been of ripe 
age, and ripe judgement : For when a Prince is impotent in his 
Intellectuals, who fhould Govern the State (under the King, or for 

the 



Shebas head cafl over the "W/. 1 99 

the King) but his great Council, or thofe defign'd by it ? Thofe al- 
legations therefore, that are brought from 6 Hen. 3. (he being but Speed in 
ten yeares of age when he took the Crown upon him) for appoint- ***• H - 3 • 
ing of Officers in a Parliamentary way ; or from 1 Hen. 6. for 
continuing a Parliament that was called in his Fathers time, with- 
out new Writs, he being then but eight moneths old, and not 
able as Speed faith, to feed bimfelf with thofe hands that fway'd speed in 
the Scepter : or from the 1 Rich. 2. (who was but eleven years ofvit. H. 6. 
age at the death of his Grandfather) for chufin^ a P.oteclour : or ?• *"•- 
from 50 Edw 3 . for removing the Lord Latimer , Sir Richard y f" x"y 
Scarry, and the Duke of Lane after from the King, or afterwards 1 ,p, 7il . 
for his pt ivy Council to be choien by Parliament, he being then speed in 
era fie in yeares and judgement, about the age of fixty five. I fay *»*. £<**• 
all thefc allegations beyond all leafon are brought againft fre- 3 £• 7°*' 
quent infiances that are to be found in the Reigns of other 
Pi inces, which were of iblidity of judgement, when no fuch things 
were attempted by Parliaments: For if this may hold, an argu- 
ment may be begged from th: Swadling-cbth and Bzdrid Couch. 
The fixth caution is, that thofe things which were done in the 
time of ufurping Princes, be warily diftingmfhed from thofe 
things which were done in the time of lawfull Ponces ; for they 
which come in by the favour of the people, mufc grant away many 
things to ingratiate themfelvcs into the Common'.v.alth ; injury 
muit fortific it felf by flattery and counefie. A Tyrant hath no 
way to fecure his broken Title, bin; by plucking the Gimms out of 
the Crown, to beautifie and enrich the Li' cities of the people 
wkhal]. Thofe are i\ range Precedents then that are fetched from 
1 He n. 4. for the Lords and Commons to have full Conufance of 
the Lords of the privy Council, or thofe which are fetched from 
5 Hen, 5. for the Parliament to choofethe Governour,or Regent 
of the Realm, fo long as the iCing fhould be making Warrs in 
Trance ; or thofe from 24 Hen. 6. for John Duke of Exeter, to 
furrender his Patent to be great Admirall of England, Ireland , 
and Aquitain , that was granted by the -King alone, and a new 
one to be granted authoritate Parliamenti ; or thofefrom $3 H. 
6. for appointing the Earl bf wkrwicklohz Captain of Callce 
by Authority of Parliament ; or thofe from 39. Hen. 6. for cre- 
ating Richard Duke of Torke Protector of the Realm ( by Parlia- 
ment) 



20o Shebas head caH over the Ttdll. 

ment ) the King. being of full age. Or thofe from $.Bicb. 3. for 
the Lord Scroop to be made Chancellour per Regnl communita- 
tern, cjr ajfenfum Dominorum. For thefe which came in by 
bbud and force, would confent to any thing to priviledge their 
perfons, and entail the Kingdome to their pofterities ; they which 
were but poor Dukes, what would they not condefcend unto to be 
made or confirmed great Kings ? no ma r.vell therefore if they rob- 
bed the Crown to wear a Crown, their. prime art ( all know ) muft 
be in endearing themfelves to the people, and in vouchfafing A6ts 
of Grace, that were more pompous then Royal. Here therefore a 
Caution would be had. 

The feventh Caution is, that thofe things which Kings did by 
free confent be fevered from thofe things which were done by 
fear. For it is pleadable in any againft his fellow-fubje£t, to fay 
a bargain was made, or -a bond fealed per minas ; fo doubtlefTe it 
is, (though the great Subject would not have it fo ) for the King 
againft his Parliament to fay, fuch a Covenant was figned, or fuch 
an Oath was taken, or fuch anA6t=was paft per metum. Thofe 
Liberties then that were gotten in the times of the Barons wanes, 
or obtained when Princes were driven to extremities, if they have 
not in them more ancient right then the Jufticc of fuch a forced 
confirmation, they are but the paint, and not the naturall beauty 
of true priviiedgcs ; for a Kings hand is not his own, or hi$ 
tongue at command, when a fpear is held to his breft. When a 
King is in danger, to free life he will almoft make himfelf a Slave 
to remain a King, thefe are arrows therefore fetched from Shooters 
hill. All Cafuifts and Schoolmen determine that pactum muft be 
llberum , it being no adfc of juftice that is done by compulfion ; 
for according to the opinion of many, not oncly tlmor confter- 
nans fruftrates a Covenant, but timor reverent talis. 

The eighth Caution is, that Kings later rights be not wcakned 
by precedent claims ; for what the State hath once enjoyed, if up- 
on difcretion it hath paft it away to the Prince, what yvifdome 
were it now to recall it ? That which they have exercifed many 
years as a Kingly power ( as the choife of Officers, and the power 
of the Militia, and the marrying of their children, &c. ) why 
fhould it now be revived as a Democraticall power ? for what then 
can be certain, or where can the Prince have a fettled Preroga- 
tive f 



Shebas head caft over the ^aIL i x 

tivc ?' Why fhould not the peoples grants to the Prince be as irre- 
as the Kings grants to the people ? That which former 
Parliaments have not Coupled at in the Piincc, why fhould future 
Parliaments q'eftnn ? this were to defame the good n lie orpiu- 
dence of our PredecefTours. Therefore that which the Prince hath 
peaceably enjoyed many years, let him ftill have the quiet pof- 
feillon of it ; for if fifty yeas be a good prefc iption for the peo- 
ple, why not an hundred years for the P.ince ? yes, Lap idem bene 
po^tum ne move as. 

The ninth Caution is, that that which was done in Popifh 
times, be differenced fiom that which was done in Proteftant 
times ; for the Papifts hold it lawfull to refill Princes, therefore 
feeing their judgement was perverted, no marvel if their practife 
was irregular ; but we which would be held the Reformed Church, 
becaufe we have cleanfed our felvcs from the impurity of their do- 
(ft.incs, and have constantly adjudged this as one of their main 
corruptions ; yea, fecured the health of our State through prcvent- 
ing-phyfick, {wearing all unto a deteftation of Rebellion, why 
fhould we now fall into their diftcmpeis ? or foil ourfelves with 
their ftains > Is not this to return back again into Egypt ? or not 
onely to carry the mark of the bead, but the horn of the beaft in 
our foreheads ? yes, it is evident Popery, nay the goring point of 
Popery, and doubtlcfTe many of their erroneous Tenets are not fo 
pernicious or fcandalous ; if ye hate Popery therefore, renew it 
not in iuch a capitall offence ; no, a caution here for the honour 
of profcflirn. 

The tenth Caution is , that in fetling our confeiences in this 
grand difference, we beare a reverend regard to the teftimony of 
Orthodox Divines, and that both Ancient and Modern. 

Ancient, for the hoary hairs are to be honoured,o!d wine is bet- 
ter then new ; though we make not the Fathers of the Church 
Authouis of our faith, yet lingular Guides ; for by whom can we 
be better directed, then by thole which were fo eminent in judge- 
ment andfincerity ? If Antiquity therefore fihould oppofe you^ it 
were a great wound to your confident opinion ; it is an high con- 
tumely to fay they underftood not our government /or they under- 
stood all governments, and knew what was fit to be pracliied in 
all Nations and Commonwealths. If therefore they maintain 

C c that 



2Cr% Sh-eba's head c aft over the tail. 

that Princes ought not to be refitted, (as this they unanimoufly dc* 
termine) then how reprehenfible are thofe mens actions that have 
the voyceof Antiquity to cenfure them ? Doubtlefle thefe knew 
beft how to interpret Scripture,and to frame the world to due obe- 
dience, for they were nearer! to the Apoftolicall times;and though 
they writ not by infpiration, yet by afpiration,for the H:>ly Ghoft 
breathed upon them in a larger meafure then he doth upon us ; A 
caution therefore would be had not to contradict Antiquity, the 
Ancient Divines would be reverently refpected. 

The Modern Divines, and to thefe likewife a due reverence is 
to be exprefied, namely, in weighing the worth of Proteftant Di- 
vines ; that feeing fome hold it is lawfull to refill Princes,and fome 
hold it is not lawfull, we confider where the greateft meafure of en- 
dowments lieth, who amongft them were the beft-gifted and quali- 
fied; for it is a vain thing to embrace an opinion that isfupported 
but by a company of under-wits,& thofe perhaps partial in the caufe. 
If therefore the greateft number of Proteftant Divines be refolute 
for non-rcfiftance ( as manifcftly they arc ) and thefe too the Or- 
naments of our calling, then how do fuch war re with the Cap- 
rains of their faith, in taking up weapons againft Princes contra- 
ry to their direction ? A caution here therefore were yeiy re- 
quifite. 

Now thefe are the Cautions, and I think nothing now requiiitc 
to be added, except it be to fatisfic curiofity. I know there hath 
been never an Article of the molt facred faith, but fome fubtil wir 
hath fought to fhakc it or rale it ; Hereticks have ever had a ca- 
villing fpi:- it againft the truth. So this weighty point, which is 
the Briis of States, and of the quietnelfe of the fame, though it 
be fettled upon never fuch firm grounds, yet fome captious and 
fcrupulous brains will never leave battering and undermining of 
it ; but tJMagna efl Veritas & prxvatet. I proferTe ferioufly, I 
never yet faw a teeming reafon in any of the Authours of the con- 
trary fide, that- could raife a true doubt, but I find Scriptures moft 
violently wrcftcd, and grounds of Logick and State moft fophifti- 
cally perverted. But becaufesn Adverfary is never fully fatisfied 
till he hath had liberty to fpeak for himfelf, therefore I will pro- 
pound thofe objections that are generally made againft thisTcner, 
and lh:w the weaknefle and wortbkfTcnefle of the fame. 

Th;Z 



Shebas hfad caft over the malt. 2 03 

The fiift objection is, that the Institution in 1 Sam. 8. was but 
by Gods intention meant of Sauls time, osfxf. Which if truc,then 
the Adverfaries muft iriew fome new Infticution ordained by God 
for lucceeding times, either at the beginning of the raign of Da- 
vid or Solomon ; for that which God fctled at the entrance of 
the firft King mult hold till the laft, if the Law-giver hath not re- 
verftd this by fome fecond order ; if thefe clear-fighted creatures 
can fpie out fome undifcovered ordinance of Scripture, let them 
bring to light that hidden rule, and thoufands will be thankfull to 
them, for fome direetcr means of obedience to Panels, then God 
prescribed in the firft Inftkution ; but till this be produced, it is 
in vain to cart the world into a new fquare by groundleffc conje- 
ctures. We expect not the fublimated conceits of their own opi- 
nions, we look for Divine appointment, for wc are confident God 
was as ftrict how to fee down Laws for Monarchy, as for Prieft- 
hood ; therefore till they have brought in better evidences, we 
count this but a frivolous objection. 

The fecond objection is, that this is meant of a cruell Tyrant, 
and not of a juft King. Anf. An high invention, but withatt 
a Tyrannicall inference ; for what from hence can be concluded ? 
not that a Tyrant -is not to be obeyed, but that they which were 
weary of Gods former government, muft not look to have that 
new platform of authority that they longed for, as the greatcft 
bletflng to be free from inconveniences and encumbrances ; no, 
whatfoever the manner of Judges have been, yet this will be the 
manner of a King that fhall be fet aver you ; one and another, if 
the perfons be not the more virtuous, will fill the Country full of 
trouble enough ; ye grone under Samuels fonnes, and ye may 
have occafion of new complaints under Monarchs that ye are fo 
defirous of, and is not this a mighty ftrong argument ( think ye ) 
to bring Kings into order? Tt is not enough to fay that this is 
brought bnely tofilence the Court-divinity, that Kings may take 
all ; for though we know no fuch Court-divinity, or joyn not in 
the plea, yet this we hold, that if Kings go oeyond their juft mea- 
fures in Deut.ij. and take all that there is in that place mention- 
ed, yet Subjects cannot, nor ought not, to right their fclves by the 
fword, rigour is not to be rcprelTed by rebellion. 

The third objection is, that though the Jewiih Kings could not 

Cc: be 



264 Shebas bead ca/l over the 1»alL 

be refitted, for they ruled arbitrarily, becaufe they defired a King 
after the Manner of the Nat Ions , yet Chrifhan Kings may, where 
there is a mixt Government. <*Anf. This I conferTe is one of the 
beft objections, yet being examined, it is but a ftrein of wit, or a 
mecr device of fubtilty. For firft, how the Kings of the Nations 
ruled we know not, we have no Hiftories to record what the form 
of their Government was ; for though Kings at firft raigned ar- 
bitrarily, as Juftln and many others make it manifeft, yet whe- 
ther by decourfe of time Kingdomes were not come to Cuftomes 
and Laws( efpecially in fuch a long fpace as had pad from the 
erection of Monarchies, to the fetting up of the Jewilh Kings) 
is to us unknown, and they which have nothing but fuppofitions 
for their grounds, have but a tottering foundation formaximesof 
State, or rules of conscience, Ex Incerto enlm nihil flat uitur. 
Secondly, we fay that this we have certain, that the fence of that 
place of Scripture is u:tc ly miftaken, for they defired a King af- 
ter the manner of the 'Rations, to intimate that they defired of 
God to eftablifn a constant kind of government amongft them ; 
for whereas before the Jews were governed by Judges, and there 
was a great interflltlum between the death of one Judge, and the 
railing up of another (for God fen t them by miracle in a moft 
extraordinary way, and not till the people were wearied by op- 
prcfllons whereby the people conceived, that they furFered many 
inconveniences at home, and dangers abroad> for want of prefent 
help ) therefore they dcfiied to have a Bx^dj fettled government 
amongft them ( which was that of having a King after the man- 
ner of the Nations ) that might continually redrcrTc injuries at 
home, and fupport the State againft forraign Invaders. Thirdly, 
thec is no reafon that the people fhould defire a King to rule ar- 
bitrarily amongft them ; Firft, becaufe it was againft their defired 
fafety, for fuch a King might have punilned them worfe then Sa- 
muels fons againft whom they did complain, or any Philiftinc, or 
Ammonite, or Midianite, that were often troubling their Coun- 
try. Secondly, it was againft Gods revealed will, becaufe the 
toeut. 17. King was tied to this Law, and fo to rule his people ; for it (ball 
^.19. be , when he Jitteth on the Throne of the Kingdome^that a copy 
of the Law (hall be written in a book..* out of that which is before 
the Priefts and Levites. And it fh^ll be with him, and he fkall 

read 



Sheb&sheadcaftovtYtht^e&U. 205 

read therein all the dayes of his life ; that he way learn to fear 
the Lord his God, to l^eep all the words of this booh^and thefe fla- 
tutes to do them. Now where there \ is a Law there is a limitati- 
on, and a Kingfhould nor do what he pleafcth ; for a true abso- 
lute Prince is fuch an one as is tied to no covenants nor conditi- 
ons, but ruleth onely by his Royal will and pcrfonal commands, 
which is agreeable to the definition of Abfolutum, for Abfolutum 
efl quod a nullo dependet fed ab omnibus refpetlibus, O' conditio^ 
nlbpts liber at ur. The Tews then beins to preftnt fuch a Law to 
their King, and that Law in equity being to be the flint of his juft 
government, they could not defire a King to rule arbitrarily ; and 
that the Kings of Ifrael did not thus rule, it may appear by thefe 
clear inftances, that Sauls religious fouldiers denied to kill <*Ahl- 
melechzwd the reft of the Priefts at Sauls command ; for though 
he urged it upon them, yet the ferv ants of the King would not put 
forth their hand to fall upon the Priefts of the Lor v/, 1 Sam. 2.2. 
17. And fecondly, it may appear by Naboths denying to give, 
fell, or exchange his vineyard unto <LAhab, For, God forbid that 
I fhouldgive the Inheritance of my Fathers unto thee,\ Kings 2 1. .* * 
3. Now it had been an immodeit perverfnefTe in Sauls guard to Reoibus 
give a rcpulfe to the Kings command, and the height of ftoutnefTe, adempu 
ftubbornneffe, and frowardneffe in Naboth to refufc Ahabs mo- *4£aw, 
tion, if the King had had a right to rule arbitrarily. But above ^ ma "l l r 
all, this arbitrary power of the Kings of Jury is but a fiction in $y ne dri- 
refpe£f. of the great power of the Sanhedrim, which from the »m 70. vi- 
dayes of CMofes till the dayes of Chriff, is known to have born y " w > ?» 0£ * 
an extraordinary fway, by way of councel and direction, iu the <ilvmo l ™' 
moft important affairs, yea when the Jewilli Common-wealth Mokitto 
flour ilhed with the moft potent Kings. If it be objected, (tit»tw» 
that there was a Law indeed appointed to the Jewiili Kings, but adHerodn 
they could rule (as fome hold)the interpretation of the fame at pica- tem P^ a 
fure, therefore for all this they might rule arbitral ily. AnfThis is^ er £ e ^ 
not credible in regard of the power and integrity of the High- ne durarit 
piieft: and the Sanhedrim ; howfoever, if the King prevailed, zshu;o 
lie did in bringing in the altar of Damafcu* into the Temple, yet Grotius de 
it was but a corruption, and not the right of government ; for the-*** bellf ' 
High-prieft and Sanhedrim ou?ht rather to havs fuffered death,/ , "?' 

1 it 1 't.lC. J. 

then to have endured any King willingly to have violated the/ 20 . 

C c 3 Law. 



%o6 Shebas headed/} over the W/. 

law. Thefe things then being fuflficiently known to the Learned, 
what a vanity is it to hold the Jewifh Kings might not be oppofed 
becaufe they ruled arbitrarily ; for the Jewifh Kings did not fo 
Reign, and yet were not to be thus popularly difturbed, but if ever 
God punifhed them he punifhed them by foreign States, as by 
the Babylonians , 01 ' Caldeans, &c. but never by their own Su b- 
Uc com. ' J e( ^ s ? exce pt it were by his cxorelTi command , as Peter Martyr , 
Daretrant,znd reverend Bifhop Davenant notably conclude; therefore as 
deter.de the Jewifh Kings could not be refifted , (o no more can ours, 
Magtftrt* B ut perhaps it will be ftill objected, that though the Jewifh King- 
domes were not wholly abiblute , yet it was iefs mixt then ours. 
To this I anfwer , I cannot iee what remarkable thing there is in 
our Kingdome to make it a mixt Government that was not in the 
Jewifh Kingdome , for thofe Kings had a law to prefer ibe them 
their manner of Government , and the Kings took a fclemn oath 
to obferve that law, and they had a Sanhedrim continually fitting 
to direct their courfes according to that law ; indeed many Kings 
would not be ruled by law, nor oadi, nor Sanhedrim , but that 
was the errour of their particular carriages , and not the order of 
State ; the Jewifh Kings then had but a mixt State , fo no more 
have we ; yet if any people upon earth might ftand upon the title 
of an abfolute Kingdome , I think we could not be excluded ; for 
our Kings reftraint or mixture hath been accounted fo gentle, that 
he hath to this day been numbred amongft them that arc abfolute 
p f ff»y. Kings ; fo Bifhop CMerx (tiled him in the time of Rich. 2. fo 
wards hi- Bodin reckoneth him ; yea Henry 3. his words are clear , that this 
fiory of Kingdome hath ever been efteemed an abfolute Empire; and Judge 
H n. 4*fc. Ctf0^ acknowledged it fo , for the Kingdome of England hath e~ 
*° tn ' l ' ver been efteemed an abfolute Monarchy, Now though I take not 
&.H. c.u' tne ^ e ipeeches ftriclly , for I hold not our King perfectly abfolute, 
€:ok /.5. yet he may be reckoned amongft thofe Kings of Ju y , who though 
cavdries tnC y nac J crie mixture of law, and oath , and Sanhedrim, yet have 
c*j*h 40. na j a tn: i e t0 Dc j n c 0lTtC riiea f, !re abfolute Kings. For mine 
own parti much doubt whether for thefe many years there hath 
been, or at this day there is an abfolute King in the world. The 
1 Romane Emperoui s were not fo, for they had a kind of confirma- 

tion of their Title from the Senate , and nothing they could 
make juftly to pafle as a law, unlcfs it were decreed by the Senate ; 
they which have read Stieton+Vlutarch, Tacit tu, Horodlan y with 



Shcba's beadcaji over the TVdil. 207 r 

many others, may know how great the power of the Senate was till 
the daies of Conflantine. It was the Senate that gave unto Julius 
€&far (as Hiftory reports) names, preeminences, and titles of ho- 
nour, it was that that named the Moneth Quintil Julius after his 
name, that gave him the honour oiThenfa ; yea, it is a memora- 
ble relation in his life , that though it was contained in the books 
of the Sybills that the Parthians could not be overcome but by one 
that bare the name of a King, yet as much as he affected the Con- 
quer! , he never took upon him that name, but was much moved 
when there was an offer of it made to him ; for when M, Antro* 
nious at the publick games came of his own accord and put a Dia- 
dem upon his head, he caft it down, .and all this becaufc he would 
not fuppreffe the power of the Senate ; and who knows not that 
he often repaired to the Senate,and died in the Senate houfe, which 
could not be if he had been an ahfolute Commander , and the Se- 
nate had had no authority. And find we not the like in the Reign 
of Auguflus Ctfar his SuccefTour f yes, he dm ft not revenge the 
death o£ Julius C<zfar (as his mother and Philip his Father in law 
advifed him) becaul'e the Senate had not decreed it. And when 
-D. Brut us was befiegcd by M.zSfntonius at Mutina ( now called 
tJWodena ) yet Ociavianus durft not (faith the Hiftory), meddle 
in the action, untill he had been received into the Senate, and had 
the Enfignes of a Pro-conful, and the title of Pro-prctor given 
him, and Hirtius, and Pan fa by the decree of the Senate were feitt 
long with him;yea,fo great then was the power of the Senatc(what- 
foever fome conceive ) that for all the great affection the Senate 
knew Aug uft us bare to Julius Ctfar departed , yet it publickly 
decreed M. Brutus to be Govern our oilllyricum and Macedonia, 
and Cajfius to be Governour o£ Syria, which were the two deadly 
enemies of Julius C& far ; yea, when he had gotten the victory 
over Anthony, and he required two things of the Senate, Triumph, 
and the Confulfhip for the reft of the time that remained to Hir- 
tins and Tanfa, that were {lain in the battle, it is faid his demand 
was difpleafing to the Senate, and they ufeci means to delay and pro- 
tract the grant , and at laft confentcd to the Triumph without $£™ s 
yielding to the Confulfhip , and though afterwards he obtained it, drin. Veil. 
yet it is faid to be in dcipight of many of the Senate. Yea, there Utirc. 
is a notable ftory concerning the power of the Senate in his daics > 

that 



2C S Shebas head c*Jt over the ^dl. 

that whereas Aug uftms to ga in the good will of ^Anthony married 
Willed 1^5 lifter Ofatti* to him, who was the Widow of M. Marceilus , 
W \dnlt an< ^ ner t ^ mc °*" Widowhood not bein^ expired , it is faid, that this 
msrry t:& Marriage was ^vAz by the diipenfarioti of the Senate. Now if it 
10 wvmtbs lhall be laid that thole things were done by the Senate before Ax- 
wtre me- g»/f»s was complcat Emperour , I grant it , but yet the Tmmvi- 
complisb- race Qt - yi U g u ji HS ^ Anthony , and Lepidus was but the Empire of 
Julius Csf.ir divided into to many parrs , and erery owz was as 
■'pleat Emperour in his own partition, as Julius C<tfar was, 
therefore if the Emperour had been abfolute, what needed any of 
thefe to have had any recourfe to the Senate ? yet not to flick up- 
on this cavill, when Auguflus had wonne his three famous vifio- 
ries, namely, the Conquer) in Illyrkum^ the Alii an Conquer! by 
Sea, and the Conquer! over Egypt , it is faid it was granted unto 
him to triumph three dayes. Yea, in his molt happy Reign, when 
he was at the height of his power, the Hiftory repo:teth , Tha: the 
Senate gave him the title of Auguflrts , and his Will for Tiberius 
to be Succeflour was not only committed to the Veftal Virgins to 
be kept, but produced, and read in the open Scnatc-houfe. In the 
Reign of Tiberius like wife, when Pofthumts Agr'ppa the Nephew 
of Augufius was llain by a Tribune, Tiberius eyeing fufpechd of 
his death denied it, and laid the Tribune fhould anfwer it before 
the Senate;yea, Tibertm at firft iheved fo great refpect to the S;- 
nate,& gave to them io great authority in ail things,as he did no- 
thing without their counfel & advice, being willing that all things 
fhould be dor\Q by their judgement; yea, it is a memorable paffage, 
that when Auguflus commanded Tiberius to adopt Germxnicus 
Emperour after his death, 6c the faid Germ-miens was pcyfoned by 
Pifo (at the mitigation of Tiber; '/#)and Livia that Drufus might 
fucceed,was thought to have a hand \ifpifo & Lima being accufed 
by the Senate,^ the credit &Tlberhu wonderfufly taxed,it is faid 
Tiberius was out to great cxtremiti^jScP//; had und uibtedly furre- 
rcd, if he had not on the iliddain been found derd in his bed. Yea, 
Aut'rrurs of very good accomt report,that when dilate fent word 
to Tiberius that Ch -ill: was (lain, & rifen a^ain, and referred it to 
Ttrtttll. him whether he fhould not be made a God , and though Tiberius 
E»ftb ui. f em v Vor( l to the Senate to confult thereof, and he had given in his 
F *r ° opinion tkat he ought to be decreed fc, yet the Senate croft him , 

becauie 



Shebas head c aft over the ^all. 209 

becaufc it was not firft referred to them, pretending an ancient 
Law that they had a fuper-intcndency in fuch things. And at a- 
nother time he could not get two of the Sons of Germanlcus to be 
put to death,but by decree of the Senate,& by writing ftrange Lee- 
ters againft them. Yea many other things might be added con- 
cerning other Emperours, but I will but touch upon a few of the 
principal of them.When Calus Caligula came next to the Throne , 
n is faid the Senate accepted, and approved of him to be Emperour, 
(bough the Pretorian band fee up by Auguflus to overfway the 
City, had before done their part for their young Matter ; and 
further at the great and magnifical Feaft, that this Caligula, made 
upon the Sea, though his Robes were of Gold and Pearl, yet he 
had onely upon his head the Clvica Corona, which was of Oaken 
Boughs ; which what did it intimate, but that he would not nke 
away the power of the Senate, by any power of an abfolute Com- 
mander, which the Diadem, or Imperial Crown was a great fign 
of.* Yea if the Senate were not in great power in his time, why is 
it faid inrtantly after his death, that all the Copper Coyns 
and Medals that were ftainped with his image, were by decree 
of the Senate commanded to be molten , that if it were poffible, 
his Name and Feature might be forgotten in future ages. 
In the Reign of Claudius it is reported, that when the Senate 
knew him to be chofen Emperour by the Pretorian band (which 
conilfted of 1 0000 Soldiers) they fent to him by a Tribune to 
come to the Senate, and there to treat of fuch matters as fhould be 
for the common good (intending that he fhould take his eleftton 
from them) though Herod Agrlppa wifhed him to ftand out a- 
gainft the Senate, and he did fo, yet he was never held for com- 
pleat Emperour, till the Senatours had accepted of him, and con- 
firmed him. And when he had conquered Britain ana the Orca- 
des^it was the Senate that granted unco him the Title olBrltanlcus 
for fubduing the Rebellion. Yea when Narcljfus, his great Fa- 
vourite, dream't that he faw Applanus Sllanus take oft his head, 
and Narcljfus came to him in the morning before he was up, and 
wifhed him to procure the death of this S/7*//*.f,becaufe of his fear- 
full dream ; the Emperour as vain and cruel! as his Favourite , 
confented to the motion, and fent to the Senate that Sllanus 
might be put to death, and Narcljfus rewarded for his good fer- 

D d vice, 



2io sheba's head c aft over the T»all. 

vice,who even fleeping(hc faid) had care of his Emperours life and 
health : Yet the Senate gave no refpect to the meffage, and he 
could neither get Silanus (lain, nor Narciffus honoured, till he 
went in perfon into the Scnate-houfe ; yea when he came into a 
Temple, and faw a Sword there left, he being iufpicious of fome 
Treafon, thinking that there was fome deiign to kill him as he 
was facr i firing, cau fed the Senate to be afifembled, and complained 
unto them, becaufe in no place he could be feeure. In the Reign 
of Nero it is reported, that though the Cohorts v had chofen him r 
yet they thought it not fufficient, till they had carried him to the 
Senate, and there got approbation. And the fumptuous welcome 
of Tyridates to Rome (in his time) was not thought enough by 
his invitation or Royal cxprelfions, but a great part of the honour 
of it lay in this, that it was ordered by ,the Senate. And in the 
great Treafon of Cains Pifo, it is not faid that he put him to 
death by his own command, but referred it to the Senate ; and the 
juftiee of the Senatours is reported in an high (train, in that they 
not one ly offered facrifice for the difcovery of it, but ordained 
Feafts, and decreed thereupon, that there fhould be a new Temple 
built to the god of health. Further, when this Monfter had filled 
the world with his ciuelties, and Julius Vindex Lieutenant of 
Gallia, Virginins Rufus Lieutenant of High Germany, Sophonius 
Tigellinus Captain of the Guard, Nympftdius Sabinns with o- 
thers, had riien up againft him, and drawn up almoft all the Pro- 
vinces into an infurreclion ; yet all thefc mutinies were little ac- 
counted of, till the Senate had decreed him an enemy to the State, 
and pronounced to punifh him ( according to their Heathenifh 
religion ) more Majarum. So when Sergius Galba was created 
Emperour in Spain, yet he himfelf ftood in great doubt till newes 
was brought Inm into Spain that he was declared Emperour by the 
Senate ; which acceptance of the Senate the fouldieis of Virginiu* 
Rufns not hearing of in Germany, becaufe they held him undu- 
ly chofen they refufed to take their oath of fubjeclion to him, 
and would take it ( after the death of Nero ) onely to the Senate; 
and Otho not onely fought for the approbation of the Senate, but 
promifed to govern by the counfel and advice of the Senate, and 
when the German legions chofe Vitelhus^ and faid they had as 
great power in the clewing of him as the Spanilh had in electing 
Galba , the Senate was offended with them, and fent them word 

thar 



Shebcts head cafl over the Ttalt. 211 

that the fuprcme power of electing Emperours belonged to them. 
Of Vefyafiav and Titus it is related, that both of them had their 
triumphs for the conquer! di'jerufalem by the decree of the Senate: 
Concerning Domitian the next Emperour it is faid that though 
he proclaimed himfclf heir to all them that died without iffue or 
inteftate yet this was held no juft title, but he was enforced to fub- 
orne witnefles to depofe before the Senate, that they heard the de- 
ceafed in their life time fay that they meant to leave 'Domitian 
their heir, when Domitian was dead the Senate chofe Cocceius 
Ncrva, that he might not be faid to be chofen by the army ; thus 
I might gather colledftons out of many of the other Emperours 
reigns to fhew that the Senate had ftill a governing power of the 
Empire under the Emperours,which held with fome (trength till the 
days of Confiantine^y of Juftinianfox: Baflius was the laft con- 
ful in his reigne Anno Dom. 541 . And if the Emperours ruled as 
abfolutePrinces,I would willingly know whether the Lawes of the 
twelve Tables were put down? The Emperours oiRome then were 
not abfolute, for the power of the Senate,and the Lawcs prove it a 
mixt Government. I might likewife fhew the fame in the ancient 
Empire oiPerfia, where the Magi bare fuch fway ; and likewife 
in many of the Eaftern Countries, where the BonzM, Bramenes y 
and Mandarenes have fuch a ruling power in the Empires. But I 
will chiefly iniift upon the Empire of Turkey becaufe better known 
to us, and generally taken up as an inftance againft a mixt Go- 
vernment ; for who is held fuch a powerfull Commander, and fuch 
an abfolute Prince as the Grand Signiour ? yet a plain miftake ; 
for fiift he hath his Alchoian (as the Jewifh Kings had the Law 
of Mofes)to which in confcicncehe is to fubmit.Secondly,there are 
in his Kingdome the Othoman Constitutions at the firft erection 
of the Kingdome, to which he is bounden. Thirdly , he cannot 
lay a new Taxe upon the people, without the confent of the State ; 
for in fuch cafes the Commons have denied it, the Piicfts have 
preached againft it, and the Mofchee dores have been fhut up 
(even prayers having been forbidden for him) till it hath been re- 
called. Fourthly, he cannot abridge his Janizaries of their known 
Rights ; for upon the change of Emperours,how rigidly have they 
required the confimiation of Liberties } Fiftly, he cannot take 
away any mans head at his pleafure (though it be generally held) 

Dd 2 if 



zir Sheba's head caH over the •frail. 

if the Janizaries be not fatrsfied of the equity of the proceeding, as 
it may appear in thole two famous examples of <±Achmetes in the 
Reign of Baia&et the fecond, who having the mantle of death caft 
upon him, and put to the torture, the Bajfa being held and known 
to be innocent,the Emperour had highly endangered himfelf if he 
had not delivered him at the rcqueft of th? Janizaries to be left 
to the trial of the Law, and of Muflapha the fon of Soliman the 
magnificent, who being ftrangled in the Emperours tent with- 
out any juft caufe known of his death, how heinoufly did the 
Janizaries take it, and were ready to aflault the perfon of the 
Emperour for it, if he had not promifed that they which had been 
the chief procurers of his death llioiild legally purge themfelves, 
or fuffer for it ? It was not his crying out am not I your Empe- 
rour, that would fatisfy their difcontented mindes, for they told 
him plainly that he was their Emperour indeed, but they had gain- 
ed him a large Empire to rule them according to juitice. Sixtly a- 
bove all it may appear in that the Grand-Signior ought to do no- 
thing hut by the advice, & refolution of the Muphti, which order 
though the Emperours often tranfgrerTe, yet it is known to be the 
high-prieits right, for according to the Mahomctane law in what 
high authority is the Caliph or Muphti placed ? I might likewife 
ifoewthe lame in the two eminent Kingdomes of Chriftendome, 
as in that of Spain, where in every particular Country there are 
/h'ong National curtomes,& cfpecially in Aragon where the privi- 
ledges are high under the cheif JuiHce of the place ; and in that of 
FravcejA'hcvc the arrefts of Parliament are known to be fo power- 
ful ;thcrcforc this objection of an ablolutc,and mixt government is 
idle,when ali Empires have their cuftomes,Lawes,& mixtures of go- 
vernment.But perhaps it will be (till objected(as it hath been ) that 
though other governments be mixt,yet our mixture is in the Supre- 
macy of power it felf,otherwifc the Monarchy were not mixt ; for 
all Monarchies have a mixture of fubordinate or under-ofrlcers to 
them, but here the Monarchy is compounded of three Coordinate 
Eitates,the King and two Houfesof Parliament, unto which mixt 
power no fubordinate authority may make refiftance.To this I an- 
fwcr,Firft,that the Kingdoms of Jury had as great a mixture by the 
Sanhedrim , and the Empire of Rome by the Senate, and other 
Empires by their chief Officers. Secondly, Ifay there is no mix- 
ture 



Martin m 



Sheba's head caff over the TcalL 21 3 

cure of Monarchy amongft us, for the King ftill doth remain Su- 
pream, in regard that not onely the two Houfcs at their entrance 
into Parliament take an Oath of ftibje&tdp to the King ( which 
muft not be meant onely againft the Pope, which would deprive 
him of his Supremacy, but likewifc againft all thofe which would 
wrong him in his juft power and Prerogative ) but continually in 
all their addreiTcs they ftile themfelves Subjects ; bcfidcs, it hath 
gone a long time as a plain errour in judgment, that the King is 
one of the three Eftatcs ; fo the King is not in France, where are 
three Eftatcs befidcs him, and why not fo with us ? yes, the King 
hath conftituted Parliaments under him, himfelf to be the Head, 
as ^Martin confefTeth ; and the three Eftatcs are the Lords fpi- 
rituall,the Lords temporal,and the Commons of the Land, as Speed ^^i.9. 
witnciTcth in that famous Petition prefentcd to Rich. 3 . to accept c . 19. an- 
of the Crown, which he frith was taken out of the Parliament- no l.Ritk. 
roll. Further, thefe three Eftates are to have a mixture amongft 3 • P'9 T '• ■ 
themfelves for the feveral degrees there congregated, but no mix- 9 ' *" 
ture in Monarchy, becaufc they cannot challenge a coequality with 
the King, for ftill they arc ( as Officers in all other S:ates ) of an 
inferiour alloy,and fo fubo/dinatc, which is avouched by thefe pre- 
gnant teftimonics of Elfemere poflnat. p. 48. 11. H.j^c.2^. 
Poly dor. Virgil 185. Sn Thomas Smith de republic, (^Anglic. 1. 2. 
c„. 3 . Bodln, 1. i.c.S. But (till it is objected, that there is in this ohjetl. 
Kingdomc an arbitrary power fupcriour to the Kings, therefore 
this arbitrary power muft be obeyed againft the Kings. To this 
I anfwer, that there are arbitral v co'irfcs, if ye will, in this King- 
dome, but no arbitrary power; fcr ail v e ar icrarineiTe is in the de- 
viling or inventing new Laws, but the device or invention is no 
power till it come to the Kings approving, or enacting, sir Ed- 
therefore there may be ?n arbitrary confutation, but no arbitrary vtardceok 
power. Hovvfoever, if there were an arbitrary power m the itt hts P rem 
Kingdomc, yet the King muft have a part of it, yea, the effeclu- '1" u ?°* 
ating and managing of that power comes from him, and re its in Wiflm. 
him, for nothing can be done in the Kingdomc without him; there Lamb 
can be nothing arbitrary where mutual confent is required, becaufc ^rchai. 
neither the Houfe of Commons and the King can do any thing ? 2 "*?T 
•when the Pears dlffent, nor the Lords and King when the Com- G i or 
monalty dljfent, nor both Houfes without the Kings confent , but Mnndi. 

D 3 all 



214 Sheba's head caji over the T»a/L 

all three, King, Peers, and Commons muft agree before any coa- 
Blve Law can be oppofed. Therefore is nothing abfolute in the 
people, feeing before any thing can be finned, it muft have refe- 
rence to the Kings confummating, before it can pafTe as a com- 
pleat a6t. Now all things being confidered, the peoples ordering 
of things in a Nation under a King, do but fhew a mixt govern- 
ment, which all Kingdomes in thefe latter times are fubjeft to, yea, 
they which have had the greateft appearances of abfolute Empire, 
have notwithstanding had as great a mixture as ours ; therefore if 
all mixt governments include a refiftance, then all Kings may be 
oppofed, which if true, then all the commands for fubjeclion to 
Supcrioui s that are recorded in Scripture are void, which how un- 
rcafonable and irreligious it were, let every mans confeience de- 
termine. 

The fourth object ion is, that in the i £4*0.8.18. upon the 
fenfe of which words fome fay, that whereas God enjoins the peo- 
ple patience, and promifes them no fuccour, it doth but fhew their 
punifhment and not their duty. Anf To this I fay, that the In- 
ftitution muft of neceflity tie to obedience, if there were none but 
generall terms ( as that a King fTiall be fet over them, and that 
they fhallfurTer hardship under him , and fhall have no means of 
relief) but there are not onely generall, but diftin£t. terms for du- 
ty, for the manner of the Kings government, and the terms upon 
which they arc bounden to obedience, is called Jns Regis, the 
Right of the King, and Right includes duty ; further, that is du- 
ty where the punifhment is mentioned, and all alilftance taken 
away ; for if Gods Court of Audience be fhut up, and he will 
not hear, then people are deprived of means to help themfelvcs. 
Befidcs, doth not punifhment include a duty of fubmiflion f are 
Credimut Gods punifhments to be wrcftled with ? no then , We do but be- 
<p*and9 le- j; eve t fo em when we r€ ad them , but murmure under them when 
&* nt * r ' Hr they are infliiled, as the Father faith. Is there any evil in the 
amnio CitU and the Lord hath not done it } no, doubtlerTc the Lord hath 
€ompUn~ an hand in the evil government of Princes as well as in any other 
tur. *4*g. calamity ; therefore our beft refuge were that of David , / be- 
. came dumb, I opened not my mouth, Lord it is thy doing. For as 
'* ' * 9 ' Bifhop (JWerx faid before, why (hould we not endure this judge- 
ment, as well as famine, or drought, or pefiilence ? yes, for the 

fenders 



Sheba's head caH over the Tuft: 1 1 5 

fenders fake we ought to be filent and quiet, for when God fhews 
the extremity, and not the releafe, men are tied to inevitable pa- 
tience, and this is true duty. For where God will not hear, men 
ought not to liften to a ftrangc kind of remedy, or howfocvernot 
to connt this devifed remedy fome foveraign Receit of Gods own 
preparing; no, God prepares onely that which himfeLf prefcri- 
Deth, which is meekneiTe and fuffcrance under a Tyrannicall 
Prince. But (God be praifed ) we have no fuch wound that we 
need this plaifter, for if our eyes were opened we ought to blelTc 
God for a nourishing Father, rather then to mourn under a law- 
leffe Tyrant ; difcontented people are ever whining, they groan 
more for one fuppofed defect in government, then they can take 
comfort in a thoufand vifible and confpicuous benefits ; it muft be 
a very diftempered fpirit that can vent a fob under fuch a gra- 
cious Prince ; fears and jealo'.'fies more fright people, then the 
fenfeof any* true grievance pains them ; for a King that is fa 
true to our Religion, and fo forward to confirm our ancient Li- 
berties and priviledges, we ought rather to chaunt under him, then 
to bewail his government with penfive ftghs ; eminent graces, and 
matchlefTe virtues were never thus requited, they deferve a Lion 
which complain thus of the Lambe ; if fuch be our happinelTe 
that patience is needlelTe, then refif lance is grace led e. But to ex- 
amine the other exceptions, for I mind rather fobcr fatisfadHon, 
then occafioned Panegyricks. 

The fifth objection is, that thefe words ( / mil not hear thee ) 
bind not ever, for negatives in Scripture have their qualified 
fenfe. Anf. If we can bind and unbind at pleafure, we make 
Scripture but a weak cord, or a loofe knot ; that muft needs bind 
that is the effence of the Inftitution, for to what end had that fuch 
a folemn fandion, and fuch a large defcription, but to fhew peo- 
ple their unchangeable obedience ? no other drift of that pofltive 
rule can be mentioned or conceived, therefore deft roy the negative 
anddeftroythe Inftitution. For though in inferiour matters a 
negative may have fome difpenfation, yet if it binds not in an 
Inftitution, I know not where it can be obligatory; I may then 
fufpc6l the necellity of obeying the Deca!ogue,which confifts chief- 
ly of negatives. In matters then of high confequence againft 
cxprefle rules, negatives are not to be limited or rcftrained ; for 

the 



2 1^6 She has head cafi over thi Kail. 

the tolerable fenfe of the axiom were then quite taken away, that 
Negativa llgant femper, & adfemper. 

The iixt objection is, that for all the Inftitution David gathered 
a party, and appeared in arms againft Saul. &4nf 9 Firft, I fay 
that David rather fled then fought, for when with one ftroke he 
might forever have been rid of his Adverfary , it is faid, that he 
durfl not lay his hand upon the Lords Anointed ; that is but a 
weak proof therefore, that is deftroyed with the parties teftimony; 
if \vc had Davids heart we fhould have none but Davids wea- 
pons, fhunning of a Princes prefence when he boileth with anger, 

oh )t and tiling him honourably if he fall into our hands. But ye will fay, 
that David would have fmote Saul at Keilah y if he had purfued 

An f- him ; butlmuftask David this queftion in heaven if I would 
know the truth of it, for he never expreffed fo much upon earth; 
determine not that therefore by conjecture , which cannot be 
known but by revelation, for fure I am, the Scripture hath not ve- 
rified any fiich thing ; the greater! probability is, that he would 
have taken up that place for his prefent refuge ,till he might have 
fled to another place of fecurity.But he expreffed that he would have 

ob], come againft the Ifraelites, amongft whom Saul was, when Achlfh 
marched againft them, i Sam.ig. It is much that the ftrength 

iJVm.icj. Q f an ar g Ument fhould be fetched from Davids wea&neffe ; what 

•* n f- he did pretend we know , what he did intend we know not , for 
no fuch thing is apparent , or likely , for why might not David 
feign that as well as he did feign himfelf mad, and colour a paf- 
fage in that as well as he did when he faid he had been making a 
road toward the fouth of Iudah^&c.w when he had been invading 

i Sam. the Gefurltes , the Gez,rltes , and <*Amalkltes f it were better to 

26. jo. ground an argument upon David's perfections, then David's frail- 
ties ; as that he would not offer violence to his Prince , becaufe 
he trembled that he had cut off the lap of his garment ; this I fay 
is rather to be prefumed, then that he would offer violence, becaufe 
he made a fhew of coming in an hoftile manner againft him". 
But to give full iatisfacfion to the doubt , I urge two things ; firft, 
that David was no imitable perfon in this acl: , becaufe his privi- 
ledge was greater then any Subject can challenge , for he was an- 
ointed to fucceed Saul , and being Heir apparent to the Crown 

(though 



S betas head catt over the leall. z 1 7 

(chough not by nature , yet by divine appointment) he might law- 
ful! v fecure his pcrfqn to maintain his Title , fure I am, the great- 
er reprefentatiye Bodies , nor all the Subject in the land are in- 
vcitzd with iuch a right from heaven ; therefore David mi' ft not 
be fet up as the lure of reftftance ; for men muft have David's 'au- 
thority, before they can enter plea with David. Secondly , I fay 
that what David did he Mid by Gods direction , for he no fooner 
fled from Saul, but he went to Samuel at Naioth In Ramah , and 1 Sam. 
told him all that Saul had done unto htm; Samuel no doubt there- *9- l8# 
fore directed him from the Lord what courfc to take ; befides af- 1 Sam. 
terwards he went to Ahlmelech the High-prieft, and if Ahlmelech 2I « 8 * 
did not conf'.-.l: with God what David iliould do , yet no queftion 
he gave him his moft religious advice ; yea that God himfelf was 
his chief Direfbur and Counfeller in that ace. may appear by that, 
that Gad the Prophet came to him when he was in the cave of A- x Sam, 
dullam, wilning him that he would ftay no longer there, but that 22. 5. 
he iliould get him into the land ot'Judah; and wherefore did God 
after the grea*: maffacre of the Priefts not onely fend Ablathar to 
David, but fend him with the Ephod in his hand , but that in all 2 , z [ 
extremities he might take counfel of God ? and fo he did , for he 
did not onely enquire of the Loid when he was to go againft the 
Phlllfiines at the fi!ge of Kellah, but he did take counfel of God 
concerning Saul, for Bring hither the Ephod, and David f aid un- 1 s m } 
to the Lord, will Saul come down ? and will the men of Keilah 23. 9,10^ 
deliver me Into his hand ? So that T>avld did not take up armes H« 
fcy the light of Nature, or the light of grace, but by the light of re- 
velation , God inftrudted and directed him in the carnage of all 
that bufineiTe. Samuel, Gad, Ahlmelech, and ^Ablathar , whom 
he was fo converfant with, are frfficient testimonies for it. If Da- 
vid of his own head had attempted this thing , it had firft fhewn an 
high defpair of God's providence, that he would not in time bring 
him to the Throne , or preferve him from the rage of his enemies, 
tut he muft fcek by indirect means for his own fecurity ; fecondiy, 
it bad given a miferable example to his own Sonnes, or Subjects 
to have betaken themfelves to annes , if when he himfelf came to 
reign he iliould exprtflc any ctifpleafurc againft them , ye may fee 
then how David in this a6r. was a priviledgcd perfon , and fo his 
oppoftaon can be made no president. 

E c The 



2 \ $ Shetas head caji over the Tedl. 

The feventh Objection is drawn from other examples , as that 
Jeroboam and the ten Tribes rofe up againft Rehoboam , and 
that Jehu the Ton of Nimfhl rofe againft his Matter Jehoram, and 
that the Subjects of AmazAah did the like againft him. Anf, As 

i Kings f°r Jeroboam it is fa id , that God had given him the ten Tribes ; 

ir. 31. and for Jehu , one of the children of the Prophets was fent to him 
from Elifha to undertake the work , namely that he might finite 

1 tn & the houfe of Ahab , for God would avenge the bloud of the Pro- 
phets. And for the Subjects of Ama^lah it was cxprefly by Gods 
appointment , for God fent a Prophet unto him to reprove him 
for worshipping the gods of the Edomhes after he had conquered 
their Coumrey , and threamed vengeance againft him for it. 
Thefe things therefore that had fo undoubted a warrant , even a 
call out of God's own mouth to authorize them,are not exemplarily 
to us, for fpecial Proprieties are not general Rules. 

The eighth Objedtion is taken out of the thirteenth of the Ro- 
mans, where Princes are called Ordained Powers, that is, fo and 
fo ordained , therefore fo and fo to be obeyed. Anf. That is 
neither fo, nor fo; for what branch , or particle will allow that ex- 
position ? It might as well be laid , that men that do refiift the 
Powers , fhall but fo , and fo receive damnation ; which when I 
find in clear Scripture I fhall give credit to the glofs , in the mean 
time , I fay it is ill playing at the hole of Afps , I mean, dangerous 
for men to (train their wits at the mouth of hell. My foul Olivers 
that damnation hath loft it's terrour , that when God denounces 
hell flames upon the neglect of a duty,mcn fhould bufie their inven- 
tions to teach themfelves by a fophifticated diftin£tion , a way to 
deft ruction. They that live in quiet obedience reft upon fa fe 

Gng* termes,. but refinance , perpr&clpitia mit, runnes upon precipices ; 
for it ventureth all upon fpeculations and imaginary grounds with- 
out any warrant or direction from Scripture. Let us therefore 
obey the higher Powers , becaufe they are ordained of God , not 
becaufe they are fo , and fo ordained ; becaufe God hath no re- 
fpecl, either to the Princes qualities , or the peoples qualifications, 
but onely to his own Ordinance ; for the true meaning of the place 
is, that he would have Princes obeyed merely becaufe they are or- 
dained of him. 

The ninth Objection is taken out of the words Higher powers y 

for 



She has hettdcafi over theT»all. , 219 

for they fay by that it is intimated, that there may be many ruling 
at once in the fame degree of power. Anf. I have fpoken c- 
nough of the Coordination before , therefore I will (ay no more 
here but this , that there cannot be many Higher Powers where 
there is a Prince, but the fole command of ruling and Governing 
muft be in him ; infomuch that no Law can be made , or Order 
executed without his allowance ; and that the Apoftlc meant fo 
is apparent by his reftn&ion of thefe Higher Powers to a particu- 
lar pe'rfon , for He is the Minifter of God for thy good , and He 
bearcth not the fword for nought. But ye will fay , why are they 
then called Higher Powers in the plural number ? Anf. Not to 
fhew a joint-authority in the governing of a Nation , but in re- 
fpect cf their feveral Titles in feveral Countries, as Vayvods , Def- 
pots, Kings, Emperours, Sop hies, Grand Signiours, &c. intimating 
that no Higher Power is to be neglected , but He which rules in 
chief , by what Title foever he "be ftyled , is to receive all humble 
fubjeciion ; for whereas (ome "might have objected that our Higher 
Power is not called by this or that name , as King , or Emperour, 
or the like ; God to take away all evafions and fubterfuges for re- 
finance , gives no particular Title , but tells the world , that it is 
enough to require fubjecfion , if the perfon that rule be indeed the 
Higher Power. 

The tenth Objection is taken out of the fame chapter, where T f '^J 
the Prince is called the Minilter of God for thy good, out of which ,^/XJi 
they inferre, that Subjects are but to obey the legal commands of ence ^ t0 
Princes , and not their wilfull pleafures ; or they are to obey them be render- 
in good things, but to refill: them in evil. edt0 ™ ne 

Anf, Subjects (if ye will) are to refitt: the evil , but not to refift *"' ^ 
them in the evil ; their corrmands ( ifunjuft ) may be refitted , 0UYS t y d(4 
but not their perfons ; for if ever there had been a liber- art a fool- 
ty for refiftance , it had been ( when this Epiftle was written )*sb Rea- 
in Nero's time ; for who was more given to wilfull pleafures , and/ ower > c " 9 
lefTe to legal commands, then he ? how grievoufly did he oppreffe .*? " 
the Senate, how barbarcufly. did he tyrannize over Chriltians ? r l9 [ 
St. Pan/ calls him the Lion of his age, and his proper title was dirt 
mingled with bloud : yet whatfoever Nero's perfonal abenations * mm * 
were, how duel and favage foever his reign was , yet oppoie not 
violence with violence ,'for the Powers that ^(that is Nero , that 

E e 2 at 



220 Shebfi's heai caft over the^AlL 

at this inftant is in the Throne) are ordained of God; redd not 

•s>*U™k- t ^ erc ^ orc tn °f e tnat be, as bad as they be, no hoc Nero ; for even 

tiamdom'f' ln ^ofe ^ iTlCS fo^h the Apoftle, ye muft needs be tubjedl; needs be 

tiantiatn fubjc£c, and yet no need of fubjccKon ? yes, be lubject to his cai- 

tolerate. ling though not to his conditions; be fo fubje6t,as not to give up a 

tuat renunciation of your rights ,and yet not fo to maintain them as to 

homines* u ^ e a rfigWiiigon for them. No , the moft wicked Prince muft 

fedneqne be obeyed, even he that equals Nero in tyranny and cruelty ; bc- 

bacconti caufc he that now iharpens his Prerogative may afterwards give 

ma, fed ovcr n ^ eager claim , or his fuccefTours make an happy reftaura- 

lUfl^Tiu tlon - We are to wait therefore upon Gods providence , and not 

fenfamur, Co Retake our lelvcs to an untimely ,or undue reparation of wrongs. 

Tacitm. Or if God lhould never deliver us , yet if we dye under a fevere 

^ut)uflc Magjftrate , ft ill he is the Mmifter of God for thy good , to put 

a g" » & nien j n mind of their finncs , to make experience of their virtues^ 

fiat lf»da- zn( i 'to prepare them for a better life ; For God doth but try peo- 

bit te , autpk under wicked Princes, and can we not endure a tryal ? yes, or 

jufteagen- e Jfe we want as much patience , as the Ruler doth clemency , and 

um «Mwf a ji as mU ch in innocency in one kind , as he doth in another. Wc 

will ** nrc tau S nt that the abufes of a Princes government come not onely 

damnat, fawn his inbrecj corruption , but Hkewiie from the juftice of God ; 

er Dew There are fome fecret , undifcovered finncs ( if not apparent and 

infuflus facing heaven ) in that Nation , where God ftirres up a cruel 

nroxatrit', p i • pun i lli the people »and though they have been paft over 

ac per hoc r . . r f r K y D ^> i ,« \ • 

frveda- many years in an lnienliblc manner, yet kjoc*. would then give men 

mnehfive* feeling of them by the ftingof his juftice ; for though the Prince 
abfohat, in his cxprclfions of rage do but fatisfiehis own vitious defircs, yet 
habebis he fecrctiy executes Gods wrath. And wilt thou rcpell the Mi- 
J^/^r. ni^er of his vengeance ? no, ftrange it is that thou canft not live 
94 de * under a Tyrant, but inftead of running to thy God , thou runneft 
ump. c . 5. to thy weapon ; this may be carnal valour , but it is but Chriftian 
pusillanimity, it lliall have no reward, nor renown , becaufe, faith 
If we God, it deierves none, <* for this is thankworthy If a manfuffer 
lotkjothejr or £cW; not fight for good, but fuffer for good. I fay no mo. c, 
G°od °!t k ut if the Apoftle had meant that we iliould not any longer be 
■»\U lead fubjc6t to Princes , then they are formally Minifters of God for 

m that we 

rnuJlbefubjefltotbemthdthctvetbedorniniQninpoJfef&oni aitlnngb they do nothing lejfi then 

that f whtcb pertainetb to the duty ofrrhecs, Caly.lnSi,U^(*iof,i^. a. 1 Fet.z. 19,10. 

our 



Shebas head cafi over the TpaIL 221 

our good, there needed none of St. Paul's injunction , Let ever} 
foul befubjetl to the higher powers, &c. For any one can be 0- 
bedient to the good Prince ; it is the evil which maffes trial of 
the good, \£ Nero therefore prefent himfelf, thou muft not rc- 
fift. 

The eleventh objection is taken out of the 1 . Pet. 2. where Go- 
vernment is called the Ordinance of man, becaufe men have a pow- 
er to o, dain how they will have Princes to rule over them. Anfw. 
Men do not conltitute the Ordinance , but dzfign. a perfon to 
bear the Ordinance ; for if the Ordinance were not Gods (as it 
is called, Rom. 13.) why iTiould St. Peter require fubmitfion to it 
for the Lords fake ? the Lord will not countenance contrivements 
that were not of his own eftablifhing , but here for the. Lords fa^e 
fubmit, as if the Lord bare rule amongfl: men, for though the per- 
fonsthat governe be men, yet they are the Lords States-men. Se- 
ing the King therefore is fuprcam, and that by divine fanction, 
though he appcare man like your felves, yet he is clothed with the 
Lords authority, therefore {ubmit to him as to the Lord; and the 
true meaning of the place is, that he would have them fubmit them- 
felves to every inferiour Officer amongft them, as to Pretors, and 
Queftors ,. and Tribunes , and JEdiles , for though every one of 
thefe 1 e not a King, yet there is a part of the Kingly power derived 
unto them; St. Peter therefore would not have the meaner!: Officer 
difrcfpccted,?s may appearc by thole full x.zvn\ts,Submit yourjelves 
to every Ordinance of man whether unto the King, as Supreame, 
or unto Governours, as unto thofe that are fent of him. In which 
very place and words we may fee that God would not have Prin- 
ces refiftcd, becaufe he hath not left a Governour in a Kings Do- 
minions to attempt any thing without him, much lelTc againrt him, 
for Govcrnours are fent by him. He then is to delegate authority to 
every one within his own Dominions , and it is incredible that 
he v^'ovld communicate authority to any to ihake his own Throne, 
or to draw upon his own pcrlbn \ no, only to execute juftice to ■ 
his people by that fubordinate power that he hach put into his 
hands. 

The twelfth objection is taken out of that place, Render unto all 
what is due , therefore to the Parliament the Kingdomes power. 
Anfw. Power is the Kings, .andnot. the Kingdomes ; Reprefenta- 

E e 3 tive 



£%t shcbxs head ca/t over the ttAlL 

Uve Bodies can do nothing but in the nature of Subje&s , which is 
rather to t|cg a favour, or to adapt for Princely graces , then to 
cxercife authority \ they can (hew the wants of a Commonwealth, 
petition for iupply, and advife about the means of releif , but not 
enjoyne, or enforce help ofthemfelves, No repreientative body 
can have greater power then thofe that fent it, which if true, then 
thofe Members were never ele w %d by the Kingdoms, either to o- 
verrule the King contrary to his ancient rights, or to order the 
Kingdome contrary to known Laws ; prove the debt, and fatisfa- 
£tion nuift be made, for God forbid, but that that which is due 
fhould be rendred. This I conceive is the due of a Parliament, li- 
berty of fpcech, honour for their faithful! counfel, prayers for their 
prefervation in juft things, recompence (if they pleafe to require it) 
for their indefatigable pains , prefenting of new laws , punifhing 
of Delinquents by manifeft laws , and if this due be not rendred 
w r e are not worthy of life or livelihood. But to afcribe a greater 
due then is agreeable to their places , is to keep away a juft due by 
rendring a forced due. 

The thirteenth objection is drawn from the fixt Commandement, 
where thofe which are commanded not to murther,are commanded 
to p refer ve others from murther. Anfw. Firft, I fay that the pre- 
fervation of life muft be with the prefervation of duty , for I can- 
not prefcrve life vioUtionc debit* officii , for then in feeking to pre- 
vent murther I may commit murther , as I cannot kill my Father 
in refcuing one out of his hands whom he aflaults, neither can I 
murther a King in feeking to keep an oppreffed perfon from mur- 
ther, I may weep and kneel, and hold up my harmleiTe hands in 
fuch a cafe, but not ftrike ; for if this wcic to be allowed , I won- 
der why the people of Ifrael were not confeious of their duties in 
refifting Manajfeh when he filled the ftreets of Jeru(alem with 
bloud ; fuch kind of prefervers I fee hold it lawful! to deftroy Ty- 
i Sam. 8. r ants, which how erroneous an opinion it is, is not onely clear by 
Row. 13. Scripture, but by the judgement of all Orthodox Divines. 

The fourteenth objection is, that the laws of the Land, and not 
Divinity muft be Judge in this controverfy. Anfw. If I ihould 
fay, Thou haft appealed unto Cafar, and unto Cdfar thou (halt goe y 
I make no qucftion but C<efar y even the law ic fcif would condemn 
this practice ; for the law of the Land ( fo far as ever I have heard) 

hath 



Shtbds head caft over the T»all. 223 

hath not abridged the King of any juft power,thercfore if the con- 
troverfy were referred to the laws of the Land , there were no 
fear of an upright decifion. For what can any one lay to that 
clear Statute in Edward the 3. his time,where it is faid, that if any £</*. J: 
one compaffe the Kings death , or adhere to his enemies , he {hall 25, c. z. 
he guilty of High Treafon > now do not they compafTe the Kings 
death, which may difcharge murthering-fhot at him f . do not they 
adhere to his enemies, who may plot, and confpirc, and fend all 
manner of aid to them that gather into bands a^ainft him? it is 
not crying they are for King and Parliament, that will free them 
from the fnarc of that Statute , they muft have a very favourable 
Tribunal, or elfe they will be found guilty of High Treafon ; and 
all thofe Statutes in Henry 4. and Henry 7. time, where the Sub- 
jects are commanded to ailift the King againft all might, power,, 
and rebellion whatfocver, without doubt do not countenance thefe 
attempts ; betides, what fhall we fay to thofe Statutes cited by His 
Majefty of facred memory for the array, where the Militia of the 
whole Kingdome is fctlcd upon the King ? thefe Statutes condemn 
all ads of violence ; and what can be laid to that Diary M. S. of 
the Parliament held in xHen.q.. where Judgements are fa id to 
appertain to the King only , except it be where a judgement is to 
be given upon a Statute made for the common profit of the King- 
dome,where we fee that a Parliament is not to medciic in all things, , 
but onely fn fiich things that are within their own cognifance, and 
fliewing their opinion of fomc particular S(#tutes,as the Writ faies, R ex jpf e 
de cjuibuf dam rebus arduls \ if other judgements appertain only *» «>/>»■* • 
to the King , then how can he hut again(t law feem to have hisM re /^f- 
right infringed ? and if the Bancus Regius was wont to be the ^ ' C *w 
ICings own Seat, and he there fat in perfon as Cambden averre, /i„U^ 
and S'wT/jo. Smith<or\Rnr\s it, then how can they meddle with Reges fe- 
thofe things, that properly concern the Crown, and where the^' "»- 
Jung himfclf was wont to pafle judgement ? beftdes,howcan xhcyf" eye ! unt r 
but draw the Judges of that Bench into wilfull perjuiy, when by f "J"' ' 2 " 
their msdling in Regal affrirs they (in effect) prefcribc the Judges j(j € i, 3. 
what to pronounce, contrary oftentimes to the Kings known right jT^ »» the 
if thefe courfes involve not the Judges in great peril, let the Statute **"&'* 
fpeak, which commands the Judges to (Wear , that they will notf* ,'. 
affent to any thing that may turn to the King in damage, or difin- R [^ ^ 

he 1 if on 



2 24 Shtba $ head caft over the 1**11. 

herifon by any manner of way or colour. So that if the icings 
right were put to his Trial upon law, I make no queftion but the 
laws ( upon a free and temperate confutation ) would make him 
fhine with greater fplendor then many would have him. Perhaps 
it will be faid that the Parliament have power to declare the fenfe 
of the laws,- and therefore whatfoever meaning clear Statutes may 
feem to have, yet King and people muft fubmit to that fenfe whicn 
the Parliament gives. To this I fay firft, that from whom the 
impofition of the law comes , from him muft the expofition come, 
for the Statutes are called the Kings laws , and therefore who fit- 
ter to declare the fenfe of them then himlelf f he may ufe the help 
and aiTiftance of his great Council, (for to this end they are his Af- 
firmants and AfTefTours ) and if he think their information agreea- 
ble to rcafon and equity he may accept of their interpretation , o- 
therwife he may refpite the Declaration ; for confultatory things 
are not compuliive, the whole Parliament is but to the King as the 
Judges that fit in the Chancery are to the Lord Keeper, to give in 
their opinion upon a caufe , but not to force fentence. 2. There 
are many laws that the Parliament have nothing to do with, be- 
caufe they properly concern the King , and not the general profit 
of the Kingdome. 3 . I fay the Parliament hath no power to de- 
Bodfoin c ^ arc * aws ^ ut W r ^ s King, and with the King , as Bodin faith, 
j derep.l.i. The State of England- have but a -petitionary right, for (faith he) 
1 €. 8. they proceed by way of fupplication and requefls to the King , and 

they have no power of themselves to determine or decree any thing. 
So Bratlon &Britton which are cited by Elfme reconfirming their 
Elfert.pqfl. opinion, Againfi this I know it will be objected , that the Parlia- 
nati,p.i9%. mentis not only the Kings great Council, but his High Court of 
Juflice , therefore as in, inferiour Courts the 'judges fudge with- 
out the Kings countermand, fo may the Parliament, Anfw. In- 
feriour Courts reprefent the Kings perfon , but I cannot fee how 
the Parliament fhould do this ; befides, inferiour Courts are but fo- 
private buiincffes, but the Parliament is for matters of publick con- 
cernment , wherein the King hath a more fpecial intereft ; further, 
inferiour Judges are the mouth of the -King , which a man cannot 
imagine of Parliaments, for the JCings Throne then muft be taken 
away , for wherefore is that there placed , but to ilicw that he is 
prefent there as the great Judge of the Nation, not oncly in power 

( as 



Shebas head caft over the *todll. 225 

(as m other Courts ) but in perfon > Therefore nothing can b e 
brought to caft a Xing out of Parliament, or to filence him in th c 
judgement of his raws, thc benefit, and frecdome of which, if he 
might enjoy, I make no qucftion but we fhould fee his Crown ful- 
ler of premmes then it hath been for thefe many daies. Yet for the 
condition of the point, I fay that the law of the Land in this 
point is not a proper Judge , for where damnation is threatned 
upon thc neglect of a duty , there Divines muft refolve what pre- 
tention of duty there hath been. The laws of the Land determine 
how^he Government is fetled concerning tributes and taxes, and 
to fhew what are the boundaries of a juft Government. But for 
the laws of the Land (asthefirft Rule) to determine whether a 
Xing may be refitted, or not refitted , and not to fetch their force 
from Gods laws, were to filence Divinity from prefixing a neceflfary 
duty, and to bring the bloud of our people upon our fouls for want 
of giving them warning. So long as the fifth Commandemenc 
/till remains, and the Inftitution of Xings is unreverfed , yea, the 
duty to Princes , that was enjoyned in the old Law is revived in 
the new , and in a clearer manner expounded , and in a feverer 
manner commanded, we muft either hold fubjedtion to Princes no 
Chriftian duty, or elfe with the hazard of our lives we muft preffe 
obedience. It is Divinity therefore, and not the laws that muft in- 
form the con fcience how neceffary and unavoidable this duty is. 
But it will belaid that Divinity cannot do this , becaufe in Scri- 
pture there are but only general grounds for CMagiftracy, and the 
laws of the Land muft ihew the particular branches of a Kings au- 
thority, for no particular form of Government is by divine right , 
but by humane confent. Anfw. Men may give the name , but not 
the Government ; the title may be humane , br.: the power is di- 
vine ; therefore wherefoevcr it be placed , whether in a Demo- 
cracy, <±Ariflocracy, or Monarchy, thc obedk: ice to it is neceffary. 
For -where people have fubmitted to a Democracy , or where a De- 
mocracy have fubmitted to an Ariftocracy, were it not Rebellion 
to refift the chief Rulers ? why not the like then for both thefe to 
rife up againft a Cfttonarchy ? the confene of the people in choo- 
fing of Governours do not take away obedience, but rather efta- 
biifn it ; and though there be but general, grounds cf chis obedience 
in Scripture , yet thefe general grounds hold with all particular 
States, becaufe God forefaw albkindes of Government, and hath 

F f given 



226 Sheba's head caH over the TvaII. 

given but one law for all , which isfatisfaction enough, that there 
muft be but one kind of Subjection. Let the law therefore have 
its due honour , but Jet divinity be the chief plat-forme to frame 
Government, and manners by, clfe we (hall clafpc up our bibles 
to live by a Statute book. 

The fifteenth objection is that Salus populi is fuprema lex y 
therefore the Kings ordinary rights mult not be regarded when 
the fafety of the people is in queftion, Anf. the fafety of the people 
is the higheft law, but then it muft be fafety or elfe it is the bafeft 
law. But how (hall we out of this general word get particular 
fatisfaction ? for what is fafety ? are not men apt to pretend 
fafety to themfclves, when it may be ruine to multitudes ? yes pri- 
vate men have their p returned fafeties, as diverfe ftomacks have 
their particular appetites ; but as the wholeiomc , and not the 
licorous meat is molt nourishing, fo the lawful and not affected 
fafety is molt preferving. Otherwife the ftate of Ifrael muft have 
been prefcrved by letting the people go back again into Egypt ■, or 
by (toning Caleb and Jofuah, or by burning jeptahs houfe after 
his great conqueft over the Ammonites. Safety oftentimes is not 
only fond, but hurtful, if it fhould be granted according to the 
peoples carneft motions. That is fafety, that is upon warrantable 
grounds, and juft ends, and who fhall refolve this, but he that is 
appointed by God to be Judge of the peoples fafety,the Prince ? 
is not he intruded with the whole Nation, and made the Guardian 
of their welfare ? Yes, carry them In thy bofome, Numb. 1 1 . 12. 
and the people are given into the Princes hanc'^Dan. 2. 38. yea, 
all Subjects are to take their meat from this tree. If he there- 
fore upon full information , and mature deliberation fee a thing 
truly beneficial to his people, it is convenient for him to grant it, , 
but if according to his apprehenlion and ccnfcience he nnde the 
requeft unfit and immoderate, a juft denial is then the peoples true 
fafety ; it is not the obltreperous roare of a multitude, bellowing 
out give us this, or give us that, that can cry up Salm populi, but 
it muft be advifed refolution upon many ponderings and revol- 
vings that muft conclude it, Sains populi is to be a tried comfort, 
a birth of many months forming in the womb. Sure .1 am, three 
things in pra£tife,are not the fafety of the people, fuft to com- 
mand by arbitrary votes, for if we leave fctled lawes and betake 
our felves to acts of pleafurc, all orderly government is gon, and 

our 



Shebas he ad c a fi over the "ft all. 227 

our eftetcs ly at th; mercy of others. Secondly to arme a Nation 
Without the Kings Authority ; for it can never be fafe for him nor 
them, that the power of armes fhould be taken from him, whereby 
he ihould be able to p:efevve himfelfe, and protect his people, for 
he that is contLained to give away the meanes of all fafety can ne- 
ver eftablifh true fafety. Thirdly that mens lives iliould be tajcen 
away by grounds of the common law, or unpublifhed prefidents, 
or the will of the State to interpret what it will Treafon; no,bloud 
is a pretious thing, and it is not to be let out, but when it is mani- 
feftjicoi rupt, which how cart it be known to be, but by a clear 
Staflfte, or a certain received ground ? The Law (they fav) is to 
be t2ken in the moft favourable fenfe, and not to be preflfed to a 
rigorors conftru&ion, efpecially in the point of life. That Tri- 
bunal is fit for Sylla or Marius, where men are rather murthered 
then executed : how can he but be innocent, whom a known Law 
doth not condemn ? the feveiity of a Statute is enough to takea- 
way a mans life, but he that dies by hidden grounds of the com- 
mon Law, or by moth-eaten Pi efidents, or by the will of the State, 
that can make a Ttaytor,whom the Law hath not apparently made 
a Felon, or a min-ilayer,is an heavy unchiiftian doom ; Sains fo- 
yuli is here Hedlical,and he muft be fome rare Paracelfian that can 
recover it. 

Thefixteenth obj'eSHon is, that the King is Singulis maj or Jout 
Vniverjis minor, 

-Anf. I Cannot fee how a reprefentative body can take away 
the honour of a political body, nor how this firmament of glori- 
ous Stars, can put out the light of the Sun. If the King hath the 
whole Kingdome in him, and this be his publick Regal capacity, 
then he cannot be brought down to a lingular capacity , except 
when the reprefentative body appear, the political body vanifh : 
fancy may conceive this, but Scripture contradicts it ; for, All 
the Tribes came unto David to Hebron^ and f aid, Behold, we are 
thy bone , and thy flefh : If all were his bone, and his flety, then 
this Unus is linlverfus. Let not Gods Major then be made a Mi- 
nor ; for doubtlelTc the word of Majcfty makes him greater then all 
his Kingdome : Whatfoevcr collective bodies then there be, the 
Commons to reprefent the Commons ; the Nobles to reprefent 
thenifehes ; yet none of thefc in their diftin& capacities reprefent 
all, but the King onely is Totnm aggregativnm ; yea, fuch a T*?- 

Ti 2 tw^ 



~ .. 2 2 S Shtbas head caFt over the "&W/. 

Ordmem 

non dan turn, that he is Unum, & Omne. They, though never fo compa- 
ny* cum &cd, are Uxiftngufi, in the confidence - of private Subjects : He 
relatto-^ j s ^ ii n l VS yf m ^ aru | a [- 0Ye this Uni'verfe none can challenge a 
qmdpn- Majority, whereby they can cxcell hnn in dignity, or refill him by 
mum violence ; for the whole Kingdomc is but $$ a J pedes Intermedia^ 
Avsr. y. the King is the Genus : now Genus eft latins omnibus fuls fpecle- 
Uetaphjf. y HS ^ ^ a yf or jj e t tot am naturam fpeclcl ; nil the parts put together 
Innocent cannot equ.ill the whole, becaufe there can be no order, without a 
c. olim de relation to fome firft, as Aver roes faith. Make the King the prin- 
refiit.t cipal then, and what comparing can there be betwixt him and the 
fol.n.%. whole body of his Commonwealth ; efpecially to inveft themftfryes 
7*. J"** in his regalities, or to (land with a fword in their hands to dare 
rando».<. ^im, oi*defti;oy him ? no, Maglftratus minor es nonpojfmt movere 
Bartol ad helium fine author it ate Prlnclpls , The leffer Magistrates can 
hofles.D. wage no War without the authority of the Prince, as it is confef- 
* f *^' fed by a multitude of Civil Lawyers. Vltior. n. 29. Cajet.fec. fe- 
definere CHn ^ <}• 4°. a « i« Syh m verb. bell. p. I. n. 3. Lorea dlfp. 50. 
ftimmim ft. 12 « 

ejjeimpe- The feventcenth objection is drawn from the Oath at the Co- 
rium ronation ,. for the Covenant they fay is reciprocal, and fo if the 
etiamfifs K - f a j£g € j • Oath, the Subject is quit of his obedience. 
rammtfl ■^■ n i- The Covenant is reciprocal m point or conicience, but 
promittat not in point of coercion; for though the King be bounden to God, 
aliqua as well as arc the People, yet the King cannot be bounden to give 
fubdttu an account £ l ns O at h upon earth, as the People may and ought 
etiam tali. to ^ e > ^ or ' m tne breach of the Kings Oath, frhcre is none to in- 
a qua al flict punifhment, for he is Gods immediate Vicegerent ; and if 
imperijn- God for his near reference to him hath acquitted him, what hath 
Honem, t } le People to complain ? A King lofeth nothing by the viola- 
P™ u ™ ant > ting of his Oath, but his inward peace, the Subject hath nothing 
deMr.bel. t0 ^ oe to mo left him ; for, Is it fit to fay to a King, thou art 
crpacis tvlchjd, and to princes, ye are ungodlj ? Job. 34. 18. no, who 
/. r.c.3./. may fay unto him, what doft thou ? Ecclef. 8. 4. The Princes per- 
* 6 ' . jury then, is a jeoparding of everlafting bliffe, not a forfeiting 
Dde.p'a- °f temporal right ; for a King is bound by his Oath naturally, 
clis L. and not civilly, as the Civilians fay ; that is, not to be refponfible 
Princes to his People : and the ground is notable, becaufe there \spaBum 
L % l ^ s . I n<c quale, and fo breach of that Covenant cannot be profecuted 
bus C € ^ 1 ky the inferiours againft the fuperiour ; for, Inter Regem & popu- 
lum non eft mutuafubjettlo. The 



Sheba's head cafl over t he IvalL 229 

The eighteenth objection is drawn from the promoting of 
goodneffe, fo: though pei fens oueht not out of a lancorous afre&i-. 
on to rile "p againft V, inces,yct to rcformc a corrupt State to take 
away evil COta from a King, to fuppreflfe Popery , and to 

brir.g in the purity of the ordinances into a Kingdome, pcrfons 
may enter into a wane, for this is a call from heaven, and to fight 
Gods battled , Anf\ For the entering into warr there muft not 
be only a lawful caul c, but lawfull authority, war is a punifh- wbjiquif. 
ment, and for inflicting of Punifhmen: religion hath been fo quamja- 
tender, that it will not fufrer a man profilire ad accufat'ionem, too ciata ^ aii ^ 
reacflly to offer himfelf to the accufing of othess, nor to affect pla- emm ^ n " 
ces of judicature, pcrfons muft be lawfully called to both thefe, orS^™.. 
elfe there is a crime in the manner of the execution of juftice; dumin 
how much then are they to be blamed, that in the fharpeft of pu- officii ne~ 
nifhments force reformation cither in Church or ftate without a c fl sitate ", 
juftih*able calling;. Beiidesuf men rnteht armc to pur^c Court or fSL * 
Country without direct authority, what inturrcction might r\otf,»yn ca 
be applauded, the moll wicked rebellions that ever were have not qn*de 
wanted thefe fpecious pretences ; as in the Barons wanes againft/* w £ w ' we 
K. John they came with their fchedulc of claimed liberties, and^f'""* 
ftiled the arch Rebel Robert Fitz>-walter, the marfhalof God$r ucl jp ottte 
army, and holy Church ; fo in the warres of Simon de CMontfortfeingerat. 
Earl of Leicefter againft K. H. 3. He caufed his trayterousGro.i.z.c 
army ( faith the hiftory ) to weare white croffes on their brcft z 9 , /» **• 
and back, to fhew that they fc ught for juftice, though ^ etCe fi er WmdQver 
and Glocefter quarrel about the dividend to fhev; that whatfoever us 
they pretended for the Kingdome, yet their own greatneffc, and Hollinsb. 
gain was the true motive of the warre ; fo the grand rebels in H. Mat.W<#. 
4. time who thought to divide the Kingdome between the Dragon, 
the Lion, and the Woolf, Piercy, Mortimer -and GlendourfiQCcx- 
ding to Merlins prophecie,yct prc:ended only griveances,that the Hollinsb. 
publique mony was not employed upon the defence of the King- 
dome, and that the King fuffered too many bad tongues about him ' ■ * 
and profeflcd they meant nothing but the reformation of the ^ob.Fdhi^ 
Common-wealth,and the fecuring of their own perfons by taking an vol. 
up of a rmes. So Salisbury, Warwick^, and Tork^ when they en- ?*&• 
tended the deftruction of H. 6. yet by letters and vowes protcft Gra l tont 
that they had taken the Sacrament at the hands of Dr. Linwood 
to proferTc that they had no other intention in raifing forces but 

to 



3 oo Shebds head caft over the T»aff. 

to make their way to the King to redreiTe abufes, and to withftand 
Courtiers, and Favourites which pi: rpofed their deft rucl ion. So 
in that heinous rebellion of the 40000 rufticks afTembled in 
Yovk-fhire, though they intended to have brought both King,and 
Speedin kingdomc to their lure, yet they pretended that they were s;athc- 
tbeltfe o/red together for the prefervatioa of C h rifts Chuich, and of the 
H. 8. p. King cheir Soveraign Lord, and the Nobility, Barons and Com- 
96. 97. mons of the Land, as may appear by their mandates they fent to 
all the Subjects of Henry 8th. yea ro fhew their pure intentions 
their banners were painted with the Rve wounds of Chrjft, the 
chalice, the cake &c. and upon their fleeves was writteifrthe 
name of the Lord, and their attempt termed no leffe then the ho- 
ly Pitefimage. So in E. 6th. reign though fome ten thoufands 
Speedtn T, vere aflembled in the Coiniin infurrection, and purpofed a wo- 
*^' ful alteration in the State,as that they would leave no Juftices,nor 
1092*. I. Gentlemen, nor Parks, yet at the end of their Articles which they 
2i.2i. fent to the King they protefted nothing but feeming loyalty, their 
clofe being after all their venemous expreflions, we pray God fave 
f* h tf^S Edward, for we be his both body and goods. So in the 
Ket°fUrt j vvretched rebellion of Kett though there was nothing intended 
es . ' but the utter fubverfton of all lawes and government and under a 
pretence of cafting down Inclofurcs to bring all the command of 
the Kingdome into the handesof vulgar pcrfons, yet what coloura- 
ble paintings were there for a juft ordering of all things, as if 
they had had nothing but God and the Common-wealth en- 
graven in their bofomes ? they had folemn praicrs morning and 
evening by Comers their Chaplain, and they protefted that they 
Holl'mh. were tne Kings true Leigc-mcn, and thru they fought nothing 
Foxe but his honour and wellfare , yea fo zealourry did they ieem to be 
a&s and taken up with deftres of juftic?,that they fe: up a new Tribunal for 
Mom*. legal proceedings , which they tenncd the oak of Reformation, 
sp m j anc * werc tne ^ c ^ vec: charmes wanting in the commotion of Tork- 
fhlre ( in the fame Kings rcigne ) under Ombler, 'Dale and Ste- 
venfon ? no,though every one had a Common-wealth in his head, 
and they refolvcd to ufe the King as an intruder, and that four 
Governoursof their own fhould be appointed to order the Nati- 
on,wh:n the Commons fhould meet in Parliaments their p ophc- 
cy fa id ) affembled from the four windes, yet their pretences were 
faire ( faith the hiftory ) as to rcftorc to the Church her 1 ight, and 

to 



Sheba's head caH over the T»all. 131 

to disburthcn the land of all greviances impofcd. Therefore ife- 
vcry glowing fervour, or {parkling motion of jritice ( as to do 
God fei vice and to procure a redrerTe of reigning corruptions in 
the Common-we2!th)might be approved,' how might thefc bran- 
ded rebels go for Saints, and admired Patriots ? they are not lau- 
dable things then, but a lawfull calling ( which is ever wanting in 
any manner of rdlftance of Subjefls againfl their Pi ince ) that • , 
can j-'frify the taking up of Armes. 

The nintcenth objection is drawn from theharmslefneffe of the 
refinance, wherein .s intended no fhedding of bloud, but the pre- 
serving of ancient rights , cogere Trlncipem inordinem, Anf. 
G enter e pr'mcipem in ordinem, by mourneful grones, and humble 
fuites to bring a King into order I like well, but by gathering of 
trained bands, or muttering up of formidable troopesl can by no 
meanes approve of it,for it is not only a courfe too Rout for fubjcils, 
but too hazardous for the Naticn,for if a King upon iuch fouldier- 
like Rhetorick will not yield ( as what King that is not curfed in 
his fubje£b Allegiance or his friends Alliance will hearken'to fuch Bellumc* 
arming Oratory ) we know the Cataftrophe,this compelling the vilepqw 
King into order will compel the icTingdome into definition, every f Jf e < f omi " 
one turne forrager, and Fury to his brothcr;oh that this were a fuf- n \** l f * 
picion, or a {launder, but we have by fad experience a fenfible p Ayen \ u i 
apprehenfion of the truth of it, even in our dry vcines and emptie 
coffers* A King then is not to be compelled into order; for the 
fouldier that undertakes fuch a quarrel, though the hilt of his 
fword be a little better hatcht and enameldthen the blunt rebels, 
yet the ejge of it cuts deep, and for all his harmelcrfe profelfion he 
is but a more artificial cut-throat, or melior homlc'ida, the bet- Tertnl.de 
ter mill the: cr, :s the Father faith in another kind. All the xz-rfw'tt. 
v.cnge then a fub jeer, can take of an evil Pi ince is to look upon 
his opprellions with watry eyes or to fend him out of the world 
with dghs & deteilation cf his Cover nment,to make him damnat*. 
memorise. So I find the ancient Egyptians wont to ufc their Kings, 
they did not difturbe them, or defame them whiKt they were live- 
ing, but they did execiate them when they were dead ; for They 
were bound to the obfervation of many things , yet if they did not 
perform them , accufari vivi -non pot er ant, fed mortuorum accufa- Diod. Shi 
batur memoria faith Diod. Siculns^They could not be accufed^' 1 * 
whilfi they were livings but the memory of them being dead was 

accufed; 



232 Shebas head ca/i over the *toall. 

accufed ; or as a fign of their high diflike of their Government , 

Grcgous they were wont oftentimes to deny them their dead-right , a r o- 

l'h l ' lema Funeral ; fo I find the Grecians ferved <JM\chaei chetr Em- 

pcrour, who bccaufe he left the Greeks Ceremonies , an I embraced 

the Latine y they would not beftow on him any funeral rites ; &jd 

the like we find in Scripture , that Joajh becaufe he laid burthens 

z Chen, upon the people, and flew Ieholadah the Pridlythey would not bu- 

14. 25. ry hlmlnthe [epulchre of the Kings \ and <*y4h*<c met with the 

like contempt after his death , who becaufc he that up the Houfeof 

, the Lord, and built him Altars in every corner, it is laid that they 

28 27 ' burled him In the City , even in Ieriifalem^ bat they bra fight 

him not Into the [epnlchres of the Kings oflfrael. This is all the 

jufr. punifhment that can be inflifled upon Kings , ocher revenge is 

not harmlefs. 

The twentieth Objc&ion is drawn from Parliaments , that 
though common perfons cannot refifl: Kings , yet Parliaments may. 
z/Inf. Here two things are to be confide red , the power of Par- 
liaments', and the juftice of Parliaments ; For the power of Par- 
liaments, I know no difference betwixt them, and private perfons; 
for though in refpe6t of the people they have a publick renrefent- 
ment, yet in refpe6V, of the King they are but private perfons ; for 
they which fent them can make them no greater then themfeives, 
the way is onely more commodious in treating , and advifing with 
a King, but a dignity cannot be created in them beyond the peo- 
ples capacity , for a MctTenger can have no greater honour confer- 
red upon him then the peifons whofe place he fupplies are qualified 
with ; therefore if private m:n cannot rcfift Kings , no more can 
Parliaments, who are but their Subftkutes. Befidfis that Parlia- 
SpteJ in ments iliould be fet up to bridle Kings is not imagi for King 

H. r. p. Henry the 1 . who, as Speed faith, laid the firft fou a of Par- 

457*4f S- liaments, appointed them onely for their joint-2c!v.a:,&to i.pre- 
fent grievances ; but if this opinion lKouid be true. He or fomc of 
his SuccerTours lliould have, diverted thcmkiives of the power of the 
f word, and put it itito the hands- of Parliaments violently to re- 
train, or conftrain Princes, if they be fuppofed to have fwerved 
from juftice ; which how notable a fiction it is may be conceived 
by this, that whereas Parliaments pretend that their power lies in 
the grants of Princes, no fuch auihentick Law can be produced to 
prove, that any King hath paffed away the right 1 of the Militia to 

be 



Shebas headcaB over the TbalL 233 

be exercifed againft himfelf ; fuch a Record were a g;and Monu- 
ment indeed, but till it can appear that Kings have permitted 
thcmfelves to come under the Walter , the Claim will be much fu- 
fpe&ed ; and ic is not probable that ever any fuch grant parted, 
becaufc this Parliament much doubted whether the CommirTionof 
Array did not belong to the King , till a learned Antiquary decla- 
red his opinion upon it ; if his reafons were prevalent , the King 
of Svjrland is but an Ufufrudhiary or a Feudatary ; and his Title 
but a Commiilbry right 7 like the merry regnum revocable mention- 
ed in many Nations, which is contrary to the judgement of all fo- 
lid Writers, who place the right of a Patrimonial Kingdomc Inter 
'Domini ca^ where there is not onely a propriety , but an undefeiz- 
ableneife ; which ground -if we fufrer to be unlet led, Kingdomes. 
and Empires will prove like the facetious, poetical Commonwealths 
of the Hcathenifh gods, where the mlnores dll ,the lefTer gods did 
bicker with Jupiter, and the feveral deities did draw bloud of one 
another; a ridiculous Monarchy ^Vulcan the Armourer might fare a 
little the better for it, but it makes little for the honour or fafety of 
the fupernal Court ; Let Princes then remain untouched , or elfe. 
it makes every Parliament-man , and by confequence the Nation 
upon the lealt difplcaf.re a Challenger to the Prince. But that 
neither that high Court, nor any by virtue of their authority have 
any fuch power may appear by this convincing Argument, that all 
have part away their will to the King, and fo cannot refume it a- 
<>ain to refift him, for what doth the name of Subject imply , but 
one that hath reiigncd himfelf to the direction of another ? this 
.tranfaclion is not as in other agreements , where upon a voluntary 
compact the party is no further tied, then the obligation of con- 
ditions bind him : but as an acute writer clears this point , here is 
an efYe 61 of necetfity involved , that the Subjedt. muft inevitably 
be o- cdient, Si cut muiier (as he faith) qu&vlrumfibi accept , cut 
parere femper necejfe efl. This then for the power of Parliaments, 
that they have no authority more then others to relift Kings. 

Secondly , I fay that a Parliament is not fo infallibly directed, 
but it may want juftice ; a general Council may , and why not a 
Parliament ; Yes, though by the ability, and number of thofe 
worthies chat may meet together, there are fingular furtherances 
for iafe and warrantable courfes to be taken, yet this is not a con- 

G g ftant 



234. Shebas heaicaji overt he T»atl. 

■ ftant happineflTe annexed to that Court ; for fuch perfons may 
meet there as may want gifts, as in the Parliament called Lack- 
learnin«V6r want-temper, as in the Parliament called Parliament 
turn infantum. Therefore though Parliaments have been the' 
Springs of much comfort to this Nation, and the Brefls from 
whence a great part of our fweetcftjiQUiiflimen; have been fuckt, 
yet the Spiings may be troubled, and :le Brefts corrupted; We 
read of ftrange mifcarriages ( if with humble reverence truth may 
be uttered ) in Parliaments, as in that Parliament in the reign of 
Speed m Edw. 2. in which it is faid that the Barons warres were forged in 
IBAtt. 2. the'Paiiiament Houfe, wherein they forced on the King p.efum- 
t' * 9 ' ptuous and trcafonous Ordinances from time to time, whereby the 
Peers challenged not onely to reform the King's Houfe,and Coun- 
cel ; and to place, and difplace all great Officers at their pleafurc, 
but even a joint- intereft in the Regiment of the Kingdome, toge- 
ther with the King, which William Inge a Judge of the Common 
Lawtraiteroufly perf waded them to be according to Law. And 
Speed in whereas the Duke of Suffolk^'m the reign of Henry the 6. had 
He "' made known to both Houfes his counfcls , and Cervices concerning 
833/I7. a. marriage contracted betwixt that, King, and the daughter of Re- 
48. nate, and both the Houfes approved of his doings , for Burleigh 

Speaker for the Houfe of Commons, and a great part of the body- 
of that Houfe , and the Lords likewife kneeling upon their knees 
requeftcd the King that the whole matter might be approved, re- 
corded, and enrolled, for the Dukes future difchargc and acquit- 
tal, which was accordingly done ; yet was it not ( as the Hiftory 
faith ) the moft vile part of a Parliament^ accufetion , afterwards 
to charge that for a crime upon thcDuk: ( by the potency of a 
prevalent faction ) which themf elves had univcrfally in a former 
Parliament afTented to and ratified ? yes, and banifhed him, 
whereby being taken in his paflage over Sea, his head was {-truck 
oft' upon the fide of a Cock-boat. Was it not by Parliaments that 
King Henry 6. was often crowned and uncrowned ? Was it not a 
Parliament, that not oncly authorized the divorce of the firrt 
Queen Katharine mar ricd to Henry the 8. and pronounced her 
Speed in irTue illegitimate, but "by ac\ of Parliament divorced Anne of 
**• y « Cleve from the faid Henry, when no lawful caufe could be iliewn? 
*iiVi' y cs ' an( ^ ^ ecrccc ^ tnc 6. Articles to be Herefie and death to all that 
p. 1030. Should oppofc them. Was it not a Parliament that made the Duke 



Shibas head cafi over the lull. 2 3 5 

of Torkji a Protectour to Henry the fixth when he had reigned 39. 
yeares,as if he had been ftill a child ? yes, and afterwards admit- 
ted of his Title to the Crown , as much as they feemed a alhed at 
his firfi fitting in the-Chair of State, and bringing in his unexped- 
ed claim, which they knew to be condemned by former Parlia- 
ments. Was it not a Parliament that fued to the Ufuiper to take ^ 
the Crown ? yes , by a folcmn Petition framed by all the Eftat s *rj* 
he was intieatcd to accept of the Regal authority, and they we:e^ 9 ^, 
not contented onely to place him in the Throne , bur in the moil 914.915, 
difg acefull manner that could be they defamed the famous govern- 
ment of£V/w.the 4.8c fcandalized his royal pofterity,infomuch that 
Dr. Sharp himfelf could not ute worfc Rhetorick at Pauls CrofTe ; 
which paifage was fo odious that Mr. Speed would neither conceal 
the Petition, nor retrain his paifion ; For thefe things ( faith he) 
I have laid forth out of the Parliament-roll,that ye may underhand 
both what, and how great matters the power of a Prince, 
the outward ilrew of Virtue , the wily fetches of Lawyers, 
fawning hope , penfive fear , defire of change , and Godly 
pretences are able to efTe£t in that mod wife AfTembly of 
all the States of a Kingdome , even againft all Law and 
Right : Were they not Parliaments that played fait and 
loole with Religion? yes, in Edward the fixth's time they 
banifhed the Pop: with deteftation , and in a fhort fpace 
they entertained him again with admiration , yea they not 
only eftabliiried the Popifh Religion , but fought for the return of 
Cardinal Pool ( againft whom formerly they had made many A6b) 
and received him as an An^el of Cod, yea, the Honourable Houfe 
prefented a Petition to be received into the bofome of Rome. There- jw^ ,-„ 
fore we fee that Parliaments are not exempted from the frailties ofil^Mary 
other great meetings. Wifdom? may be taken away from the pru-f • un- 
dent, and counfel from the Scnatours , Omnis homo mendaxfo that 
we rrinft not take every thing for a juftifleable courie that Parlia- 
ments iTiall refolve, no more then we 'mutt take every thing for a 
neceiTary point of faith that the Church propounds , but we mutt 
examine our rules of odedience, Try all things^and keep that which 
it good , 1 Thcff.5^2 1 . The greateft Court upon earth mutt not o- 
vcr-aw US againft the decrees of him that is our prefent Law-giver, 
and will be our laft Judge , but if the fiery trial hath not yet left 
aflies enough behind it, we muft be contented to facrifice our felves 

for 



2$ 6 shebas head. c aft over the "W/. 

for the caufe ; let us be accounted Malignant?, Delinquents, Incen- 
diaries fo brig as \vc are fure that we follow Chrift in the regene- 
ration ; God hath only the command of conference, let us not fub- 
rnit it therefore to the direction of the moft vepvad Sages^for par- 
liaments may fail in juftice. Perhaps it will be ye: ohje ;led that 
if Parliaments be denied this refinance there will [ ; found no 
means upon earth fufHcient co reftrain Tyranny. osfnfw. WJiaC 
if there be not, Tyrants may afterwards meet with their jufl doom, 
Potentes potent er torcjuebuntur ; and is it not enough for us , that 
God willeafe a Parliament of this juridical power } cannot Church 
and Commonwealth (rand now as well as it hath dene in former 
ages without a Parliamentary Shore ? yet I fay there is means fuf- 
ficientiy left to reftrain Tyranny, though not violent ; for is there 
no way to reftrain Tyranny but by force ? force may increafe it , 
but feldome reftrain it. The reftraint fhould be by difcreet inti- 
mations and humble reprefentments of the incongruity of a Princes 
Government to the laws (for this were to order a h'.fincffe like wife 
Counfellors , grave States-men , and moderate Ch: iftians) and if 
the Prince have any fpark of Religion, or touch of Juftice in him, 
this will reftrain him ; for what more powerful to reclaim a Go- 
vernour from an undue practice, then the cry of a whole /Cing- 
dome ringing in his Princely ears agamft the unjuftnefTe of it ? 
whether this hath not been fufficient to prevail with a gratious 
Prince to reform all things that bare the name of grievance, let the 
fruits of a prudent mediatiorvdeclare :he moderate perfwafions and 
grave advertifements of this parliament. Behold then the right 
means to reftrain Tyranny , and power fufhVient to effect this 
without thefword. 

Thus then have I fatisfted the fcruples of the doubtful , and en- 
deavoured to remove the {tumbling blocks out of the way. Now 
God Almighty teach us our true duty, and inftill into our hearts 
due reverence to our Supcriours, that the frowns againft authority 
may fmoothen upon our brows , and the refilling fword for ever 
dropout of our hands, that we draw not more miieiies upon 
our Countrey , nor a greater guilt of b 1 udfhed upon our 
own fouls, but we mav look upon the face of on.- earthly 7<Ting with 
fuch unftained obedience, that we may look upon the face of our 
everlafting King with undaunted confidence. Faxlt Dens, Amen. 
FINIS." 



I 






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